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Gulf St Vincent

Gulf St Vincent, sometimes incorrectly referred to as St Vincent Gulf, St Vincent's Gulf or Gulf of St Vincent, is the eastern of two large inlets of water on the southern coast of Australia, in the state of South Australia, the other being the larger Spencer Gulf, from which it is separated by Yorke Peninsula. On its eastern side the gulf is bordered by the Fleurieu Peninsula. To the south it is defined by a line from Troubridge Point on Yorke Peninsula to Cape Jervis on Fleurieu Peninsula, its entrances from the southwest are from Investigator Strait, to the southeast from Backstairs Passage, which separate Kangaroo Island from the mainland. Adelaide, the South Australian capital, lies midway along the gulf's east shore. Other towns located on the gulf, from west to east include Edithburgh, Port Vincent and Port Wakefield and Normanville; the Aboriginal name given to it by the original inhabitants of the area was Wongajerla. It was named Gulph of St. Vincent by Matthew Flinders on 30 March 1802, in honour of Admiral John Jervis.

It was shortly afterwards mapped by Nicolas Baudin, who named it Golfe de la Mauvaise or Golfe de la Misanthrophie. In the following year Louis de Freycinet renamed it Golphe Josephine to honour Josephine Bonaparte. Due to Flinders' lengthy imprisonment on Mauritius during his return to England, the publication of Baudin's map preceded that of Flinders by three years; the Adelaide Desalination Plant, located on Gulf St Vincent's eastern shore in Lonsdale, supplies the Adelaide metropolitan area with desalinated water from the gulf. It opened in 2013; the Gulf teems with crustacea and polychaeta, as well as various species of sea squirts and sea urchins. The benthos is a soft sediment shelf, with species of zosteraceae around the mouth of the Port River; the cardinalfish genus Vincentia takes its name from Gulf St Vincent where the type specimen of its type species was collected. Gulf St Vincent Important Bird Area South Australian State Gazetteer PlaceNames Online Search Friends of Gulf St Vincent Accessed 14 February 2014

Fruits on a Table

Fruits on a Table or Still Life with Apples and Grapes is a still life painting by French artist Paul Gauguin painted in 1889. It was one of two works stolen from the private collection of Terence F. Kennedy in London in June 1970 and recovered by the Carabinieri in Italy in April 2014; the painting depicts two bowls of brightly coloured apples and grapes on a fringed white linen cloth on a wooden table with a small dog sleeping on the floor in the background. It is signed and dedicated "a la Comptesse De N"; the painting, along with Pierre Bonnard's Woman With Two Armchairs, was stolen from the home of widower Terence F. Kennedy in Regent’s Park on June 6, 1970. Press reports at the time said that Mr Kennedy's housekeeper was duped by three men, one posing as a policeman and the others as burglar alarm engineers, that they cut the paintings from their frames while she was making them tea. After the theft the paintings are alleged to have been smuggled through France on the Paris-to-Turin train, to have turned up in the lost-and-found railway depot in Turin.

It is said they were auctioned in 1975 and that a worker at the Fiat Factory bought the paintings for a small sum. The paintings are said to have remained in the factory worker's kitchen until an art expert's evaluation in 2014. Once they were identified the Carabinieri took the paintings into custody. Under Italian law the factory worker could have a right to keep them if he could prove that he bought them in good faith. In December 2014 they were returned to him by a court in Rome; the sole and universal heir of the original owner, Terence F. Kennedy, was found and has since made his claim to title

Strathfieldsaye Football Club

The Strathfieldsaye Football Netball Club, nicknamed the Storm, is an Australian rules football and netball club based in the Bendigo suburb of Strathfieldsaye, Victoria. The club teams compete in the Bendigo Football Netball League. A predecessor of the current club was founded in 1978 as the "Mandurang-Strathfieldsaye Junior Football Club"; this club was formed due to the need to facilitate the increasing population of junior footballers in the Mandurang and Strathfieldsaye district. The club commenced playing in the Bendigo Junior Football League. In 2003 the club became known as the Strathfieldsaye Junior Football Club. By 2007 there was enough interest in a senior club forming and in September 2007 the "Strathfieldsaye Football Netball Club" was formed. There were discussions on whether to join the stronger Bendigo Football League or the lower Heathcote District Football League to get the club established but the members voted overwhelmingly for the Bendigo Football League; the club decided that Bendigo was where they wanted to play so they submitted a business plan to get to a higher standard as quick as possible.

In 2008, an application to join the Bendigo Football League for the following season was submitted and accepted. The club identity'Strath Storm' was created and the club adopted playing colours of blue & white hoops as these were the colours of the Strathfieldsaye JFC. In 2009 the Strathfieldsaye Storm competed in senior competition for the first time and in 2012 they played in their first finals series winning both the elimination and first semi-final, before losing the preliminary final. In 2013 the Storm made their first Grand Final after finishing the Home and Away season on top with 12 wins and 1 draw from 16 games, however lost the Grand Final to Golden Square by 21 points; the Storm went on defeating Sandhurst by 55 points. In 2017, all the football grades of the club won the premiership. Oh we’re from Strathfieldsaye A fighting fury we’re from Strathfieldsaye In any weather you’ll see us with a grin Risking head and shin If we’re behind never mind We’ll fight and fight and win For we’re from Strathfieldsaye We never weaken til the final siren’s gone Like the Ranga's of old We’re strong and we’re bold For we’re from Strathfield We’re from Strathfieldsaye GO STORM*The term "Ranga's" is a direct reference to the foundation club being Mandurang/Strathfieldsaye JFC and reflects the heritage of the original club.

* denotes Premiership winning year Premierships & Grand Finals History of Football in the Bendigo District, John Stoward, ISBN 978-0-9805929-1-7 SportsTG website

Parliament Act 1911

The Parliament Act 1911 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is constitutionally important and governs the relationship between the House of Commons and the House of Lords, which make up the two Houses of Parliament; the Parliament Act 1949 provides that the Parliament Act 1911 and the Parliament Act 1949 are to be construed together "as one" in their effects and that the two Acts may be cited together as the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949. Following the House of Lords' rejection of the 1909 "People's Budget", the House of Commons sought to establish its formal dominance over the House of Lords, which had broken convention in opposing the bill; the budget was passed by the Lords, after the Commons' democratic mandate was confirmed by holding elections in January 1910. The following Parliament Act, which looked to prevent a recurrence of the budget problems, was widely opposed in the House of Lords and cross-party discussion failed because of the proposed Act's applicability to passing an Irish home rule bill.

Following a second general election in December, the Act was passed with the assent of the monarch, George V, who agreed to carry out H. H. Asquith's threat to create enough new Liberal peers to overcome the Conservative majority in the Lords; the Act removed the right of the House of Lords to veto money bills and replaced its right of veto over other public bills with the ability to delay them for a maximum of two years. It reduced the maximum term of a parliament from seven years to five; until the Parliament Act 1911, there was no way to resolve disagreements between the two houses of Parliament except through the creation of additional peers by the monarch. Queen Anne had created twelve Tory peers to vote through the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713; the Reform Act 1832 had been passed when the House of Lords dropped their opposition to it: William IV had threatened to create eighty new peers by request of the prime minister, Earl Grey. This created an informal convention that the Lords would give way when the public was behind the House of Commons.

For example, Irish disestablishment, a major point of contention between the two main parties since the 1830s, was passed by the Lords in 1869 after Queen Victoria intervened and W. E. Gladstone won the 1868 election on the issue. However, in practice, this gave the Lords a right to demand that such public support be present and to decide the timing of a general election, it was the prevailing wisdom that the House of Lords could not amend money bills, since only the House of Commons had the right to decide upon the resources the monarch could call upon. This did not, prevent it from rejecting such bills outright. In 1860, with the repeal of the paper duties, all money bills were consolidated into a single budget; this denied the Lords the ability to reject individual components, the prospect of voting down the entire budget was unpalatable. It was only in 1909. Prior to the Act, the Lords had had rights equal to those of the Commons over legislation but, by convention, did not utilise its right of veto over financial measures.

There had been an overwhelming Conservative-Liberal Unionist majority in the Lords since the Liberal split in 1886. With the Liberal Party attempting to push through significant welfare reforms with considerable popular support, problems seemed certain to arise in the relationship between the houses. Between 1906 and 1909, several important measures were watered down or rejected outright: for example, Augustine Birrell introduced the Education Bill 1906, intended to address nonconformist grievances arising from the Education Act 1902, but it was amended by the Lords to such an extent that it became a different bill, whereupon the Commons dropped it; this led to a resolution in the House of Commons on 26 June 1907, put forward by Liberal Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman, declaring that the Lords' power ought to be curtailed. In 1909, hoping to force an election, the Lords rejected the financial bill based on the government budget put forward by David Lloyd George, by 350 votes to 75.

This action, according to the Commons, was "a breach of the constitution and a usurpation of the rights of the Commons". The Lords suggested that the Commons demonstrate at the polls the veracity of its claim that the bill represented the will of the people; the Liberal government sought to do so through the January 1910 general election. Their representation in parliament dropped but they retained a majority with the help of a significant number of Irish Parliamentary Party and Labour MPs; the IPP saw the continued power of the Lords as detrimental to securing Irish Home Rule. Following the election, the Lords relented on the budget, it passed the Lords on 28 April, a day after the Commons vote; the Lords was now faced with the prospect of a Parliament Act, which had considerable support from the Irish Nationalists. A series of meetings between the Liberal government and Unionist opposition members was agreed. Twenty-one such meetings were held between 10 November; the discussions considered a wide range of proposals, with initial agreement on finance bills and on a joint sitting of the Commons and the Lords as a means by which to enforce Commons superiority in controversial areas.

However, the issue of home rule for Ireland was the main contention, with Unionists looking to exempt such a law from the Parliament Act procedu


Booing is an act of showing displeasure for someone or something in response to an entertainer, by loudly yelling boo! and sustaining the "oo" sound by holding it out. People may make hand signs at the entertainer, such as the thumbs down sign. If spectators dislike the performance they may accompany booing by throwing objects on stage. Players booed for their performance felt booing "spooked" or "bothered" them or their teammates, that it "affected their performance". Nick Swisher stated "It hurts. Sometimes I’m a sensitive guy and some of the things people say, they get under your skin a little bit." Ledley King stated, "It just frustrates me when the crowd boo England, that going to help? It just heaps more pressure on the players and gives us less of a chance of scoring". However, the counterargument goes that the combination of booing and applause help keep the quality of public performance high, by rewarding the good and punishing the bad. Booing is not always a judgement of performance, but can be an expression of disapproval of a third party.

Sometimes this is encouraged, such as at The Game Awards 2015, when the audience booed in disapproval at the announcement that Konami barred Hideo Kojima from making an appearance. Host Geoff Keighley agreed with the sentiment, saying, "it’s disappointing and it’s inconceivable to me that an artist like Hideo would not be allowed to come here and celebrate with his peers and his fellow teammates." In sports, booing by fans is quite common. They may boo particularly-hated players on the opposing team, or any opposing player when there is an intense rivalry between the teams. Unsportsmanlike behavior is booed, such as intentionally hitting home team batters in baseball or diving in association football or basketball. Booing of referees or umpires after an unpopular ruling is common. Booing of expelled players after receiving a second yellow card or a direct red card is common for many reasons. In professional sports, one's own home team, players or coach may be booed due to a poor performance or season.

Adam Goodes who played for the Sydney Swans in the Australian Football League was and loudly booed by opposition fans during the 2015 AFL season at most of the matches whenever he touched the ball. During a match against Carlton, during the AFL's annual Indigenous Round, after he kicked a goal, he celebrated the goal by provoking the Carlton fans by performing an Aboriginal war dance in which he mimed throwing a spear in their direction. Afterwards, Goodes claimed that the dance was based on the one he learned from the under-16s Indigenous team the Flying Boomerangs, that it was intended as an expression of indigenous pride during Indigenous Round, not with the intention of offending and intimidating the crowd; the booing escalated after the war dance. Brazilian motor racing driver Emerson Fittipaldi was booed when, after winning the 1993 Indianapolis 500, he chose to drink orange juice instead of the milk traditionally drunk by winners of the race. Fittipaldi had made the move in order to promote the Brazilian citrus industry.

During professional wrestling matches, most heels traditionally receive boos from the audience as the villain. The ability to infuriate audiences and draw "heat" is considered an essential skill for heel performers. Donald Trump was booed by Baseball fans at Nationals Park during Game 5 of the 2019 World Series. In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, booing is not permitted. Jeering and heckling are somewhat common during Prime Minister's Questions. Although rare, in the performing arts, opera remains one of the arts where booing remains, if not common, customary as merited. In orchestral music, booing is restricted to the premiere of a new work. Rarer still is for motion pictures to be booed at their openings, this is confined to film festivals when the production team is present. In traditional British pantomime, "the villain will include some abuse of the audience to stimulate hissing and booing" while the fairy and other protagonists are cheered; the film The Princess Bride uses booing to show shame.

Princess Buttercup dreams of her wedding with Humperdinck when an elderly woman interrupts: Your true love lives and you marry another? True love saved her in the Fire Swamp, she treated it like garbage! And that's what she is! The Queen of Refuse! So bow down to her if you want! Bow to her! Bow to the Queen of Slime! The Queen of Filth! The Queen of Putrescence! Boo! Boo! Rubbish! Filth! Slime! Muck! Boo! Boo! Boo! The book Dreams on Film: The Cinematic Struggle Between Art and Science says this scene might be better labeled "Buttercup Unconsciously Booing Herself". Audience participation Heckler Whistling in sports New York Philharmonic concert of April 6, 1962 List of classical music with an unruly audience response Where Do Hecklers Come From? The origins of booing on Slate

The Fractal Prince

The Fractal Prince is the second science fiction novel by Hannu Rajaniemi and the second novel to feature the post-human gentleman thief Jean le Flambeur. It was published in Britain by Gollancz in September 2012, by Tor in the same year in the US; the novel is the second in the trilogy, preceding The Causal Angel. After the events of The Quantum Thief, Jean le Flambeur and Mieli are on their way to Earth. Jean is trying to open the Schrödinger's Box. After making little progress, he is prodded by the ship Perhonen to talk to Mieli, who turns out to be possessed by the pellegrini again; this time, Jean identifies Mieli's employer as a Sobornost Founder, Joséphine Pellegrini, gets her to reveal how he got captured, thereby picking up the clues to make plans for his next heist. No sooner is; the ship and crew survived that, Jean realizes that he has to find a better way to open the Box - fast. Mieli has been quiet after they left Mars, she has given up everything to the pellegrini her identity, as she has promised to let the pellegrini make gogols of her in exchange for rescuing the thief.

Yet, having to work with the thief is testing her when the thief does something more unforgivable than stealing Sydän's jewel from her. In the city of Sirr, on an Earth ravaged by wildcode and Dunyazad are sisters and members of the powerful Gomelez family. Tawaddud is the black sheep of the family, having run away from her husband and consorted with a notorious jinn, a disembodied intelligence from the wildcode desert. Now Cassar Gomelez, her father, hopes to get her to curry favor with a gogol merchant, Abu Nuwas, so that he has enough votes in the Council for the upcoming decision to renegotiate the Cry of Wrath Accords with the Sobornost. Soon, Tawaddud is embroiled in an investigation with a Sobornost envoy into the murder that triggered the need for her father to forge a new alliance in the first place, forced to confront old secrets that will change Sirr forever. Somewhere else, in a bookshop and on a beach, a young boy is at play, his mother has told him not to talk to strangers. Until now.

Should he talk to them? In the acknowledgments, Rajaniemi cites the influence of "Andy Clark, Douglas Hofstadter, Maurice Leblanc, Jan Potocki and The Arabian Nights." In the novel, the idea that the mind is a self-loop may have been influenced by the theories of the Professor of Philosophy, Andy Clark, the book I Am a Strange Loop by Douglas Hofstadter. The novel uses frame stories rather extensively, a feature of The Arabian Nights and Jan Potocki's The Manuscript Found in Saragossa. Several characters in Sirr are the namesakes of characters in these two earlier works as well; the events in The Quantum Thief are retold at least once by Jean le Flambeur in the course of the events in this novel. The novel has received positive reviews. However, criticisms of the novel still revolve around Rajaniemi's uncompromising "show, don't tell" style. For example, Amy Goldschlager, writing for the Los Angeles Review of Books, suggested that " bit more explication of the physics involved would be helpful, more helpful than the description of the Schrödinger’s Cat problem given earlier in the book".

The Fractal Prince, Hannu Rajaniemi: Gollancz, 2012, ISBN 978-0-575-08891-7 List of characters in the Jean le Flambeur series Hannu Rajaniemi at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Glossary for The Quantum Thief / The Fractal Prince / Jean le Flambeur, replacing the deleted Wikipedia glossary