The Gulf of Aden is a deepwater gulf amidst Yemen to the north, the Arabian Sea to the east, Djibouti to the west, the Guardafui Channel and Somalia to the south. In the northwest, it connects with the Red Sea through the Bab-el-Mandeb strait, in the southeast, it connects with the Indian Ocean through the Guardafui Channel. To the west, it narrows in the Horn of Africa; the Gulf of Aden separates the Arabian peninsula with the Horn of Africa. The ancient Greeks regarded, it came to be dominated by Muslim, as the area around the gulf converted to Islam. In the late 1960s, the British military withdrawal of the Suez Canal led to an increased Soviet naval presence in the gulf area; the importance of the Gulf of Aden declined when the Suez Canal was closed, but it was revitalized when the canal was reopened in 1975, after being deepened and widened by Egypt. The Gulf of Aden is integral to the petroleum industry due to the delivery of Persian Gulf oil; the waterway is part of the important Suez Canal shipping route between the Mediterranean Sea and the Arabian Sea in the Indian Ocean, with 21,000 ships crossing the gulf annually.
This route is used for the delivery of Persian Gulf oil, making the gulf an integral waterway in the world economy. Important cities along the Gulf of Aden include the city of Djibouti. Despite a lack of large-scale commercial fishing facilities, the coastline supports many isolated fishing towns and villages; the Gulf of Aden is richly supplied with fish and lobsters. Local fishing takes place close to the shore. Crayfish and sharks are fished locally. In antiquity, the gulf was one of the most important parts of the Erythraean Sea of ancient Greek geography; the Greeks named several islands within the gulf, including Stratonis Insula, although it is no longer clear which existing islands had which Greek names. In Abu'l-Fida's, A Sketch of the Countries, the present-day Gulf of Aden was called the Gulf of Berbera, which shows how important Berbera was in both regional and international trade during the medieval period; the British recognized the sea as the Gulf of Berbera, after the principal port of its southern coast.
Its present name derives from the importance of the former British Crown Colony of Aden on its northern coast, now part of Yemen. The gulf is known to the Somalis as the Gacanka Cadmeed; the International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Gulf of Aden as follows: On the Northwest – The southern limit of the Red Sea. On the Northwest – The eastern limit of the Gulf of Tadjoura. On the East – The meridian of Cape Guardafui; the temperature of the Gulf of Aden varies between 15 °C and 28 °C, depending on the season and the appearance of monsoons. The salinity of the gulf at 10 metres depth varies from 35.3 ‰ along the eastern Somali coast to as high as 37.3 ‰ in the gulf's center, while the oxygen content in the Gulf of Aden at the same depth is between 4.0 and 5.0 mg/L. The Gulf of Aden is a vital waterway for shipping for Persian Gulf oil, making it an integral waterway in the world economy. 11% of the world's seaborne petroleum passes through the Gulf of Aden on its way to the Suez Canal or to regional refineries.
The main ports along the gulf are Aden, Bir Ali and Shokra in Yemen. In antiquity, the gulf was a thriving area of international trade between Ptolemaic Egypt and Rome in the west and Classical India, its Indonesian colonies, Han China in the east, it was not limited to transshipment, as Yemeni and Somali incense and other goods were in high demand in both directions. After Egyptian sailors discovered the monsoon winds and began to trade directly with India, caravan routes and their associated kingdoms began to collapse, leading to a rise in piracy in the area; the 1st-century Periplus of the Erythraean Sea documents one Egyptian captain's experiences during this era. After the collapse of the Roman economy, direct trade ceased but the Awsani port Crater, located just south of the modern city of Aden, remained an important regional center. In late antiquity and the early medieval period, there were several invasions of Yemen from Ethiopia. In the late 2000s, the gulf evolved into a hub of pirate activity.
By 2013, attacks in the waters had declined due to active private security and international navy patrols. India receives USD 50 billion in imports and sends USD 60 billion in exports through this area annually. Due to this, for the sake of protecting the trade of other countries, India keeps a warship escort in this area. A geologically young body of water, the Gulf of Aden has a unique biodiversity that contains many varieties of fish, coral and invertebrates; this rich ecological diversity has benefited from a relative lack of pollution during the history of human habitation around the gulf. However, environmental groups fear that the lack of a coordinated effort to control pollution may jeopardize the gulf's ecosphere. Whales and dugongs were once common before being reduced by commercial hunts, including by mass illegal hunts by Soviet Union and Japan in 1960s to 70s. Critically endangered
Nenad Lalatović is a Serbian football manager and former player. He is the current manager of Vojvodina. Lalatović came through the youth system of Red Star Belgrade, he spent a few seasons on loan at OFK Beograd, Radnički Kragujevac and Milicionar, before returning to Red Star Belgrade and becoming one of the team's most regular players in the early 2000s. Before moving abroad in the 2003 winter transfer window, Lalatović was named captain and made over 100 competitive appearances, winning four major domestic trophies with the Crveno-beli. In January 2003, Lalatović was transferred to Ukrainian side Shakhtar Donetsk on a three-year deal, he failed to make an impact with the club, being loaned to VfL Wolfsburg in early 2004. After returning to Donetsk, Lalatović made a couple of appearances for the club in the title-winning 2004–05 season, he received a one-year ban from the Ukrainian FA for assaulting the referee after a game between Shakhtar-2 and Zorya Luhansk in October 2005. In the 2006 winter transfer window, Lalatović joined Zemun.
He spent six months before switching to OFK Beograd. Following the 2006–07 season, Lalatović retired from professional football, aged 29. Lalatović earned one cap for FR Yugoslavia at full level, coming on as a substitute for Vuk Rašović in a 1–1 friendly draw away to Greece on 13 December 2000, he was a member of the national under-21 team. After serving as an assistant to Miloš Veselinović, Lalatović took charge of Srem in April 2011, he subsequently served as manager of Proleter Novi Sad for the next two years. In June 2013, Lalatović replaced Aleksandar Janjić at the helm of Voždovac, he switched to Napredak Kruševac in January 2014. On 23 June 2014, it was announced, he signed a one-year deal with an option for two more seasons. On 24 May 2015, after the final game of the 2014–15 season, Lalatović became unattached. On 29 June 2015, Lalatović was presented as manager of Borac Čačak, he led the club to a best-ever start to a league season by placing second after the initial 17 rounds. On 10 November 2015, Lalatović parted ways with Borac Čačak due to unpaid wages and bonuses to his players.
On 11 November 2015, Lalatović was appointed manager of Vojvodina until the end of the 2015–16 season. He extended his contract with the club for one more year on 11 June 2016. However, Lalatović terminated his contract with the club by mutual consent on 17 December 2016. On 26 December 2016, Lalatović became manager of Čukarički, he resigned from the position after failing to earn a spot in the UEFA Europa League. During his time at Čukarički, Lalatović served as manager of the Serbia national under-21 team at the 2017 UEFA U-21 Championship. On 4 June 2018, Lalatović was named as new manager of Radnički Niš; as of 14 March 2020 Red Star BelgradeFirst League of Serbia and Montenegro: 1999–2000, 2000–01 Serbia and Montenegro Cup: 1999–2000, 2001–02Shakhtar DonetskUkrainian Premier League: 2004–05 Nenad Lalatović at FootballDatabase.eu Nenad Lalatović at National-Football-Teams.com Nenad Lalatović at the Football Federation of Ukraine
Cayden Boyd is an American actor. He is best known for his child roles as Max in Robert Rodriguez's 2005 film The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl and Ben Reynolds in the 2007 film Have Dreams, Will Travel. Boyd was born in Texas, his older sister, Jenna, is an actor. Boyd played high school football at Village Christian School, he graduated from Pepperdine University, studying business. Boyd landed his first roles, small television roles and commercials, as young as 6 and 7, he played Tim Robbins's son in Mystic River. In 2004, he was cast in the starring role of Max in the 2005 film The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl, he played young Warren Worthington III in X-Men: The Last Stand, he was cast in the lead role in the 2007 film Have Dreams, Will Travel. He appeared on episodes of such television series as Crossing Jordan, Cold Case, Close to Home and Scrubs. In 2008, he appeared alongside Willem Dafoe in Fireflies in the Garden. In 2015 Boyd had a role on the television series Awkward playing Jenna's Marine boyfriend.
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