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Gulf of Guinea

The Gulf of Guinea is the northeasternmost part of the tropical Atlantic Ocean from Cape Lopez in Gabon and west to Cape Palmas in Liberia. The intersection of the Equator and Prime Meridian is in the gulf. Among the many rivers that drain into the Gulf of Guinea are the Volta; the coastline on the gulf includes the Bight of Bonny. The origin of the name Guinea is thought to be an area in the region, although the specifics are disputed. Bovill gives a thorough description: The name Guinea is said to have been a corrupt form of the name Ghana, picked up by the Portuguese in the Maghrib; the present writer finds this unacceptable. The name Guinea has been in use both in Europe long before Prince Henry's time. For example, on a map dated about 1320 by the Genoese cartographer Giovanni di Carignano, who got his information about Africa from a fellow-countryman in Sijilmas, we find Gunuia, in the Catalan atlas of 1375 as Ginyia. A passage in Leo points to Guinea having been a corrupt form of Jenne, less famous than Ghana but for many centuries famed in the Maghrib as a great market and a seat of learning.

The relevant passage reads: "The Kingdom of Ghinea... called by the merchants of our nation Gheneoa, by the natural inhabitants thereof Genni and by the Portugals and other people of Europe Ghinea." But it seems more probable that Guinea derives from the Berber for Negro. Marrakech has a gate, built in the twelfth century, called the Bab Aguinaou, the Gate of the Negro; the modern application of the name Guinea to the coast dates only from 1481. In that year the Portuguese built a fort, São Jorge da Mina, on the Gold Coast region, their king, John II, was permitted by the Pope to style himself Lord of Guinea, a title that survived until the recent extinction of the monarchy; the name "Guinea" was applied to south coast of West Africa, north of the Gulf of Guinea, which became known as "Upper Guinea", the west coast of Southern Africa, to the east, which became known as "Lower Guinea". The name "Guinea" is still attached to the names of three countries in Africa: Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, as well as New Guinea in Melanesia.

The main river shedding its waters in the gulf is the Niger River. Different definitions of the geographic limits of the Gulf of Guinea are given; the Gulf of Guinea contains a number of islands, the largest of which are in a southwest-northeast chain, forming part of the Cameroon line of volcanoes. Annobón known as Pagalu or Pigalu, is an island, part of Equatorial Guinea. Bobowasi Island is an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea, part of the Western Region of Ghana. Bioko is an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea, part of Equatorial Guinea. Corisco is an island belonging to Equatorial Guinea. Elobey Grande and Elobey Chico are two small islands belonging to Equatorial Guinea. São Tomé and Príncipe is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea that became independent from Portugal in 1975, it is located off the western equatorial coast of Africa and consists of two islands, São Tomé and Príncipe. They are located about 140 kilometres apart and about 250 and 225 kilometres off the northwestern coast of Gabon.

Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. São Tomé, the sizeable southern island, is situated just north of the Equator; the Gulf of Guinea Commission - CGG - GGC

Ridley Hall, Cambridge

Ridley Hall is a theological college located in Sidgwick Avenue in Cambridge in the United Kingdom, which trains men and women intending to take Holy Orders, as deacon or priest of the Church of England, members of the laity working with children and young people, as lay pioneers and within a pastoral capacity such as lay chaplaincy. Ridley Hall was founded in 1881 and named in memory of Nicholas Ridley, a leading Anglican theologian and martyr of the sixteenth century; the college's first principal was the theologian Handley Moule Bishop of Durham. Ridley Hall offers several Common Award qualifications, accredited by Durham University. Although not a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, the school has ties with the university's Faculty of Divinity; some students who are in a constituent college of the university can be awarded qualifications by Cambridge. Ridley Hall forms part of the Cambridge Theological Federation, along with Westcott House, Westminster College, the Institute for Orthodox Christian Studies, others.

Ridley Hall's teaching tends towards an evangelical theology. It is one of four Church of England theological colleges, the others being St John's College, Trinity College and Cranmer Hall, which self-identify as "Open Evangelical"; the current principal of Ridley Hall is Michael Volland, who succeeded Andrew Norman, who moved on to become Director of Ministry and Mission in the Diocese of Leeds. It publishes Anvil, thus far, all the principals have been ordained Anglican clergy. 1881–1899: Handley Moule 1889–1907: Thomas Drury 1907–1927: Arthur Tait 1927–1945: Paul Gibson 1945–1950: Falkner Allison 1951–1963: Cyril Bowles 1963–1971: Michael Hennell 1971–1972: Francis Palmer 1973–1978: Keith Sutton 1978–1991: Hugo de Waal 1992–2001: Graham Cray 2001–2008: Christopher Cocksworth 2009–2016: Andrew Norman 2016-present: Michael Volland Ridley Hall website Cambridge Theological Federation website Media related to Ridley Hall, Cambridge at Wikimedia Commons

Leah Gibson

Leah Diane Gibson is a Canadian film and television actress. Leah Gibson was born in Victoria, British Columbia, she began dancing at the age of four, which led to training and performance in vocational interests, such as ballet and many forms of jazz. In early years of dancing and singing, she discovered musical theatre, she transferred to a high school that specialized in fine arts, maintaining honor-roll grades and graduating at the top of her class. Gibson studied psychology at the University of Victoria, among the select few who were asked to study under the UVic honours program, she was cast in her first professional theatre production, withdrew from university. The touring company lost its funding within 2 months, the show was canceled. Gibson moved to Vancouver in pursuit of a career in film acting. In 2007, Gibson began her acting career in television, appearing on Psych, in the television film Second Sight, on the miniseries Tin Man, she played Penelope in Odysseus: Voyage to the Underworld.

Gibson's first lead role in a feature film, namely Amy Singer in The Devil's Ground, was booked within six months of signing an agent. That same year, she portrayed the supporting role of Silhouette's Girlfriend in Zack Snyder's Watchmen, as well as a role in Happy to Be Here, she continued her television career in Stranger with My Face, appeared as the character Hannah in two episodes of Riese. In 2010, Gibson played Nettie in The Twilight Saga: Eclipse, was attached to the cast of A Night for Dying Tigers. From 2010 to 2011, she starred in the two short films The Fence. In 2010, she played a minor character in the TV movie called Betwixt. Gibson portrayed the avatar Emmanuelle on Caprica, she made a guest appearance as Palomino on Supernatural in the episode "Two Minutes to Midnight". In 2011, she was credited in Rise of the Planet of the Apes as playing Alyssa Williams. Subsequent television credits included He Loves Soldiers of the Apocalypse, she played supporting characters in Kill for Me as Natalie Ross, Indie Jonesing as Gina, lead role in the short film Leave Us Alone.

In the course of five episodes, she has played Candi Lussier in a recurring role on Arctic Air. Gibson's work for the rest of 2012 consisted of episodes on The True Heroines, the pilot episode for American Housewife. Gibson has a twin sister named Erin. Leah Gibson on IMDb