click links in text for more info


In Norse mythology, Gullveig is a being, speared by the Æsir, burnt three times, yet thrice reborn. Upon her third rebirth, Gullveig's name becomes Heiðr and she is described as a knowledgeable and skillful völva. Gullveig/Heiðr is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional material. Scholars have variously proposed that Gullveig/Heiðr is the same figure as the goddess Freyja, that Gullveig's death may have been connected to corruption by way of gold among the Æsir, and/or that Gullveig's treatment by the Æsir may have led to the Æsir–Vanir War; the etymology of the Old Norse name Gullveig is problematic. The first element, Gull -, means "gold". Veig may sometimes mean "alcoholic drink", "power, strength", sometimes "gold"; the name Heiðr is semantically related. Heiðr is sometimes anglicized as Heid, or Heidi. Gullveig is attested in the Poetic Edda poem Völuspá. In the poem, a völva recalls that Gullveig was pierced by spears before being burnt three times in the hall of Hárr, yet was three times reborn.

The völva says that after Gullveig's burning, she was called Heiðr and that Heiðr was a knowledgeable völva who could perform great feats: A description of the Æsir–Vanir War follows and the poem continues thereafter. Starting with scholar Gabriel Turville-Petre, scholars such as Rudolf Simek and John Lindow have theorized that Gullveig/Heiðr is the same figure as Freyja, that her involvement with the Æsir somehow led to the events of the Æsir–Vanir War. List of names of Freyja, a list of various names attributed to the goddess Freyja

Savoy Cinema

The Savoy Cinema is the oldest operational cinema in Dublin, it is the preferred cinema in Ireland for film premières. The cinema was built in 1929 on the site of the old Granville Hotel; the luxurious auditorium, housing 2,789 seats, opened to the public with the American colour talkie On with the Show. It was altered in 1954 to incorporate a large CinemaScope screen, showed Ireland's first widescreen feature, The Robe, at the time owned by Odeon Ireland Ltd, it was reported in February 2012. In the previous decade, audience numbers fell from 740,000 to 250,000 per annum; the Savoy is the most altered cinema in Dublin's history, in 1969 the cinema was converted into a twin cinema. In 1975, the Savoy's restaurant was converted into a third screen, holding 200 seats, followed in 1979 by further sub-divisions, creating five screens in all. In 1988, the cinema was given its sixth screen. In the process, the Savoy had lost a third of its capacity. In 2004, renovation work was carried out, moving the box office from the two booths located on either side of the entrance to what used to be an adjoining shop.

The confectionery counter has been moved many times, it is now in a room to the left of the main entrance. The Advance Screening Room became the seventh screen in 2014 it is now screen 13. In 2016, the old Screen 2 was converted into three smaller screens and the Savoy became a 9 screen cinema in Dublin City Centre; as of January 2018 Screen 1 which held 750 was closed and work has been completed to divide it into 5 screens which now gives the Savoy a total of 13 screens. Http:// The cinema has hosted the Irish premières of many films, most of them having an Irish connection. Films shown here have included Alexander and The Man in the Iron Mask; the cinema was used until 2017 during the Dublin International Film Festival for big-event screenings such as opening and closing night premiers. It hosts the surprise film, which in 2006 was the first Irish screening of the film, 300. In December 1934, Republicans demonstrated against the screening at the cinema of a newsreel of the marriage of Prince George, Duke of Kent, to Princess Marina.

The Savoy Cinema An album of photographs recording the construction of the Savoy Cinema, O'Connell Street and its appearance on completion. A UCD Digital Library Collection

Silver Creek, Nebraska

Silver Creek is a village in Merrick County, United States. The population was 362 at the 2010 census, it is part of Nebraska Micropolitan Statistical Area. Silver Creek was platted in 1866, it was named from the Silver Creek nearby, noted for the clarity of its waters. Silver Creek is located at 41°18′59″N 97°39′55″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.28 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 362 people, 168 households, 97 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,292.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 194 housing units at an average density of 692.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.6% White, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population. There were 168 households of which 23.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.3% were non-families.

35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age in the village was 47.5 years. 21.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 50.3% male and 49.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 441 people, 195 households, 121 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,532.6 people per square mile. There were 206 housing units at an average density of 715.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.55% White, 0.23% African American, 0.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.23% of the population. There were 195 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.9% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $29,732, the median income for a family was $39,375. Males had a median income of $29,125 versus $19,375 for females; the per capita income for the village was $13,584. About 7.1% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over

Edna (given name)

Edna is a female given name originating from several languages. In Hebrew, it means "pleasure". Various women named Edna are referenced in the Old Testament apocryphal books Tobit; the name Edna may be an Anglicized form of the Irish and Scottish name Eithne, meaning "kernel" in Gaelic. This was a popular girl's name in the United States in the early 20th century, but has since become unfashionable, it is a rare surname. Edna, as derived from Hebrew, is related etymologically to the name Eden. Edna Best, British actress Edna Deane, English ballroom dancer and author Ednah Dow Littlehale Cheney, American writer, philanthropist Edna Doré, British actress Edna Eicke, American illustrator Edna Ferber, American novelist Edna Indermaur, American contralto Edna Iturralde, Ecuadorian author Edna F. Kelly, American politician Edna Lewis, African-American chef Edna Madzongwe, Zimbabwean politician Edna Manley, Jamaican sculptor Dame Edna O'Brien, Irish writer Edna Pahewa, New Zealand weaver Edna Dean Proctor, American poet Edna Purviance, American actress Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet and playwright Edna Stern, Belgian-Israeli pianist Edna Tichenor, American actress Edna, the Inebriate Woman, 1971 BBC TV drama Edna Birch in the television series Emmerdale Edna Braithwaite, a maid in Downton Abbey Dame Edna Everage Edna Garrett in the television series Diff'rent Strokes and The Facts of Life Edna Gee in the ITV soap opera Coronation Street in the 1970s Edna Krabappel in the television series The Simpsons Edna Mode, fictional fashion designer in the animated film The Incredibles Edna Pontellier in Kate Chopin's novel "The Awakening" Edna Spalding in the 1984 film Places in the Heart Edna Turnblad in the 1988 film Hairspray and subsequent adaptations as a stage musical and musical film Adna, transliterated as "Edna" in the Douay-Rheims Bible

Transport of BiaƂystok children

On 21 August 1943, during the liquidation of the Białystok Ghetto, about 1,200 Jewish children were put on trains and taken to Theresienstadt concentration camp, where they were held in isolation from other prisoners. On 5 October, they were told that they would be sent to Switzerland in exchange for German prisoners of war. Instead, the train went to Auschwitz concentration camp; the reason for the unusual route of the transport is still debated by scholars. The Białystok Ghetto was established in 1941, following the murder of 7,000 Jews from Białystok and surrounding areas by Einsatzgruppe B, Police Battalion 309, Police Battalion 316. In February 1943, 8,000 Jews were deported from the ghetto to Treblinka extermination camp and another 2,000 were executed in the ghetto. On 16 August 1943, the final liquidation of the ghetto began. Although some Jews revolted, Police Regiment 26 and other German forces crushed the uprising. Between 17 and 23 August, more than 25,000 Jews were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

It is still unclear how the Białystok children fit into the larger scheme of Nazi-Jewish negotiations ongoing at the time. The Bratislava Working Group, an underground Jewish organization in Axis-aligned Slovakia, was at the time negotiating indirectly with Heinrich Himmler in hopes of ransoming the lives of all European Jews. In early 1943, Swiss diplomat Anton Feldscher forwarded a British proposal to the German Foreign Office to allow 5,000 Jewish children to escape from the General Government to Palestine via Sweden. Working Group member Andrej Steiner testified after the war that Dieter Wisliceny, the Working Group's liaison to the SS hierarchy, had told him in 1943 that the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Mohammad Amin al-Husseini, had intervened to prevent the rescue of the children, since he did not want them to go to Palestine. Wisliceny appeared as a witness for the prosecution at the Nuremberg Trials, he claimed that his superiors, Adolf Eichmann and Himmler, were in favor of exchanging Polish Jewish children for prisoners of war.

For this purpose, 10,000 children were to be transferred to Theresienstadt. However, due to the objections of the Mufti, the plan had to be abandoned. Eichmann stated at his trial that when Himmler canceled the operation, he forbade any consideration of plans to resettle Jews in Palestine; the intervention of the Mufti is considered by historians Sara Bender and Tobiasz Cyton to be the decisive factor leading to the murder of the children. According to Israeli historian Yehuda Bauer, it is most that both the Białystok children and the establishment of the Theresienstadt family camp were connected to the Feldscher proposal. Bauer states that Himmler's motivation to engage in negotiations was related to his belief that a Jewish conspiracy controlled the Allied governments. On 17 August, the first day of the deportations, about 2,000 children were gathered near the train station waiting to be deported; the Germans separated them from their parents and housed them, along with 400 children from two Jewish orphanages in Białystok, during the chaotic liquidation of the ghetto.

Rumors circulated that the children would be exchanged for German prisoners of war and sent to safety in Switzerland. Some parents gave up their children voluntarily. Other families were separated by force. Held in a former gymnasium, the children were treated well on the orders of Fritz Gustav, head of the Białystok Gestapo, who stated "These children are mine!" However, German troops accidentally shelled the building on 18 August. On 20 August, some 1,200 children between four and fourteen and a few dozen adult chaperones were marched separately to the Umschlagplatz, where they were given only a small amount of dried bread and no water, despite the heat. On 21 August, the children and caregivers boarded a special train that arrived at Theresienstadt concentration camp three days later, it is unclear whether the train was composed of freight cars, as was the case during the Holocaust, or passenger cars. The conditions on the train were good and after a while the children began to forget the horrors of the Białystok Ghetto, although some of the older children asked the chaperones if they should jump from the trains.

According to Helena Wolkenberg, a surviving chaperone, she told the children that they should only jump if the train went northwards, but it went west. It is not known whether the route taken was Białystok–Auschwitz–Theresienstadt–Auschwitz or Białystok–Theresienstadt–Auschwitz. If the former, it is possible that the youngest children were taken off the train and gassed at Auschwitz. According to Israeli historian Bronka Klibanski, the train halted at Auschwitz before its arrival at Theresienstadt, where 20 children and 3 female caregivers who held valid Palestinian visas were removed from the train and killed in the gas chambers. On 24 August 1943, the transport arrived at Theresienstadt and the chaperones were separated from the children, except for one young woman, disguised as a child, put on a different train; the chaperones continued to Auschwitz, where about twenty were selected for forced lab

Alexander Bay, Northern Cape

Alexander Bay is a town in the extreme north-west of South Africa. It is located on the southern bank of the Orange River mouth, it was named for Sir James Alexander, the first person to map the area whilst on a Royal Geographical Society expedition into Namibia in 1836. With diamonds being discovered along the West Coast in 1925, Alexander Bay was established to service the mining industry; the town of Oranjemund lies on the northern bank of the river, which forms the international border with Namibia. The two towns are linked by the Sir Ernest Oppenheimer Bridge, named for Ernest Oppenheimer in 1951; the town is served by Alexander Bay Airport. After diamonds were discovered along this coast in 1925 by Dr Hans Merensky, Alexander Bay became known for its mining activities; the resulting diamond rush led to the Diamond Coast rebellion of 1928. Copper ore was shipped through the Richtersveld in barges down the Orange River for export from this bay; the town was a high security area and permits were needed when entered.

It is no longer a high security area and no permits are needed. Alexander Bay is the most northerly situated town along the west coastline of South Africa; the Orange River enters the Atlantic Ocean at Alexander Bay. The Orange River wetland forms the border between South Namibia; the Orange River wetland is a declared Ramsar site. Fields of green and orange lichen grow on a hill near the turnoff to Alexander Bay town, it is 240 kilometres north-west of the administrative centre of Namaqualand. Being near the southern end of the Namib desert, it is also the driest town in South Africa with an average annual rainfall of less than 51 millimetres; the cold Benguela Current in the Atlantic Ocean has a moderating influence on the coastal climate with only small variations in diurnal and seasonal temperatures