Gunnedah is a town in north-eastern New South Wales, Australia and is the seat of the Gunnedah Shire local government area. In the 2016 census the town recorded a population of 9,726. Gunnedah is situated within the Liverpool Plains, a fertile agricultural region, with 80% of the surrounding shire area devoted to farming; the Namoi River flows west north-west through the town providing water beneficial to agricultural operations in the area. The Gunnedah area is a significant producer of cotton, beef and pork, cereal and oilseed grains. Gunnedah is home to AgQuip, Australia's largest annual agricultural field day. Gunnedah is located on the Oxley and Kamilaroi Highways providing convenient road links to much of the northern sector of the state including to the regional centre Tamworth, 75 kilometres distant; the town has a station on the Mungindi railway line and is served by the daily NSW TrainLink Xplorer passenger service to and from Sydney and Moree. It claims the title "Koala Capital of World".
In recent years the local shire council has moved away from this promotional tagline and there are concerns over the health of the local koala population and the impacts of climate change and local mining developments on koala habitat. Gunnedah and the surrounding areas were inhabited by Aborigines speaking the Kamilaroi language; the name of the town in Kamilaroi means "Place of White Stones". The area now occupied by the town was settled by European sheep farmers in 1833 or 1834. With settlement in the area focused on wool production, Gunnedah was known as'The Woolshed' until taking its name from the local Indigenous people who called themselves the Gunn-e-darr, the most famous of whom was Cumbo Gunnerah. Dorothea Mackellar wrote her famous poem My Country about her family's farm near Gunnedah; this is remembered by the annual Dorothea Mackellar Poetry Awards for school students held in Gunnedah. The town is the home town of supermodels Miranda Erica Packer. Coal was discovered on Black Jack Hill in 1877.
By 1891, 6,000 tons of coal had been raised from shafts. The Gunnedah Colliery Company was registered in May 1899 and by 22 June a private railway some 5.7 kilometres in length had been completed from the railway station to their mine. In September 1957, the Government Railway took over the working of the line. In early 2012, Gunnedah experienced a mining boom resulting in rental properties being leased by mining companies for up to $1,350 per week. Gunnedah has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Werris Creek-Moree railway: Gunnedah railway station According to the 2016 census of Population, there 9,726 people in Gunnedah. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 13.7% of the population. 86.2% of people were born in Australia and 90.2% of people only spoke English at home. The most common responses for religion were Anglican 28.8%, Catholic 27.3% and No Religion 20.3%. Gunnedah Shire is situated 264 metres above sea level on the Liverpool Plains in the Namoi River valley.
It is flat. The climate is hot in summer, mild in winter and dry, although rainstorms in catchment areas cause flooding of the Namoi River. Major floods cut transport links to the town isolating it from the outside world; the town is located within the northern New South Wales wheat belt. The Gunnedah area is noted for its abundance of native wildlife, including kangaroos and koalas. Koalas can be found in trees within the town, as well as in the surrounding countryside with the help of signs placed by the local tourist centre; the koala population is considered to be the largest koala colony in the state, west of the Great Dividing Range. Gunnedah has a Humid subtropical climate with temperatures rising above 40 °C in summer and dropping below 0 °C in winter, being one of the few Australian towns to experience temperature variations like this; this is due to the town's location on the boundary region between the cool Northern Tablelands of the Great Dividing Range and the hot, dry Western Plains of New South Wales, having climate characteristics of both regions.
Its average annual rainfall is 632.9 mm, spread throughout the year, however severe thunderstorms in the summer months cause heavy downpours which boost rainfall totals. The highest daily maximum temperature recorded was 48.7 °C, on 24 January 1882. Gunnedah has three secondary schools including Gunnedah High School, Carinya Christian school and St Mary's College. There are two non-government primary schools. A campus of the New England Institute of TAFE is located within the town. Local media include the Namoi Valley Independent newspaper and the radio stations 2MO and 2GGG. 2MO began broadcasting in 1930 and was only the fourth Radio Licence issued in Australia, being the first station established in Australia outside a capital city. The Oxley Highway and the Kamilaroi Highway both pass through Gunnedah, for a short distance, concurrently; the Oxley Highway leads to Tamworth in the Coonabarabran to the west. The Kamilaroi Highway leads to Quirindi to Boggabri to the north-west. Gunnedah railway station is situated on 475 kilometres from Sydney.
The station, opened in 1879, consists of a substantial station building on a single side platform, a passing loop and small go
Weymouth Wales is a Barbadian football club, based in Carrington Village in the parish of Saint Michael. Weymouth Wales FC was founded on December 16, 1958. Having won several league and cup titles in the 1960s and 1970s as New South Wales and Pan- Am Wales, it was renamed to Weymouth Wales, they continued their dominance in the 90s. Barbados Premier Division: 171962, 1964, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1986, 2012, 2017, 2018 Barbados FA Cup: 111967, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1975, 1984, 1987, 2011, 2014, 2016, 2017Capelli Cup: 112019 As of 1 March 2018Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
The women's 1500 metres at the 2012 European Athletics Championships were held at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium on 30 June and 1 July. In this race, the first four classified were disqualified for doping, meaning the medals went to the athletes who reached the finish line in 5th to 7th place. On 25 February 2016, the IAAF announced that Mischenko, the silver medal winner, had been found to have irregularities in her biological passport, she was banned from competition for two years until 17 August 2017, all her results since June 28, 2012 were deleted from the records, including the silver medal won in this event. After the disqualifications, Nuria Fernández of Spain was declared the winner of the event. First 4 in each heat and 4 best performers advance to the Final. Round 1 Results Final Results European Athletics Championships - Helsinki 2012 Full results
The Gimbels Parking Pavilion is an Art Moderne-style parking ramp built by Gimbels Department Store for its customers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1947. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2001. In 1887 the Gimbel family from Vincennes, Indiana bought a four-story building in Milwaukee's premier shopping district and moved their retail operation, setting up a department store selling goods like cloaks and curtains, offering credit and free delivery - a new type of store at the time. Gimbel Brothers Department Store prospered over the years, one construction project after another expanded the building; when Gimbel's opened in 1887, people traveled by buggy, or by foot. After the turn of the century automobiles began appearing. Numbers of cars climbed through 1930s dropped during WWII. Starting in 1945 they began to rise again, from 131,963 vehicles registered in Milwaukee in 1945 to 158,812 in 1947; the city had been considering parking shortages for years. Gimbels acquired space for the parking pavilion across the street from their store.
Architect Frank Drolshagen and engineer V. K. Boynton designed the pavilion in Art Moderne style, typified by smooth lines and curves suggested by airplane forms, a modern feel disconnected from historic styles. At the curved corner entrance was a store called Electric City where Gimbels sold electrical appliances in the early years. Valets at the store parked cars, sold gas, washed cars while customers shopped. Gimbels Pavilion was placed on the NRHP for several reasons, it stands as a surviving example of attendant-staffed parking designed to handle the popularity of the auto in Milwaukee's downtown. It is the only Art Moderne-styled parking garage in Milwaukee, though other buildings like the Exton Apartments Building at 1260 N. Prospect are in the same style
Bacalhau is the Portuguese word for cod and—in a culinary context—dried and salted cod. Fresh cod is referred to as bacalhau fresco. Bacalhau dishes are common in Portugal, in former Portuguese colonies like Cape Verde, Macau and Goa. There are said to be over 1000 recipes in Portugal alone and it can be considered the iconic ingredient of Portuguese cuisine, it is cooked on social occasions and is the traditional Christmas Eve dinner in some parts of Portugal. Similar recipes can be found across Europe, it is found in the cuisines of other territories and regions like Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. In Norway bacalao refers to a specific Spanish-style dish prepared with salted and dried cod, onions and olives, assimilated to Norwegian cuisine in the 20th century, is now spelled bakalao. For centuries, dried cod came from the North Atlantic fisheries of the Grand Banks of Newfoundland and Georges Bank, with the salting and drying done in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, with lesser volumes caught an dried in Iceland and Norway.
It used to be affordable, but with the collapse of the cod stocks and dismantling of Portuguese bacalhoeiro fleet, it became more expensive near Easter and Christmas time, since it is a part of many traditional dishes of the holiday season. There are numerous bacalhau recipe variations, depending on tradition. In Portugal, it is said there are more than 365 ways to cook bacalhau, one for every day of the year. Whatever the exact number, bacalhau is a ubiquitous ingredient in Portuguese cuisine. Bacalhau is served with potatoes and rice. Green or mature wines are served alongside; some Bacalhau dishes: Bacalhau com todos Bacalhau à Gomes de Sá Bacalhau à Brás Bacalhau à Zé do Pipo Bacalhau à Lagareiro Bacalhau com natas Bolinhos de Bacalhau Bacalhau no Forno com Cebolada Bacalhau Suado à Lisboa Salt cod has been produced for at least 500 years, since the time of the European discoveries of the New World. Before refrigeration, there was a need to preserve the cod. More fish low in oils and fats allow for the drying and preservation process to occur: oils and fats prevent the salt water from preserving the fish.
Cod fish have low levels of oils, most is located in the guts. Portuguese, Norman and English fisherman were the first to adopt the salt-based curing technique from Basque fishermen in Newfoundland near the cod-rich Grand Banks by the late 1500s. By the 1700s, salted cod had become a staple food for ordinary Portuguese people and by upper levels of Portuguese society. With the advancements in freezing and transportation in the 1900s, salted cod from North America declined and Iceland and Norway became the major supplier of the salted fish to Portuguese markets. During this time bacalhau was a cheap source of protein and consumed. Thus, bacalhau became a staple of the Portuguese cuisine, nicknamed fiel amigo. In fact, in Portugal, "cod" always refers to salted, dried codfish and it is rare to find fresh cod for sale; this dish is popular in Portugal and other Roman Catholic countries because of the church. For example, the Church forbade the eating of meat on many days, so bacalhau dishes were eaten instead.
Bacalhau is popular in Sfax where this dish is eaten in the first day of Eid ul-Fitr with chermoula. In Portugal, bacalhau is sold as a generic product with no brand information. Customers are free to touch and otherwise inspect the fish, different to how fresh seafood is sold. Stores can carry a large variety of bacalhau differing in color, smell and dryness; such variation has led Portugal to define requirements as to what products can carry the label "Bacalhau de Cura Tradicional Portuguesa". Dried and salted cod Fishing in Portugal List of dried foods Portuguese cuisine
Problematic social media use known as social media addiction or social media overuse, is a proposed form of psychological or behavioral dependence on social media platforms, similar to gaming disorder, Internet addiction disorder, other forms of digital media overuse. It is defined as the compulsive use of social media platforms that results in significant impairment in an individual's function in various life domains over a prolonged period; this and other relationships between digital media use and mental health have been researched and discussed among experts in several disciplines, have generated controversy in medical and technological communities. Research suggests that it affects women and girls more than boys and men and that it appears to affect individuals based on the social media platform used; such disorders can be diagnosed when an individual engages in online activities at the cost of fulfilling daily responsibilities or pursuing other interests, without regard for the negative consequences.
Excessive social media use has not been recognized as a disorder by the World Health Organization or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. However, the related diagnosis of gaming disorder has been included in the International Classification of Diseases. Controversies around problematic social media use include whether the disorder is a separate clinical entity or a manifestation of underlying psychiatric disorders. Researchers have approached the question from a variety of viewpoints, with no universally standardized or agreed definitions; this has led to difficulties in developing evidence-based recommendations. Problematic social media use is associated with mental health symptoms, such as anxiety and depression in children and young people. A 2019 meta-analysis investigating Facebook use and symptoms of depression showed an association, with a small effect size. However, Social media may be utilized in some situations to improve mood. In a Michigan State University study from 2015 and 2016, they found that social media users are 63% less to experience serious psychological distress like depression and anxiety from one year to the next.
Users who are connected to extended family members further reduced their psychological distress, as long as their family member was in good health. In contrast, In a 2018 systematic review and meta-analysis, problematic Facebook use was shown to have negative affects on well-being in adolescents and young adults, psychological distress was found with problematic use. Frequent social media use was shown in a cohort study of 15- and 16-year-olds to have an association with self-reported symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder followed up over two years. A 2016 technological report by Chassiakos and Christakis identified benefits and concerns in adolescent mental health in regard to social media use, it showed that the amount of time spent on social media is not the key factor but rather how time is spent. Declines in well-being and life satisfaction were found in older adolescents who passively consumed social media; the report found a U-shaped, curvilinear relationship between the amount of time spent on digital media with risk of depression developing, at both the low and high ends of Internet use.
Social media allows users to share their feelings and thoughts. With the platform social media provides, users can express their emotions. However, not all is great with social media, it can cause discrimination and cyberbullying. Discrimination and cyberbullying are more prevalent online because people have more courage to write something bold rather than to say it in person. There is a strong positive correlation between social anxiety and social media usage; the defining feature of social anxiety disorder called social phobia, is intense anxiety or fear of being judged, negatively evaluated, or rejected in a social or performance situation. Many users with mental illnesses, such as social anxiety, go to the internet as an escape from reality, so they withdraw from in-person communication and feel most comfortable with online communication. People act differently on social media than they do in person, resulting in many activities and social groups being different when using social media; the pros and cons of social media are debated.
Symptoms of social anxiety include: Excessive sweating, trembling, rapid heart rate, rigid body posture, lack of eye contact, quiet speaking, difficulty interacting with people, feeling insecure, avoiding places with a lot of people. An effective way to treat social anxiety disorder would be cognitive behavioral therapy. CBT helps victims of social anxiety to improve their ways of thinking and reacting to stressful situations. Withal, most CBT is held in a group format to help improve social skills. A 2017 review article noted the "cultural norm" among adolescence of being always on or connected to social media, remarking that this reflects young people's "need to belong" and stay up-to-date, that this perpetuates a "fear of missing out". Other motivations include information seeking, identity formation, as well as voyeurism and cyber-stalking. For some individuals, social media can become "the single most important activity that they engage in"; this can be related to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, with basic human needs met from social media.
Positive-outcome expectations and limited self-control of social media use can develop into