From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Spicy city
Clockwise from Top Left: Guntur Medical College, General Hospital, Iskon Temple, Guntur Municipal Corporation, Chuttugunta Center, One-Town Center, A park with pond in Gujjanagundla.
Clockwise from Top Left: Guntur Medical College, General Hospital, Iskon Temple, Guntur Municipal Corporation, Chuttugunta Center, One-Town Center, A park with pond in Gujjanagundla.
Etymology: Garthapuri ("Place surrounded by water ponds")
Guntur is located in India
Guntur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 16°18′03″N 80°26′34″E / 16.3008°N 80.4428°E / 16.3008; 80.4428Coordinates: 16°18′03″N 80°26′34″E / 16.3008°N 80.4428°E / 16.3008; 80.4428
StateAndhra Pradesh
Founded18th century AD
Founded byFrench
 • BodyGuntur Municipal Corporation[1]
 • Municipal CommissionerSrikesh B Lathkar
 • Member of ParliamentGalla Jayadev
 • City159.46 km2 (61.57 sq mi)
Elevation30 m (100 ft)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City743,352
 • Rank3 in Andhra pradesh
 • Density4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Metro1,028,667
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code+91-0863
Vehicle registrationAP 07; AP 08
Sex ratio1016[4] /
Lok Sabha constituencyGuntur
Urban planning agencyAPCRDA

Guntur (About this sound pronunciation ); is a city within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[5] Located 24 km (15 mi) away from the state capital Amaravati, Guntur city is the administrative headquarters of Guntur district, of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[6] It is a municipal corporation and also the headquarters of Guntur mandal in Guntur revenue division.[7][8] It is situated on the plains at a distance of 40 miles (64 km) to north of the Bay of Bengal. The city is the third most populous in the state with a population of 743,654 and urban agglomeration population around one million as per 2011 census of India.[3][9]

Guntur is classified as a Y-grade city as per the Seventh Central Pay Commission.[10] It forms a part of Vishakhapatnam-Guntur Industrial Region, a major industrial corridor in the country.[11] The city is known for chilli export and has the largest chilli market yard in Asia.[12]


The earliest reference to the present name of the city can be dated back to the period of Ammaraja–I (922-929 CE), the Vengi Eastern Chalukyan King. It also has its appearance in another two inscriptions dated 1147 AD and 1158 AD.[13] In Sanskrit, Guntur was referred to as Garthapuri. "Garthapuri" or "Guntlapuri" translates to "a place surrounded by water ponds".[14][15] The settlement might have been near a pond, a "gunta" in Telugu; hence, :gunta uru" translates to "pond village" in Telugu. Another source refers to "kunta" (a land measuring unit) which may have transformed to "kunta uru" and later to "Guntur".[16]


Inscriptions at Sivalayam

The earliest recorded reference of Guntur comes from the Idern plates of Ammaraja I (922–929 CE), the Vengi Chalukyan king.[citation needed] French astronomer, Pierre Janssen observed the Solar eclipse of 18 August 1868 and discovered helium, from Guntur in Madras State, British India.[17][18] The inscriptions stones in the Agastyeshwara temple in 'Naga Lipi' (an ancient script) dates back to about 1100 CE. It is considered one of the most famous temples in the city. It is said that Agastya built the temple in the last Treta Yuga around the swayambhu linga and hence it has this name. The 'Nagas' were said to have ruled the region at that time. The region has been historically known for Buddhism and the first Kalachakra ceremony performed by Gautama Buddha himself.[19] The place of Sitanagaram and the Guttikonda caves are referred in the ancient texts (Vedic puranas) going back to the Treta Yuga and Dwapara Yuga.[20]

With the arrival of the Europeans in the late sixteenth century the city attained national and international significance. The French shifted their headquarters from Kondavid Fort to here in 1752, probably because of the ample availability of water due to the two large tanks. This settlement formed the nucleus of the modern city. The Nizams and Hyder Ali also ruled the city until it came under British rule in 1788. It was made the headquarters of a district named after it that was abolished in 1859, only to be reconstituted in 1904. The city rapidly became a major market for agricultural produce from the surrounding countryside due to the opening of the railway link in 1890. The expansion continued post independence as well and was concentrated in what is now called "New Guntur", with many urban areas such as Brodipet, Arundalpet and suburban areas like Pattabhipuram, Chandramouli Nagar, Sita Rama nagar, Brindavan Gardens, etc.


Guntur Region from a satellite.

Guntur is located at 16°17′N 80°26′E / 16.29°N 80.43°E / 16.29; 80.43.[21] It has an average elevation of 33 m (108 ft) and is situated on the plains. There are few hills in the surrounding suburban areas and Perecherla Reserve Forest on the north west. The city is around 40 miles (64 km) to the west of the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of India. The Krishna delta lies partly in the Guntur district. There are other smaller rivers and channels in the region such as Guntur Channel, Chandravanka, Naagileru, Guntur Branch Canal[22] etc.

As quoted in NASA's website "it is typical of the wider deltas along the southeast coast of India (known as the Coromandel Coast).[23] The braided stream channels, broad floodplain, and extensive sandbars suggest that this part of the Krishna River flows through relatively flat terrain and carries a substantial amount of sediment, especially during the monsoon season."


As per Köppen-Geiger climate classification system the climate in Guntur is tropical (Aw). The average temperature is warm to hot year-round. The summer season (especially during May/June) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by monsoon rains. The winter season (from November to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate. Winter months are usually dry, with little to no rainfall. The wettest month is July. The average annual temperature is 28.5 C and annual rain fall is about 905 mm. Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. Cyclones may occur any time of the year, but occur more commonly between May and November.

Climate data for Guntur City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.4
Average low °C (°F) 19.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
Source: (altitude: 26 m)[24]


In the 1961 census, Guntur had a population of 187,122 and increased to 516,461 in 2001, which shows a considerable growth during the last 5 decades. As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 651,382. It then increased to 7,43,354 after expansion, constituting 371,727 males and 3,71,612 females —a sex ratio of approximately 1000 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[3][25] The urban agglomeration population of the city is projected to be approximately, 1,028,667.[26]

Hinduism is the major religion in Guntur.[27] Telugu is the main language of communication in the city. One of the earlier forms of Telugu language can be noticed in this region.[28] Most of the Muslims in the city speak Urdu as their mother tongue.[29] One of the purportedly lost tribes of Israel called Bene Ephraim, has its presence in Guntur, with a Jewish synagogue as well.[30][31]


The Collectorate complex of Guntur

Civic administration[edit]

In 1866, Guntur was made a municipality with a population of about 25,000. It was upgraded to III (1891), I Grade (1917), special grade (1952) and selection grade in 1960. Later, in 1994 it was made a Municipal Corporation. In 1995, the first election of the Municipal Corporation was conducted.[32] In the year 2012, the city limits were expanded by merging ten surrounding villages into the Guntur Municipal Corporation.[33] The present commissioner is Smt. C Anuradha.[34] The corporation budget is 973.24 crore (US$140 million).[35] Recently the corporation topped the charts in property tax collections in the state.[36]

The city is one among the 31 cities in the state to be a part of water supply and sewerage services mission known as Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).[37] In 2015, as per the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan of the Ministry of Urban Development, Guntur Municipal Corporation was ranked 70th in the country.[38] The Guntur Municipal Corporation received the open defecation free city certificate as part of Swacch Bharat Mission.[39]

Utility services[edit]

River Krishna is the main source of water for the city through channels and tributaries.[40] Extension of Guntur Channel is being planned to cover more areas around the city in the capital region.[41]

State offices[edit]

As part of the Andhra Pradesh capital region, the city hosts many state offices and agencies such as Andhra Pradesh Forest Department, Agricultural Marketing Department etc.[42]

Law and order[edit]

City Court

The High Court was in Guntur after the separation from the erstwhile Madras State,[43] which was later moved to Hyderabad after the formation of Andhra Pradesh.[44][45] Guntur Urban and Rural police offices oversees the law and order for the city and the rural areas surrounding it.[46] NCC Group[47][46] and also hosts one of the Indian Army recruitment and training centers.[48] The city has a new Regional passport center to cater the citizens of the district and state.[49]

A trauma care center in Guntur


The Government General Hospital provides free health care to people across the district.[50] There are free healthcare facilities like Sankara Eye Hospital that serves people in and around the city. Also there are urban health care centers, couple of hundred private hospitals in the city.[51]


Main market

The city is headquarters to Agricultural Marketing Department.[42] Agriculture Market Committee Market Yard, the largest chilly yard of Asia, generates an income of up to 100 crore (US$14 million) during trading season.[52][12] The spiciest Guntur chillies are exported to foreign countries and in terms of trade the city stands second, next to Mexico.[53] Commercial activities are concentrated mostly on outlets such as, cinema halls, malls, jewelry, fertilisers and Real Estate[54].[53]


The city residents are referred as Gunturollu.[55] Traditional drama and theatrical events also have their presence in the city.[56] The city observes many festivals such as Rama Navami,[57] Maha Sivaratri,[58] Vinayaka Chavithi,[59] Vijaya Dasami,[60] Deepawali,[61] Holi,[62] Ugadi,[63] Eid,[64] Krishnastami,[65] Christmas.[66]


The South Indian breakfast varieties such as, Idli, Dosa, Puri etc., are preferred mostly.[67] The Red chilli biryani is one of the native dish from the area.[68] Guntur Sannam, a chilli variety was registered as one of the geographical indication from Andhra Pradesh under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.[69]


A residential area
Archaeological Museum

The major commercial and residential areas in the city include the Arundelpet, Lakshmipuram and Brodipet.Koretapadu, Navabharath Nagar, Pattabhipuram, Shyamla Nagar and Vidya Nagar etc., are some of the other areas in the city.[70] Autonagar, Gorantla, Peda Palakaluru, Nallapadu, Chennai Highway etc. are some of the other areas of the city.[71]

The city has many parks, museums, temples, nature conservation sites, forts, resorts and caves. The Jinnah Tower is one of the iconic structure on Mahatma Gandhi Road, one of the important centre of the city.[72] There are seventeen parks in the city with some of them maintained by the municipal corporation.[73] Larger city parks like Nagara-Vanam are being developed on the outskirts of the city.[74] There are many places to visit near by the city such as Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary, Kondaveedu Fort etc.


NH-16/AH-45 near Namburu, east of the city.

The local transport preferred by the city commuters include, privately operated auto rickshaws, cabs, mini-buses and a few government run APSRTC buses in specified routes.[75][76] The NTR bus station of the city operates suburban[77] and long distance services.[78] In the recent times, it has introduced city bus services to the nearby destinations of Pedakakani, Namburu, Yanamadala and Chebrolu.[79] A new mini bus depot is being built in the premises of Main bus station to run city buses within the city and non stop buses to other areas.[80] The Rail Vikas Bhavan at Pattabhipuram in the city is the headquarters of Guntur railway division.[81][82] Guntur Junction and New Guntur railway stations of the city provides rail transport.[83] While, Nallapadu and Perecherla railway stations serves as satellite stations.[84] The Guntur railway station operates MEMU and local trains for the one lakh commuting population, including thousands of university students.[85] Though there was a proposal to build a no frills airport for the city,[86] the Vijayawada International Airport located at Gannavaram serves the air travel needs of the city commuters.[87]

The city has a total road length of 853.00 km (530.03 mi).[88] The Mahatma Gandhi Inner Ring Road is an arterial road with a stretch of 6.34 km (3.94 mi), that encircles the city with its start and end points on NH 16.[89][90] The other arterial city roads include, the Grand Trunk Road, JKC College Road, Lakshmipuram Road, Pattabhipuram Road and Palakaluru Road etc.[91][79] The city is connected to major destinations by National highways, State highways and district roads.[92] National Highway 16 bypasses the city, which is also a part of Asian Highway 45 and Golden Quadrilateral.[93] The State Highway 2 connects the city with Macherla and Hyderabad. A new Expressway is proposed connecting the city to Rayalaseema region with faster access. State Highway 48 with Bapatla and Chirala.[94][95] The Guntur–Amaravati,[96] Guntur–Nandivelugu[97] and Guntur-Parchoor roads[98][99] are the district roads connecting their respective destinations.

City Bus Services[edit]

  • The Guntur City Bus Operators Association operates private city buses to almost all the places of the city like NTR Bus Station, Guntur Autonagar, Pedakakani Temple, Sangadigunta, Narakoduru, Gundavaram, Kantheru, Tadikonda, Namburu, Chowdavaram, Yanamadala, Guntur Market, Lodge Centre, SVN Colony, Mirchi Yard, ITC, Nalla padu, Housing Board Colony, Vengalayapalem, Guntur Railway Station, Guntur District Collectorate, Pattabhipuram, Gorantla, Brindavan Gardens and Lakshmipuram.
  • The APSRTC runs city buses connecting the important centres of the city to its suburbs, exurbs and rural areas like Tenali, Mangalagiri, Vijayawada, Secretariat, Thulluru, Amaravathi and Perecherla.

Education and research[edit]

A university campus

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[100][101] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, the city limits (including the merged villages) have more than one lakh students enrolled in over 400 schools.[102][103] The Central Board of Secondary Education, Secondary School Certificate or the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education are the different types of syllabus followed by different schools. The medium of instruction followed by schools are English, Telugu and Urdu.[104][105] The public library system is supported by the government with the central library located at Arundalpet.[106]

Government colleges and institutions include, Guntur Medical College,[107] Government Junior College for Girls.[108] There exists one residential college under APRJC, ten private aided, two co-operative and many private unaided colleges.[108] Hindu College, A.C College are some of the older institutes in the city. JKC College, RVR & JC College of Engineering, Tellakula Jalayya Polisetty Somasundaram College (TJPS College), Government College for Women and St. Joseph's College of Education for Women are the autonomous colleges approved under Universities Grant Commission scheme.[109] The Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University at Lam village near the city is administered from Gorantla area of the city.[110] Research centres related to different fields such as, Regional AGMARK laboratory,[111] regional station of Central Tobacco Research Institute of Indian Council of Agricultural Research are also present.[112] The city hosts many national, state level conferences and expos on many topics like economy, agriculture, technology etc.[113][114][115][116]


As per the 58th annual report of Press India 2013–14, the major Telugu daily publications from Guntur are, Andhra Jyothy, Andhra Prabha, Eenadu, Sakshi, Suryaa, Telugu Jatiya Dinapatrika Vaartha. The English publications are, Deccan Chronicle, News Boom, The Fourth Voice, Views Observer.[117]


Parade Ground

Sporting infrastructure of the city include several venues for many sports such as, Brahmananda Reddy stadium for Tennis, Badminton, Volleyball, Athletics, Gymnastics, Swimming;[118][119][120] NTR Municipal Indoor stadium for Table Tennis and Volleyball;[121][122] and also other sports such as Boxing.[123] It becomes the first state to get blue athletic track in India [124]

The city has hosted sporting events such as, All India Senior Tennis Association,[125] All India Sub Junior Ranking Badminton Tournament,[126] All India Invitation Volleyball Tournament,[122] Ganta Sanjeeva Reddy Memorial Trophy,[127] Inter-district Master Aquatic Championship[128] etc. The city was also a host for Khelo India programme for junior level national sports.[129]

International sports personalities from the city include: cricketer Ambati Rayudu;[130] badminton player Srikanth Kidambi, who won the Super Series title in China[131] and also finished as a quarter finalist at the 2016 Summer Olympics.[132]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Governing body". Guntur Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  2. ^ "About Guntur Municipal Corporation". Guntur Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Reporter, Staff. "Guntur city population is 7,43,654 as per 2011 Census". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. ^ "Sex Ratio" (PDF). 4 September 2007.
  5. ^ SASIKUMAR, K.; KRISHNA, SANOOP GOPI (2009). Solid Waste Management. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. p. 267. ISBN 9788120338692. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  6. ^ "District Profile". An Official Website Of Guntur District. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 83, 110. Retrieved 19 January 2015. It is also a good education based city... It has quality educational institutions also
  8. ^ "Adminsistrative divisions of Guntur district" (PDF). An official website of Guntur District. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  9. ^ "AP Capital Region Development Authority comes into being". The Hindu. Hyderabad. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  10. ^ "Classification of Cities for the purpose of HRA with effect from 1 April 2015 — CENTRAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES NEWS". Retrieved 1 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Industrial Corridor". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  12. ^ a b "Chillies lose sting, exports & Guntur markets only hope – The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Guntur History". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  14. ^ "District Profile". Guntur Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  15. ^ "Evolution of Guntur Division" (PDF). South Central Railway. p. 3. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  16. ^ Pullaiah, T. (2000). Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Regency Publications. p. 2. ISBN 9788187498162. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  17. ^ Leggett, Hadley (18 August 2009), Aug. 18, 1868: Helium Discovered During Total Solar Eclipse,, retrieved 18 March 2010
  18. ^ "Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences", C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 67: 836–41, 1868
  19. ^ "Kālacakra history".
  21. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics-Guntur". Falling Rain Genomics Inc.
  22. ^ "Guntur irrigation". Government of India.
  23. ^ "KRISHNA R/DELTA, COAST". Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  24. ^ "Climate: Guntur – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  25. ^ "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  26. ^ "Demography". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  27. ^ "Religion in Guntur". Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  28. ^ "Old poetry about the city" (PDF). Old Poetry. 27 August 2012.
  29. ^ "Language in India".
  30. ^ Sadok Yacobi. "Bene Ephraim of Andhra Pradesh, South India". Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  31. ^ "The Children of Ephraim: being Jewish in Andhra Pradesh". Anthropology Today. 26. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  32. ^ "". GMC-IT Wing,2002.
  33. ^ "Merger of gram panchayats in Guntur Municipal Corporation" (PDF). Guntur Municipal Corporation. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 November 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  34. ^ "Present & Ex-Commissioners". Guntur Corporation. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  35. ^ "GMC budget". The HANS India. andhrapradesh. 6 April 2017.
  36. ^ "GMC tops charts in property tax collections". The Hindu. andhrapradesh, India. 6 April 2017.
  37. ^ Vadlapatla, Sribala (11 August 2015). "Amaravati among 31 AP cities selected for Amruth development". The Times of India. Hyderabad. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  38. ^ Sandeep Kumar, S (10 August 2015). "Small towns fare better in Swachh Bharat rankings". The Hindu. Vijayawada. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
  39. ^ "Guntur is now officially 'Open Defecation-Free'". 23 December 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  40. ^ "Guntur Water source" (PDF). 7 July 2016.
  41. ^ "Guntur Channel Extension". The Hindu. Guntur. 30 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  42. ^ a b "Departments moving to new Capital Region". The Hindu. 16 June 2016.
  43. ^ "Former High Court July 06, 1954". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 6 July 2004.
  44. ^ "High Court bench requirement". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 25 February 2006.
  45. ^ "Telangana advocates nudge CJI on HC bifurcation". Deccan Chronicle. Hyderabad. 10 April 2016.
  46. ^ a b "Celebrations a big hit in Guntur". The Hindu. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  47. ^ "NCC of Guntur". Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  48. ^ "Army recruitment rally". The Hindu. Guntur. 17 January 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2008.
  49. ^ "Passport Seva Kendra opened". The Hindu. Guntur. 5 May 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  50. ^ "Government General Hospital becomes clean". Deccan Chronicle. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  51. ^ "Guntur analysis report" (PDF). June 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  52. ^ Jonathan, P. Samuel. "Trading at Guntur chilli marketyard comes to a halt". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  53. ^ a b "Guntur Chillies". Online edition of Outlook magazine-free registration required. Retrieved 1 August 2007.
  54. ^ "Guntur real estate market all set to grow".
  55. ^ "Braving chill, Gunturians walk with enthusiasm". The Hindu. Guntur. 25 January 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  56. ^ "Folk art fete in Guntur". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 7 August 2006.
  57. ^ "Rama Navami festival in Guntur". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  58. ^ "Guntur: Maha Shivarathri festival". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  59. ^ "Vinayaka Chavithi festivities in Guntur". The Hans India. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  60. ^ "Navaratri in Guntur". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  61. ^ "Diwali celebrated with gaiety in AP, Telangana". The Hans India. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  62. ^ "Gaiety, colour, fervour mark Holi festivities". The Hindu. 24 March 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  63. ^ "Sahiti Vasanthotsavam on Ugadi". The Hindu. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  64. ^ "Nation Celebrates Eid-ul-Adha with Religious Fervour". Sakshipost. 13 September 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  65. ^ "Gaiety, fervour mark Krishna Janmashtami". New Indian Express. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  66. ^ "CM Chandrababu for Guntur today". The Hans India. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  67. ^ Ganguly, Nivedita (6 May 2016). "A delightful dosa fare". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  68. ^ Ganguly, Nivedita (29 May 2015). "Traditional flavours of Andhra". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  69. ^ "Geographical Indication". The Hans India. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  70. ^ Samuel Jonathan, P (24 July 2014). "Guntur looking skyward". The Hans India. Vijayawada. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  71. ^ "Guntur Inner Ring Road Inaugurated by Kiran". The New Indian Express. 17 February 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  72. ^ "Blog: Finding Kamala Nehru in Pakistan, Jinnah in Guntur". NDTV. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  73. ^ "Other parks in Guntur city !!". Guntur Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  74. ^ "Nagara Vanam Park at Guntur". United News India. 14 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  75. ^ "Private operators eat into APSRTC's income". Deccan Chronicle. 25 February 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  76. ^ Reporter, Staff (20 August 2015). "New fleet of city buses in Guntur". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  77. ^ "Auto-rickshaw drivers charge double fare". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  78. ^ "Guntur-Vijayawada RTC passengers in for cool travel". The Hindu. 31 March 2005. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  79. ^ a b "New fleet of city buses in Guntur". The Hindu. Guntur. 20 August 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  80. ^ "Mini bus station to come up in Guntur in 2 weeks". Deccan Chronicle. 2018-03-29. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
  81. ^ "Guntur Division". Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  82. ^ "Rediff On The NeT: Paswan to inaugurate new railway division at Guntur".
  83. ^ "Connected Guntur will spur growth". Deccan Chronicle. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  84. ^ "Guntur misses metro rail project". Deccan Chronicle. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  85. ^ "Guntur misses metro rail project". Deccan Chronicle. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  86. ^ Reddy, B. Dasarath (25 December 2015). "Traffic rise in old airports gives a boost to Andhra's plan to build 6 new runways". Business Standard India. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  87. ^ "Gannavaram Airport to be named as Amaravati airport". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  88. ^ "Details of Roads in each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  89. ^ "AP CM inaugurates phase I & II of Guntur inner ring road". Business Standard. Hyderabad. 16 February 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  90. ^ "Guntur Inner Ring Road Inaugurated by Kiran". The New Indian Express. 17 February 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  91. ^ "One-stop destination for pilgrims". The Hindu. 15 May 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  92. ^ "3.4 Infrastructure" (PDF). Guntur Municipal Corporation. p. 19. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  93. ^ "NHAI Under Pressure to Lay Another Bypass Road". The New Indian Express. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  94. ^ Samuel Jonathan, P (8 October 2015). "Nizampatnam backwaters beckon adventure geeks". The Hindu. Guntur. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  95. ^ "Road Maps". Roads and Buildings Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 23 February 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  96. ^ "Guntur hogs limelight, bags two Central institutes". The Hindu. 21 December 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  97. ^ "It's rain's turn to torment Guntur". The New Indian Express. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  98. ^ ":: APRDC ::". Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation. Roads and Buildings Department. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  99. ^ "Rathaiah's biography launched". The Hindu. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
  100. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  101. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  102. ^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  103. ^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015–16, District School Education – Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  104. ^ "74 GMC schools switch to English medium – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  105. ^ Mallikarjun, Y. (29 February 2016). "Classrooms in State-run schools set to go digital". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  106. ^ "Public Libraries in Guntur". Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  107. ^ Reporter, Staff (17 February 2016). "MCI team inspects Guntur Medical College". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  108. ^ a b "List of colleges in Guntur district" (PDF). Board of Intermediate Education. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  109. ^ "Autonomous colleges list" (PDF). Universities Grants Commission. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  110. ^ Reporter, Staff (14 June 2016). "Marketing Department moves to capital region". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  111. ^ "Information on Right to Information Act, 2005 Pertaining to Directorate of Marketing & Inspection". Agricultural Marketing. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  112. ^ Bureau, Our (22 September 2014). "Tobacco Board sets export target at Rs 10,000 cr". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  113. ^ "National conferences, Guntur". 28 December 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  114. ^ Bureau, Our (27 December 2017). "President inaugurates IEA conference in Guntur". Merinews. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  115. ^ Bureau, Our (25 November 2017). "Pharmacy expo, Guntur". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  116. ^ Bureau, Our (4 December 2017). "Tech expo in Guntur". New Indian Express. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  117. ^ "Press in India, 2013–14" (PDF). The Registrar of Newspapers for India. pp. 358–403. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  118. ^ Reporter, Staff (9 June 2013). "Nod for swimming pool at BR stadium in Guntur". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  119. ^ Jonathan, P. Samuel (26 May 2016). "Kids learn the basics of tennis". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  120. ^ "Guntur athletic trials". The Hindu. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  121. ^ "Place for TT at NTR indoor stadium". The Hindu. 16 July 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  122. ^ a b Reporter, Staff (25 February 2016). "Volleyball tournament off to a smashing start in Guntur". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  123. ^ Reporter, Staff (6 November 2014). "Young boxers from Guntur district win laurels". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  124. ^
  125. ^ Reporter, Staff (1 February 2016). "AISTA tennis tourney gets under way". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  126. ^ Reporter, Staff (20 October 2015). "Badminton tourney gets under way". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  127. ^ "Swimming championships from July 10 – Times of India". The Times of India. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  128. ^ "Inter-district Master Aquatic Championship inaugurated". The Hans India. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  129. ^ Correspondent, Special. "Khelo India: Nellore, Guntur chosen venues". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  130. ^ "Ambati Rayudu". Cricinfo. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  131. ^ Jonathan, P. Samuel (17 November 2014). "Guntur lad scripts history in badminton". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  132. ^ Bhatt, Shephali (25 September 2016). "Srikanth Kidambi: On losing temporary limelight and keeping permanent focus on the game – The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 29 September 2016.

External links[edit]