Raza Murad is an Indian actor working in Hindi films. He has acted in over 250 Bollywood films, he featured in a few Bhojpuri and other regional language films, plus many TV series, he has portrayed a wide variety of roles from sympathetic brothers and supporting figures in the 1970s, thereby shifting swiftly to villainous roles in the 1980s and on until the late 90s. He is the son of respected veteran, renowned Bollywood character actor. Raza was at the zenith peak of his career from the early 80s to the late 90s Quite famous for his bass voice & towering 6 ft 3inches heighted personality, he made a mesmerising screen appearance for the audience, his flawless acting skills prove him to be one of the best character actors in the Indian film industry. Raza is known for his great philanthropic activities and active social life by which film faternity & the society in general has benefitted a lot, plus on and off he participates in politics for a noble contribution regularly, he is the son of Bollywood character actor Murad.
He belongs to a Muslim family. He is the first cousin of Zeenat Aman, his uncle being Amanullah Khan, writer of Mughal-e-Azam and Pakeezah, his niece Sonam was an actress, married to Rajiv Rai. Another niece Sanober Kabir has acted in a number of movies, is a stage performer. Raza Murad started his career in the mid-1960s and he played sympathetic brothers and brotherly figures in the 1970s. From the 1980s on, he has played either supporting roles of a father, uncle or villainous roles, he studied in the Film and Television Institute of India, from 1969 to 1971 and received a diploma in film acting. He has a memorable baritone voice. One of his most memorable performances as a character actor has been the role of a despondent poet in the 1973 hit film Namak Haraam, alongside Amitabh Bachchan and Rajesh Khanna, he has had major roles in some of the most successful films of Bollywood like Raj Kapoor's Prem Rog and Ram Teri Ganga Maili and in other big hits like Khud-Daar, Ram Lakhan, Pyar Ka Mandir, Aankhen and Gupt: The Hidden Truth.
In 1993, he appeared in Ek Hi Raasta alongside Ajay Devgan as a terrorist who attempts to rule India. He played a supporting role in Ashutosh Gowarikar's Jodhaa Akbar, he starred in a number of Punjabi films such as Jatt Punjabi. He was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award for his contribution towards Punjabi Cinema at the PTC Punjabi film awards in February 2011, he has Filmfare record of 7 villain nominations, winning one. He acted in Madhubala - Ek Ishq Ek Junoon, a TV serial, he has acted in several Telugu films including Indra. In "Padmaavat", he portrayed the role of Jalal-ud-din Khalji, the founder and first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. List of Indian film actors List of Bollywood villains Raza Murad on IMDb
Assassination is the act of killing a prominent person for either political, religious or monetary reasons. An assassination may be prompted by political or military motives, it is an act that may be done for financial gain, to avenge a grievance, from a desire to acquire fame or notoriety, or because of a military, insurgent or secret police group's command to carry out the homicide. Acts of assassination have been performed since ancient times; the word assassin is believed to derive from the word Hashshashin, shares its etymological roots with hashish. It referred to a group of Nizari Shia Muslims. Founded by Hassan-i Sabbah, the Assassins were active in the fortress of Alamut in Persia from the 8th to the 14th centuries, expanded by capturing forts in Syria; the group killed members of the Abbasid, Seljuq and Christian Crusader elite for political and religious reasons. Although it is believed that Assassins were under the influence of hashish during their killings or during their indoctrination, there is debate as to whether these claims have merit, with many Eastern writers and an increasing number of Western academics coming to believe that drug-taking was not the key feature behind the name.
The earliest known use of the verb "to assassinate" in printed English was by Matthew Sutcliffe in A Briefe Replie to a Certaine Odious and Slanderous Libel, Lately Published by a Seditious Jesuite, a pamphlet printed in 1600, five years before it was used in Macbeth by William Shakespeare. Assassination is one of the oldest tools of power politics, it dates back at least as far as recorded history. In the Old Testament, King Joash of Judah was recorded as being assassinated by his own servants. Chanakya wrote about assassinations in detail in his political treatise Arthashastra, his student Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya Empire made use of assassinations against some of his enemies, including two of Alexander the Great's generals and Philip. Other famous victims are Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great, Roman consul Julius Caesar. Emperors of Rome met their end in this way, as did many of the Muslim Shia Imams hundreds of years later; the practice was well known in ancient China, as in Jing Ke's failed assassination of Qin king Ying Zheng in 227 BC.
Whilst many assassinations were performed by individuals or small groups, there were specialized units who used a collective group of people to perform more than one assassination. The earliest were the sicarii in 6 A. D. who predated the Middle Eastern assassins and Japanese ninjas by centuries. In the Middle Ages, regicide was rare in Western Europe, but it was a recurring theme in the Eastern Roman Empire. Blinding and strangling in the bathtub were the most used procedures. With the Renaissance, tyrannicide—or assassination for personal or political reasons—became more common again in Western Europe. High medieval sources mention the assassination of King Demetrius Zvonimir, dying at the hands of his own people, who objected to a proposition by the Pope to go on a campaign to aid the Byzantines against the Seljuk Turks; this account is, contentious among historians, it being most asserted that he died of natural causes. The myth of the "Curse of King Zvonimir" is based on the legend of his assassination.
In 1192, Conrad of Montferrat, the de facto King of Jerusalem, was killed by an assassin. The reigns of King Przemysł II of Poland, William the Silent of the Netherlands, the French kings Henry III and Henry IV were all ended by assassins. In the modern world, the killing of important people began to become more than a tool in power struggles between rulers themselves and was used for political symbolism, such as in the propaganda of the deed. In Russia alone, two emperors, Paul I and his grandson Alexander II, were assassinated within 80 years. In the United Kingdom, only one Prime Minister has been assassinated—Spencer Perceval on May 11, 1812. In Japan, a group of assassins called the Four Hitokiri of the Bakumatsu killed a number of people, including Ii Naosuke, the head of administration for the Tokugawa shogunate, during the Boshin War. Most of the assassinations in Japan were committed with bladed weaponry, a trait, carried on into modern history. A video-record exists of the assassination of Inejiro Asanuma.
In the United States, within 100 years, four presidents—Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William McKinley and John F. Kennedy—died at the hands of assassins. There have been at least 20 known attempts on U. S. presidents' lives. Huey Long, a Senator, was assassinated on September 10, 1935. Robert F. Kennedy, a Senator and a presidential candidate, was assassinated on June 6, 1968 in the United States. In Austria, the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, carried out by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian national and a member of the Serbian nationalist insurgents, is blamed for igniting World War I after a succession of minor conflicts, while belligerents on both sides in World War II used operatives trained for assassination. Reinhard Heydrich died after an attack by British-trained Czechoslovak soldiers on behalf of the Czechoslovak government in exile in Operation Anthropoid, knowledge from decoded transmissions allowed the United States to carry out a targeted attack, killing Japanese Admiral
Ashok Mehta was a noted national film award-winning Indian film cinematographer, known for films such as Bandit Queen, 36 Chowringhee Lane and Utsav. He won the National Film Award for Best Cinematography twice, 36 Chowringhee Lane and Moksha, the latter he directed, he worked both with directors of mainstream Bollywood, like Subhash Ghai and Rajiv Rai, Mukul Anand, as well as parallel cinema directors, like Shyam Benegal, Aparna Sen. He worked on films, including Shekhar Kapoor's Bandit Queen, Girish Karnad's Utsav, Gulzar's Ijaazat and MF Hussain's Gaja Gamini. Early in 2012, he was diagnosed with lung cancer. While he was getting treated for Lung cancer, he was diagnosed with brain tumor. Despite the surgery and cancer, he never stopped working as movies and cinematography was his passion and first love, he succumbed to cancer in Mumbai on 15 August 2012, at the age of 64. Ashok Mehta's journey is a rags to riches story, he came to Mumbai. With no money, no acquaintance and no shelter he had nowhere to go and to survive he started selling stuff like boiled eggs, fruits etc.
His Journey in the Bollywood started as a canteen boy, office boy and a camera attendant. After a decade-long struggle in the Indian film industry, he became the DOP, he got his first break as a cinematographer at the age of 25 in Raj Marbros' The Witness. He credits his actual career boost to the reigning star of Shashi Kapoor. Kapoor, starring in a film being shot by Mehta, was impressed by his work and though the film did not get made it won Mehta the favor of Kapoor, who offered him his next production, 36 Chowringhee Lane; the next step for Mehta was to establish himself in mainstream cinema and this opportunity came through actress Rakhee. It was during the filming of Paroma that Rakhee got acquainted with Mehta and his work, but it was years when Subhash Ghai, leading director of the popular film scene, was on the lookout for a cameraman for his mega-project Ram Lakhan, that she suggested the name of Mehta. Ashok Mehta stepped onto the popular film scene and with the collaboration of Ghai, brought to popular cinema an altogether different style of lighting and shot taking.
He is lovingly known as the "guiding light"in Bollywood. DirectorMoksha known as Moksha: Salvation, is a 2001 release. Ashok Mehta launched Arjun Rampal in Bollywood with this movie; the story is about law graduate Vikram Saigal, not happy with his lot at all. He is idealistic and wants to battle corruption and society and change the world. A young girl, Ritika takes a fancy to him and goes all out to woo him, at first he rejects her advances and he gives in after she presents him with an expensive painting and they become a couple, his idealism includes him wanting to set up a "free for the poor" law service, but he finds it impossible to find any other like-minded lawyers. His boss and his father think he's too young and naïve to understand the implications of giving free legal services and he becomes more and more disillusioned and plans how to rob a bank to get money to set up his free legal institute. Together with Ritika he hatches a plot to rob a bank, but soon after, Ritika dissuades Vikram from carrying out the robbery.
On the day of the bank robbery, a lady informs the bank authorities about the burglary and the officials get on a high alert. Thereafter, Ritika is found dead and all fingers point towards Vikram. A courtroom battle ensues. Vikram defends himself by fighting his own case. After the verdict Ritika's best friend tells him that it was she not Ritika who had informed the bank authority of the plan of robbery. Drenched in guilt Vikram can't seem to do that as well. So he decides to rob the bank again, this time with an empty pistol, he goes to the bank on a suicide mission, robs the bank and gets shot fatally while coming out. Moksha Cinematographer Ashok Mehta lived with his wife Neerja Mehta and his son Ved Mehta National Film Award for Best Cinematography: 1981: 36 Chowringhee Lane 2000: Moksha Filmfare Award for Best Cinematographer 1997: Bandit Queen Ashok Mehta on IMDb Ashok Mehta, Biography Cinematographers Encyclopedia
Kavita Krishnamurthy referred to as Nightingale Of India Kavita Krishnamurthy Subramaniam As Also Melody Queen Bollywood Flims Industrys, is an Indian film playback singer who has sung all Indian Languages Hindi, Marathi, Urdu, Tamil, Kannada, Nepali, Bengali and Odiya Etc. Trained in classical music, Kavita Krishnamurthy has recorded more than 25,000 songs in 16 languages in a career span of 30 years. Working with all the music composers including Laxmikant–Pyarelal, Naushad, S H Bihari, Kaifi Azmi, Anjan, O P Nayyar, Hemant Kumar, Ravinder Jain, Bappi Lahiri, Anand Bakshi, Javid Akthar, Anu Malik, R. D. Burman, Zubeen Garg and A. R. Rahman, she is the recipient of four Filmfare Best Female Playback Singer Awards, including three consecutive awards in the period 1994–1996, the Padmashri which she received in 2005. In 1999, she married residing in Bengaluru. Kavita was born Sharada in a Tamil Iyer family in New Delhi, India to T. S. Krishnamurthy, an employee of the Education Ministry, she began her music training at the insistence of her aunt, Protimma Bhattacharya who enrolled her with Suruma Basu, who taught her Rabindra Sangeet.
She began her formal training in Hindustani classical music under a classical singer. At the young age of eight, Kavita won a gold medal at a music competition, she won many medals participating in the Inter-Ministry Classical Competition in New Delhi in the mid 1960s. During her college days at St. Xavier College, she got an opportunity to record a song in the Bengali film Shriman Prithviraj in 1971 with singer Lata Mangeshkar as co-singer under the auspices of the music composer and singer Hemant Kumar. Although the young Sharada aspired to work in Indian Foreign Services, she moved to Bombay when she was 14 to try her luck as a playback singer in the Hindi film industry, she is an alumnus of Bombay from where she did her BA Honors Economics. She was active in the St. Xavier's Music Group during her college days. During the annual college festival, she met the daughter of Hemant Kumar. Ranu took the initiative of reintroducing Kavita to her father, he was impressed by her grounding in music, so he began using her as a singer during his live performances.
In one such performance, playback singer Manna Dey spotted her and employed her to sing advertisement jingles. Through her aunt's strong contacts, she met Jaya Chakravarthy, the mother of actress Hema Malini, who took the initiative of introducing Kavita to the music director Laxmikant in late 1976. Laxmikant gave her an opportunity to work as a dubbing artist. Kavita impressed Laxmikant with her strong grasp of Hindustani classical music, she recorded songs and cut demos of songs intended for singers like Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. In her struggling phase, she received the patronage of music composers Laxmikant—Pyarelal, who backed her so that she was labelled as a singer working with them; this gave many music directors an excuse to avoid working with her. In 1978, she first sang the Kannada song "Ondanondu kaaladaga" in the film Ondanondu Kaladalli directed by Girish Karnad; the song penned by music by Bhaskar Chandavarkar. Being the only song in the entire movie, Ondanondu kaladaga with its folk touch, became a hit and earned fame for Kavita Krishnamurthy.
She went on to sing so many Kannada songs. In 1980, she sang the song, "Kaahe Ko Byaahi" in the film Maang Bharo Sajana - Kaahe Ko Byaahi, which featured her singing in her own voice; the song was dropped from the final cut of the film. In 1985, her career took off with her first major hit, "Tumse Milkar Na Jaane Kyon" from the Hindi film Pyaar Jhukta Nahin - Tumse milkar. Na Jaane kyun Post the success of the song, it opened up opportunities beyond the Laxmikant–Pyarelal camp. However, "Hawa Hawaii" and "Karte Hain Hum Pyaar Mr. India Se", two popular songs from the popular movie Mr. India - Karte Hain Hum pyaar Mr. India se, roved to be a turning point in her career, her collaboration with Laxmikant-Pyarelal produced several hits. The 1990s thrust Kavita into being known as one of the leading female playback singers, her performance as a singer in the film 1942: A Love Story, composed by R. D. Burman won her much popular acclaim. With a string of hits from 1942: A Love Story, Agni Sakshi and Khamoshi, Kavita established herself as the leading female playback singer alongside Alka Yagnik.
She went on to work with several music directors of Hindi films of the 1990s, such as Bappi Lahiri, Anand-Milind, A. R. Rahman, Rajesh Roshan, Ismail Darbar, Himesh Reshammiya, Aadesh Shrivastava, Nadeem-Shravan, Jatin Lalit, Viju Shah and Anu Malik, her work with A. R. Rahman and Ismail Darbar remains some of the most critically acclaimed renditions of the last two decades. During her stint as a playback singer, she sang duets with the leading male singers of her times. Early in her career, she sang duets with Kishore Kumar, Mohammed Rafi, Shailendra Singh, her most prolific work was with the leading singers of the 1990s: Amit Kumar, Mohammad Aziz, Udit Narayan, Kumar Sanu, Abhijeet Bhattacharya. She has sung extensively with younger singers in the 2000s such as Sonu Nigam and Babul Supriyo, her female duets have been with Alka Yagnik, Anuradha Paudwal and Sadhana Sargam. After her marriage to violinist Dr. L. Subramaniam in Bangalo
Rajiv Gulshan Rai is an Indian film director and film editor. He is the son of the producer Gulshan Rai, he has directed all his films under his father's production company Trimurti Films. He made his debut as a director with the 1985 action film Yudh, he went on to write and direct several hit films in the action and thriller genres: Tridev, Vishwatma and Gupt. His films are notable for their hit music composed by Kalyanji-Anandji and Viju Shah in all his subsequent films, he married Bollywood actress Sonam, whom he had directed in Tridev and Vishwatma in 1989 and 1992 respectively. He has one child with her, they divorced in 2016. In 1997, he had to leave India with his family for the UK after a failed attempt to kill him by hitmen believed to be working for the Mumbai underworld leader Abu Salem. After a four-year hiatus from the Bollywood industry, he returned to directing by introducing Arjun Rampal with his comeback venture Pyaar Ishq Aur Mohabbat; this was an attempt by Rai at directing a change from his previous action films.
The film failed at the box office and Rai returned to the action genre with his next film Asambhav, again starring Arjun Rampal, which failed to do well. Shortly after the release of Asambhav his father died at the age of 80 of a prolonged illness, he his not active in Bollywood since 2004, though his fans have issued multiple requests pleading him on social media to return to directing action movies. Rajiv Rai on IMDb
Mukesh Rishi is an Indian film actor who worked in Hindi films and since primarily in Telugu cinema. He has appeared in Malayalam and Tamil films, he got his first break in Hindi in 1988 and has since, established himself as a leading character actor. Although he started his career in films as a villain, he has diversified into positive roles, he joins a list of non-Telugu speaking actors, such as Amrish Puri, Puneet Issar, Sharat Saxena, Pradeep Rawat, who have established themselves in Telugu movies. Rishi was born in Kathua district of Kashmir state, he is of Gurjar descent. After his graduation from Government College, Sector 11, working for two years in Mumbai, Rishi went to work in Fiji where he met his wife of Fijian-Indian descent, her family ran a traditional departmental store. After marriage they went to New Zealand. However, he could hardly find time for modelling due to a busy work schedule and was dissatisfied with his modelling assignments. After seven years, he returned to Mumbai and enrolled in Roshan Taneja's acting school.
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Singhania Pukar.... Bakshi Jwalamukhi.... Ranga Rao Arjun Pandit.... Ramu Kaalia Kohram.... Ghafoor Changezi Sooryavansham.... Deshraju Thakur aka Kevda Thakur Sarfarosh.... Inspector Salim Aarzoo.... C. L. Mishra Lal Baadshah.... S. P. Ajit Singh Nyaydaata Bandhan.... Gajendra Zulm-O-Sitam Iski Topi Uske Sarr Humse Badhkar Kaun Vinashak – Destroyer Gunda....'Bulla' Hatyara Kabhi Na Kabhi Lahoo Ke Do Rang Gupt Judwaa Kaalia Mrityudaata Naseeb RM Aur Shayam.... Jabar Ghatak.... Jeena Katya's brother Sapoot.... Tejeshwar Loafer.... Badshah Bhishma.... Nagesh Rana Saajan Chale Sasural.... Nana Shastra.... Baadshah Khan Ram Shastra... Satpal Dhonga Sanjay Baazi.... Raghu Surakshaa.... Jagtap Gardish.... Billa Jilani Parampara.... Thakur Bhavani Singh's Man Humlaa.... Sher Khan Ghayal.... Kamran Waris Shah: Ishq Daa Waaris Taur Mittran Di Jatt James Bond Singam 2 as Bhaii, partner of Thangaraj played by Rahman Ramana Vallarasu Marathi Films Truckbhar Swapna The Sword of Tipu Sultan Chittod Ki Rani Padmini Ka Johur Prithvi Vallabh on Sony Tv 2000:Nominated:Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award-Sarfarosh 2003:Nominated:Filmfare Award for Best Villain - Telugu-Indra 2004:Nominated:Filmfare Award for Best Villain - Telugu-Seetayya Mukesh Rishi on IMDb
Kulbhushan Kharbanda is an Indian actor who works in Hindi and Punjabi films. He is best known for his role as the antagonist Shakaal in Shaan, inspired by the character Blofeld from James Bond movies. Starting off with the Delhi-based theatre group'Yatrik' in the 1960s, he moved to films with Sai Paranjpye's Jadu Ka Shankh in 1974, he worked in several parallel cinema films before working in the mainstream Hindi film industry. He appeared in Mahesh Bhatt's classic Arth, Ek Chadar Maili Si, in all three parts of Deepa Mehta's Elements trilogy: Fire and Water. After nearly two decades he was seen on the theatre stage at the Padatik Theatre in Kolkata in the production of Atmakatha, directed by Vinay Sharma. Kharbanda was born in Hassanabdal, Attock District, British India, known for the historic Gurdwara Panja Sahib, his family moved after partition and he did his early schooling from Jodhpur, Dehradun and Delhi. Kharbanda did his graduation from Delhi University. Kharbanda is married to Maheshwari, a woman, married to the Maharaja of Kotah.
Born the daughter of Maharaja Ram Singh II of Pratapgarh, Maheshwari married Kharbanda in 1965. They have a daughter, Shruti Kharbanda, a Jewellery Designer. After his studies he and a few of his college friends formed a theatre group called "Abhiyaan", joined Delhi-based "Yatrik", a bilingual theatre repertory founded by director Joy Michael in 1964; that is when he moved to Kolkata in 1972 and started working with the theatre group "Padatik" which did Hindi theatre, under director Shyamanand Jalan. Here he worked for a while before moving on to films, he first got noticed in Nishaant by Shyam Benegal, with whom he went on to work in several more films including Manthan, Bhumika: The Role and Kalyug. Soon he was a regular with parallel cinema directors, like in Godhuli with B. V. Karanth. Playing the bald villain Shakaal in Shaan directed by Ramesh Sippy, he saw his transition into Bollywood mainstream. Kharbanda went on to appear in Ghayal, Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar, Border, Yes Boss and Refugee.
However, he continued appearing in art films such as Chakra, with Smita Patil and Naseeruddin Shah, with Shabana Azmi, Andhi Gali, the first Hindi film of Buddhadeb Dasgupta, Ek Chadar Maili Si, with Hema Malini, Utsav, by Girish Karnad, Trikal, Susman, by Shyam Benegal, Naseem, by Saeed Akhtar Mirza and Monsoon Wedding directed by Mira Nair. He portrayed Reema Lagoo's husband and Raj Babbar's brother in Shashi Kapoor's Filmwalas Productions' Kalyug, he has appeared in period pieces such as Jodha Akbar and Lagaan. His most recent films are Team: The Force, he has acted in a number of Punjabi films. He portrayed the hero in the legendary film Chan Pardesi and starred in the Punjabi comedy Mahaul Theek Hai, he has acted in six of Deepa Mehta's movies and all her trilogy films: Earth and Water. He did a German film in 2009, he has acted in TV serials, such as Mahi Ve. He has been seen on the stage in plays such as Teen Farishtay, Hatya ek akaar ki, Baki Itihaas, Ek Shunya Bajirao, Guinea Pig, Sakharam Binder and Atmakatha.
No Fathers in Kashmir Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi Mirzapur Soorma Aatishbazi Ishq Azhar Dictator Brothers Haider Zed Plus Kirpaan - The Sword of Honour Saadi Love Story Delhi in a Day Midnight's Children Khushiyaan Khatta Meetha Kurbaan Aloo Chaat Ru Ba Ru Jodhaa Akbar Ek: The Power of One EMI Manorama Six Feet Under Umrao Jaan Lage Raho Munna Bhai Water Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose: The Forgotten Hero Fight Club – Members Only Agnipankh Zameer: The Fire Within Garv: Pride and Honour I Proud To Be An Indian Pinjar Basti Bollywood/Hollywood Lagaan Monsoon Wedding Pukar Hera Pheri Refugee Hote Hote Pyar Ho Gaya Aakrosh China Gate Major Saab Earth Yes Boss Border Gupt Maachis Loafer Fire Nirbhay Naseem Baazi Mohra Shaktiman Mahakaal Ek Hi Raasta Damini – Lightning Jo Jeeta Wohi Sikandar Bekhudi Antarnaad Henna Pratibandh Ghayal Trikal Yateem Veerana Main Zinda Hoon Susman Uttar Dakshin Ek Chadar Maili Si New Delhi Times Ram Teri Ganga Maili Ghulami Utsav Andhi Gali Waaris Ganga Meri Maa Shakti Aparoopa Ucha Dar Babe Nank Da Silsila Mandi Premrog Chakra Kalyug Nakhuda Arth Chann Pardesi Shaan Kalyug Solva Saawan Junoon Bhumika: The Role Manthan Nishaant Jadu Ka Shankh 1986:Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award - Ghulami: Nominated List of Bollywood villains Kulbhushan Kharbanda on IMDb Kulbhushan Kharbanda at Bollywood Hungama A stage of reflection Interview in The Hindu