Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was a French civil engineer and architect. A graduate of the prestigious École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures of France, he made his name with various bridges for the French railway network, most famously the Garabit viaduct, he is best known for the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, his contribution to building the Statue of Liberty in New York. After his retirement from engineering, Eiffel focused on research into meteorology and aerodynamics, making significant contributions in both fields. Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel, he was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. The family adopted the name Eiffel as a reference to the Eifel mountains in the region from which they had come. Although the family always used the name Eiffel, Gustave's name was registered at birth as Bonickhausen dit Eiffel, was not formally changed to Eiffel until 1880.
At the time of Gustave's birth his father, an ex-soldier, was working as an administrator for the French Army. Due to his mother's business commitments, Gustave spent his childhood living with his grandmother, but remained close to his mother, to remain an influential figure until her death in 1878; the business was successful enough for Catherine Eiffel to sell it in 1843 and retire on the proceeds. Eiffel was not a studious child, thought his classes at the Lycée Royal in Dijon boring and a waste of time, although in his last two years, influenced by his teachers for history and literature, he began to study and he gained his baccalauréats in humanities and science. An important part in his education was played by his uncle, Jean-Baptiste Mollerat, who had invented a process for distilling vinegar and had a large chemical works near Dijon, one of his uncle's friends, the chemist Michel Perret. Both men spent a lot of time with the young Eiffel, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy.
Eiffel went on to attend the Collège Sainte-Barbe in Paris, to prepare for the difficult entrance exams set by engineering colleges in France, qualified for entry to two of the most prestigious schools – École polytechnique and École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures – and entered the latter. During his second year he chose to specialize in chemistry, graduated ranking at 13th place out of 80 candidates in 1855; this was the year that Paris hosted the second World's Fair, Eiffel was bought a season ticket by his mother After graduation, Eiffel had hoped to find work in his uncle's workshop in Dijon, but a family dispute made this impossible. After a few months working as an unpaid assistant to his brother-in-law, who managed a foundry, Eiffel approached the railway engineer Charles Nepveu, who gave Eiffel his first paid job as his private secretary. However, shortly afterwards Nepveu's company went bankrupt, but Nepveu found Eiffel a job designing a 22 m sheet iron bridge for the Saint Germaine railway.
Some of Nepveu's businesses were acquired by the Compagnie Belge de Matériels de Chemin de Fer: Nepveu was appointed the managing director of the two factories in Paris, offered Eiffel a job as head of the research department. In 1857 Nepveu negotiated a contract to build a railway bridge over the river Garonne at Bordeaux, connecting the Paris-Bordeaux line to the lines running to Sète and Bayonne, which involved the construction of a 500 m iron girder bridge supported by six pairs of masonry piers on the river bed; these were constructed with the aid of compressed air caissons and hydraulic rams, both innovative techniques at the time. Eiffel was given the responsibility of assembling the metalwork and took over the management of the entire project from Nepveu, who resigned in March 1860. Following the completion of the project on schedule Eiffel was appointed as the principal engineer of the Compagnie Belge, his work had gained the attention of several people who were to give him work, including Stanislas de la Roche Toulay, who had prepared the design for the metalwork of the Bordeaux bridge, Jean Baptiste Krantz and Wilhelm Nordling.
Further promotion within the company followed, but the business began to decline, in 1865 Eiffel, seeing no future there and set up as an independent consulting engineer. He was working independently on the construction of two railway stations, at Toulouse and Agen, in 1866 he was given a contract to oversee the construction of 33 locomotives for the Egyptian government, a profitable but undemanding job in the course of which he visited Egypt, where he visited the Suez Canal, being constructed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. At the same time he was employed by Jean-Baptiste Kranz to assist him in the design of the exhibition hall for the Exposition Universelle, to be held in 1867. Eiffel's principal job was to draw up the arch girders of the Galerie des Machines. In order to carry out this work and Henri Treca, the director of the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers, conducted valuable research on the structural properties of cast iron, definitively establishing the modulus of elasticity applicable to compound castings.
At the end of 1866 Eiffel managed to borrow enough money to set up his own workshops at 48 Rue Fouquet in Levallois-
John Phillips or Philips may refer to: Sir John Philipps, 1st Baronet John Phillips, Church of England bishop John Phillips, a minister in England and Massachusetts John Phillip, English poet and dramatist John Phillips and secretary to John Milton John Philips, British poet John Phillips, English master carpenter John Phillips, American merchant and founder of Phillips Exeter Academy John Phillips, captain of the pirate ship Revenge John Leigh Philips, textile manufacturer and collector of art John Phillips, first mayor of Boston, 1822–1823 John Phillips, English geologist John Phillips, British engineer John Phillips, politician in New Brunswick, Canada John Phillips, member of United States Congress, 1821–1822, from Pennsylvania John Arthur Phillips, British geologist and mining engineer John Phillips, American physician and politician John Finis Philips, U. S. Representative from Missouri John Sanborn Phillips, American writer and founder of McClure's Magazine John Phillips, Irish Member of Parliament for South Longford John Calhoun Phillips, Governor of Arizona, 1929–1931 John Charles Phillips, American hunter, zoologist and environmentalist John R. Phillips, member of United States Congress, 1943–1957 from California John George Phillips, former president of IBM John Phillips and portraitist John Phillips, British physician John Phillips, Dean of Monmouth Jack Phillips, wireless operator on board the R.
M. S. Titanic. J. F. V. Phillips, South African botanist and ecologist John Bertram Phillips, British Bible translator and clergyman John Phillips, Church of England bishop Sir J. G. Phillips, Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia John Phillips, British actor John Phillips, photographer for Life magazine John Phillips, new name of convicted spy John Vassall after imprisonment John Phillips, English cricketer John Harber Phillips, Australian barrister and former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria John Phillips, professor of zoology and vice-chancellor of Loughborough University John Phillips, American musician with The Mamas & the Papas John David Phillips, Australian lawyer and judge John R. Phillips, American diplomat and public interest attorney John Phillips, college basketball coach John L. Phillips, American astronaut John Phillips, English-born Welsh international goalkeeper John Aristotle Phillips, American entrepreneur known as the "A-Bomb Kid" John Phillips, head of the King's Law School, 2002–2005 John Michael Phillips, American lawyer and civil rights advocate and legal commentator John Phillips, American football tight end John Phillips, English football coach and kickboxer John Phillips, pen name of American author John P. Marquand, Jr. John Phillips, MMA fighter John Phillips, the first solo recording by the Mamas and the Papas leader John Phillips Jack Phillips John Phillip, British painter John Philip John Philipps
Titans of Mavericks was a big wave surfing action sports event that took place south of San Francisco, at the surfing site of Mavericks, California. Athletes competed annually in conditions; the contest was initiated in 1999 and last held in 2016. The 2017 contest was cancelled after the organizing company filed for bankruptcy and a deal was made with World Surf League to take over the event. In 2019, the World Surf League ended the event indefinitely, citing "various logistical challenges" and "the inability to run the event the last two seasons." The first surfing contest at Mavericks, now known as Titans of Mavericks, was held in 1999, has been held nine times through 2014. The organizers invite 24 big wave surfers annually to compete in the one-day event, but it is only held if wave conditions are favorable during the competition season. Darryl Virostko won the initial contest in 1999, while Richard Schmidt, Ross Clarke-Jones and Peter Mel took second and fourth places, respectively; the following year put Virostko, Kelly Slater, Tony Ray, Peter Mel, Zach Wormhoudt, Matt Ambrose in first through sixth places.
In 2004, Ambrose, Evan Slater, Anthony Tashnick and Grant Washburn placed in spots first through sixth. Tashnick came first in 2005. In 2006, Grant Baker, from South Africa, won first place, with Tyler Smith and Brock Little in second and third; the 2007 contest was called off because unusually mild weather resulted in no days with suitable waves by the end of March, the usual cutoff time for holding the competition. In 2008, Greg Long was crowned Mavericks Champion, Baker won second and Jamie Sterling won third place, followed by Smith in fourth, Washburn in fifth and Evan Slater in sixth; the contest was canceled again in 2009. In 2010 South Africa's Chris Bertish took first place. In the fall of 2010 a group of surfers, community leaders and contest organizers formed the Half Moon Bay Surf Group, Inc. with the aim of controlling the contest. In October, the San Mateo Harbor Commission granted them the permit and official planning of the inaugural “The Jay at Maverick’s Big Wave Invitational" began.
Invited competitors included 23 others. However, the contest was not held due to lack of waves in 2011 and 2012; the 2013 contest was won by Peter Mel and the 2014 one was won by Grant Baker. The contest was rebranded "Titans of Mavericks", with governance by five Mavericks riders known as the "Committee 5"; the last Mavericks Surf contest was held on February 12, 2016. AT&T Park in San Francisco hosted live broadcasts of the event on its giant video display. In October 2006, the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary proposed banning personal watercraft from Mavericks, which led to disputes within the sport; the following is a list of past Mavericks invitational winners. Titansofmavericks.com
The Illustrious Order of Kinabalu is the only order conferred by the Governor of Sabah, Malaysia. The Illustrious Order of Kinabalu is established by virtue of Section 3 of State Honours Enactment 1963; the Enactment deals with all aspects including process of nomination, wearing of medals, promotion in the Order and quotas. Appointments to the Order are made to persons who have rendered "meritorious service to the State". Appointment to the Order is submitted to the Governor by the Chief Minister. Non-citizens may be appointed as honorary members of the Order. An example is Shane Leslie Stone, former Chief Minister of Northern Territory, Australia, made a Commander of the Order in 1998; the motto of the Order is Sabah Maju Jaya. The Governor is the Patron of the Order, is deemed a member of the First Grade. A Chancellor is selected by the Governor from amongst the members of the First Grade; this Order comprises four classes: Grand Commander, Commander and Member. Seri Panglima Darjah Kinabalu - Datuk Seri Panglima The Grand Commander of the Order of Kinabalu is the highest class of the order.
The bearer of this order brings the title of "Datuk Seri Panglima", while the wife of the male bearer bears the title of "Datin Seri Panglima". Husband of the woman bearer brings no title; this class of order has the star, badge and collar. This class of order was limited to 200 alive bearers only, excluding the Governor, former Governors and honorary recipients; the Governor-designate receives this class of the order automatically on the date of his inauguration. - Panglima Gemilang Darjah Kinabalu - Datuk Commander of the Order of Kinabalu is the second class of the order. The bearers bring the title of Datin for the bearer's wife; this order class was limited to 1,600 alive bearers only, excluding honorary recipients. This order has the badge and the star. Ahli Setia Darjah Kinabalu Companion of the Order of Kinabalu is the third class of this order; this order class brings no title to its bearer. This award is conferred to those who had the high position in the community and served more to Sabah, but has unequal influence and service with the Commanders.
Ahli Darjah Kinabalu Member of the Order of Kinabalu is the lowest class of this order brings no title like the Companions. The position and influence of this award bearer is lower than the others but higher than the recipients of the Medals of State. Palace of State of Sabah
Tulipa humilis is a species of flowering plant in the lily family, found in Syria, Israel, Turkey and the North Caucasus region of Russia. The flowers are pink with yellow centers, its preferred habitat are rocky mountain slopes. It is known by several other names in horticulture. Tulipa humilis is a variable species in both size and the appearance of the flowers. Several different names used in horticulture refer to this species. According to Christenhusz et al. the following should be included in T. humilis: Tulipa aucheriana Baker – wild plants are T. humilis var. aucheriana, cultivated plants can be treated as a cultivar group, T. humilis Aucheriana Group Tulipa kurdica Wendelbo – T. humilis var. kurdica Tulipa pulchella Baker – wild plants are T. humilis var. pulchella, cultivated plants T. humilis Pulchella Group Tulipa violacea Boiss. & Buhse – wild plants are T. humilis var. violacea, cultivated plants T. humilis Violacea Group
Marvin Goldhar was a Canadian actor, best known for his voice work in animated programs and in made-for-TV movies. Among his voice credits include Cedric Sneer on The Raccoons, Mr. Weatherbee on The New Archies and Bronto Thunder and Bonehead in Dinosaucers, he has done voices for television and films including Star Wars: Ewoks, Star Wars: Droids, Garbage Pail Kids, AlfTales, The Legend of Zelda, The Nutcracker Prince, Highlander: The Animated Series, Maxie's World, Beverly Hills Teens, The Care Bears, Rupert, C. O. P. S. Overdrawn at the Memory Bank, ALF: The Animated Series, Sylvanian Families, Police Academy, WildC. A. T.s, The Magic School Bus, Little Rosey, The Busy World of Richard Scarry, Dog City, A Cosmic Christmas and My Pet Monster. Goldhar played roles in live-action such as Mogul in Mafia Princess, Gareth Williamson in Night Heat, Grandpa Maurice in The Zack Files, Ron Morrow in Hot Money, Detective #1 in A Deadly Business, Larry Sr. in Big Deal, Burt Horowitz in Deadline, Phil King in The Last Polka, Harry in Club Land as well as a guest star on Saturday Night Live.
He died in Toronto, Ontario in 2002. His son, Jeff Goldhar works as a director/producer for CBC television; the Offering - Jack My Pleasure Is My Business - All the detectives Running - Maloney Hot Money - Ron Morrow Deadline - Burt Horowitz Big Deal - Larry Sr. The Nutcracker Prince - Mr. Schaeffer / Mouse / Guest #3 / First Guard / Soldier / Band Member #1 / Contestant / Spectator Marvin Goldhar on IMDb Marvin Goldhar at Find a Grave