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CFCF-DT

CFCF-DT, VHF channel 12, is a CTV owned-and-operated television station located in Montreal, Canada. The station is owned by Bell Media. CFCF's studios are located in the Bell Media building, at the intersection of Avenue Papineau and Boulevard René-Lévesque Est in Downtown Montreal, its transmitter is located atop Mount Royal. On cable, CFCF is seen on Vidéotron channel 11 in the Montreal area, Charter Plattsburgh channel 13 and Comcast Burlington channel 21. On Shaw Direct, the channel is available on 312 or 057, in high definition on channel 045 or 545. Most cable distributors in Quebec carry CFCF, as it is the only CTV station in the province. Despite having only one transmitter, its signal reaches all the way to the Laurentians and Lanaudière regions, decently covers the Champlain Valley region in Vermont and New York. CFCF-TV was founded by the Canadian Marconi Company, owner of CFCF radio, after several failed attempts to gain a licence, beginning in 1938, each year after World War II. In 1960, it gained a licence, began broadcasting on January 20, 1961 at 5:45 p.m.

It was the second owned English language station in Quebec. The station was located above the Avon Theatre; the first night on-air was fraught with problems. A power failure interrupted the opening ceremony, on, police raided the downstairs ballroom, with sirens blazing and a number of arrests made; the station's newscast, Pulse News, faced a few problems because of the noise from the ballroom. CFCF-AM-FM-TV moved into their own facilities at 405 Ogilvy Avenue in Montreal's Park Extension neighbourhood on May 19. Channel 12 joined CTV as a charter affiliate on October 1, 1961. However, despite its status as CTV's second-largest affiliate, its relationship with CTV was somewhat acrimonious over the years. Canadian Marconi, as would channel 12's numerous owners over the years, felt CTV's flagship station, CFTO-TV in Toronto, had too much influence over the network. In 1972, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission required that all broadcasting outlets be 80% Canadian owned.

Canadian Marconi was a subsidiary of the UK-based General Electric Company plc, sold its entire broadcasting division—CFCF-TV, CFCF, CFQR-FM and CFCX—to computer and telecommunications company Multiple Access Ltd. owned by the Bronfman family. Multiple Access bought the stations after the CRTC refused to approve purchase offers by Baton Broadcasting, owner of CFTO, by CHUM Limited. Multiple Access was co-owner of CITY-TV in Toronto during this time. In 1979, Multiple Access sold the stations and its production company, Champlain Productions, to CFCF Inc. headed by Jean Pouliot. This came after a deal by Baton to purchase Multiple Access' Montreal broadcasting operations fell through. CHUM purchased Multiple Access' Toronto operations. On, the station began broadcasting a 24-hour schedule full of classic television shows and movies during the late night hours, because of the popularity of VHS and Betamax VCRs by that time; as of the present day, the station now airs infomercials in late night.

CFCF Inc. expanded to include the assets of CF Cable TV, acquired by Pouliot in 1982, went public in 1985. In 1986, CFCF gained a sister station: CFJP-TV, the flagship station of Pouliot's new French language network, Television Quatre-Saisons. TQS spent most of its early years in serious financial difficulty. Two years the radio stations were sold to Mount-Royal Broadcasting, moved out of the CFCF building a year later. 1986 saw CFCF become the home base for a Canadian game show: The New Chain Reaction was taped there, as was the French counterpart, Action Réaction. Chain was hosted by Canadian musician Blake Emmons, but he quit after only a few weeks. Producer Bob Stewart brought in Geoff Edwards to replace him; this version ran until 1991 in America on the USA Network. Financial relief came to the company in the 1990s with an investment from Canwest Global Communications. In return, CFCF did not stand in the way of Canwest's plans to apply for a Global repeater station in Montreal. However, Canwest Global changed its mind.

It did, allow CFCF to carry some Global programs. This would not be the end of Global's influence at the station. In 1997, TVA sold controlling interest in CKMI to Canwest; the two companies announced plans to turn CKMI into a Global station, along with a CKMI repeater in Montreal and a large studio complex in Montreal. Pouliot was scared by the prospect

Ramathaim-Zophim

Ramathaim-Zophim called Ramah and Ramatha in the Douay-Rheims, is a town, tentatively identified with the modern Palestinian village of Nabi Samwil, about 5 miles north-west of Jerusalem. The site comprises what is now the Nebi Samuel National Park in Israel, with its most prominent feature being a two-storey Crusader fortress, now used as an Orthodox synagogue. Others suggest; the home of Elkanah, Samuel’s father, the birthplace of Samuel and the seat of his authority, the town is mentioned in the history of that prophet and of David. Here Samuel was buried. Benjamin of Tudela visited the site when he traveled the land in 1173, noting that the Crusaders had found the bones of Samuel in a Jewish cemetery in Ramla on the coastal plain and reburied here, overlooking the Holy City; the historian Josephus distinguishes between Ramathaim, "a city of the tribe of Ephraim," and Ramah, the burial place of Samuel the prophet. Ramah, according to Eusebius' Onomasticon, was located 6 milestones north of Jerusalem, opposite Bethel.

Accordingly, Ramah is now thought by many historical geographers to be Er Ram, about 8 km north of Jerusalem. The traditional tomb site of Samuel the prophet, which became known as Neby Samwil, may have been Mizpah in Benjamin, where Samuel was appointed leader of the Israelites. Conder and Kitchener of the Palestine Exploration Fund described the site in their days as being "a small hamlet of mud hovels."Judas Machabeus, preparing for war with the Syrians, gathered his men at Mizpah, over against Jerusalem: for in Mizpah was a place of prayer heretofore in Israel. Some, e.g. Petrus Comestor in his Historia Scholastica, Cap. CLXXX: De sepultura Domini, have identified Ramathaim-Zophim as Arimathea of the New Testament. Nebi Samuel Park, Israel Nature and Parks Authority