Guy Scott

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Guy Scott
Guy Scott.png
President of Zambia
Acting
In office
29 October 2014 – 25 January 2015
Preceded by Michael Sata
Succeeded by Edgar Lungu
12th Vice-President of Zambia
In office
23 September 2011 – 29 October 2014
President Michael Sata
Preceded by George Kunda
Succeeded by Inonge Wina
Personal details
Born (1944-06-01) 1 June 1944 (age 74)
Livingstone, Northern Rhodesia (present-day Zambia)
Political party Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (1990–1996)
Patriotic Front (2001–present)
Spouse(s)
Children 4
Alma mater Cambridge University
University of Sussex
Oxford University

Guy Lindsay Scott (born 1 June 1944) is a Zambian politician who was the acting President of Zambia between October 2014 and January 2015 and as the 12th Vice-President of Zambia from 2011 to 2014. Scott was named acting President upon Michael Sata's death in office on 28 October 2014.[1][2] He was the first white president of Zambia and the first white president in sub-Saharan Africa since F. W. de Klerk, South Africa's last apartheid-era president, left office in 1994.[3]

Family, early life, and education[edit]

Guy Lindsay Scott was born on 1 June 1944 in the border city of Livingstone, the pre-1935 capital of what was then Northern Rhodesia (today Zambia). His father, Alec Scott was a doctor who had emigrated to Northern Rhodesia from Glasgow, Scotland in 1927 to work on Cecil Rhodes's railways, while his mother, Grace, had emigrated from England in 1940.[4] Scott is the brother of Alexander "Sandy" Scott, a noted scientist, who was awarded the Fisheries Society of the British Isles's Beverton Medal in 2014 for his contributions to fisheries science.[5][6] During the 1950s, his father was a Member of Parliament for the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, representing Lusaka as an Independent. Scott's eventual participation in politics was largely inspired by his father, who had been an ally of Zambian nationalists and had even founded several newspapers that opposed colonial rule.[7]

Scott completed his primary and secondary education at Springvale School and Peterhouse Boys' School, respectively, both located in what was then Southern Rhodesia (today Zimbabwe). He continued his education thereafter in England, where he received his undergraduate degree in economics in 1965 from Trinity Hall, a constituent college of Cambridge University. Scott then returned home to join the government of newly independent Zambia, in which he was a planner within the Ministry of Finance. During this time he was also the deputy editor of a publication called The Business and Economy of East and Central Africa.[8]

In 1970, Scott established an agribusiness venture known as Walkover Estates, which focused on producing high-value crops such as irrigated wheat, strawberries, and a wide range off-season vegetables. Strawberries produced by Walkover Estates were often featured in local Sainsbury's supermarkets. During this time, Scott was considered a model employer who spoke the local language and was known for his inclusive parties.[9]

Scott eventually returned to England to continue his education at the University of Sussex, where he studied cognitive sciences and artificial intelligence, receiving his master's degree in 1983 and his doctorate in 1986. His doctoral thesis was entitled "Local and global interpretation of moving images".[10] He then went on to study robotics at Oxford University for a time.[11][1]

Political career[edit]

In 1990, Scott joined the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD) and was elected to be Chair of its Agriculture Committee during the first party convention.

He was elected as Member of Parliament for Mpika on the MMD ticket in the National Assembly during the 1991 general election and was subsequently appointed as Minister of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries. He presided over a number of policy reforms and was responsible for managing the "drought of the century" in January and February 1992. There was no reserve maize in Zambia and none in southern Africa, so emergency arrangements had to be made to import it from overseas and move it into Zambia on dilapidated rail and road networks. He also oversaw the drought recovery "bumper harvest" of 1992–93. However, he was sacked by President Chiluba on 15 April 1993.[12]

In 1996, Scott resigned from the MMD to form the Lima Party together with Ben Kapita, the president of the ZNFU. He piloted the merger between the Lima Party and other parties including Dean Mungomba's Zambia Democratic Congress to form the Zambia Alliance for Progress. In 2001, he returned to politics and joined the Patriotic Front, returning to the National Assembly after being elected MP for Lusaka Central in the 2006 general election.

Vice-President[edit]

Guy Scott attending the United States–Africa Leaders Summit.

A presidential election was held on 20 September 2011, and final results released on 23 September 2011 showed the Patriotic Front's presidential candidate, Michael Sata, winning over MMD's Rupiah Banda by a large margin. Guy Scott was consequently sworn in as Vice-President of the Republic of Zambia on 29 September 2011, first white Zambian leader after its independence.

Shortly after his election, The Guardian quoted Scott as saying: "I have long suspected Zambia is moving from a post-colonial to a cosmopolitan condition. People's minds are changing: they are no longer sitting back and dwelling on what was wrong about colonialism".[13] In a 2012 meeting with former US President George W. Bush (who sponsors various charity initiatives in Zambia), he said, "when they introduced me as Vice President, he thought they were kidding".[14]

Acting President[edit]

After Michael Sata's death on 28 October 2014, Scott became acting president for an interim period of no more than 90 days until a new election could be held to permanently fill the office, as required by Section 38 of the Constitution of Zambia, also known as the parentage clause.[15]

Since the Constitution of Zambia also requires that both parents of presidential candidates are "Zambian by birth or descent," Scott was considered ineligible to stand for the office in the January 2015 election.[16] That provision had been put in place by President Frederick Chiluba to prevent Kenneth Kaunda – whose father was born in what became Malawi – from becoming president.[17] However, a previous judgement by the Zambian Supreme Court, in a similar case in 1998, could have validated him as a potential candidate.[18] As such, Scott did not stand as the presidential candidate for his political party, the Patriotic Front.

On 3 November 2014, Scott dismissed Edgar Lungu as Secretary General of the Patriotic Front; however, he reinstated him a day later,[19] after street protests in Lusaka.[20] On 17 December 2014, Scott rejected calls from cabinet members asking him to resign as acting president.[21]

Lungu, standing as the PF's candidate, won the January 2015 presidential by-election and succeeded Scott as Zambia's 6th President on 25 January 2015.[22]

Personal life[edit]

Scott married his wife, British-born doctor Charlotte Harland Scott, in a ceremony at the Lusaka Civic Centre in 1994.[23] They currently reside in Lusaka.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Laing, Aislinn (29 October 2014). "I am Africa's first white democratic leader, says Zambian vice-president". The Daily Telegraph. Cape Town. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Cabinet appoints Guy Scott as Interim President – reaction from Gen Miyanda". Lusaka Times. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Karimi, Edith (2014-10-29). "Zambia's Guy Scott makes history as white president in sub-Saharan Africa". CNN. 
  4. ^ "I am Africa's first white democratic leader, says Zambian vice-president". The Telegraph. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  5. ^ Namwali Serpell. "Zambians don't care about our new president's skin colour". the Guardian. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "FSBI Information: The Medals". Fisheries Society of the British Isles. Retrieved 4 October 2017. 
  7. ^ "Guy Scott of Zambia now sub-Saharan Africa's only white head of state". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  8. ^ "Guy Scott Profile". Who's Who Southern Africa. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  9. ^ "Guy Scott's whiteness is not the issue in Zambia". The Conversation. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  10. ^ Scott, Guy L. (1986). Local and global interpretation of moving images (D.Phil. thesis). University of Sussex. 
  11. ^ Brady, M; Brint, A; Dickson, W; Foulkes, P; McIvor, A; Scott, G (1989-01-24). "Vision and the Oxford Autonomous Guided Vehicle". IEE Colloquium on Computer Vision for Robotics. 
  12. ^ Jacqueline Audrey Kalley, Elna Schoeman & Lydia Eve Andor (1999) Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from Independence to Mid-1997 Greenwood Publishing Group, p703
  13. ^ Zambia's white vice-president hails 'cosmopolitan' new era, The Guardian, 4 October 2011
  14. ^ "Dr Scott, I presume?". The Spectator. 10 March 2012. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  15. ^ Zambia's Guy Scott makes history as white president in sub-Saharan Africa, Faith Karimi, CNN, 29 October 2014.
  16. ^ Kim Yi Dionne (29 October 2014). "Another Zambian president dies in office. What happens now?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "BBC News – Guy Scott's rise to Zambia's presidency". BBC News. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "After the Cobra: What does the law say about Vice-President Guy Scott?". 28 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  19. ^ Zambian President Guy Scott in row over Edgar Lungu sacking, BBC News, 4 November 2014.
  20. ^ SAPA. "Zambia: Scott rescinds decision to dismiss Lungu". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  21. ^ "Zambia Cabinet Ministers Ask President Scott to Resign". Reuters. VOA. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  22. ^ Matthew Hill, "Zambian Ruling Party's Edgar Lungu Inaugurated as President", Bloomberg, 25 January 2015.
  23. ^ Zimba, Jack (2014-11-20). "Interview - Charlotte Scott: I was the cheekiest child". Jack Zimba. Retrieved 2016-08-22. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
George Kunda
Vice President of Zambia
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Inonge Wina
Preceded by
Michael Sata
President of Zambia
Acting

2014–2015
Succeeded by
Edgar Lungu