Guys and Dolls is a musical with music and lyrics by Frank Loesser and book by Jo Swerling and Abe Burrows. It is based on "The Idyll of Miss Sarah Brown" and "Blood Pressure", which are two short stories by Damon Runyon, borrows characters and plot elements from other Runyon stories – such as "Pick the Winner"; the show premiered on Broadway in 1950, where it ran for 1,200 performances and won the Tony Award for Best Musical. The musical has had several Broadway and London revivals, as well as a 1955 film adaptation starring Marlon Brando, Jean Simmons, Frank Sinatra and Vivian Blaine. Guys and Dolls was selected as the winner of the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. However, because of writer Abe Burrows' troubles with the House Un-American Activities Committee, the Trustees of Columbia University vetoed the selection, no Pulitzer for Drama was awarded that year. In 1998, Vivian Blaine, Sam Levene, Robert Alda and Isabel Bigley, along with the original Broadway cast of the 1950 Decca cast album, were posthumously inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.
Guys and Dolls was conceived by producers Cy Feuer and Ernest Martin as an adaptation of Damon Runyon's short stories. These stories, written in the 1920s and 1930s, concerned gangsters and other characters of the New York underworld. Runyon was known for the unique dialect he employed in his stories, mixing formal language and slang. Frank Loesser, who had spent most of his career as a lyricist for movie musicals, was hired as composer and lyricist. George S. Kaufman was hired as director; when the first version of the show's book, or dialogue, written by Jo Swerling was deemed unusable and Martin asked radio comedy writer Abe Burrows to rewrite it. Loesser had written much of the score to correspond with the first version of the book. Burrows recalled: Frank Loesser's fourteen songs were all great, the had to be written so that the story would lead into each of them. On, the critics spoke of the show as'integrated'; the word integration means that the composer has written songs that follow the story line gracefully.
Well, we accomplished. Abe Burrows crafted the role of Nathan Detroit around Sam Levene who signed for the project long before Burrows wrote a single word of dialogue, a similar break Burrows said he had when he wrote Cactus Flower for Lauren Bacall. In “Honest, Abe: Is There Really No Business Like Show Business?”, Burrows recalls "I had the sound of their voices in my head. I knew the rhythm of their speech and it helped make the dialogue sharper and more real". Although Broadway and movie veteran Sam Levene was not a singer, it was agreed he was otherwise perfect as Nathan Detroit. Frank Loesser agreed it was easier adjusting the music to Levene's limitations than substituting a better singer who couldn’t act. Levene's lack of singing ability is the reason the lead role of Nathan Detroit only has one song, the duet "Sue Me". Composer and lyricist Frank Loesser wrote “Sue Me” for Sam Levene, structured the song so he and Vivian Blaine never sang their showstopping duet together; the son of a cantor, Sam Levene was fluent in Yiddish: "Alright I’m just a no-goodnick.
So sue me." Frank Loesser felt "Nathan Detroit should be played as a brassy Broadway tough guy who sang with more grits than gravy. Sam Levene sang “Sue Me” with such a wonderful Runyonesque flavor that his singing had been easy to forgive, in fact it had been quite charming in its ineptitude." "Musically, Sam Levene may have been tone-deaf, but he inhabited Frank Loesser's world as a character more than a caricature", says Fordham Professor of Music Larry Stempel, author of Showtime: A History of the Broadway Musical Theater. The character of Miss Adelaide was created to fit Vivian Blaine into the musical, after Loesser decided she was ill-suited to play the conservative Sarah; when Loesser suggested reprising some songs in the second act, Kaufman warned: "If you reprise the songs, we'll reprise the jokes." A pantomime of never-ceasing activities depicts the bustle of New York City. Three small-time gamblers, Nicely-Nicely Johnson, Benny Southstreet, Rusty Charlie, argue over which horse will win a big race.
The band members of the Save-a-Soul Mission, led by the pious and beautiful Sergeant Sarah Brown, call for sinners to "Follow the Fold" and repent. Nicely and Benny's employer, Nathan Detroit, runs an illegal floating crap game. Due to local policeman Lt. Brannigan's strong-armed presence, he has found only one spot to hold the game: the "Biltmore garage." Its owner, Joey Biltmore, requires a $1,000 security deposit, Nathan is broke. Nathan hopes to win a $1,000 bet against Sky Masterson, a gambler willing to bet on anything. Nathan proposes a bet he believes he cannot lose: Sky must take a woman of Nathan's choice to dinner in Havana, Cuba. Sky agrees, Nathan chooses Sarah Brown. At the mission, Sky claims he wants impressing Sarah with his knowledge of the Bible, he offers Sarah a deal: He will bring the mission "one dozen genuine sinners" if she will accompany him to Havana the next night. Sarah rebuffs him, telling him that she plans to fall in love with an moral man. Sky replies. Sky kisses Sarah, she slaps him.
Nathan goes to watch his fiancée of 14 years, perform her nightclub act. After her show, she asks him, as she has many times before, to go down to city hall and get a marriage license, she tells Nathan that she has been sending her mother letters for twe
Elections for the Pennsylvania House of Representatives were held on November 7, 2000, with all districts being contested. State Representatives are elected for two-year terms, with the entire House of Representatives up for a vote every two years; the term of office for those elected in 2000 ran from January 3, 2001 until November 30, 2002. Necessary primary elections were held on April 4, 2000. Republican Todd Platts was elected to represent Pennsylvania's 19th congressional district, allowing fellow Republican Beverly D. Mackereth to take his seat in the 119th legislative district. In the 54th legislative district, Terry Van Horne was succeeded by fellow Democrat John Pallone. Van Horne was an unsuccessful candidate for Congress, losing to Republican Pennsylvania State Senator Melissa Hart in the election for Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district. In the 37th legislative district, Republican Katie True left her seat to run as the Republican nominee for Pennsylvania Auditor General losing the election to Democrat Bob Casey, Jr..
Her fellow Republican, Thomas C. Creighton, succeeded her. True would return to the House in the newly redistricted 41st legislative district in the 2002 election. In the 180th legislative district, Democratic incumbent Benjamin Ramos was defeated by Angel Cruz, who went on to win the general election. In the 197th legislative district, Democratic incumbent Andrew J. Carn was defeated by Jewell Williams, who went on to win the general election. In the 60th legislative district, incumbent Tim Pesci was defeated for re-election by 25-year-old Republican Jeff Coleman, in spite of the district being 70% Democratic. Bill DeWeese, the House Democratic Leader, said that Pesci had run a "condescending" race against Coleman, calling his opponent "Jeffy" and describing Coleman's campaign volunteers as "the Children from the Corn," referring to the horror film. In the 189th legislative district, Democratic incumbent Joseph W. Battisto was defeated by Republican Kelly Lewis. Battisto attempted a comeback in a 2002 special election for the 176th legislative district, but lost to Mario Scavello.
Cox, Harold. "Pennsylvania House of Representatives - 1999-2000". Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University. Retrieved 2008-06-08. "2000 General Primary - Representative in the General Assembly". Commonwealth of PA - Elections Information. Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Pennsylvania Department of State. 2004. Archived from the original on 2008-06-26. Retrieved 2008-06-28. "2000 General Election - Representative in the General Assembly". Commonwealth of PA - Elections Information. Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Pennsylvania Department of State. 2004. Archived from the original on 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2008-06-28
The 2018–19 Columbus Blue Jackets season was the 19th season for the National Hockey League franchise, established on June 25, 1997. On April 5, 2019, the Blue Jackets clinched a playoff spot after a 3–2 shootout win over the New York Rangers; the Blue Jackets won their first playoff series by sweeping the Presidents' Trophy winners, the Tampa Bay Lightning, in the First Round of the playoffs. However, the Blue Jackets were not able to carry their success into the Second Round, they were eliminated by the Boston Bruins in six games; the preseason schedule was published on June 15, 2018. The regular season schedule was released on June 21, 2018; the Blue Jackets faced the Tampa Bay Lightning in the First Round of the playoffs, swept the series in four games, marking the first time in franchise history the team won a playoff series. The Blue Jackets faced the Boston Bruins in the Second Round of the playoffs, where they fell to the Bruins in six games; as of May 6, 2019 †Denotes player spent time with another team before joining the Blue Jackets.
Stats reflect time with the Blue Jackets only. ‡Denotes player was traded mid-season. Stats reflect time with the Blue Jackets only. Bold/italics denotes franchise record; the Blue Jackets have been involved in the following transactions during the 2018–19 season. Below are the Columbus Blue Jackets' selections at the 2018 NHL Entry Draft, held on June 22 and 23, 2018, at the American Airlines Center in Dallas, Texas. Notes: The Detroit Red Wings' sixth-round pick went to the Columbus Blue Jackets as the result of a trade on June 23, 2018, that sent a sixth-round pick in 2019 to Detroit in exchange for this pick