A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
Bata Limited is a Canadian owned multinational footwear and fashion accessory manufacturer and retailer based in Lausanne, Switzerland. A family-owned business, the company is organized into three business units: Bata, Bata Industrials and AW Lab; the company has a retail presence of over 5,300 shops in more than 70 countries and production facilities in 18 countries. The T. & A. Baťa Shoe Company was founded on 24 August 1894 in the Moravian town of Zlín, Austria-Hungary by Tomáš Baťa, his brother Antonín and his sister Anna, whose family had been cobblers for generations; the company employed 10 full-time employees with a fixed work schedule and a regular weekly wage, a rare find in its time. In the summer of 1895, Tomáš was facing financial difficulties. To overcome these setbacks, he decided to sew shoes from canvas instead of leather; this type of shoe became popular and helped the company grow to 50 employees. Four years Bata installed its first steam-driven machines, beginning a period of rapid modernisation.
In 1904, Tomáš read a newspaper article about some machines being made in America. Therefore, he took three workers and journeyed to Lynn, a shoemaking city outside Boston, in order to study and understand the American system of mass production. After six months he returned to Zlin and he introduced mechanized production techniques that allowed the Bata Shoe Company to become one of the first mass producers of shoes in Europe, its first mass product, the “Batovky,” was a leather and textile shoe for working people, notable for its simplicity, light weight and affordable price. Its success helped fuel the company’s growth. After Antonin's death in 1908, Tomáš brought two of his younger brothers and Bohuš, into the business. Initial export sales and the first sales agencies began in Germany in 1909, followed by the Balkans and the Middle East. Bata shoes were considered to be excellent quality, were available in more styles than had been offered before. By 1912, Bata was employing 600+ full-time workers, plus another several hundred who worked out of their homes in neighbouring villages.
In 1914, with the outbreak of World War I, the company had a significant development due to military orders. From 1914 to 1918 the number of Baťa’s employees increased ten times; the company opened its own stores in Zlín, Liberec and Pilsen, among other towns. In the global economic slump that followed World War I, the newly created country of Czechoslovakia was hard hit. With its currency devalued by 75%, demand for products dropped, production was cut back, unemployment was at an all-time high. Tomáš Baťa responded to the crisis by cutting the price of Bata shoes in half; the company’s workers agreed to a temporary 40 percent reduction in wages. He introduced one of the first profit-sharing initiatives, transforming all employees into associates with a shared interest in the company's success. Consumer response to the price drop was dramatic. While most competitors were forced to close because of the crisis in demand between 1923 and 1925, Bata was expanding as demand for the inexpensive shoes grew rapidly.
The Bata Shoe Company hired more workers. Zlín became a "Bataville" covering several hectares. On the site were grouped tanneries, a brickyard, a chemical factory, a mechanical equipment plant and repair shop, workshops for the production of rubber, a paper pulp and cardboard factory, a fabric factory, a shoe-shine factory, a power plant and farming activities to cover food and energy needs. Workers, "Batamen", their families had at their disposal all the necessary everyday life services, including housing, shops and hospital. Bata began to build towns and factories outside of Czechoslovakia and to diversify into such industries as tanning, the energy industry, forestry, newspaper publishing, brick manufacturing, wood processing, the rubber industry, the construction industry and air transport, book publishing, the film industry, food processing, chemical production, tyre manufacturing, textile production, motor transport, sea transport, coal mining, airplane manufacturing, synthetic fibre production, river transport.
In 1923 the company boasted 112 branches. In 1924, Tomáš Baťa displayed his business acumen by calculating how much turnover he needed to make with his annual plan, weekly plans and daily plans. Baťa utilized four types of wages – fixed rate, individual order based rate, collective task rate and profit contribution rate, he set what became known as Baťa prices: numbers ending with a nine rather than with a whole number. His business skyrocketed. Soon Baťa found himself the fourth richest person in Czechoslovakia. From 1926 to 1928 the business blossomed as productivity rose 75 percent and the number of employees increased by 35 per cent. In 1927 production lines were installed, the company had its own hospital. By the end of 1928, the company’s head factory was composed of 30 buildings; the entrepreneur created educational organizations such as the Baťa School of Work and introduced the five-day work week. In 1930 he established a stunning shoe museum that maps shoe production from the earliest times to the contemporary age throughout the world.
By 1931 there were
In geography, the word bank refers to the land alongside a body of water. Different structures are referred to as banks in different fields of geography. In limnology, a stream bank or river bank is the terrain alongside the bed of a river, creek, or stream; the bank consists of the sides between which the flow is confined. Stream banks are of particular interest in fluvial geography, which studies the processes associated with rivers and streams and the deposits and landforms created by them. Bankfull discharge is a discharge great enough to overtop the banks; the descriptive terms left bank and right bank refer to the perspective of an observer looking downstream, a well-known example of this being the sections of Paris as defined by the river Seine. The shoreline of ponds, estuaries, reservoirs, or lakes are of interest in limnology and are sometimes referred to as banks; the grade of all these banks or shorelines can vary from vertical to a shallow slope. In freshwater ecology, banks are of interest as the location of riparian habitats.
Riparian zones occur along upland and lowland stream beds. The ecology around and depending on a marsh, slough, or estuary, sometimes called a bank, is studied in freshwater ecology. Banks are of interest in navigation, where the term can refer either to a barrier island or a submerged plateau, such as an ocean bank. A barrier island is a long narrow island composed of sand and forming a barrier between an island lagoon or sound and the ocean. A submerged plateau is a flat topped elevation of the sea floor at shallow depth on the continental shelf or near an island
Gweru is a city in central Zimbabwe. Located near the geographical centre of the country, it is the capital of Midlands Province. An area known to the indigenous Ndebele as "The Steep Place" because of the Gweru River's high banks, in 1894 it became the site of a military outpost established by Leander Starr Jameson. In 1914 it attained municipal status, in 1971 it became a city; the city has a population of 141,862 as of 2013. Gweru is known for vibrant farming activities in beef cattle, crop farming, commercial gardening of crops for the export market, it is home to a number of colleges and universities, most prominently Midlands State University and Mkoba Teachers College. Gweru is known for vibrant farming activities in beef cattle, crop farming, commercial gardening of crops for the export market; the country`s oldest shoe manufacturer Bata Shoe Company and the Military and Aviation Museums are some key features Gweru is well known for. The Boggie Clock Tower, located at the intersection of Main Street and Robert Mugabe Way, was built in 1928 in memory of Major William James Boggie.
The clock tower is one of the city's most famous landmarks. The Nalatale and Danangombe archaeological sites lie nearby, the former known for its patterned brickwork, the latter for its Portuguese remains; the remains at these sites date back to as early as the Torwa state during the 17th century, the most substantial being a four hundred-year-old stone wall decorated with motifs known to the tradition of stone-building in Zimbabwe. The surrounding area has rich deposits of gold, iron and platinum and supports several mines; the main hotel in the city is the Midlands Hotel, opened in 1927 by the Meikles brothers. This hotel was to be demolished but after many protests by the population it was saved. Another important hotel is the Chitukuko, located in the downtown area of the city. Both hotels were owned by a former mayor; the Fairmile Motel is just one mile from the city center on the Bulawayo highway. Home to Chapungu Football Club an Air force of Zimbabwe football club which plays in the Premier Soccer league of the country.
Group A Cecil John Rhodes School Lundi Park School Riverside School Stanley School Anderson Adventist Primary School Lingfield Academy Midlands Christian School Group B Airforce Thornhill Primary School Bata School Bumburwi School Chikumbiro School Matongo School Mkoba 4 Primary School Mpumelelo Primary School Muwunga School Sandara School Senga Primary School Takunda Primary School Takwirira Primary School St. Michael's Primary School St. Paul's School Group A Chaplin High School Fletcher High School Guinea Fowl High School Nashville Secondary School Thornhill High School Anderson Adventist High School Lingfield Christian Academy Midlands Christian College Group B Ascot Secondary School Mambo High School Matinunura High school Mkoba 1 High School Mkoba 3 High School Senka Secondary School Ambassador College Central Africa Correspondence College Commercial Studies Centre Educare College Gweru Polytechnic Institute Herentals College International Correspondence Schools Kaguvi National Technical College Mkoba Teachers College Midlands Christian Training Centre Midlands State University Rapid Results College Senka Technical Training Centre Solars College TopFlight Secretarial College Zimbabwe Distance Education College Zimbabwe Open University Midlands College of Commerce Gweru's local newspaper, The Gweru Times,once ceased publishing in 2015 but now operational.
Railways arrived in Gwelo in 1902. National Railways of Zimbabwe have the country's largest marshalling yard, Dabuka, on the south side of Gweru. Dabuka plays a pivotal role in rail movement in the country as it is the central hub of the rail links to Mozambique in the east, South Africa in the south and Botswana and Namibia in the south west, lying on the Bulawayo - Harare Line; as a central city, it has direct links to all the other towns of Zimbabwe. It is 164 km from Bulawayo, 183 km from Masvingo, 471 km from Beitbridge, 275 km from Harare. Road names used. There are only no highways or freeways. Raymond Ndlovu, singer Brendan Ashby, Olympic swimmer Patient Charumbira, cricketer Shimmer Chinodya, writer Edmore Chirambadare, footballer Ezra Tshisa Sibanda, Former radio Broadcaster. Gerald B. Clarke, Rhodesian politician Malcolm Grainger, cricketer Gregg Haakonsen, cricketer Mandy Loots, Olympic swimmer Orlando Lourenco, tennis player Paddington Mhondoro, cricketer Energy Murambadoro, footballer Kudakwashe Musharu, footballer Luther Mutyambizi, cricketer Christopher Muzvuru, Irish Guards piper Welshman Ncube, politician Rudolf Nyandoro, Roman Catholic bishop Ray Reed, racing driver Nkululeko Mkastos Sibanda, politician Alec Smith, Rhodesian Army chaplain, son of Ian Smith Thomas Sweswe, footballer Gary Teichmann, rugby union player× Maxwell Dube, Footballer × Edmore Makozho,Socialite Prince Tapfuma,music producer Basildon, United Kingdom Birmingham, United States Manchester, New Hampshire, United States Tsumeb, Namibia List of cities and towns in Zimbabwe
Rhodesia was a country in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe. Rhodesia was the de facto successor state to the British colony of Southern Rhodesia, self-governing since achieving responsible government in 1923. A landlocked nation, Rhodesia was bordered by South Africa to the south, Bechuanaland to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, Mozambique to the east. In the late 19th century, the territory north of the Transvaal was chartered to the British South Africa Company, led by Cecil Rhodes. Rhodes and his Pioneer Column marched north in 1890, acquiring a huge bloc of territory that the Company would rule until the early 1920s. In 1923, the Company's charter was revoked, Southern Rhodesia attained self-government and established a legislature. Between 1953 and 1963, Southern Rhodesia was joined with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland; the decolonisation of Africa in the early 1960s alarmed a significant proportion of Rhodesia's white population.
In an effort to delay the transition to black majority rule, Rhodesia's predominantly white government issued its own Unilateral Declaration of Independence from the United Kingdom on 11 November 1965. The UDI administration sought recognition as an autonomous realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, but reconstituted itself as a republic in 1970; the Rhodesian Bush War, which pitted the government against two African nationalist organisations, ZANU and ZAPU, intensified in the 1970s, prompting Rhodesian premier Ian Smith to concede to multiracial democracy in 1978. However, a provisional government subsequently headed by Smith and his moderate colleague Abel Muzorewa failed in appeasing international critics or halting the bloodshed. By December 1979, Muzorewa had replaced Smith as Prime Minister and secured an agreement with the militant nationalists, allowing Rhodesia to revert to colonial status pending elections under a universal franchise, it achieved internationally recognised independence in April 1980 as the Republic of Zimbabwe.
Rhodesia's largest cities were its capital and Bulawayo. The white population, which grew to nearly 300,000, dominated the country's politics and economy, though they never made up more than eight percent of the total population. Rhodesia developed an economy dependent on agriculture and mining, its largest exports were chrome and steel. International sanctions put; the Parliament of Rhodesia, which included the lower House of Assembly and a senate, was predominantly white, with minority of seats reserved for blacks. After 1970, the country used a semi-presidential system, with a president, prime minister, cabinet; the official name of the country, according to the constitution adopted concurrently with the Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965, was Rhodesia. This was not the case under British law, which considered the territory's legal name to be Southern Rhodesia, the name given to the country in 1898 during the British South Africa Company's administration of the Rhodesias, retained by the self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia after the end of Company rule in 1923.
This naming dispute dated back to October 1964, when Northern Rhodesia became independent from the UK and concurrently changed its name to Zambia. The Southern Rhodesian colonial government in Salisbury felt that in the absence of a "Northern" Rhodesia, the continued use of "Southern" was superfluous, it passed legislation to become Rhodesia, but the British government refused to approve this on the grounds that the country's name was defined by British legislation and so could not be altered by the colonial government. Salisbury went on using the shortened name in an official manner while the British government continued referring to the country as Southern Rhodesia; this situation continued throughout the UDI period. The shortened name was used by many people including the British government in the House of Commons; the British government maintained this stance regarding the June–December 1979 successor state of Zimbabwe Rhodesia, when Zimbabwe Rhodesia returned to colonial status from December 1979 to April 1980, it was as Southern Rhodesia.
Southern Rhodesia subsequently achieved internationally recognised independence in April 1980, when it became the Republic of Zimbabwe. Until after World War II, the landlocked British possession of Southern Rhodesia was not developed as an indigenous African territory, but rather as a unique state that reflected its multiracial character; this situation made it different from other lands that existed under colonial rule, as many Europeans had arrived to make permanent homes, populating the towns as traders or settling to farm the most productive soils. In 1922, faced with the decision to join the Union of South Africa as a fifth province or accept nearly full internal autonomy, the electorate cast its vote against South African integration. In view of the outcome of the referendum, the territory was annexed by the United Kingdom on 12 September 1923. Shortly after annexation, on 1 October 1923, the first constitution for the new Colony of Southern Rhodesia came into force. Under this constitution, Southern Rhodesia was given the right to elect its own thirty-member legislature and cabinet—although the British Crown retained a formal veto over measures affecting natives and dominated foreign policy.
Over the course of the next three decades, Southern Rhodesia experienced a degree of economic expansion and industrialisation almost
Zimbabwe the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of 16 million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English and Ndebele the most used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade; the British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia; the state endured a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces. Zimbabwe joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then-government, from which it withdrew in December 2003; the sovereign state is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community, the African Union, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa.
It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity under the former Rhodesian administration. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator"; the country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état.
On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed. On 30 July 2018 Zimbabwe held its general elections, won by the ZANU-PF party led by Emmerson Mnangagwa. Nelson Chamisa, leading the main opposition party MDC Alliance contested the election results and filed a petition to the Constitution Court of Zimbabwe; the court confirmed Mnangagwa's victory. The name "Zimbabwe" stems from a Shona term for Great Zimbabwe, an ancient ruined city in the country's south-east whose remains are now a protected site. Two different theories address the origin of the word. Many sources hold that "Zimbabwe" derives from dzimba-dza-mabwe, translated from the Karanga dialect of Shona as "houses of stones"; the Karanga-speaking Shona people live around Great Zimbabwe in the modern-day province of Masvingo. Archaeologist Peter Garlake claims that "Zimbabwe" represents a contracted form of dzimba-hwe, which means "venerated houses" in the Zezuru dialect of Shona and references chiefs' houses or graves.
Zimbabwe was known as Southern Rhodesia and Zimbabwe Rhodesia. The first recorded use of "Zimbabwe" as a term of national reference dates from 1960 as a coinage by the black nationalist Michael Mawema, whose Zimbabwe National Party became the first to use the name in 1961; the term "Rhodesia"—derived from the surname of Cecil Rhodes, the primary instigator of British colonisation of the territory during the late 19th century—was perceived by African nationalists as inappropriate because of its colonial origin and connotations. According to Mawema, black nationalists held a meeting in 1960 to choose an alternative name for the country, proposing names such as "Matshobana" and "Monomotapa" before his suggestion, "Zimbabwe", prevailed. A further alternative, put forward by nationalists in Matabeleland, had been "Matopos", referring to the Matopos Hills to the south of Bulawayo, it was unclear how the chosen term was to be used—a letter written by Mawema in 1961 refers to "Zimbabweland" — but "Zimbabwe" was sufficiently established by 1962 to become the preferred term of the black nationalist movement.
In a 2001 interview, black nationalist Edson Zvobgo recalled that Mawema mentioned the name during a political rally, "and it caught hold, and, that". The black nationalist factions subsequently used the name during the Second Chimurenga campaigns against the Rhodesian government during the Rhodesian Bush War of 1964–1979. Major factions in this camp included the Zimbabwe African National Union, the Zimbabwe African People's Union. Archaeological records date human settlement of present-day Zimbabwe to at least 100,000 years ago; the earliest known inhabitants were San people, who left behind arrowheads and cave paintings. The first Bantu-speaking farmers arrived during the Bantu expansion around 2000 years ago. Societies speaking proto-Shona languages fir
World Meteorological Organization
The World Meteorological Organization is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 192 Member States and Territories. Its current Secretary-General is Petteri Taalas and the President of the World Meteorological Congress, its supreme body, is David Grimes; the Organization is headquartered in Switzerland. It followed on from the International Meteorological Organization, founded in 1873, a non-governmental organization. Reforms of status and structure were proposed from the 1930s, culminating in the World Meteorological Convention signed on 11 October 1947 which came into force on 23 March 1950, it formally became the World Meteorological Organization on 17 March 1951, was designated as a specialized agency of the United Nations. WMO has a membership of 191 Member States and Territories as of February 2014; the Convention of the World Meteorological Organization was signed 11 October 1947 and established upon ratification on 23 March 1950. The WMO hierarchy: The World Meteorological Congress, the supreme body of the Organization, determines policy.
Each member state and territory is represented by a Permanent Representative with WMO when Congress meets every four years. Congress elects the President and Vice-Presidents of the Organization and members of the Executive Council; the Executive Council implements Congress decisions. The Secretariat is an eight-department organization with a staff of 200 headed by a Secretary-General, who can serve a maximum of two four-year terms; the annually published WMO Statements on the status of the World Climate provides details of global and national temperatures and extreme weather events. It provides information on long-term climate change indicators including atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, sea level rise, sea ice extent; the year 2016 was the hottest year on record, with many weather and climate extremes, according to the most recent WMO report. Disaster risk reduction The Global Framework for Climate Services The WMO Integrated Global Observing System Aviation meteorological services Polar and high mountain regions Capacity development Governance In keeping with its mandate to promote the standardization of meteorological observations, the WMO maintains numerous code forms for the representation and exchange of meteorological and hydrological data.
The traditional code forms, such as SYNOP, CLIMAT and TEMP, are character-based and their coding is position-based. Newer WMO code forms are designed for portability and universality; these are BUFR, CREX, for gridded geo-positioned data, GRIB. The WMO and United Nations Environment Programme jointly created Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about anthropogenic climate change, to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change." World Meteorological Day is held annually on 23 March. The World Meteorological Organization at a Glance WMO Public website WMO for Youth WMO Bulletin WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin WMO Statements on the Status of the World Climate International Meteorological Organization Prize Professor Dr Vilho Väisälä Awards Norbert Gerbier-Mumm International Award WMO Research Award for Young Scientists Professor Mariolopoulus Award As of March 2019, WMO Members include a total of 186 Member States and 6 Member Territories.
Ten United Nations member states are not members of WMO: Equatorial Guinea, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and San Marino. Cook Islands and Niue are WMO non-members of the United Nations. Vatican City and State of Palestine and the states with limited recognition are not members of either organization; the six WMO Member Territories are the British Caribbean Territories, French Polynesia, Hong Kong, Curaçao and Sint Maarten and New Caledonia. Region I consists of the states of a few former colonial powers. Region I has 57 member states and no member territories: Non-member Equatorial Guinea Region II has 33 member states and 2 member territories; the member states are: The member territories are: Hong Kong - China Macau - China Region III consists of the states of South America, including France as French Guiana is an overseas region of France. It has a total of 13 member states and no member territories: Region IV consists of the states of North America, Central America, the Caribbean, including three European states with dependencies within the region.
It has a total of 2 member territories. The member states are: Region V consists of 21 member states and 2 member territories; the member states are: Region VI consists consist of all the states in Europe as well as some Western Asia. It has 50 member states: A total of ten member states have membership in more than one region. Two nations are members to four different regions; these nations, with their regions, are as follows: Aircraft Meteorological Data Relay Cloud atlas Global Atmospheric Research Program International Cloud Atlas Regional Specialized Meteorological Center "Public website". WMO. Official website "International List of Selected and Auxiliary Ships". International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set. 1999. Pub 47. In