Gyeongchun Line

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Gyeongchun Line
South Korea subway logo.svg Seoul Metro Line Gyeongchun Bilingual.svg
Korail Class 361000 EMU.jpg
Overview
Native name 경춘선(京春線)
Gyeongchunseon
Type Heavy rail, Passenger rail
Commuter rail, Intercity rail
System Seoul Metropolitan Subway
Status Operational
Locale Seoul
Gyeonggi
Gangwon (South Korea)
Termini Mangu
Chuncheon
Stations 20
Operation
Opened July 20, 1939 (original route)
December 21, 2010 (realigned route)
Closed December 20, 2010 (original route)
Owner Korea Rail Network Authority
Operator(s) Korail
Technical
Line length 80.7 km (50.1 mi)
Number of tracks Double track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 25 kV/60 Hz AC catenary
Route map

 Main Line 
Jungang Line, Mangu Line
-0.6 Sangbong
Seoul Metro Line 7.svg  Gyeongui–​Jungang 
0.0 Mangu  Gyeongui–​Jungang 
Jungang Line
( Gyeongui–​Jungang )
2.1 Sinnae
Sinnae-Namyangju Expressway
Seoul/Guri
4.7 Galmae since 2010
The old main line
13.9
5.6
Galmae until 1974
Guri/Namyangju
6.1 Byeollae
Seoul Ring Expressway
7.7 Toegyewon
11.0 Sareung
14.6 Geumgok
Pyeongnae Rail Yard
18.6 Pyeongnae–Hopyeong since 2006
Pyeongnae until 2006
22.8 Cheonmasan
25.0 Maseok
Damnae closed in 1974
Namyangju/Gapyeong
32.4 Daeseongni
Cheongpyeong Lake closed in 1969
39.9 Cheongpyeong
44.7 Sangcheon
49.5 Sangsaek closed in 1974
51.8 Gapyeong since 2010
53.4 Gapyeong until 2010
Gapyeong
Bukhan River
Chuncheon
58.0 Gyeongang until 2010
56.6 Gulbongsan since 2010
59.4 Baegyangni since 2010
Baegyangni until 2010
64.7 Gangchon
Uiam closed in 1974
72.1 Kimyujeong
77.4 South Chuncheon until 2010
78.0 South Chuncheon since 2010
80.7 Chuncheon
 Seongdong ― Toegyewon 
0.0 Seongdong closed in 1971
1.2 Gosangjeon closed in 1971
3.7 Wolgok closed in 1971
Gyeongwon Line (Seoul Metro Line 1.svg)
6.2 Kwangwoon Univ. Seoul Metro Line 1.svg
Gyeongwon Line (Seoul Metro Line 1.svg)
8.3 Singongdeok closed in 2010
10.6 Hwarangdae closed in 2010
Seoul/Guri
Main Line
13.9 Galmae until 1974
Guri/Namyangju
Byeollae
Toegyewon
Main Line
Gyeongchun Line
Korail Gyeongchun Line.png
Korean name
Hangul 경춘선
Hanja 京春線
Revised Romanization Gyeongchun-seon
McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngch'un sŏn

The Gyeongchun Line is a regional rail line between Seoul and Chuncheon operated by Korail. The name of the line is derived from Gyeong (, meaning the capital, Seoul) and Chuncheon. The line was reconstructed in a new alignment in its entirety in the 2000s. Rail service operates between Sangbong Station on the Jungang Line in eastern Seoul and Chuncheon Station as part of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system since December 21, 2010. A class of regional rail service named ITX-Cheongchun began operations on February 28, 2012, linking Chuncheon to Cheongnyangni and Yongsan Stations.

History[edit]

Trestle on the old Gyeongchun Line

The original Gyeongchun Line was opened along its full length of 87.3 km (54.2 mi) between Seongbuk on the Gyeongwon Line to Chuncheon by the privately owned Gyeongchun Railway on 20 July 1939.[1][2] Chuncheon was the most popular destination for students on orientation trips, bringing passengers to the line.[3] Following the Liberation of Korea, all railways, including the Gyeongchun Railway, were nationalised.

Upgrade[edit]

The line was upgraded into an electrified and double-tracked line for 180 km/h (112 mph).[3][4][5] Between Geumgok and Chuncheon, from 1997 until 2010, the line was re-laid in a straighter, 64.2 km long alignment with a budget of 2.151,931 billion won.[6] The remaining 17.9 km of the upgraded line was built with a separate budget of 574.124 billion won.[7] Towards Seoul, after Toegyewon Station, this section of the new line diverges from the old alignment that ended in Seongbuk, and connects to the Jungang Line at Mangu Station.[7]

The new alignment was originally planned to be opened in 2004, but completion of the works was delayed for various reasons, including lack of funds.[5] The complete new alignment opened and the old one closed on December 21, 2010.[3]

On September 1, 2010, the South Korean government announced a strategic plan to reduce travel times from Seoul to 95% of the country to under 2 hours by 2020. As part of the plan, the Gyeongchun Line is to be further upgraded for 230 km/h and may see KTX service.[8] For the longer term, the government also considers to build a parallel high-speed line that would continue beyond Chuncheon to Sokcho on South Korea's east coast.[8]

On November 4, 2016, two trains (one in the morning, one in the night) were added to the line. These trains run to and from Kwangwoon University Station, allowing for transfers to Line 1.

On September 26, 2016, the line was extended to Cheongnyangni Station to improve access to regional trains at the station. However, only 10 trains in each direction travel past Sangbong Station; the majority of the trains still terminate at Sangbong Station, and the two special rush-hour trains still run to and from Kwangwoon University Station.[9]

Services[edit]

When the new Gyeongchun Line opened on December 21, 2010, passenger service was integrated into the Seoul Metropolitan Subway system, bringing that system from Seoul all the way into Gangwon-do.[3] The new service reduced travel time between Chuncheon and Sangbong in Seoul from two hours to 89 minutes, with different trains operating according to different stopping patterns; and increased capacity five-fold.[3] Compared to the previous Mugunghwa-ho train service on the Gyeongchun Line, fares dropped by half.[3] For the service, Hyundai Rotem supplied Korail with fifteen eight-car Class 361000 EMU trains, out of which only thirteen trains remain in service on the line today, and one train pending re-entry into service.

On February 28, 2012, Korail introduced ITX service (Intercity Train EXpress), which uses Class 368000 trains with double-deck cars. From Chuncheon Station, the fastest ITX trains take 52 minutes to Cheongnyangni Station, and 68 minutes to Yongsan Station in Seoul, operating at a maximum speed of 180 km/h (112 mph).[5][10] The base fare is 9800 won between Chuncheon and Yongsan, currently it has a 30% discount. The express service was phased out along with the advent of the ITX service, but was brought back in early 2017.

Stations[edit]

Current Services[edit]

Service via the Gyeongui-Jungang Line[edit]

The following stations are along the Gyeongui-Jungang Line.

abandoned platform of Singongdeok station, Gyeongchun line
Station
number
Station name ITX Local Transfer Line
name
Station
dist.
Total
dist.
Location
Romanized Hangul Hanja in km
K110 Yongsan 용산 No service Seoul Metro Line 1.svg Gyeongwon
Line
−12.7 Seoul Yongsan-gu
K114 Oksu 옥수 Seoul Metro Line 3.svg 7.1 −5.6 Seongdong-gu
K116 Wangsimni 왕십리 Seoul Metro Line 2.svg Seoul Metro Line 5.svg
Korail logo.svg  Bundang 
3.2 −2.4
K117 Cheongnyangni 청량리 Seoul Metro Line 1.svg 2.4 0 Dongdaemun-gu
K118 Hoegi 회기 Seoul Metro Line 1.svg Jungang
Line
1.4 1.4
K119 Jungnang 중랑 1.8 3.2 Jungnang-gu
Line continues to Sangbong Station
The negative sign is only a convention for distance notation, from Cheongnyangni Station.

Current Alignment (opened December 21, 2010)[edit]

Station
number
Station name Express ITX Local Transfer Line
name
Station
dist.
Total
dist.
Location
Romanized Hangul Hanja in km
119 Kwangwoon
University
광운대 No service No service Seoul Metro Line 1.svg Mangu
Line
Seoul Nowon
-gu
K120 Sangbong 상봉 Seoul Metro Line 7.svg  Gyeongui–​Jungang  4.3 0.0 Jungnang
-gu
K121 Mangu 망우  Gyeongui–​Jungang  0.6 0.6
P122 Sinnae 신내 Seoul Metro Line 6.svg
(TBD)
Gyeongchun
Line
2.1 2.7
P123 Galmae 갈매 2.6 5.3 Gyeonggi
-do
Guri-si
P124 Byeollae 별내 Seoul Metro Line 8.svg
(2022)
1.4 6.7 Namyangju
-si
P125 Toegyewon 퇴계원 退 1.6 8.3
P126 Sareung 사릉 3.3 11.6
P127 Geumgok 금곡 3.6 15.2
P128 Pyeongnae
–Hopyeong
평내호평 4.0 19.2
P129 Cheonmasan 천마산 4.2 23.4
P130 Maseok 마석 2.2 25.6
P131 Daeseong-ri 대성리 7.4 33.0 Gapyeong
-gun
P132 Cheongpyeong 청평 7.5 40.5
P133 Sangcheon 상천 4.8 45.3
P134 Gapyeong 가평 7.1 52.4
P135 Gulbongsan 굴봉산 4.7 57.1 Gangwon
-do
Chuncheon
-si
P136 Baegyang-ri 백양리 2.9 60.0
P137 Gangchon 강촌 5.3 65.3
P138 Gimyujeong 김유정 7.4 72.7
P139 Namchuncheon 남춘천 5.9 78.6
P140 Chuncheon 춘천 2.7 81.3
ITX: Intercity Train Express Cheongchun
  • ●: regular stop
  • ▲: limited weekday service
  • ♢: some trains pass
  • (blank) : all trains pass
Seoul Metropolitan Subway Gyeongchun Line

Former alignment[edit]

Station name Connecting services Station type
Romanized Hangul Hanja
Seongbuk 성북 Seoul Metro Line 1.svg via Gyeongwon Aboveground
Singongdeok 신공덕 Aboveground
Hwarangdae 화랑대 Aboveground
Toegyewon 퇴계원 退 Aboveground
Sareung 사릉 Aboveground
Geumgok 금곡 Aboveground
Pyeongnae–Hopyeong 평내호평 Aboveground
Maseok 마석 Aboveground
Daeseong-ri 대성리 Aboveground
Cheongpyeong 청평 Aboveground
Sangcheon 상천 Aboveground
Gapyeong 가평 Aboveground
Gyeonggang (Gulbongsan) 굴봉산 Aboveground
Baegyang-ri 백양리 Aboveground
Gangchon 강촌 Aboveground
Gimyujeong 김유정 Aboveground
Namchuncheon 남춘천 Aboveground
Chuncheon 춘천 Aboveground

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "경영원칙 - 경영공시 - 영업현황 - 영업거리현황". Korail. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
  2. ^ 私設鉄道運輸開始, 朝鮮総督府官報(The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea) Showa Nr. 3754, 26 July 1939
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Historic railway line chugs on into history". JoongAng Daily. 2010-12-09. Retrieved 2010-12-16.
  4. ^ "Korea's railways face a bright future". International Railway Journal. 2008-07-01. Archived from the original on 2009-04-16. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  5. ^ a b c "South Korea's growing network". Railway Gazette International. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
  6. ^ "경춘선 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
  7. ^ a b "망우∼금곡 복선전철". Korea Rail Network Authority. Retrieved 2010-10-24.
  8. ^ a b "Bullet trains coming to a town near you by 2020". JoongAng Daily. 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-27.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2016-12-02.
  10. ^ loveaselin (9 September 2011). "[Full HD] 경춘선 좌석급행 2층열차 / Gyeongchun Line's new trains coming" – via YouTube.