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Gymnastics

Gymnastics is a sport that includes exercises requiring balance, flexibility, agility and endurance. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, shoulders, back and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, daring, self-confidence, self-discipline are mental traits that can be developed through gymnastics. Gymnastics evolved from exercises used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and dismounting a horse and from circus performance skills; the most common form of competitive gymnastics is artistic gymnastics, which consists of the events floor, uneven bars and beam. For men, it consists of the events floor, rings, parallel bars, horizontal bar; the governing body for gymnastics through out the world is the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Eight sports are governed by the FIG, which include Gymnastics for All, Men's and Women’s Artistic Gymnastics, Rhythmic Gymnastics, Tumbling, Aerobics and Parkour. Disciplines not recognized by FIG include wheel gymnastics, aesthetic group gymnastics, men's rhythmic gymnastics, TeamGym and mallakhamba.

Participants in gymnastics-related sports can include young children, recreational-level athletes, competitive athletes at varying levels of skill, including world-class athletes. The word gymnastics derives from the common Greek adjective γυμνός, by way of the related verb γυμνάζω, whose meaning is to "train naked", "train in gymnastic exercise" "to train, to exercise"; the verb had this meaning, because athletes in ancient times exercised and competed without clothing. Gymnastics can be traced to exercise in ancient Greece - in Athens; that exercise for that time was documented by Philostratus' work Gymnasticus. Exercise in the gymnasium in dates prepared men for war; the original term for the practice of gymnastics is from the related verb γυμνάζω, which translates as "to exercise naked" because young men exercising trained without clothing. In ancient Greece, physical fitness was a valued attribute in both men and women, it wasn't until after the Romans conquered Greece in 146BC that gymnastics became more formalized and used to train men in warfare.

Based on Philostratus' claim that gymnastics is a form of wisdom, comparable to philosophy, music and astronomy, Athens combined this more physical training with the education of the mind. At the Palestra, a physical education training center, the discipline of educating the body and educating the mind were combined allowing for a form of gymnastics, more aesthetic and individual and which left behind the form that focused on strictness, the emphasis on defeating records, focus on strength. Don Francisco Amorós y Ondeano, was born on February 19, 1770, in Valencia and died on August 8, 1848, in Paris, he was a Spanish colonel, the first person to introduce educative gymnastic in France. The German Friedrich Ludwig Jahn started the German gymnastics movement in 1811 with lead to the invention of the parallel bars, high bar, the pommel horse and the vault horse; the Federation of International Gymnastics was founded in Liege in 1881. By the end of the nineteenth century, men's gymnastics competition was popular enough to be included in the first modern Olympic Games in 1896.

From on until the early 1950s, both national and international competitions involved a changing variety of exercises gathered under the rubric, that included, for example, synchronized team floor calisthenics, rope climbing, high jumping and horizontal ladder. During the 1920s, women participated in gymnastics events; the first women's Olympic competition was limited, only involving synchronized calisthenics and track and field. These games were held in Amsterdam. By 1954, Olympic Games apparatus and events for both men and women had been standardized in modern format, uniform grading structures had been agreed upon. At this time, Soviet gymnasts astounded the world with disciplined and difficult performances, setting a precedent that continues. Television has helped initiate a modern age of gymnastics. Both men's and women's gymnastics now attract considerable international interest, excellent gymnasts can be found on every continent. In 2006, a new points system for Artistic gymnastics was put into play.

With an A Score being the difficulty score, which as of 2009 is based on the top 8 high scoring elements in a routine. The B Score, is given for how well the skills are performed; the following disciplines are governed by FIG. Artistic Gymnastics is divided into Men's and Women's Gymnastics. Men compete on six events: Floor Exercise, Pommel Horse, Still Rings, Parallel Bars, Horizontal Bar, while women compete on four: Vault, Uneven Bars, Balance Beam, Floor Exercise. In some countries, women at one time competed on the rings, high bar, parallel bars. In 2006, FIG introduced a new point system for Artistic gymnastics in which scores are no longer limited to 10 points; the system is used in the US for elite level competition. Unlike the old code of points, there are two separate scores, an execution score and a difficulty score. In the previous system, the execution score was the only score, it was and still is out except for short exercises. During the gymnast's performance, the judges deduct this score only.

A fall, on or off the event, is a 1.00 deduction, in elite level gymnastics. The introduction of the difficu

Saint Joseph the Patriarch Parish Church (Aguilar)

Saint Joseph the Patriarch Parish Church is a Baroque church located in the municipality of Aguilar in Pangasinan, Philippines. The parish was established in 1808 under the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia, it was transferred to newly created Diocese of Lingayen-Dagupan in May 19, 1928 and to the Diocese of Alaminos in June 28, 1985. The creation of the settlement as a parish did not accompany its founding as a municipality. Aguilar did not have its own resident priest at once, it awaited the availability of Dominican personnel. Juan Vela of the Parish of Salasa, took care of the town’s pastoral needs, it was through the efforts of Fr. Vela that the first convent of Aguilar was built. Fr. Juan Vela did not stay long in Aguilar because the inhabitants promised to contribute to make up the difference between 500 401 tribute in order to have their own curate. In 1808, it was granted spiritual independence when it was assigned its own Parish Priest in the person of Fr. Bernardo Torre, it was through the effort of Fr.

Bernardo Torre. However, the construction of the more enduring concrete church and tower was begun by Fr. Benito Sanchez Fraga in 1846; the concrete church was the first to be finished. It was solemnly blessed on July 4, 1853; the church tower was completed much in 1875 during the tenure of Fr. Juan Cordova. In 1859, Fr. Lucio Asencio started the work on the church ceiling by having some logs sawn; the master carpenter at that time was maestro Cenon, the master carpenter when the church of Alaminos was built. The ceiling was completed during Fr. Agustin Gallego’s time in 1867. In 1879, the church roof was changed from nipa shingles to galvanized iron roofing, during the time of Fr. Victoriano Garcia Ciano. During the 3-year stay of Fr. Vicente Ystigui as the curate of Aguilar, he built a concrete school for young women, he built a brick wall around the Catholic cemetery and he constructed the High altar of the church. In 1866, the big church bell of Aguilar arrived. Fr. Agustin Gallego received it in behalf of the parish.

In 1877, another church bell was bought. This was during the time of Fr. Victoriano Garcia Ciano; the parish of St. Joseph the Patriarch in Aguilar belonged to the Diocese of Nueva Segovia from its foundation as a parish in 1808, until May 19, 1928 when the Diocese of Lingayen was created with Bishop Leon Maria Guerrero as the first Bishop. In 1808, the curate was granted with spiritual independence. In 1809, Father Bernardo Pons began the construction of the concrete church. Father Juan A. del Manzano laid the foundation of the present convent in 1832, continued by Father Nicolas Fuentes. The convent was finished during the term of Father Benito Sanchez Fraga, he laid down the foundation of the present church and bell tower in 1846. The church was blessed on July 4, 1853; the bell tower was completed in 1875. Initial construction began by Father Fraga was monitored by Father Ramon Dalmau and Father Francisco Treserra; the church and convent was finished during Father Pedro Villanova's term and was inaugurated on June 4, 1854.

Father Lucio Asensio started to build the sacristy. In 1859, he started the ceiling work of the church, with the help of master carpenter Cenon. From 1866 to 1878, Father Agustin Gallego painted the church, built the main altar and the ceiling, finished the construction of the bell tower. Two bells were bought for the church, during 1866 and 1877; the ceiling was completed in 1867. In 1879, Father Victoriano Garcia Cianothe ordered the roofing of the church to be changed from nipa shingles into galvanized iron roofing. Father Victor Herrero repaired the bell tower, destroyed by the earthquake of 1892; the church reflects the Baroque architectural style. The church was made distinct by a large volute sloping down from the pediment to the second level - giving an impression of a huge triangular pediment with the first level forming as the entablature. Super-positioned columns alternate with windows; the church's complex consists of a concrete school for young women, built in 1872, a perimeter brick wall around a Catholic cemetery, built in 1873.

Media related to Saint Joseph the Patriarch Parish Church, Pangasinan at Wikimedia Commons

Fort Wayne Citilink

The Fort Wayne Public Transportation Corporation, branded as Citilink, is the public transportation operator for the metro area of Fort Wayne and Allen County, Indiana. Transportation is provided Monday through Saturday on twelve fixed route lines plus two deviation routes. Citilink does not operate on six holidays. Website is www.fwcitilink.com. Facebook Citilink. Real time information on RouteShout app. "NEW CITILINK DEPOT" "History" – Citilink initiated efforts to develop an improved Downtown Transit Station in 2002. A site selection process identified a parking lot on Barr Street between Washington & Jefferson as optimum. Other options were explored and the decision was made to use property owned by Citilink at Baker & Calhoun; the facility was received federal & local approvals. A construction contract for $4.4 Million has been awarded to Hamilton Hunter Builders. This was completed in September, 2012. "Amenities" – The project plans call for a 2,700-square-foot building equipped with indoor restrooms, an information center and a drivers lounge.

The property will contain bus bays covered with large canopies to protect waiting passengers from rain and snow. Passengers and neighbors will be able to purchase bus passes, speak with customer service staff, pick up maps & schedules, wait in comfort inside or out, use the restroom, receive electronic messages regarding on-time status of buses and other notifications, enjoy the community park area, listen to musicians, eat lunch from one of the food vendors or vending machines, etc. "Connectivity" – One of the benefits of the Baker Street site is the proximity to the train station. When efforts to encourage passenger rail to return to downtown Fort Wayne are successful we will be right next door. Discussions are underway to encourage Greyhound/intercity bus service to operate out of our new facility and several parking spaces will be dedicated for passenger drop off/pick up for taxi, social service, kiss & ride, etc. Bike racks and other amenities are incorporated into the design as well as pedestrian friendly features.

"Downtown Revitalization" – Citilink is pleased to be a partner in efforts to invest in Downtown Fort Wayne development. Design features were selected to complement surrounding architecture. With ridership at nearly two million passenger trips per year, Citilink will bring over 5,000 passengers/day to the station – adding vitality to the surrounding neighborhood. 1 Waynedale via Broadway—Northcrest 1A Waynedale via Social Security 2 Time Corners—Georgetown 3 Canterbury via IPFW—Village Woods 4 Wells/Ludwig—Parkview 5 Southeast—Southgate Plaza 6 Centlivre/Franke Park—McKinnie 7 Anthony/Oxford 7A Anthony/Creigton 8 Glenbrook/Northrop—Calhoun/Tillman 9 Brooklyn/Taylor—St. Francis/Gateway 10 New Haven15 Parkview MedLink 21 Glenbrook/Coldwater/Dupont 22 West Jefferson/Lutheran98 campusLink In 2002: The Route color on the system map was pink In 2007: A new route to Waynedale started on October 1, 2007, was named 1A Waynedale via Social Securtity office that leaves Superior Street at:45 after the hour from 8:45 am until 4:45 pm.

This new route to Waynedale returns to downtown without making a loop to neighborhoods west of Waynedale. The new route returns to Old Trial Road. In 2008 this alternating route was changed to every other hour rather than 1/2 hour with Hickory Creek on the odd hours and Social Security on the hours. In 2011: The X2 a Day Trip to Avalon Addition was removed due to no ridership making the bus run late. In September 2012: Not servicing Foster Park Plaza on Inbound due to the move to the new central station. Northcrest leg alternating routes every other hour to Colony/Campus and River Cove. Route #2 Time Corners/Georgetown started Half-Hour Service in October 2004. Buses Depart:45 Starting at 6:10 am – 8:42 am and restart for the afternoon rush hour at 2:45 pm until 6:20 pm. 2003: Route #2 color on the system map was Blue 2004: Started Half-hour service on #2 From 6:10 am – 8:42 am AND 2:45 pm until 6:20 pm, The #2 color on the system map changed to Light Green 2008: The Half-Hour Service was cut in 2008, due to service cuts September 2012: #2 Georgetown started servicing Snider High School due to the move to the new central station Route #3 Canterbury via IPFW/ Village woods started Half-Hour Service in May 2004.

Buses Depart at:15 and:45 Every Hour 2002: In 2002 #3 Village woods was extended to Ashley Court Apartments. Due to #5 Route Changes, lead to this extended route#3 to Ashley Court Apartments. 2003: Route #3's Color was Light Green on the System map in 2003 2004: #3 started Half-Hour Service All Day Until 8:45 pm. Route#3 color on the system map changed to Sea Green 2008: The half-hour service was cut with due to service cuts was getting make in September 2008. Route #4 Wells Ludwig and 4 Parkview Started Half-Hour Service in September 2006 From 5:45 am – 9:45 am restart at 2:45 pm until 5:45 pm. 2000: 4 Parkview routing was changed, 4 Wells/Ludwig the route enter mejier northwest on Washington Center, exit onto Lima Road on both Outbound and inbound trips 2003: Route #4 color on the System Map was Sea Green 2004: Route #4 color on the system map changed to Orange. 2006: Half-Hour Service Started September 5, 2006 from 5:45 am – 9:45 am and 2:45 pm – 5:45 pm 2014: Half-Hour Service changed to mid-day 8:45-4:40.

In 2002: Route #5 Went from southtown Mall to Georgetown Square at the