Hälsingland, sometimes referred to as Helsingia in English, is a historical province or landskap in central Sweden. It borders Gästrikland, Dalarna, Härjedalen and the Gulf of Bothnia, it is part of the land of Norrland. The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purpose, but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Hälsingland the province constitutes the northern part of the län Gävleborg County. Minor parts of the province are in Västernorrland County; the following municipalities have their seats in Hälsingland: Bollnäs Hudiksvall Ljusdal Nordanstig Ovanåker Söderhamn The coat of arms were granted in 1560 in the era of King Gustav Vasa. At that time, Hälsingland was known for its large scale goat breeding, the arms depicted a standing goat facing heraldic right. This, combined with the arms of Gästrikland, forms the coat of arms for Gävleborg County; the terrain is mountainous and rocky, sloping down towards the coast. The highest elevation in the northern part is 530 meters, 600 meters in the western part.
85% of the land area is covered with forest, the timber industry has been the main source of income. Apart from some areas around the river systems, notably around the River Ljusnan, the soil is barren. Large areas are unsuitable for agriculture. Part of the coastline on the Gulf of Bothnia, called "High Coast", has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as an example and area for the study of isostasy, or post-glacial rebound; the land still rises close to 1 cm annually. Another notable geological features is the Dellen lake system, created from flooded meteoric impact craters, it is the only occurrence in Sweden of the volcanic Andesite rock, to which it has given the name dellenite. The earliest mention of the people of Hälsingland may be in the Old English poem Widsith, from the 9th or 10th century, where a people called the Hælsings are referred to; the first definite mention of the people is made by Adam of Bremen around 1070, in reference to the leidang shipping fleet. In the medieval age, the "Helsings" were the Swedish speaking inhabitants of the entire coastal region north of Uppland, a rather imprecise denomination.
In the early provincial law of Uppland, the border between northern Uppland and Hälsingland was the Ödmården forest. In the 13th century a large number of people emigrated from Hälsingland to the southern coasts of Finland called Österland, they named places after Hälsingland, most notably the river Helsingeå and its first rapids Helsingfors. In 1550 the latter gave name to a new town founded next to it by king Gustav Vasa. In 1812 the city of Helsinki became capital of Finland; the oldest city in Hälsingland is Hudiksvall, chartered in 1582. After that, Söderhamn was chartered in 1620. Not until 1942 was Hälsingland granted its third city, Bollnäs, to become the last city as City status in Sweden was abolished in 1971; the town of Hudiksvall, one of the oldest in Norrland, was ransacked by Russian troops in 1721. Hälsinge Regiment was the provincial regiment. Since 1772, Swedish Princes and Princesses have been created Dukes and Duchesses of various Swedish provinces, but this is a nominal title.
The current holder is Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland Hälsingland is part of the Gävleborg constituency for national elections. This list covers the six municipalities that have their seats in Hälsingland, since the municipal reform before the 1973 election; the local dialect has no official linguistic recognition. The magnificent Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland—"Hälsingegårdar"—are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Two or three storeys high, the farmhouses are built to show wealth and independence, much inventiveness has gone into decorating their interiors, which combine aristocratic fashions with traditional materials and techniques. Bandy is popular in Hälsingland. Football in the province is administered by Hälsinglands Fotbollförbund. Actress Noomi Rapace, famous through the adaptions of the Millennium series, was born in Norrbo, Hudiksvall. Archbishop Nathan Söderblom, Nobel Peace Prize laureate in 1930, was born in Trönö, Hälsingland in 1866. Hans Johansson, former bandy player, several times Swedish and world champion, is from Edsbyn.
Tomas Brolin former football player, who played in the World Cup All Star Team 1994, was born in Finflo outside the town of Hudiksvall. Marie Richardson, an actress appearing in over a hundred productions on the stage and film, was born in the town of Ljusdal. Hälsingland was divided into districts: Arbrå Court District Bergsjö Court District Delsbo Court District Enånger Court District Forsa Court District Hälsingland South-Eastern Court District Hälsingland South-Western Court District Järvsö Court District Ljusdal Court District Midsommar, a 2019 film set in Hälsingland article Hälsingland in Nordisk familjebok Hälsingland.nu Hälsingegårdar
SKyid-grong is a former district in the south-west of Tibet and is from 1960 onwards a county of the newly established Xigazê of the newly established Tibet Autonomous Region. It is famous because of its mild climatically conditions and its abundant vegetation, unusual for the Tibetan plateau; the capital lies at Zongga. Its name in Tibetan, Dzongka means "mud walls", it is one of the four counties. In 1945 Peter Aufschnaiter counted 26 temples and monasteries which covered the area of sKyid-grong and the neighboring La-sdebs; the most famous temple of sKyid-grong is the Byams-sprin lha-khang, erected by the famous Tibetan king Srong-btsan sgam-po as one of the four Yang-´dul temples in the 7th century A. D. During the 11th century the famous South Asian scholar Atisha visited sKyi-grong. SKyid-grong was one of the favorite meditation places of the Tibetan Yogin Mi-la ras-pa; the local dialect of sKyid-grong has been researched and folk literature of this region was collected and published during the 1980s.
Of outstanding importance are the Byams-sprin lha-khang temple, built in the 7th century A. D. and the ´Phags-pa lha-khang temple. The ´Phags-pa lha-khang contained one of the holiest Avalokiteshvara statues of Tibet, the statue of the Ārya Va-ti bzang-po; this statue is now kept in Dharamsala. Of some importance is the bKra-shis bdam-gtan gling monastery, founded by yongs-´dzin Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan, one of the teachers of the 8th Dalai Lama. Lake Paiku is in this county; this is a 27 km long salty lake surrounded by snowy peaks 5,700 to 6,000 m high. Zongga Town Gyirong Town Zhêba Township Kungtang Township Chagna Township Up to 1960 one of the main trade routes between Nepal and Tibet passed through this region. Accessible from Nepal, it was used several times as an entrance gate for military actions from the site of Nepal against Tibet. In 2017, Chinese soldiers began building a new road on the Tibetan side of the border, intend to continue construction into Nepal via Rasuwa pending approval from Kathmandu.
A possibility of a transborder railway link along a similar route is considered as well. Roland Bielmeier, Silke Herrmann: Märchen, Sagen und Schwänke vom Dach der Welt. Tibetisches Erzählgut in Deutscher Fassung, Band 3. Viehzüchtererzählungen sowie Erzählgut aus sKyid-grong und Ding-ri, gesammelt und ins Deutsche übertragen. Vereinigung für Geschichtswissenschaft Hochasiens Wissenschaftsverlag, Sankt Augustin 1982 Harrer, Heinrich: Seven Years in Tibet. East and West, 26:1-2, S. 175-189 Brauen, Martin: Heinrich Harrers Impressionen aus Tibet. Innsbruck, 1974 Brauen, Martin: Peter Aufschnaiter. Sein Leben in Tibet. Innsbruck, 1983 Ehrhard, Franz-Karl: Die Statue des Ārya Va-ti bzang-po. Wiesbaden, 2004 Huber, Brigitte: The Tibetan Dialect of Lende: a grammatical description with historical annotations. Bonn, 2005 Dieter Schuh: Das Archiv des Klosters bKra-shis bsam-gtan gling von sKyid-grong. Bonn, 1988
The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption and St. Gregory is a Roman Catholic church on Warwick Street, Westminster, it was known as the Royal Bavarian Chapel, since like several Roman Catholic churches in London it has its origin in a chapel within a foreign embassy. It was built between 1790 to the designs of Joseph Bonomi the Elder; the only surviving eighteenth century Roman Catholic chapel in London, it is a Grade II* listed building. The origins of the church lie in the chapel established in the 1730s at the Portuguese Embassy on 24 Golden Square. At this time, with the English Penal Laws in force, most Roman Catholic chapels existed under the protection, within the precincts, of foreign embassies. Responsibility for the chapel passed to the Bavarian embassy in 1747 but it was destroyed in the Gordon Riots in 1780; the replacement church was designed by Joseph Bonomi the Elder, an Italian architect and draughtsman, who had moved to London in 1767 to work in the practice of Robert and James Adam.
Prayers continued to be said for the King of Bavaria, the church described as the Royal Bavarian Chapel, until 1871. The church has attracted many prominent Catholic worshippers, including Mrs Fitzherbert, sacramentally, but not civilly married to George IV, the young Cardinal Newman; the Irish politician Daniel O'Connell attended when in London. The Victorian explorer and translator of the Karma Sutra Sir Richard Burton married in the church and the novelist Evelyn Waugh had his second wedding here in 1937. In 1983, the funeral mass for Ralph Richardson, a regular worshipper, was held at the church. In the early 21st century, the church was the home of "one of the most successful LGBT Catholic parishes in the world". For six years, these "Soho masses" offered twice-monthly services “particularly welcoming to lesbian, gay and transgendered Catholics, their parents and families”. In 2013, under pressure from the Vatican, they were forced to move to the Church of the Immaculate Conception, Farm Street in nearby Mayfair.
In the same year the church was entrusted to the Personal Ordinariate of Our Lady of Walsingham. The exterior is of plain brick, stained red in 1952; the brick facade was deliberately "unassuming", in response to the destruction of the earlier chapel, the gilded stars and angels which now decorate the facade date from the 1950s. It is of two storeys; the interior retains some of its Georgian decoration, but the church was restored and altered in the Victorian period, firstly in renovations carried out by John Erlam, in 1853, which saw the installation, over the altar, of the bas-relief of the Assumption, by John Edward Carew. A second period of restoration took place from 1874, under the direction of John Francis Bentley, the architect of Westminster Cathedral. Embassy chapel St Etheldreda's Church Sardinian Embassy Chapel St James's, Spanish Place Bradley, Simon. London 6: Westminster; the Buildings Of England. New Haven, US and London, UK: Yale University Press. ISBN 0 300 09595 3. Hatts, Leigh.
London's 100 Best Churches: An Illustrated Guide. Norwich: Canterbury Press. ISBN 9781853119446. British Listed Buildings Online website RC Church of our Lady of the Assumption and St Gregory website British History Online website
Nicolás Iván González is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward for VfB Stuttgart and the Argentina national team. After over ten years in the club's youth system, González made his professional debut for Argentinos Juniors in a 2015–16 Copa Argentina defeat to Deportivo Laferrere of Primera C Metropolitana in July 2016, he made his Primera B Nacional debut on 28 August against San Martín prior to scoring the first of his four goals in 2016–17 on 23 April 2017, getting the winner versus Atlético Paraná. In total, González made twenty appearances in 2016–17, a season which ended with Argentinos winning promotion to the Argentine Primera División, he scored on his first top-flight start. On 10 July 2018, Nicolás González signed a five-year contract with VfB Stuttgart, he scored twice on his unofficial debut for the club, netting in a friendly victory over FV Illertissen on 18 July. His first competitive goal arrived during a home loss to Schalke 04 on 22 December, they were relegated at the end of 2018–19, with González subsequently scoring the winner on his 2.
Bundesliga bow against FC St. Pauli on 17 August 2019. In July 2019, González received a call-up from the Argentina U23s for that year's Pan American Games in Peru. After receiving a red card on debut versus Ecuador, he played again in the semi-final and the gold medal match when Argentina won the tournament. Months González was selected by Lionel Scaloni's senior team for the first time ahead of October friendlies with Germany and Ecuador, he didn't feature in the matchday squad against Germany, but did appear for his international bow during a 6–1 victory over Ecuador at the Estadio Manuel Martínez Valero in Elche on 13 October. As of 24 November 2019; as of 18 November 2019 Argentinos Juniors Primera B Nacional: 2016–17 Argentina U23Pan American Games: 2019Argentina Superclásico de las Américas: 2019 VfB Stuttgart Bundesliga Rookie of the Month: January 2019 Nicolás González at Soccerway
Air Assault Task Force is a computer wargame developed by ProSIM Company and published by Shrapnel Games. The lead developer was Pat Proctor. Other developers included Curt Pangracs. Air Assault Task Force is a combat simulator and includes four campaigns, set at the Joint Readiness Training Center at Fort Polk, LA, at LZ X-Ray during the Vietnam War, in the ill-fated Ranger raid in Mogadishu and Operation Anaconda during Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan; the game built on the pausable real-time gameplay of ProSIM's BCT Commander and the AI and hierarchy system of Armored Task Force. In addition to a major upgrade to these earlier game systems, it includes a graphical and GUI overhaul that makes the game's graphics better. In 2007, defense contractor Boeing commissioned ProSIM to create a custom version of the game for use as a ground combat simulator, to be paired with an intelligent tutor and after-action review agent application developed by Boeing
Arturo Fontaine Talavera, is a novelist and essayist, considered as one of the writers most representative of the Chilean "New Narrative" that surfaced in the 1990s. Son of the poet Valentina Talavera Balmaceda and the lawyer and journalist Arturo Fontaine Aldunate, ex- Chilean Ambassador to Argentina, director of the El Mercurio newspaper and winner of the Premio Nacional for Journalism, Fontaine is the eldest of 6 children, he is married and separated from Mercedes Ducci with whom he has two children. Fontaine spent his childhood and adolescence between Santiago and Quechereguas, a small community near the River Maule where the family had an old estate, he went to the Sagrados Corazones de Maquehue College. He continued his studies in the department of Humanities at the University of Chile while studying law at the Catholic University. Fontaine graduated with maximum honours at the beginning of 1977, he was awarded a degree in Philosophy and afterwards was appointed as a teacher at his alma mater.
In September of the same year Fontaine travelled to the United States to continue his post graduate studies in the Philosophy department at Columbia University, New York where he won the President's Fellowship scholarship and studied under Arthur Danto, among others. He attended several workshops in the writing division of Columbia University and was a student of Manuel Puig -the Argentinian novelist- Derek Walcott, Seamus Heaney, Joseph Brodsky, Daniel Halpern, Frank MacShane, among others. In 1980 he was named Preceptor and taught the course known at Columbia as "Humanities" where students read a selection of fundamental literature texts. With two master's degrees, an MA and an MPhil from the Philosophy department, Columbia University, Fontaine returned to Chile to teach at a newly founded university. However, shortly after his return, the university folded due to the changing funding environment in the government of Augusto Pinochet. Fontaine therefore found himself without a job and entered the Centro de Estudios Públicos as a translator.
Here he soon found himself heading the magazine Estudios Públicos, a quarterly publication dedicated to the Social Sciences and the Humanities. In 1983 he was named Director of an independent and liberal institute. At the same time he worked as a teacher of Philosophy at the University of Chile, where he taught -and still teaches- a seminar on Aesthetics and as a teacher of Political Philosophy at the Institute of Political Science in the Catholic University. Under his leadership the Centre for Public Studies was transformed into a meeting place for intellectuals and the political class from all sectors. Many members of the opposition found a place there where they could put forward their points of view via articles in Estudios Publicos and in numerous and popular seminars which were organized to discuss public affairs; the financing of the CEP came from foundations such as the Ford Foundation, the Tinker Foundation, the National Endowment for Democracy and donations from private businesses.
Fontaine found in the CEP a method of channeling public anxieties and a way to influence the return of democracy. He published various articles, among them "¿Quién defiende la censura previa del libro?" in which he challenged the Chilean censorship policies: "it is doubly serious to know that our culture is being censored and that, on top of that, no one sees the necessity to explain why." Together with other Centres for Studies such as CIEPLAN, CED, FLACSO and SUR, the CEP played a role in ending the dictatorship and the transition period contributing in the construction of an intellectual and politically calm climate, academically rigorous, favourable to a peaceful and definitive establishment of democracy. In June 1988, the CEP published a poll showing a general repudiation of the Pinochet regime and predicting its defeat in upcoming elections, contradicting three other published polls that predicted the triumph of Pinochet. During the rule of the Concertación, the CEP became an intellectual centre of great academic prestige and influence.
Of particular importance were its studies and proposals on subjects such as education, the environment, the reform of public administration, financing in politics and urban policies for Santiago, indigenous peoples and regulating telecommunications. The polls that they carry out are the best sounding boards and the most credible of any in Chile; the CEP acts as a lively cultural centre which includes conferences and cinema. In the words of Mario Vargas Llosa: "Arturo Fontaine made of the CEP... an institution of high culture in which liberal theories inspired analysis, propositions at the same time there were debates and meetings of intelectuals... of the most different persuasions... He created the most objective and reliable polls in Chile according to politicians of the whole political spectrum" On May 10, 2013, after 31 years working in the institution, Fontaine was forced to resign by the Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees of CEP. Fontaine declared: "This was something unexpected for me".
It was explained to him "that CEP needed to start a new phase with a new director". "When I returned to Chile after my studies abroad I wanted to contribute, as an intellectual, to the transition of my country from dictatorship to democracy. At CEP I found a place from. I believe that CEP under my direction has been a meeting place, an institute were conversations have taken place, an institute devoted to analysis and discussions. CEP has been an independent academic institute, where people not only talk about freedom, but they experience f