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H. J. Round

Captain Henry Joseph Round was an English engineer and one of the early pioneers of radio. He was the first to report observation of electroluminescence from a solid state diode, leading to the discovery of the light-emitting diode, he was a personal assistant to Guglielmo Marconi. Round was the eldest child of Gertrude Round, he spent his early years in the small town of Kingswinford in Staffordshire and received his early education at Cheltenham Grammar School. He attended the Royal College of Science, a constituent college of Imperial College London where he gained a first class honours degree. Round joined the Marconi Company in 1902, he was sent to the USA where he experimented with a variety of different aspects of radio technology, focusing on technologies such as powdered iron cored tuning inductors. He performed some experiments with transmission paths over land and sea at different times of the day and investigated direction finding, for which he used a frame antenna. Round made important contributions to development of the first vacuum tubes.

He headed Marconi's research program into thermionic tubes, developed a three-element amplifying tube at the same time as Lee De Forest was developing the Audion in the US. He discovered feedback in vacuum tubes independently along with Alexander Meissner and Edwin Armstrong, built some of the first AM vacuum tube radio transmitters, he patented the first design for an indirectly heated cathode, the type of cathode used in vacuum tubes today. In some experiments with cat's whisker detectors using a variety of substances, he passed current through them and noticed that some gave off light – the first known report of the effect of the light-emitting diode. Round published his result in 1907 in Electrical World: The First World War broke out in 1914, Round was commissioned onto the General List and seconded to Military Intelligence with the rank of captain. Using his experience in direction finding, he set up a chain of direction-finding stations along the Western Front; these stations proved so successful.

In May 1916, the stations were monitoring transmissions from the German Navy at anchor at Wilhelmshaven. On 30 May the stations reported a 1.5-degree change in the direction of the signals – suggesting that the ships were on the move. The British Admiralty ordered the British fleet to set sail and engage the German fleet; the Battle of Jutland, the largest sea battle of all time, occurred the next day. For his service during the war, Round was awarded the Military Cross. After the war, Round returned to civilian life and became involved in radio transmitters and was involved in the first broadcasts made in the United Kingdom. Round became Chief Engineer at Marconi's Wireless Telegraph Company in 1921, but some years he left to set up his own consultancy; when the Second World War broke out in 1939, the British Government again called on his services. This time he was involved in ASDIC, known today as sonar. Round died in August 1966 in a nursing home in Bognor Regis after a short illness. Poole, Ian.

HJ Round – the unknown genius. Electronics World, May 2003, p. 21 Morse, A. H. Radio: Beam and Broadcast, Ernest Benn Limited. History of radio in 1925. Marconi Calling The Life of Captain H J Round

Polaroid type 55

Polaroid Type 55 film is a black-and-white peel-apart Polaroid film that yields both a positive print and a negative image that can be used to create enlargements. The film speed is given by the manufacturers as 50 ISO, however that applies only to the positive component; the negative is rated by Polaroid as 25 ISO though it is possible to rate the negative at 32 ISO). After processing the film is peeled apart to reveal negative images. To prevent fading and physical damage the positive image requires a protective coating while the negative requires a clearing solution: Polaroid recommends an 18% Sodium-Sulfite solution but some users favour Kodak's Hypo-Clear works). Polaroid recommends a hardening fixative to protect the negative from scratches as Type 55 negatives are thin compared to other 4x5" negatives, the emulsion is delicate; these negatives are fine-grained, have a broad tonal range and are of high resolution, on the order of 150 LP/mm, can create large prints and are suitable for contact printing involving Cyanotype and Van Dyke brown to create'blueprint' and'sepia' prints respectively.

Polaroid Type 55 requires a Polaroid Model 545 Film Packet Back. This is mounted onto the back of a camera a large format 4x5 inch type, in place of a conventional film carrier. A self-contained waterproof transparent sleeve containing positive and negative film sheets and a small reservoir of reagent gel is inserted into the Packet Back, an exposure made and the Packet Back is removed. By flipping a lever and withdrawing the sleeve the gel is squeezed between the negative and positive emulsion layers. After the set time the layers can be peeled apart; some gel is retained at the edges, creating negative images. A consequence of the process is an impression of a frame on the unprotected negative; the result creates a distinctive "Polaroid frame look" that became popular, so much so photographers who did not use large format cameras graphically combine a conventional photographic image, however created, with a superimposed image of an original'Polaroid frame' as a graphic effect. In 2001 Polaroid filed for bankruptcy protection, in February 2008 announced it would cease production of all instant film, filing for bankruptcy protection a second time.

In 2009 the business was sold, the new owners announcing instant film production would be licensed out to a smaller company. The chemicals needed to process Polaroid instant film had been stockpiled in case of this eventuality but the licensees announced their intention to redesign and manufacture film on a limited basis under the Polaroid brand that would be compatible with most Polaroid film cameras, using machinery left over from a liquidated factory in the Netherlands. In response, in November 2009, Polaroid announced its intention to relaunch the manufacture of Polaroid film cameras in 2010 on a limited basis, marketed to enthusiasts and contingent on the availability of the newly licensed film stock. Initial plans are to produce a black-and-white film to replace existing film stocks, followed by a color film. Stocks of existing Polaroid Type 55 film are scheduled to expire in 2010. Between 2010 and 2017, a company called New55 Holdings, LLC researched and brought to market a black and white 4x5 positive-negative material, exposed and processed in a Polaroid 545 holder.

New55 PN provided negative that could be scanned, contact printed, or enlarged. In May 2014, New55 FILM was crowd-funded at Kickstarter for the purpose of bringing it to market. Between 2014 and 2017, New55 FILM sold New55 PN and other related products direct to photographers all over the world, generating over $1 million in sales. Upon the failure of a key component supplier and while demand remained strong, the company ended operations on December 31, 2017, closing out the proof-of-principle R&D phase of the project. Among the innovative features of New55 PN was the more environmentally friendly aqueous material application method used to coat the print; the New55 PN system improved over Polaroid's Type 55 by having a lower parts-count and, in the photographic results, the New55 PN positive and negative densities were identical. New55 FILM brought back a product like Kodak's old Ready-Load and FujiFilm's QuickLoad products that were discontinued, called 1SHOT Ready Loaded Sheet Film. 1SHOT established a way for 4x5 photographers to shoot Ilford's HP5+, Kodak's TRI-X, TMAX, Portra 160 and 400, Fujifilm's Velvia 100 as well as New55 FILM's Atomic-X 100 4x5 sheet films -- all in the New55 FILM's special packet system for the legacy Polaroid 545 Land Film Holder.

Additionally, New55 FILM manufactured and sold its monobath developer called R5 MONOBATH DEVELOPER, a single solution for developing black and white photographic film negatives in 6 minutes in a daylight tank. Polaroid Corporation. "Polaroid T-55 Film Data Sheet". Polaroid Corporation. Archived from the original on March 23, 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2011

Iceberg (Banks novel)

Iceberg is an original novel written by David Banks and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It was number 18 in the Virgin New Adventures range and featured the Cybermen, being a sequel to the serials The Invasion and The Tenth Planet; the events of the novel run concurrently with those of Birthright. Banks as an actor portrayed the Cyber Leader in several Doctor. A prelude to the novel penned by Banks, appeared in Doctor Who Magazine #204; this was the first original Doctor Who novel to feature the Cybermen, the first New Adventure to feature a recurring foe from the television series. In 1994 David Banks recorded his novel for Talking Books, it contains 35 chapters, runs to around 9 hours. Following their betrayal by Tobias Vaughn and the failure of their planned invasion of Earth, a group of Cybermen crashes in Antarctica while fleeing the destruction of their mothership; some years in 1986, a second Cyberman incursion is foiled and their home world Mondas is destroyed in the process.

But the truth is covered up, life goes on. Software engineer Philip Duvall is paralysed in a hit-and-run accident, but the fleeing motorcyclist knows that he will bear the guilt for the rest of his life. Scientist Pamela Cutler learns that her unresolved issues with her domineering father will never be resolved, and Sergeant Dave Hilliard arrives in Antarctica to clean up after whatever it was that happened at Snowcap Tracking Station—and finds more than he bargained for. Twenty years investigative journalist Ruby Duvall, Phillip's daughter, sets off on an Antarctic tour on the SS Elysium, a pleasure cruise sponsored by the Australian billionaire Sir Stanley Straker, she is going undercover to avoid attention. Ruby soon makes new friends on the cruise. However, Ruby finds it difficult to get close to moody artist Michael Brack, hired to sculpt icebergs into caricatures of the ship's passengers using a decommissioned Army laser. Brack is studying Heidegger, believes that society should work towards becoming more efficient and machine-like.

As the cruise proceeds, Ruby finds him studying a book on cybernetics, comes to suspect that he's up to something secret in the ship's hold. Diana and Leslie learn Ruby's true identity and blab it about the ship before realising that she wanted to avoid attention, when Brack realises who she is he begins to act more strangely, he seems to go out of his way to avoid her, but when she catches a glimpse of his cocktail napkin she finds that he's been obsessively drawing her face along with blueprints for a large cybernetic machine... Pamela Cutler joined the Army after her father's death, has risen to the rank of General, she has now been assigned to Snowcap Tracking Station, where scientists are working on a project named FLIPback, the human race's defense against the reversal of the Earth's magnetic polarity. In the event of such a shift, FLIPback will do. Under Cutler's strict discipline, the project gets back on schedule - just on time, for the crew finds that true south is shifting out of position and realises that the reversal could occur within the year.

While celebrating the successful completion of their work, Cutler gets to ask Lieutenant Hilliard what happened at Snowcap twenty years ago. He tells her, he has never learned the whole truth. As the Elysium enters Antarctic waters, Brack carves an iceberg into a caricature of Straker's face, causing large ice chips or “growlers” to float through the water nearby. Ruby tries to interview Brack after his performance. Determined to find out what he's up to, Ruby uses her Nanocom to subvert the lift's security locks and get into the lower hold, where she finds Brack working on a large electronic machine, she flees before he can confront her, returns to the upper decks, where Diana and Leslie are taking a break from rehearsing the cabaret. Leslie, feeling confined in his Tin Man costume, goes to a nearby porthole for a breath of fresh air—and sees the body of a man in armour, frozen inside one of the nearby growlers. Nobody believes him, however. Diana, learning of Ruby's interest in Brack, claims to have lived with him until recently—and claims that before they broke up she found a letter implying that he and Straker were involved in smuggling arms to Panama.

Ruby's curiosity gets the better of her once again, she returns to the lower hold, where she finds crates marked “PANAMA”. She hears an odd noise from the engine room, while investigating she accidentally locks herself in with an apparent stowaway who calls himself “the Doctor”. Weighted down with guilt and seeking to free himself from his past, the Doctor has departed from the TARDIS in a subset of the ship which takes the form of Lao Tzu's Jade Pagoda. Ruby isn’t sure what to make of the Doctor, but accompanies him when he finds a maintenance shaft leading out of the engine room up to the bridge. There, the captain and first ma

Olav Versto

Olav Versto was a Norwegian journalist and editor known for his work for the newspaper Verdens Gang. Versto received a cand.mag. Degree from the University of Oslo in 1976, he started his career in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation in 1977, was hired as a subeditor of Verdens Gang, Norway's largest newspaper, in 1987. From 1994 to 2008 he was the political editor of Verdens Gang. After that he became the editor of the op-ed section of the newspaper. Olav Versto hailed from Vinje, was the grandson of Olav Aslakson Versto and son of Aslak Versto, both politicians, he was himself politically involved, was a forceful activist for the failed campaign for Norwegian European Union membership in 1994. In his years, Versto was involved in the debate over the conflict between Islam and the West. In 2003, he went far towards supporting the US-led invasion of Iraq, a controversial stance in Norway at the time. Versto was married to journalist in the newspaper Aftenposten; the two were in 2007 ranked as number four among the most powerful media couples in Norway, by the online business newspaper NA24.

Versto was found dead in the harbour of Farsund on 7 July 2011. Police believe he fell into the water. Following his death, Versto was praised by several prominent figures, including Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, former Prime Ministers Gro Harlem Brundtland, Kjell Magne Bondevik, Kåre Willoch and World War II veteran Gunnar Sønsteby. Årsakene til flyttinga av bygdesenteret, og framvoksterenav "Bø-gata". with Truls Frogner and Halvor Kleppen. Bø: Telemark District College. 1972. CS1 maint: others Dobbelt-agenten. With Harald Henden and Erik H. Sønstelie. Oslo: Norwegian Foundation for Investigative Journalism. 1998. CS1 maint: others

Dilly Dally

Dilly Dally is a Canadian alternative rock band from Toronto, Canada. The band consists of guitarist and vocalist Katie Monks, guitarist Liz Ball, bassist Jimmy Tony and drummer Benjamin Reinhartz; the band released their debut album Sore on October 9, 2015 through Partisan Records and Buzz Records. The album was a longlisted nominee for the 2016 Polaris Music Prize, a Juno Award nominee for Alternative Album of the Year at the Juno Awards of 2017; the single "Desire" was a SOCAN Songwriting Prize finalist in 2016, their video for "Snakehead" was longlisted for the Prism Prize in 2017. The band's second album, was released in 2018. Sore Heaven

Kemi Adekoya

Oluwakemi Adekoya is a Nigerian-born track and field athlete who competes for Bahrain. She specialises in the 400 metres hurdles and has a personal best of 54.59 seconds – a Bahraini record. In January 2019, it was reported that Adekoya tested positive for an illegal steroid stanozolol in an out-of-competition test in November 2018 and was provisionally suspended. All of her results achieved after 24 August 2018 were stripped, she established herself as a hurdler at national level in Nigeria in 2011, placing fifth at the Nigerian championships. In 2012, she improved her best to 57.16 seconds to place second at the Confederation of African Athletics meet in Warri. That year she was runner-up at the Nigerian Olympic trials, but did not have the sufficient qualifying standard, she did not compete. In 2013, she set a new personal best of 55.30 seconds, finishing runner-up to Muizat Ajoke Odumosu, Nigeria's leading hurdler, set a flat 400 metres best of 52.57 seconds. Her hurdles best ranked her within the top thirty fastest athletes in the world that year.

Adekoya's first race of 2014 marked a significant change for her career. Making her debut on the Diamond League circuit, she defeated the entire elite 400 m hurdles field in a surprise win, her time of 54.59 seconds was a world-leading one, a Bahraini national record – she had switched nationality to the oil-rich state at the start of the year and displayed a banner saying "I ♥ Bahrain" after her victory. This move was unknown to Solomon Ogba, the head of Athletics Federation of Nigeria, present at the race in Doha and lodged a complaint with the International Association of Athletics Federations, claiming her move as out-of-process. However, as Adekoya had never formally registered with the national federation, the country could not block the move. Nigerian officials and media noted the case as an example of African nations losing their top home-grown athletes to richer non-African nations. In her second Diamond League race she was a close second to Kaliese Spencer at the Bislett Games took third place at the Golden Spike Ostrava meeting.

On Saturday, 13 August 2016 on Day 9 of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games in Brazil, Kemi ran an all time personal best of 50.72 to come out second behind America's Phyllis Francis who ran at 50.58 seconds there by qualifying for the semifinal 3. In January 2019, it was reported that Adekoya tested positive for an illegal steroid stanozolol in an out-of-competition test in November 2018 and was provisionally suspended. All of her results achieved after 24 August 2018 were stripped, including the two gold medals in the 400 hurdles and the 4x400 mixed relay at the 2018 Asian Games. 400 metres hurdles – 54.12 seconds NR 400 metres – 50.86 seconds NR 400 metres – 50.72 seconds NR 8.^ Kemi Adekoya at World Athletics