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Jala Jala y Boogaloo

Jala Jala y Boogaloo is an album released by the salsa music duet Richie Ray & Bobby Cruz. Released in 1967, the album is influenced not only by Latin rhythms such as the Puerto Rican Jala Jala, but by beat music. Backed by the lead single "Richie's Jala Jala", the album was an international success, being popular in the United States, Puerto Rico and other countries; the album's success led to the release of the follow-up Jala Jala Boogaloo Volume II with a similar cover and sound. With their previous albums, Richie Ray & Bobby Cruz had established themselves as prominent artists in the New York music scene of the 1960s. Following the success of hit singles such as "El Mulato," the duet received a contract with the Tico and Alegre record companies presided by Moris Levy. Moris Pelsman, Levy's partner, designated the famous Pancho Cristal to produce and supervise the duet's new recordings. After releasing Se Soltó early on that same year, Richie Ray & Bobby Cruz went into the studio with Pancho Cristal and engineers Fred Weinberg and Rodrigo Zavala to record what would be the group's most successful album to that time.

Musically, the album is a synthesis of the musical trends that were popular in 1967. The Boogaloo craze was at its highest and the Jala-Jala rhythm had begun to be known outside its native Puerto Rico. Rock Music was at its highest with artists such as The Beatles at the top of the charts. All these ended up influencing the recording of the Jala Jala y Boogaloo album. "Richie's Jala Jala" is a Jala-Jala song in which Richie's Piano riff is an imitation of the cowbell's sound. The song is notable for the protagonic role of the trumpets, played by Pedro Chaparro y Doc Cheatham, which gave the jala-jala genre a new sound. "Baby Don't You Cry" is a boogaloo number, with a heavy influence from Afro-American soul music. The use of English-language lyrics and soul-influenced singing is evidence of the American influence on the song. "Colombia's Boogaloo", the first of many songs the group will dedicate to the Colombian nation, is a mix of Cuban Son montuno with boogaloo. "Gentle Rain" is a cover of a bossa nova song by Luiz Bonfá, translated to Spanish by Pancho Cristal and transformed into a bolero.

"3 and 1 Mozambique" is an example of Mozambique Rhythm, the hit single Bomba Camará is a salsa song. Lyrically the album shows both influences from Caribbean folklore as well as from American culture. For instance, "Stop and Listen" lyrics deal with pacifism, a common theme in the Counterculture of the 1960s.

Hymenolepis (tapeworm)

Hymenolepis is a genus of cyclophyllid tapeworms responsible for hymenolepiasis. They are parasites of other mammals; the focus in this article is in Hymenolepis parasitizing humans. Species include: Hymenolepis apodemi - in rodents Hymenolepis asymetrica — in rodents Hymenolepis diminuta — in humans Hymenolepis horrida — in rodents Hymenolepis rymzhanovi - in rodents Hymenolepis microstoma — in rodents Hymenolepis nana — in humans Most infections do not have many worms and therefore can have no symptoms. Patients with more than 15,000 eggs per gram of stool may experience cramps, irritability, anorexia, or enteritis caused by cystercoids destroying the intestinal villi in which they develop. Hymenolepiasis is the most common cestode parasite in the human body. Infections are seen more among children, it is most widespread in warm climates and around unsanitary areas where eggs can be passed through fecal matter from an infected host to an uninfected person. Hymenolepiasis is caused by the introduction of either tapeworm species Hymenolepis nana or Hymenolepis diminuta into the human body.

A member of the cestode class, tapeworms do not have digestive tracts to absorb nutrients, instead their surface body layer is metabolically active with nutrients and waste passing in and out continuously. In contrast, the nematodes class, such as hookworms, have complete digestive tracts and separate orifices for food ingestion and waste excretion. Although the cestode life cycle requires the cysticercoid, or larval, phase to be developed in an intermediate host, H. nana does not follow this observation and can use an intermediate host or auto infect the human host. H. nana is an auto-infecting parasite. It can, grow in rats as well; the fertilized eggs pass in the stool from an infected host. The eggs are either eaten by an insect or by a human which occurs through the ingestion of contaminated food or water; the cysticercoid stage develops either outside the body in an insect that can be eaten by a human or a rat, or it develops in the intestinal villus of an auto-infected human. The adult phase begins with the growth of the scolex with several hooks.

After attaching itself to the intestinal wall and growing proglottids, fertilized eggs can pass in the host’s stool as the gravid proglottids deteriorate and release eggs. H. diminuta fertilized eggs pass in the stool from an infected host. The eggs are eaten by grain beetles where the cysticerci, or larval stage develops. Humans can eat the bug or its mealworm phase in cereal or flour; the worm matures in the duodenum, the first portion of the small intestine, attach to the mucosa lining. Fertilized eggs can pass in the host's stool as the gravid proglottids release eggs. H. nana worms are segmented with skinny necks. They vary in length from 15 to 40 mm and are 1 mm wide; each worm has a scolex, an anterior ‘head’ segment with a single row of 20-30 retractable hooks. Each worm has proglottids, which are wider segments of the tapeworm that contains both male and female reproductive organs; each mature segment has 3 testes. When the eggs have been fertilized the segments are referred to as gravid.

These break off from the main portion, the strobila, deteriorate releasing eggs. The oncospheres, or embryos, can be from 30-47 µm in diameter and are covered with a thin hyaline outer membrane and a thicker inner membrane. Embedded in the inner membrane on polar sides of the oncosphere are a number of hair-like filaments. H. diminuta worms are the same shape as H. nana but are much larger, up to 90 cm long and 44 mm wide. Their scolex does not have hooked rostellum like the H. nana species but they do have similar unilateral genital pores and 3 testes per proglottid. The oncospheres of H. diminuta are similar to H. nana’s except they lack hair like filaments embedded in their inner membrane and are two times their size. Diagnosis for hymenolepiasis is done by examining stool for eggs; the proglottids that are disintegrated in the intestine cannot be detected. Egg output can be sporadic so a couple of stool tests a few days apart may be needed to diagnose the infection. H. nana eggs are passed through the stool of human hosts.

These eggs are consumed by rats or humans through contaminated food or water. H. diminuta is thought to be passed to humans most through the ingestion of insects in dried grains or cereal. Research done in 2000 showed that of nine pet stores surveyed in Connecticut U. S. A. 75 % sold mice or hamsters infected with H. nana. A serious public health risk could result from pet store parasite transmissions. Humans or rodents can be the reservoir of H. nana. H. diminuta, the reservoirs are insects. Hymenolepis has no vectors. H. nana's larval stage occurs either inside an auto infected host's intestinal villus or an intermediate rat host. In H. diminuta, this stage occurs only in grain beetles. It lasts about 5–6 days the worm matures and attaches itself to the last part of the small intestine; the whole time period from egg ingestion until adult worms releasing new fertilized eggs in stool is 20 to 30 days. H. nana: For adults there are 3 options. Praziquantel given 25mg/kg. Nitazoxanide given at a dose of 500 mg for 3 days.

Niclosamide given for one day at 2 grams followed by six days at 1 gram. For children there are treatment 3 options. Praziquantel given 25mg/kg. Nitazoxanide given at a dose of 100 mg for 200 mg for 3 days. Niclosamide given for one day at 1 gram followed by six days at 0.5

Niccolò Belloni

Niccolò Belloni is an Italian footballer who plays as a midfielder for Arezzo. Born in Carrara, Belloni played for nearby team Spezia prior to joining Serie A club Internazionale in 2008. On 17 April 2013, Belloni came on as a late substitute replacing Andrea Ranocchia in the 87th minute in 2012–13 Coppa Italia semi-final loss against Roma to make his debut. On 23 July 2013 he joined Serie B club Modena in a co-ownership deal. On 24 September he made his debut for Modena in Serie B in a match against Crotone, he enter as a substitute replacing Salvatore Molina in the 51st minute, after only 3 minute Belloni score his first and only goal for Modena in a 3-1 away defeat. In June 2014 Inter bought back Belloni. On 21 July 2014, Belloni was signed by Serie B club Pro Vercelli on loan. Belloni made his debut on 17 August in the second round of Coppa Italia, he was replaced by Abdouramane Coly in the 59th minute of a 2–1 away defeat against Brescia, he made his Serie B debut on 30 August, as a substitute, replacing Gianni Fabiano in the 66th minute in a 1–0 away defeat against Avellino.

On 7 September he score his first goal for Pro Vercelli in the 72nd minute of a 3–2 home win over Catania. On 20 September, Belloni played his first entire match for Pro Vercelli, a 4–0 home win against Varese. On 13 December, Belloni score his second goal for the club and the winning goal in the 86th minute of a 1–0 away win against Crotone. Belloni ended his season-long loan to Pro Vercelli with 2 goals and 1 assist. On 13 August 2015, Belloni was loaned to Serie B club Ternana with a season-long loan. On 21 September, Belloni made his debut, as a starter, score his first goal with Ternana on in the 31st minute of a 3–2 home defeat against Livorno, he was replaced by Cesar Falletti in the 82nd minute. On 17 October, Belloni play his 50th professional match and score his second goal for Ternana in the 25th minute of a 3–0 win over Bari. Belloni ended his season-long loan to Ternana with 20 appearances and scoring 2 goals, but he never play an entire 90 minute match. On 1 July 2016, Belloni signed for Serie B club Avellino with a season-long loan.

On 27 August, Belloni made his debut for Avellino, he was replaced by Daniele Verde in the 75th minute of a 1–1 away draw against Brescia. On 4 September, Belloni played his first full match for Avellino,a 2–0 away defeat against Virus Entella. On 17 September he score his first and only goal for Avellino in 3–1 away defeat against Hellas Verona. On 24 December, Belloni was sent off with a double yellow card in the 68th minute of a 3–2 home win over Salernitana. Belloni ended his loan to Avellino with 1 goal and 1 assist. On 31 August 2017 he signed with Serie B club Carpi with a season-long loan. On 19 September, Belloni made his debut for Carpi, as a starter, in a 3–1 home defeat against Foggia in Serie B, he was replaced by Fabio Concas in the 51st minute. Belloni ended his loan to Carpi with only 11 appearances, all in the first part of the season and he never played an entire match in this loan. On 21 August 2018, Belloni moved to Serie C club Arezzo on permanent deal. Belloni represented Italy at Under 19 and Under 20 level, he collect a total of 7 caps at young level.

On 13 September 2012 he made his U19 debut in an international friendly against Portugal U19 in a 1–1 away draw, he was replacing by Roberto Inglese in the 46th minute. On 12 October 2012, Belloni score his first and only international goal in a 3–0 win over Albania U19 during the UEFA European U19 Championship qualification. On 20 November 2013, Belloni made his U20 debut in an international friendly, he replaced Matteo Ricci in the 74th minute in a 5–0 win over Iran U20; as of 28 May 2018 Niccolò Belloni at Soccerway

Lord John FitzRoy

Lord John Edward FitzRoy, was a British politician. FitzRoy was the sixth son of Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, Prime Minister of Great Britain, by his second wife Elizabeth Wrottesley, daughter of the Very Reverend Sir Richard Wrottesley, 7th Baronet, Dean of Worcester, he was the half-brother of George FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton, Lord Charles FitzRoy and the full brother of Admiral Lord William FitzRoy. He was educated at Cambridge. FitzRoy was returned to Parliament for Thetford in 1812, a seat controlled by the FitzRoy family, was a supporter of the Whig opposition, he was not re-elected in 1818 but returned to the House of Commons in 1820 as one of two representatives for Bury St Edmunds, another seat controlled by the family. He continued to represent the constituency until 1826. FitzRoy never married, he died in December 1856, aged 71

Chupe (footballer)

Francisco Salvador Elá known as Chupe, is an Equatoguinean professional footballer who plays as a striker. Born in Mongomo, Chupe spent 13 years as a senior in Spanish football safe for a brief spell in Switzerland with FC Chiasso, but never competed in higher than Segunda División B, he spent several seasons associated with Real Madrid but only appeared with its C and B-teams though main squad manager Vicente del Bosque registered him in one UEFA Champions League list as a youth system player. Other than the Merengues Chupe represented in the country AD Alcorcón, UD Las Palmas, UD Puertollano, Rayo Vallecano, CD Leganés, CD Vera de Almería, CD Binéfar, SD Noja and SD Leioa. In 2012–13, at age 32, he made his debut as a professional, representing Kazincbarcikai SC in Hungary's second level. In December 2013, after a brief trial in Cambodia with Phnom Penh Crown FC, Chupe moved to Hong Kong with Happy Valley AA. Chupe earned five caps for Equatorial Guinea, the first two coming in 2003 in the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualifiers against Togo.

He made his debut on 11 October in the 1–0 home win in Bata. Chupe's younger brother, was a footballer. A defender, he spent his entire career in Spanish amateur football. Chupe at BDFutbol Chupe at La Preferente Stats at FutbolEsta at the Wayback Machine HKFA profile Chupe at Chupe – FIFA competition record Chupe at Chupe at Soccerway