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HAL 9000

HAL 9000 is a fictional artificial intelligence character and the main antagonist in Arthur C. Clarke's Space Odyssey series. First appearing in the 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey, HAL is a sentient computer that controls the systems of the Discovery One spacecraft and interacts with the ship's astronaut crew. Part of HAL's hardware is shown toward the end of the film, but he is depicted as a camera lens containing a red or yellow dot, instances of which are located throughout the ship. HAL 9000 is voiced by Douglas Rain in the two feature film adaptations of the Space Odyssey series. HAL speaks in a soft, calm voice and a conversational manner, in contrast to the crewmen, David Bowman and Frank Poole. In the film, HAL became operational on 12 January 1992 at the HAL Laboratories in Urbana, Illinois as production number 3; the activation year was 1991 in earlier screenplays and changed to 1997 in Clarke's novel written and released in conjunction with the movie. In addition to maintaining the Discovery One spacecraft systems during the interplanetary mission to Jupiter, HAL is capable of speech, speech recognition, facial recognition, natural language processing, lip reading, art appreciation, interpreting emotional behaviours, automated reasoning, spacecraft piloting and playing chess.

HAL became operational in Illinois, at the HAL Plant. The film says. In 2001: A Space Odyssey, HAL is considered a dependable member of the crew, maintaining ship functions and engaging genially with its human crew-mates on an equal footing; as a recreational activity, Frank Poole plays chess against HAL. In the film, the artificial intelligence is shown to triumph easily. However, as time progresses, HAL begins to malfunction in subtle ways and, as a result, the decision is made to shut down HAL in order to prevent more serious malfunctions; the sequence of events and manner in which HAL is shut down differs between the novel and film versions of the story. In the aforementioned game of chess HAL makes minor and undetected mistakes in his analysis, a possible foreshadowing to HAL's malfunctioning. In the film, astronauts David Bowman and Frank Poole consider disconnecting HAL's cognitive circuits when he appears to be mistaken in reporting the presence of a fault in the spacecraft's communications antenna.

They are unaware that HAL can read their lips. Faced with the prospect of disconnection, HAL decides to kill the astronauts in order to protect and continue its programmed directives. HAL uses one of the Discovery's EVA pods to kill Poole; when Bowman, without space helmet, uses another pod to attempt to rescue Poole, HAL locks him out of the ship disconnects the life support systems of the other hibernating crew members. Bowman circumvents HAL's control, entering the ship by manually opening an emergency airlock with his service pod's clamps, detaching the pod door via its explosive bolts. Bowman jumps across empty space, reenters Discovery, re-pressurizes the airlock. While HAL's motivations are ambiguous in the film, the novel explains that the computer is unable to resolve a conflict between his general mission to relay information and orders specific to the mission requiring that he withhold from Bowman and Poole the true purpose of the mission. With the crew dead, HAL reasons, he would not need to lie to them.

In the novel, the orders to disconnect HAL come from Dave and Frank's superiors on Earth. After Frank is killed while attempting to repair the communications antenna he is pulled away into deep space using the safety tether, still attached to both the pod and Frank Poole's spacesuit. Dave begins to revive his hibernating crew mates, but is foiled when HAL vents the ship's atmosphere into the vacuum of space, killing the awakening crew members and killing Bowman, only narrowly saved when he finds his way to an emergency chamber which has its own oxygen supply and a spare space suit inside. In both versions, Bowman proceeds to shut down the machine. In the film, HAL's central core is depicted as a crawlspace full of brightly lit computer modules mounted in arrays from which they can be inserted or removed. Bowman shuts down HAL by removing modules from service one by one. HAL reverts to material, programmed into him early in his memory, including announcing the date he became operational as 12 January 1992.

When HAL's logic is gone, he begins singing the song "Daisy Bell" and starts slowing down and changing pitch similar to an old electronic game running low on batteries.. HAL's final act of any significance is to prematurely play a prerecorded message from Mission Control which reveals the true reasons for the mission to Jupiter. In the 1982 novel 2010: Odyssey Two, HAL is restarted by his creator, Dr. Chandra, who arrives on the Soviet spaceship Leonov. Prior to leaving Earth, Dr. Chandra has had a

Manu GarcĂ­a (footballer, born 1998)

Manuel García Alonso is a Spanish footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for Sporting Gijón. Born in Oviedo, García joined Sporting de Gijón's youth setup in 2010, aged 12, from Astur CF. On 2 May 2013 he agreed to a move to Manchester City, which paid €250,000 for his services in January, shortly after his 16th birthday. García was assigned to the club's under-18 squad. In May 2015, shortly after being promoted to the under-21s, he was called up to the main squad by manager Manuel Pellegrini ahead of the year's North America pre-season tour. On 27 May 2015 García made his senior debut for City, coming on as a late substitute for David Silva in a 1–0 friendly away win against Toronto FC, he took part of the club's pre-season friendlies against Melbourne City, Roma and Stuttgart. García made his professional debut on 22 September 2015, coming on as a 74th-minute substitute for Sergio Agüero in a 4–1 Football League Cup away routing of Sunderland, he went on to score the fifth goal in the 5–1 victory against Crystal Palace in the same competition.

He made his Premier League debut against Aston Villa on 5 March 2016, replacing Yaya Touré. On 1 December 2016, García signed a contract extension with Manchester City, keeping him with the club until June 2020. On 16 August 2016, García was loaned to Deportivo Alavés, newly promoted to La Liga, for one year, he only made his debut on 1 December, as a substitute in a 3–0 win over Gimnàstic de Tarragona in the Copa del Rey. On 9 January 2017, García ended his season long loan short with Alavés and spent the rest of the season with Eerste Divisie side NAC Breda, he made his debut starting in a 2–0 win over Jong FC Utrecht on 16 January. García scored his first goal for the club on 6 February in a 1–0 win over Dordrecht. García was loaned back to NAC Breda for the 2017–18 season on 30 June 2017. García joined Toulouse on loan for the 2018–19 season. Garcia rejoined his first club Sporting de Gijón on 19 July 2019, signing a five-year contract and becoming the highest transfer in the club's history, as they paid €4 million for his services.

As of match played on 22 December 2018 Manchester City profile Manu García at BDFutbol Manu García – UEFA competition record Manu García at WorldFootball.net Manu García at Soccerbase Manu García at Soccerway

Elle Bishop

Elle Bishop is a fictional character who appeared on the American psychological thriller science fiction series Heroes, which aired on NBC from 2006 to 2010. The character was portrayed by actress Kristen Bell. Elle was created by Kring to act as a contrast to the rest of the characters, who had all found out they had abilities, whereas Elle had known her whole life. Bell, who had starred in the recently cancelled series Veronica Mars, was a fan of the series and had met up with the writers that informed her they would love to have her on the show. While the character of Elle was created before Bell was cast, following her casting, the character was altered to better resemble her. Elle was one of the new characters introduced in the second season and according to contract, would continue on the series for at least 13 episodes into season three. Elle is introduced in the episode "Fight or Flight" as an agent of the Company, an organization whose primary purpose is to identify and study those individuals with special abilities.

The daughter of Company head Bob Bishop, she possesses the power to generate and manipulate electricity. Elle is portrayed as mentally unstable, attributed to extensive "testing" condoned by her father to research her abilities when she was young. During the third season, Elle's powers grow out of control but with Sylar's help she regains control of them and begins a relationship with him. After finding out that Elle played a role in his transformation into a "monster", Sylar killed her and stole her abilities. Critical reception towards both the character and Bell's performance has been positive. Praise was directed towards Elle's personality as well as her characterization and abilities, her death in the third season was criticized by reviewers and fans. Bell was nominated for both a Teen Choice Award for her performance. In 2007, following the cancellation of Veronica Mars, actress Kristen Bell had voiced interest in appearing on Heroes because she was a fan. In July 2007, during a train ride back from the San Diego Comic Con with Heroes actors Zachary Quinto and Masi Oka, writers from the series, the writers had mentioned that if Bell "ever want to come on Heroes, give us a call", to which Bell said she would love to.

Announced in August 2007, Bell was to portray Elle, a "mysterious young lady" with an "awesome power" for a total of thirteen episodes. Heroes creator Tim Kring and the writers had created the character of Elle with the idea that she was a "cautionary tale" of what could happen if the other characters had known of their abilities for the duration of their lives as Elle did. Kring pitched Bell the idea for the character "which she loved" and soon they were "off and running." The casting of Bell, as Kring explains, "was not easy to pull off," but because of the large ensemble cast of the series and multiple story arcs, "we found a way to jump into a small window in schedule." Elle was only meant to be Bob's stepdaughter and Meredith Gordon's daughter, making her Claire Bennet's sister, however this idea was dropped due to "lack of storyline and plot holes". The character Elle was created. So it's hard to know when one starts to influence the other"; when Kristen Bell was cast, she noted that with Elle it would be "unclear whether she's good or bad".

In "Four Months Ago...", Elle admits to being diagnosed as a sociopath and previous to that, she had displayed sadistic behavior as a result of testing done to her as a child. Bell explains, "Bodies are not able to take that much electricity and pain, so Elle's psychologically a little off her rocker." She is able to kill without apparent remorse, although in one instance, she reacts defensively when Mohinder asks her how many have died by her hand. During an interview with The Scifi World, Tim Kring described Elle as "a little off", Bell added that Elle is "a little messed up in the head" and a conflicted individual who does not have the ability to decipher between right and wrong; because of that, Bell explains. Bell explains that Elle is one of the few characters with abilities that embrace their power and is on the verge of being addicted to her ability. Elle "enjoys the emotional power it gives her over other people", she is described as one, "always out to get what she wants" and someone who "doesn’t have many boundaries".

Bell describes Elle as a vixen who "feels like she has a romantic connection to everybody", in a few episodes, Elle is shown displaying a great deal of affection to men and flirting with both Peter Petrelli and Mohinder Suresh. Bell noted the similarities between Elle and the character Claire Bennet, saying that they "relate to each other" and "are two sides of the same coin" because, while Elle's father sanctioned testing on her causing her mental instability, Noah kept Claire hidden, preventing Claire from experiencing the same childhood that "really messed up". Bell has said in interviews that in episodes of Heroes, "You'll find out that Elle holds the key to Claire's future" and that Elle has "a with Peter and a past with Claire's dad and a future with Claire". Elle has the ability to generate and manipulate electricity and directing it as electrical arcs, she has been shown being able to weld a lock, blast objects, knock people unconscious, kill a man. She is not immune to the electricity she produces, however, as shown when she is drenched in water and attempts to create electricity—she gives herself an electric shock, causing great pain