HAL Tejas is an Indian single-engine, delta wing, multirole light fighter designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited for the Indian Air Force and Indian Navy. It came from the Light Combat Aircraft programme, which began in the 1980s to replace India's ageing MiG-21 fighters. In 2003, the LCA was named "Tejas". Tejas has a tail-less compound delta-wing configuration with a single dorsal fin; this provides better high-alpha performance characteristics than conventional wing designs. Its wing root leading edge has a sweep of 50 degrees, the outer wing leading edge has a sweep of 62.5 degrees, trailing edge has a forward sweep of four degrees. It integrates technologies such as relaxed static stability, fly-by-wire flight control system, multi-mode radar, integrated digital avionics system and composite material structures, it is the lightest in its class of contemporary supersonic combat aircraft. The Tejas is the second supersonic fighter developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited after the HAL HF-24 Marut.
As of 2016, the Tejas Mark 1 was in production for the Indian Air Force and the naval version was undergoing flight tests for Indian Navy. The projected requirement for the IAF was 200 single-seat fighters and 20 twin-seat trainers, while the IN expected to operate at least 40 single-seat fighters; the first Tejas IAF unit, No. 45 Squadron IAF Flying Daggers was formed on 1 July 2016 with two aircraft. Stationed at Bangalore, 45 Squadron was relocated to its home base at Sulur, Tamil Nadu; the Minister of State for Defence, Subhash Bhamre, reported to parliament that the indigenous content of the Tejas was 59.7% by value and 75.5% by number of line replaceable units in 2016. As of 2019, the planned number of Tejas in Indian Air Force inventory, is a total 324 aircraft of several variants; the first batch consists of 40 Mark 1 aircraft, 16 IOC standard and 16 FOC standard, followed by 8 trainers. Next 83 are to be of upgraded Mark 1A standard. By the time these first 123 are delivered, the Tejas Mark 2 is expected to be ready for series production by 2025–26.
In 1969, the Indian government accepted the recommendation by its Aeronautics Committee that Hindustan Aeronautics Limited should design and develop a fighter aircraft around a proven engine. Based on a'Tactical Air Support Aircraft' ASR markedly similar to that for the Marut, HAL completed design studies in 1975, but the project fell through due to inability to procure the selected "proven engine" from a foreign manufacturer and the IAF's requirement for an air superiority fighter with secondary air support and interdiction capability remained unfulfilled. In 1983, IAF realised the need for an Indian combat aircraft for two primary purposes; the principal and most obvious goal was to replace India's ageing MiG-21 fighters, the mainstay of the IAF since the 1970s. The "Long Term Re-Equipment Plan 1981" noted that the MiG-21s would be approaching the end of their service lives by the mid-1990s, that by 1995, the IAF would lack 40 percent of the aircraft needed to fill its projected force structure requirements.
The LCA programme's other main objective was an across-the-board advancement of India's domestic aerospace industry. The value of the aerospace "self-reliance" initiative is not the aircraft's production, but the building of a local industry capable of creating state-of-the-art products with commercial spin-offs for a global market. In 1984, the Indian government chose to establish the Aeronautical Development Agency to manage the LCA programme. While the Tejas is described as a product of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, responsibility for its development belongs to ADA, a national consortium of over 100 defence laboratories, industrial organisations, academic institutions with HAL being the principal contractor; the government's "self-reliance" goals for the LCA included the three most sophisticated and challenging systems: the fly-by-wire flight control system, multi-mode pulse-doppler radar, afterburning turbofan engine. The IAF's Air Staff Requirement for the LCA were not finalised until October 1985.
This delay rendered moot the original schedule which called for first flight in April 1990 and service entry in 1995. Project definition commenced in October 1987 with France's Dassault-Breguet Aviation as consultants. Dassault-Breguet were to assist in the design and systems integration of the aircraft, with 30 top-flight engineers reported to have flown to India to act as technical advisers to IADA, in exchange for $100m / ₹560 crore, this phase was completed in September 1988. A review committee was formed in May 1989, which reported that infrastructure and technologies in India had advanced sufficiently in most areas and that the project could be undertaken. A two-stage full-scale engineering development process was opted for. In 1990, the design was finalised using the "control configured vehicle" concept to define a small tailless delta winged aircraft with relaxed static stability for enhanced manoeuvrability. Phase 1 commenced in April 1993, focused on "proof of concept" and comprised the design development and testing of two technology demonstrator aircraft which were named as TD-1 and TD-2.
This would be followed by the production of two prototype vehicles, TD-1 flew on 4 January 2001. FSED Programme Phase-I
Eddie Creatchman was a Canadian wrestler-turned-manager, most famous for his time in Gino Brito's Montreal based promotion, International Wrestling, where he was known as Eddie "The Brain" Creatchman, hated manager of wrestlers such as The Sheik, The Great Samu and Steve Strong. In the late 1940s, Creatchman began his career in professional wrestling as a referee; as a manager, Creatchman's character was known for wearing sunglasses, smoking a cigar, wearing a Star of David. Creatchman helped promote his wrestlers, he is best known for his time on the Quebec independent wrestling circuit, where he managed The Sheik and Abdullah the Butcher. While managing The Sheik in 1970, he caused a riot at the Montreal Forum, as a result, an impressed Sheik brought Creatchman to Detroit to continue managing him. In the 1980s, Creatchman served as the manager for Steve Strong in Montreal-based International Wrestling as Strong brawled with the likes of Abdullah the Butcher and Rick Martel. In the 1980s, he managed The Great Samu and Sheik Ali.
Creatchman was born on February 1928 in Montreal. Aside from wrestling, Creatchman owned a scrapyard, he ran the scrapyard with his wife Goldie, whom he married in 1949. She died in 1985, his son Floyd Creatchman, who became a manager, died in 2003 from Crohn's disease. He was survived by two grandchildren, Joel & Alissa. Abdullah the Butcher Don Leo Jonathan George Cannon Gilles Poisson Tarzan Tyler The Sheik Sailor White Kamala The Sheik Ali Online World of Wrestling profile
The University of Scranton’s 58-acre hillside campus is located in the heart of Scranton, a community of 75,000 within a greater metropolitan area of 750,000 people, located in northeast Pennsylvania. Founded in 1888 as St. Thomas College and elevated to university status in 1938, the University has grown and changed over time. Since 1984, the University has completed over 50 renovation projections. Over the past decade alone, the University’s campus has undergone a dramatic transformation, as the school has invested more than $240 million towards campus improvements and construction, including the Loyola Science Center, the DeNaples Center and Montrone Halls, Condron Hall, Edward R. Leahy, Jr. Hall, the Dionne Green. Completed in 1992, the Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Memorial Library was designed to replace the Alumni Memorial Library, which proved unable to serve adequately the growing student population, to house the vast library collections, lacked the necessary wiring for modernizing the library with new technological advances.
More than double the size of the Alumni Memorial Library, the Weinberg Memorial Library has five floors which can seat anywhere from 700 to 1000 users at cubicles, group study rooms, lounges. It houses 473,830 volumes, over 15,500 electronic journals, 562,368 microform pieces and 1,709 periodical subscriptions, both current and archived, it is home to the University Archives and Special Collections, which features many rare books, as well as university records. On the third floor, there are a number of administrative offices as well as two large classrooms which are used for classes based on learning about the library and the services it can provide; the fourth floor has a large reading room featuring a stained glass window and a comfortable, quiet environment in which students can study at tables and couches. The fifth floor is the Scranton Heritage Room, a large open hall featuring beautiful views of the city, the surrounding mountains, the Commons as well as thirty-nine panel paintings by Trevor Southey depict art and science in the Lackawanna Valley and in the world.
Throughout the year, the Heritage Room hosts various exhibits including displays of artifacts and documents from the university’s archives and special collections, showcases of faculty scholarship and university alumni authors, the library's Environmental Art Show. The Heritage Room serves as the venue for many campus and community events such as lectures, student award presentations, Game Night, the library's annual Book Sale. Since its completion, the Library has continued to adapt to the needs of its students and to update its resources to ensure that the students and faculty have access to new technological innovations. Renovations at the Library include the opening of multiple 24-hour study rooms, including the Pro Deo Room, the Reilly Learning Commons, most the entire second floor; the Pro Deo Room contains a computer lab with networked PCs, two laser printers, a vending machine area, a Java City Café. The Pro Deo Room features a 46-inch touchscreen table PC; the Pro Deo Room is open seven days a week.
In order to accommodate the growing needs of students for more 24-hour study space in the library, the Library built a new space in 2010 which contained more than one hundred study spaces for students at cubicles and couches. This study space was renovated in 2014. Renamed the Reilly Learning Commons, the study room is now an interactive space with high end technology, group study rooms and areas designed to enhance collaboration; the Learning Commons houses a lecture capture room to practice presentations and record them digitally, two writing center offices, technology support, brand new iMacs. In Fall 2015, in response to student feedback, the entire second floor of the library was opened for 24-hour use, allowing for more access to carrels and space for quiet study. In order to raise the $13.3 million dollars needed to build the Library, the University of Scranton launched the "Gateway to the Future" Fundraising Campaign. During his speech at the Gateway to the Future Library Kickoff, Rev. Panuska underscored the importance of building a library which could adequately serve the needs of the university community, stating that "a library is the essential non-human instrument which contributes to our meaning.
It touches the arts as well as science. It focuses both faculty and students on the intellectual aspect of university life, where the focus must be, it keeps us in touch with the knowledge of the past and with what is happening today, therefore allowing us intelligently to form the future. It is a center for the transmission of knowledge, today involving the must advanced electronic technology." In late 1989, Harry Weinberg, a former Scranton businessman and long-time benefactor of the University of Scranton, made significant headway in the fundraising goal by announcing a six million dollar donation to the university from the Harry and Jeanette Weinberg Foundation, with five million dollars going to the library and the other one million going to the school’s Judaic Studies Institute. In order to honor the significant contribution of Mr. Weinberg, the new library was named for him and his wife. Before becoming home to the Weinberg Memorial Library, the site had once belonged to Worthington Scranton where he lived until moving to the Estate in 1899, at which point the house was converted into the Hahneman Hospital until it relocated in 1906 to the current Community Medical Center site.
In 1941, Scranton donated the land to the university. In the 1950s, the site held the A Building barracks, which were purchased by the university in order to accommodate increased enrollment due to the GI Bill which were used as c