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HMS Lutine (1779)

Lutine was a frigate which served in both the French Navy and the Royal Navy. She was launched by the French in 1779; the ship was taken into service as HMS Lutine. She sank among the West Frisian Islands during a storm in 1799, she was built as a French Magicienne-class frigate with 32 guns, was launched at Toulon in 1779. During the French Revolution, Lutine came under French Royalist control. On 18 December 1793, she was one of sixteen ships handed over to a British fleet at the end of the Siege of Toulon, to prevent her being captured by the French Republicans. In 1795, she was rebuilt by the British as a fifth-rate frigate with 38 guns, she served thereafter in the North Sea. Lutine sank during a storm at Vlieland in the West Frisian Islands on 9 October 1799, whilst carrying a large shipment of gold. Shifting sandbanks disrupted salvage attempts, the majority of the cargo has never been recovered. Lloyd's of London has preserved her salvaged bell – the Lutine Bell –, now used for ceremonial purposes at their headquarters in London.

On 27 September 1793, the royalists in Toulon delivered the city, naval dockyards and French Mediterranean fleet to a British fleet commanded by Vice Admiral Lord Hood. The French vessels included:...seventeen ships of the line, five frigates and eleven corvettes. In various stages of refitting in the New Basin were four ships of a frigate. In the Old Basin and, for the most part, awaiting middling or large repair, were eight ships of the line, five frigates and two corvettes. Lutine was one of the ships from the Old Basin. During the siege of Toulon, the British converted Lutine to a bomb vessel that fired mortars at the besieging French artillery batteries, which were under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte; when they abandoned Toulon on 19 December, the British took Lutine with them. The ship was commissioned as HMS Lutine; the loss of the Lutine occurred during the Second Coalition of the French Revolutionary Wars, in which an Anglo-Russian army landed in the Batavian Republic, occupied by the French since 1795.

Admiral Duncan had defeated the Dutch fleet in 1797 at the Battle of Camperdown and the remainder of the Dutch fleet was captured on 30 August 1799 by the Duke of York. During this period Lutine served as an escort, guiding transports in and out of the shoal waters around North Holland. In October 1799 she was employed in carrying about £1.2 million in bullion and coin, from Yarmouth to Cuxhaven in order to provide Hamburg's banks with funds in order to prevent a stock market crash and for paying troops in North Holland. In the evening of 9 October 1799, during a heavy north-westerly gale, the ship under Captain Lancelot Skynner, having made unexpected leeway, was drawn by the tidal stream flowing into the Waddenzee, onto a sandbank in Vlie off the island of Terschelling, in the West Frisian Islands. There, she became a total loss. All but one of her 240 passengers and crew perished in the breaking seas. Captain Portlock, commander of the British squadron at Vlieland, reported the loss, writing to the Admiralty in London on 10 October: Sir, It is with extreme pain that I have to state to you the melancholy fate of H.

M. S. Lutine, which ship ran on to the outer bank of the Fly Island passage on the night of the 9th inst. in a heavy gale of wind from the NNW, I am much afraid the crew with the exception of one man, saved on a part of the wreck, have perished. This man, when taken up, was exhausted, he is at present tolerably recovered, relates that the Lutine left Yarmouth Roads on the morning of the 9th inst. Bound for the Texel, that she had on board a considerable quantity of money; the wind blowing strong from the NNW, the lee tide coming on, rendered it impossible with Schowts or other boats to go out to aid her until daylight in the morning, at that time nothing was to be seen but parts of the wreck. I shall use every endeavour to save what I can from the wreck, but from the situation she is lying in, I am afraid little will be recovered. Three officers, including Captain Skynner, were buried in the Vlieland churchyard, around two hundred others were buried in a mass grave near the Brandaris lighthouse in Terschelling.

No memorials mark these graves. Captain Lancelot Skynner came from Easton on the Hill, near Stamford, where his father was rector for many years. Plaques on the former rectory and in the church commemorate Captain Skynner; the failure of the gold to arrive precipitated the crisis that it had been designed to prevent. The site of the wreck, the Vlie, was notorious for its strong currents and the danger of storms forcing ships onto the shore; the area is composed of sandbanks and shoals, which the currents continuously shift, with channels through them: in 1666, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War, Admiral Holmes had managed to penetrate these shoals and start Holmes's Bonfire, surprising the Dutch who had considered the shoals impassable. The depth of water constantly changes, this has caused much of the difficulty in salvage attempts. Lutine was wrecked in a shallow channel called the IJzergat, which has now disappeared, between the islands of Vlieland and Terschelling. After Lutine sank, the wreck began silting up, forcing an end to s

Katherine Bennett (athletics)

Katherine Marie Howard Bennett was an African-American pioneer for women's collegiate athletics. She was born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina on October 17, 1922 and attended North Carolina A&T University and was one of the first female black athletes, she became the physical education director at Virginia State University. In the 1950s, Bennett authored the guidelines that led to women's sports being accepted in the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association and founded and coached Virginia State University's first female basketball team, she was the first black female collegiate basketball referee in the state of Virginia. In 1987, she was inducted into the CIAA Hall of Fame, in 1989, she was inducted into the VSU hall of fame. Katherine married William "Pete" Bennett, a football and track and field All-American who played in the 1941 NFL-College Allstar game and who coached 48 track and field All-Americans and dozens of football All-Americans. William Bennett is considered one of the greatest athletes in the first 50 years of the 20th century.

William and Katherine Bennett are considered the'first family' of athletics at Virginia State University. Robinson, Tom "A league of their own," The Virginian-Pilot, February 22, 1993, Sports section, page C1

Chery A1

The Chery A1 is a supermini car produced by the Chinese manufacturer Chery from 2007 to 2015. In Italy, it was assembled by the DR Motor Company from semi-knocked down kits and marketed under its own brand, as the DR2, it was introduced as the third model marketed by the Italian company. It is available with 15-inch alloy rims and Euro V-compliant engine, can be fitted with leather upholstery and an LPG kit. In Europe, it is marketed in Russia, Serbia and Turkey. In Australia, sales commenced in 2011, under the name of J1; the initial release price was $11,990 AUD. This made it one of the cheapest new cars available in Australia, along with the Proton S16, Suzuki Alto and Geely MK, it was equipped with more features for the Australian market, including 14-inch alloy wheels, front fog lamps, two front airbags, a six-speaker CD player, air-conditioning, electric windows and side mirrors and a rear windscreen wiper along with a strengthened body and grill. Optional features were floor mats, reversing sensors, Bluetooth connectivity and headlight covers.

Safety features such as ABS and EBD were included. Because of this, the vehicle was never sold in the state of Victoria, which requires all new vehicles sold after 1 January 2011 to come with ESC; this requirement became Australia-wide as from 1 November 2013 banning the car along with some others. It does not have side airbags. With these shortfalls, the Chery J1 scored a three star result in Australian ANCAP tests, making it one of the equal least-safe vehicles sold in the country. Indeed, ANCAP states that it "does not recommend purchasing vehicles with less than 4 stars". A defect in the seat frame necessitated a safety recall in August 2011, it was available with a 1.3-litre Acteco SQR473F engine, that has double overhead camshafts and 4 valves per cylinder, giving a peak power output 61 kW and peak torque of 114 N⋅m. There are three trim levels available Standard and Luxury. Both Comfortable and Luxury include air conditioning, alloy wheels, ABS, EBD, CD/MP3 player, electric windows, power steering, trip computer, rear reverse radar and central locking.

The Luxury model includes front three-point seat belts with emergency locking retractor