Woolwich is a town in the Royal Borough of Greenwich, south east London, England. Originally in Kent, it has been part of the London metropolitan area since the 19th century, in 1965, most of the former Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich became part of Greenwich Borough, of which it remains the administrative centre. Throughout the 17th, 18th, 19th and most of the 20th century, Woolwich was an important military and it is a river crossing point, with the Woolwich Ferry and the Woolwich foot tunnel crossing to North Woolwich. Woolwich is identified in the London Plan as an opportunity area as well as a centre in Greater London. Woolwich has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age, a path connected the riverside settlement with Watling Street, perhaps of Iron Age origin. Sandy Hill Road may be a remnant of this early path and it is generally believed that the name Woolwich derives from an Anglo-Saxon word meaning trading place for wool. It is not clear whether Woolwich was a proper -wich town, however, in 2015 Oxford Archaeology discovered a Saxon burial site near the riverside with 76 skeletons from the late 7th or early 8th century.
The absence of grave deposits indicates that this was an early Christian settlement, the first church, which stood to the north of the present parish church, was almost certainly pre-Norman and dedicated to Saint Lawrence. It was probably rebuilt in stone around 1100, from the 10th till the mid-12th century Woolwich was controlled by the abbots of St. Peters Abbey in Ghent. As a result of this tenure Woolwich is not mentioned in the Domesday Book, it is thought that the 63 acres listed as Hulviz refer to North Woolwich, medieval Woolwich was susceptible to flooding. In 1236 many were killed by a flood, Woolwich Ferry was first mentioned in 1308 but may be much older. Around Bell Water Gate some private shipbuilding or repair may have existed in the 15th century, a windmill was mentioned around 1450. Woolwich remained a relatively small Kentish settlement until the beginning of the 16th century, in 1512 it became home to Woolwich Dockyard, originally known as The Kings Yard, founded by Henry VIII to built his flagship Henry Grace à Dieu.
Many great ships were built here, such as the Prince Royal, the Sovereign of the Seas, the Royal Charles, the Dolphin, the dockyard went through many ups and downs but survived for three and a half centuries, closing down in 1869. His mansion was Tower Place, which was closed in by a ropeyard and warehouses with open-air storage known initially as Gun Wharf or Gun Yard, The Warren. The arsenal developed from a place of storage into a collection of factories, playing a central role in Britains imperial phase and its military. At wartime, tens of thousands of workers found employment here, other military establishments that were rooted in the arsenal were the Royal Artillery and the Royal Military Academy. They both moved to Woolwich Common in the late 18th century, in the 19th and 20th century several large barracks were built, as well as military schools and hospitals
The Football Association
The Football Association, known simply as the FA, is the governing body of association football in England, and the Crown dependencies of Jersey and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is the oldest football association in the world and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the amateur, the FA sanctions all competitive football matches within its remit at national level, and indirectly at local level through the County Football Associations. It runs numerous competitions, the most famous of which is the FA Cup, the FA is a member of both UEFA and FIFA and holds a permanent seat on the International Football Association Board which is responsible for the laws of the game. As the first football association, it not use the national name English in its title. The FA is based at Wembley Stadium, the FA is a member of the British Olympic Association, meaning that the FA has control over the mens and womens Great Britain Olympic football team. All of Englands professional football teams are members of the Football Association, although it does not run the day-to-day operations of the Premier League, it has veto power over the appointment of the League Chairman and Chief Executive and over any changes to league rules.
The English Football League, made up of the three professional divisions below the Premier League, is self-governing, subject to the FAs sanctions. Another set of rules, the Sheffield Rules, was used by a number of clubs in the North of England from the 1850s, eleven London football clubs and schools representatives met on 26 October 1863 to agree on common rules. The founding clubs present at the first meeting were Barnes, Civil Service, Forest of Leytonstone, many of these clubs are now defunct or play rugby union. Civil Service FC, who now plays in the Southern Amateur League, is the one of the original eleven football clubs still in existence. There are only three institutions which have been members of the F. A. since 1863, those being Civil Service, Forest School and Kings College. Central to the creation of the Football Association and modern football was Ebenezer Cobb Morley and he was a founding member of the Football Association in 1863. In 1862, as captain of Barnes, he wrote to Bells Life newspaper proposing a governing body for the sport led to the first meeting at The Freemasons Tavern that created the FA.
He was the FAs first secretary and its president and drafted the Laws of the Game generally called the London Rules at his home in Barnes. As a player, he played in the first ever match in 1863, the first version of the rules for the modern game was drawn up over a series of six meetings held in The Freemasons Tavern from October till December. Of the clubs at the first meeting, Crusaders and Charterhouse did not attend the subsequent meetings, replaced instead by the Royal Navy School, Wimbledon School, at the final meeting, F. M. Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA, the term soccer dates back to this split to refer to football played under the association rules. The Richmond side were obviously unimpressed by the new rules in practice because they helped form the Rugby Football Union in 1871
Murder of Stephen Lawrence
Stephen Lawrence was a Black British man from Plumstead, south east London, who was murdered in a racially motivated attack while waiting for a bus on the evening of 22 April 1993. After the initial investigation, five suspects were arrested but not convicted, a public inquiry was held in 1998, headed by Sir William Macpherson, that examined the original Metropolitan Police Service investigation and concluded that the force was institutionally racist. The publication in 1999 of the resulting Macpherson Report has been called one of the most important moments in the history of criminal justice in Britain. Jack Straw, Home Secretary from 1997 to 2001, commented in 2012 that ordering the inquiry was the single most important decision I made as Home Secretary, in 2010 the case was described as being one of the highest-profile unsolved racially-motivated murders. At the same time it was disclosed that Dobsons original acquittal had been quashed by the Court of Appeal, such an appeal had only become possible following the 2005 change in the law, although Dobson was not the first person to be retried for murder as a result.
In the years after Dobson and Norris were sentenced, the case again regained prominence when concerns of police conduct during the original case handling surfaced in the media. An inquiry into whether members of the police force shielded the alleged killers was set up in October 2015, Stephen Lawrence was born on 13 September 1974 to Jamaican parents who had emigrated to the UK in the 1960s. His father was Neville Lawrence, a carpenter, and his mother was Doreen, brought up in Plumstead, South-East London, he was the eldest of three children and Georgina. During his teenage years, Lawrence excelled in running, competing for the local Cambridge Harriers athletics club, and appeared as an extra in Denzel Washingtons film For Queen and Country. At the time of his death he was studying technology and physics at the Blackheath Bluecoat School and English language and literature at Woolwich College, Lawrence had spent the day of Thursday 22 April 1993 at Blackheath Bluecoat School. After school, he went to Lewisham to look around shops, after this, he travelled by bus to an uncles house in Grove Park.
He was joined there by Duwayne Brooks, and they played video games until leaving at around 10,00 pm. After realising that the bus 286 on which they were travelling would get home late. Lawrence and Brooks arrived at the bus stop on Well Hall Road at 10,25 pm, Lawrence walked along Well Hall Road to the junction of Dickson Road to see if he could see a bus coming and went back towards the bus stop. Brooks was still on Well Hall Road, part way between Dickson Road and the roundabout with Rochester Way and Westhorne Avenue. At this point, Brooks saw a group of five or six white youths crossing over Rochester Way on the side of the street near the area of the zebra crossing moving towards them. At or just after 10,38 pm, he called out to ask whether Lawrence saw the bus coming, Brooks claimed that he heard one of Lawrences assailants saying, what, nigger. Both of the stab wounds severed axillary arteries before penetrating a lung, as a result, Lawrence lost all feeling in his right arm and his breathing was constricted, while he was losing blood from four major blood vessels
Murder of Lee Rigby
Rigby was off duty and walking along Wellington Street when he was attacked. Adebolajo and Adebowale ran him down with a car, used knives, the men dragged Rigbys body into the road and remained at the scene until police arrived. They told passers-by that they had killed a soldier to avenge the killing of Muslims by the British armed forces, unarmed police arrived at the scene nine minutes after an emergency call was received and set up a cordon. Armed police officers arrived five minutes later, the assailants, armed with a cleaver and brandishing a gun, charged at the police, who fired shots that wounded them both. They were apprehended and taken to separate hospitals and Adebowale are British of Nigerian descent, were raised as Christians, and converted to Islam. On 19 December 2013, both of the attackers were found guilty of Rigbys murder, on 26 February 2014, they were sentenced to life imprisonment, with Adebolajo given a whole life order and Adebowale ordered to serve at least 45 years.
The attack was condemned by political and Muslim leaders in the United Kingdom, the soldier killed in the attack was 25-year-old Lee Rigby, a drummer and machine-gunner in the 2nd Battalion of the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. Rigby, from Middleton, Greater Manchester, had served in Cyprus, Germany and he was attacked when he was returning to barracks from working at the Tower. Rigby married in 2007 and had a son, but had separated from his wife. He was engaged to a new fiancée at the time of his death, a post-mortem examination showed that Rigby died from multiple incised wounds. Rigby supported British Armed Forces charity Help for Heroes and was wearing a hoodie supporting the charity when he was attacked, in the five days after his death the charity received more than £600,000 in donations. Rigby was given a funeral at Bury Parish Church on 12 July 2013. The service was attended by several people, including present and former soldiers, Prime Minister David Cameron. A private burial service was held at nearby Middleton Cemetery.
The first permanent memorial to him was installed in February 2014 at The Valley, Rigby had arrived at Woolwich Arsenal station at 14,10 and was walking down Wellington Street towards the Barracks. They attacked Rigby with knives and a cleaver, and attempted to behead him, immediately after the attack, several passers-by stood over Rigbys body to protect him from further injury. Ingrid Loyau-Kennett, a cub scout leader from Cornwall, disembarked from a bus with the intention of rendering first aid. On discovering that the victim was dead she engaged one of the assailants in conversation, the man said he was responsible for killing the man on the ground – a British soldier who the attacker claimed had killed Muslims in Iraq and in Afghanistan
Richard John Charles Tomlinson is a former officer of the British Secret Intelligence Service. He believes he was subject to dismissal from MI6 in 1995. MI6 refused, arguing that to do so would breach state security, in 1997, Tomlinson was imprisoned under the Official Secrets Act 1989 after he gave a synopsis of a proposed book detailing his career with MI6 to an Australian publisher. He served six months of a twelve-month sentence before being given parole, the book, named The Big Breach, was published in Moscow in 2001, and was subsequently serialised by The Sunday Times. Tomlinson attempted to assist Mohamed al-Fayed in his privately funded investigation into the death of Diana, Princess of Wales, Tomlinson claimed that MI6 had considered assassinating Slobodan Milošević, the president of Serbia, by staging a car crash using a powerful strobe light to blind the driver. He suggested that Diana and Dodi may have killed by MI6 in the same way. MI6 admitted that plans of that nature had been drafted regarding a different Eastern European official, in 2009, MI6 agreed to allow Tomlinson to return to Britain, unfreeze royalties from his book and drop the threat of charges. MI6 apologised for his mistreatment, since 2000, staff at MI6 have been allowed employment tribunals, and have been able to unionise since 2008.
Richard John Charles Tomlinson was born in Hamilton, New Zealand and he was the middle child in a family of three brothers. His father came from a Lancashire farming family and he worked for the Ministry of Agriculture, the family moved to Cumbria, England in 1968. He excelled at mathematics and physics, and won a scholarship to Gonville and Caius College and his friends included Gideon Rachman, who wrote him a reference after his tutor refused to do so. Tomlinson completed flying training with Cambridge University Air Squadron and won a Half Blue for Modern Pentathlon and he graduated from the University of Cambridge with a starred First Class honours degree in aeronautical engineering in 1984, and was approached by MI6 shortly afterwards, whose offer he turned down. Following his graduation he took examinations to join the Royal Navy as a Fleet Air Arm Officer, instead he applied for and was awarded a Kennedy Scholarship, which allowed him to study technology policy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with full funding during 1986-7.
Following this, he was awarded a prize from the Rotary Foundation, consequently, he enrolled in a political science course at the University of Buenos Aires, where he became a fluent Spanish speaker. He continued to pursue his interests and qualified as a glider pilot with the Fuerza Aérea Argentina. From 1988-9 Tomlinson worked in Mayfair, for management consultancy company Booz Allen Hamilton and he represented Britain in the 1990 Camel Trophy, competing in Siberia, and crossed the Sahara desert solo on a motorcycle. He enjoyed the experience, and subsequently applied to join MI6 and he completed his training with MI6 and claims he was the best recruit on his course, being awarded the rarely given Box 1 attribute by his instructing officers including Nicholas Langman. Tomlinson worked in the SOV/OPS department, operating during the phases of the Cold War against the Soviet Union
Guantanamo Bay detention camp
The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is a United States military prison located within Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, referred to as Guantánamo or GTMO, which fronts on Guantánamo Bay in Cuba. Since the inmates have been detained indefinitely without trial and several inmates were severely tortured, the camp was established by the President George W. Bushs administration in 2002 during the War on Terror. During his term, his administration succeeded in reducing the number of inmates from about 245 to 41, in practice, the site has long been used for indefinite detention without trial. The facility is operated by the Joint Task Force Guantanamo of the United States government in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, Detention areas consisted of Camp Delta including Camp Echo, Camp Iguana, and Camp X-Ray, which is now closed. The Bush administration asserted that detainees were not entitled to any of the protections of the Geneva Conventions. Following this, on 7 July 2006, the Department of Defense issued a memo stating that detainees would, in the future.
Current and former detainees have reported abuse and torture, which the Bush administration denied, in a 2005 Amnesty International report, the facility was called the Gulag of our times. In 2006, the United Nations called unsuccessfully for the Guantanamo Bay detention camp to be closed, on 22 January 2009, President Obama issued a request to suspend proceedings at Guantanamo military commission for 120 days and to shut down the detention facility that year. President Obama issued a Presidential memorandum dated 15 December 2009, ordering Thomson Correctional Center, Thomson, in February 2011, U. S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates said that Guantanamo Bay was unlikely to be closed, due to opposition in the Congress. Congress particularly opposed moving prisoners to facilities in the United States for detention or trial, in April 2011, Wikileaks began publishing 779 secret files relating to prisoners in the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. On 4 November 2015, President Barack Obama stated that he was preparing to unveil a plan to close the facility, the plan would propose one or more prisons from a working list that includes facilities in Kansas and South Carolina.
Two others that were on the list, in California and Washington state, do not appear to have made the preliminary cut, by January 19,2017, the detention center remained open, with 41 detainees remaining. Camp Delta is a 612-unit detention center finished in April 2002 and it includes detention camps 1 through to 6, as well as Camp Echo, where pre-commissions are held. Camp X-Ray was a detention facility, which was closed in April 2002. Its prisoners were transferred to Camp Delta, in 2008, the Associated Press reported Camp 7, a separate facility on the naval base that is considered the highest security jail on the base, and its location is classified. It is used to house high-security detainees formerly held by the CIA, in January 2010, Scott Horton published an article in Harpers Magazine describing Camp No, a black site about a mile outside the main camp perimeter, which included an interrogation center. His description was based on accounts by four guards who had served at Guantanamo and they said prisoners were taken one at a time to the camp, where they were believed to be interrogated.
He believes that the three detainees that DoD announced as having committed suicide were questioned under torture the night of their deaths
News International phone hacking scandal
The News International phone-hacking scandal is a controversy involving the defunct News of the World and other British newspapers published by News International, a subsidiary of News Corporation. Employees of the newspaper were accused of engaging in phone hacking, police bribery, the commissioner of Londons Metropolitan Police Service, Sir Paul Stephenson, resigned. Advertiser boycotts led to the closure of the News of the World on 10 July 2011, Public pressure shortly forced News Corporation to cancel its proposed takeover of the British satellite broadcaster BSkyB. A number of arrests and convictions followed, most notably of the former News of the World managing editor Andy Coulson and his son, were summoned to give evidence at the Leveson Inquiry. Over the course of his testimony, Rupert Murdoch admitted that a cover-up had taken place within the News of the World to hide the scope of the phone hacking. By 2002, a trade in confidential personal information had developed in Britain and was widely used by the British newspaper industry.
Private investigators who were providing information to the News of the World were engaged in a variety of other illegal activities. Between 1999 and 2003, several were convicted for crimes including drug distribution, the theft of drugs, child pornography, planting evidence and perverting the course of justice. Jonathan Rees and his partner Sid Fillery, a police officer, were under suspicion for the murder of a private investigator named Daniel Morgan. The Met undertook an investigation of Rees, entitled Operation Nigeria, Rees sold the information to the News of the World, the Daily Mirror, the Sunday Mirror and the Sunday Times. The Operation Nigeria bugging ended in September 1999 and Rees was arrested when he was planning to plant drugs on a woman so that her husband could win custody of their child. Rees was convicted in 2000 and served a prison sentence. Mulcaire obtained Cooks home address, his internal Metropolitan police payroll number, his date of birth and figures for his mortgage payments as well as following him.
Attempts to access Cooks voicemail and that of his wife, and possibly hack his computer, documents reportedly held by Scotland Yard show that Mulcaire did this on the instructions of Greg Miskiw, assistant editor at News of the World and a close friend of Marunchak. Fillery was convicted for child pornography offences in 2003, upon Rees release from prison in 2005, he immediately resumed his investigative work for the News of the World, where Andy Coulson had succeeded Rebekah Brooks as editor. The operation uncovered numerous invoices addressed to newspapers and magazines, which detailed prices for the provision of personal information,305 journalists, working for at least 30 publications, were identified as purchasing confidential information from private investigators. The ICO raided a private investigator named John Boyall, whose specialty was acquiring information from confidential databases. Glenn Mulcaire had been Boyalls assistant, until the autumn of 2001 when the News of the Worlds assistant editor, when the ICO raided Boyalls premises in November 2002 they seized documents that led them to the premises of another private investigator, Steve Whittamore
Physical education, known as Phys Ed. PE, Gym or Gym class, and known in many Commonwealth countries as physical training or PT, is a course related of maintaining the human body through physical exercises. It is taken during primary and secondary education and encourages psychomotor learning in a play or movement exploration setting to promote health, pupils are able to play games like football, captain ball, and basketball during most sessions. Unorthodox sports such as, and skateboarding are occasionally played, in more prestigious secondary schools and in junior colleges, sports such as golf, tennis and squash are played. A compulsory fitness exam, NAPFA, is conducted in every school once every year to assess the fitness of the pupils. Pupils are given a series of fitness tests, students are graded by gold, bronze or as fail. NAPFA for pre-enlistees serves as an indicator for an additional 2 months in the compulsory national service if they attain bronze or fail. In Malaysia, pupils from schools to secondary schools are expected to do 2 periods or 1 hour of PE throughout the year except a week before examination.
In most secondary schools, games like badminton, sepak takraw, netball, pupils are allowed to bring their own sports equipment to the school with the authorization of the teacher. In the Philippines, PE is mandatory for all years, the school gives the option for a student to do the Leaving Certificate Vocational Programme instead for fifth and sixth year. In the Philippines, some schools have integrated martial arts training into their physical education curriculum, in Indonesia, students ranging from Kindergarten to High School have PE integrated with their curriculum. Starting from Junior High School, several games such as basketball, cricket, badminton, kho kho, kabaddi. Several drills and physical training are taught, in Australia, physical education was first made an important part of the curriculum in Government primary and secondary schools in 1981. The policy was outlined in a Ministerial Statement to the Victorian Legislative Assembly by the Minister for Educational Services, in British Columbia, Canada the government has stated in the grade one curriculum that students must participate in physical activity daily five times a week.
Also the teacher is responsible for planning Daily Physical Activity which is thirty minutes of mild to moderate physical activity a day not including curriculum physical education classes, the curriculum requires students in grade one to be knowledgeable about healthy living. For example, students must be able to describe benefits of exercise, identify healthy choices that require them to be more physically active. Ontario, Canada has a procedure in place. On October 6,2005 in Ontario, Canada the Ontario Ministry of Education implemented a Daily Physical Activity policy in Elementary Schools, Grades 1-8
Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling. The novels chronicle the life of a wizard, Harry Potter. Since the release of the first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone, on 26 June 1997, the series has now been translated into multiple languages including French, Spanish and Swedish to name a few. They have attracted a wide audience as well as younger readers. The series has had its share of criticism, including concern about the dark tone as the series progressed, as well as the often gruesome. As of May 2013, the books have more than 500 million copies worldwide, making them the best-selling book series in history. The series was published in English by two major publishers, Bloomsbury in the United Kingdom and Scholastic Press in the United States. The original seven books were adapted into a film series by Warner Bros. Pictures, which has become the second highest-grossing film series of all time as of August 2015, in 2016, the total value of the Harry Potter franchise was estimated at $25 billion, making Harry Potter one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.
A series of genres, including fantasy, coming of age and the British school story. According to Rowling, the theme is death. Other major themes in the series include prejudice, Rowling updates the series with new information and insight, and a pentalogy of spin-off films premiering in November 2016, among many other developments. Most recently, themed attractions, collectively known as The Wizarding World of Harry Potter, have built at several Universal Parks & Resorts amusement parks around the world. The wizarding world exists parallel to the Muggle world, albeit hidden and his magical ability is inborn and children with such abilities are invited to attend exclusive magic schools that teach the necessary skills to succeed in the wizarding world. Harry becomes a student at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, each novel chronicles one year in Harrys life during the period from 1991 to 1998. The books contain many flashbacks, which are experienced by Harry viewing the memories of other characters in a device called a Pensieve.
The environment Rowling created is intimately connected to reality, the full background to this event and Harry Potters past is revealed gradually through the series. After the introductory chapter, the book leaps forward to a time shortly before Harry Potters eleventh birthday, Harrys first contact with the wizarding world is through a half-giant, Rubeus Hagrid, Keeper of Keys and Grounds at Hogwarts
David William Donald Cameron is a British politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016. He served as the Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016 and was Member of Parliament for Witney from 2001 to 2016, Cameron identifies as a One-Nation Conservative, and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies. Born in London to wealthy upper middle-class parents, Cameron was educated at Heatherdown School, Eton College, from 1988 to 1993 he worked at the Conservative Research Department, assisting the Conservative Prime Minister John Major, before leaving politics to work for Carlton Communications in 1994. Becoming an MP in 2001, he served in the shadow cabinet under Conservative leader Michael Howard. Cameron sought to rebrand the Conservatives, embracing an increasingly liberal position. The 2010 general election led to Cameron becoming Prime Minister as the head of a government with the Liberal Democrats. His administration introduced large-scale changes to welfare, immigration policy, education and it privatised the Royal Mail and some other state assets, and legalised same-sex marriage.
When the Conservatives secured a majority in the 2015 general election he remained as Prime Minister. To fulfil a manifesto pledge, he introduced a referendum on the UKs continuing membership of the EU, Cameron supported continued membership, following the success of the Leave vote, he resigned to make way for a new Prime Minister and was succeeded by Theresa May. Cameron has been praised for modernising the Conservative Party and for decreasing the United Kingdoms national deficit, conversely, he has been criticised by figures on both the left and right, and has been accused of political opportunism and elitism. Cameron is the son of Ian Donald Cameron a stockbroker, and his wife Mary Fleur, a retired Justice of the Peace. Camerons parents were married on 20 October 1962, the journalist Toby Young has described Camerons background as being upper-upper-middle class. Cameron was born in Marylebone and raised in Peasemore, Berkshire and he has a brother, Alexander Cameron, QC, a barrister, and two sisters, Tania Rachel and Clare Louise.
Blairmore was built by Camerons great-great-grandfather, Alexander Geddes, who had made a fortune in the trade in Chicago, Illinois. Blairmore was sold soon after Ians birth, Cameron has said, On my mothers side of the family, her mother was a Llewellyn, so Welsh. Im a real mixture of Scottish and English and he has referenced the German Jewish ancestry of one of his great-grandfathers, Arthur Levita, a descendant of the Yiddish author Elia Levita. From the age of seven, Cameron was educated at two independent schools, at Heatherdown School in Winkfield in Berkshire, which counts Prince Andrew, owing to good grades, Cameron entered its top academic class almost two years early. At the age of thirteen, he went on to Eton College in Berkshire and his early interest was in art
Jonathan King is an English singer-songwriter, record producer, music entrepreneur, and former television and radio presenter. King first came to prominence in 1965 when Everyones Gone to the Moon, a song which he wrote and sang whilst he was still an undergraduate, had success in Britain. As an independent producer, he discovered and named Genesis in 1967, after founding his own label, UK Records, he went on to release and produce songs for 10cc and the Bay City Rollers. Rod Liddle described him as someone who could storm the pop charts at will, while living in New York in the 1980s, King continued to appear on radio and television in the UK, including on the BBCs Top of the Pops and Entertainment USA. In September 2001 King was convicted of sexual abuse and sentenced to seven years in prison, for having sexually assaulted five boys, aged 14 and 15. In November 2001 he was acquitted of 22 similar charges and he was released on parole in March 2005. King was born in a home in Bentinck Street, London, the first child of Jimmy King and his wife, Ailsa Linley Leon.
Originally from New Jersey, Jimmy King had moved to England when he was 14 and he attended Oundle School and Trinity College, before he joined the American Field Service during World War II and Tootal Ties and Shirts as managing director. Kings birth was a delivery and a muscle on his upper lip was affected during it. King was sent to boarding school, first as a boarder to pre-prep school in Hindhead, then. A year later, in 1954, his father died from a heart attack, brookhurst Grange was sold, and the family moved to Cobbetts, a cottage in nearby Forest Green. Music became a passion around this time, King would save his pocket money for train trips to London to watch My Fair Lady, The King and I, Irma la Douce, Salad Days, Damn Yankees and Kismet from the cheap seats in the balcony. He discovered pop music and bought his first single, Guy Mitchells Singing the Blues, in 1958 King became a boarder at Charterhouse in Godalming, Surrey. He wrote that he loved Charterhouse immediately, with its history and every area of encouragement from sport to intellectual pursuits.
Unlike at Stoke House, there were other boys there who appreciated pop music, I kept thick notebooks packed with copies of the weekly charts, adverts for new products, pages of predictions of future hits and comments about current artistes. Looking at them now, there was no way I could ever have avoided a future in the music industry, King left Charterhouse in 1962 to attend Daviess, a London crammer, for his A levels. Wearing a pinstripe suit and trainers, he approached John Schroeder of Oriole Records, I have been studying the music industry for the last three years and it is one big joke, Schroeder reported him as saying. Anyone can make it if theyre clever and can fool a few people, after hearing Kings demo, Schroeder booked a studio session with an orchestra but found that King could not sing in tune