Edith M. Flanigen

Edith Marie Flanigen is a noted American chemist, known for her work on synthesis of emeralds, zeolites for molecular sieves at Union Carbide. Edith Marie Flanigen was born January 1929 in Buffalo, New York, she and her two sisters and Jane, were introduced to chemistry by their high school teacher. The three sisters all went on to study chemistry at D'Youville College. Edith Flanigen graduated class valedictorian. Joan and Edith both went on to receive master's degrees in chemistry at Syracuse University. Flanigen received an M. S. in inorganic physical chemistry in 1952. In 1952, Edith Flanigen joined the Union Carbide company, her job at first was the identification and extraction of different silicone polymers. In 1956, she moved to the molecular sieves group. In 1973, she was the first woman at Union Carbide to be named corporate research fellow, in 1986, senior corporate research fellow, she was moved to UOP in 1988. Flanigen was promoted to UOP Fellow in 1991. Edith Flanigen retired from UOP 1994.

Following her career at UOP, through at least 2004, Edith Flanigen remained active professionally, including as a consultant with UOP. In her 42-year career associated with Union Carbide, Edith Flanigen invented more than 200 different synthetic substances, authored or co-authored over 36 publications, was awarded at least 109 patents. In 1956 Flanigen began working on molecular sieves. Molecular sieves are crystal compounds with molecular sized pores that can filter or separate complex substances. Edith Flanigen is best known as the inventor of a specific molecular sieve. Zeolite Y was a certain type of molecular sieve. Zeolite Y surpassed Zeolite X before it; when refining "crude oil", or petroleum, it must be separated into all of its different parts, or fractions. Gasoline is one of the many fractions. Flanigen's zeolites are used as a substance that enhances chemical reactions. Zeolite Y is a catalyst that enhances the amount of gasoline fractioned from petroleum, making refining petroleum safer and more productive.

In addition to her work on molecular sieves, Flanigen co-invented a synthetic emerald, which Union Carbide produced and sold for many years. The emeralds were used in masers and were used in jewelry for a time, in a line marketed as the "Quintessa Collection." Flanigen has been the recipient of many honors. She was, for example, the first female recipient of the Perkin Medal in 1992, she was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2004. In 2014, the Edith Flanigen Award was created by the Collaborative Research Centre at Humboldt University of Berlin; the award is to be given annually to an outstanding female scientist at the early stage of her career. The first award was given to Natacha Krins for her work at the University of Paris. In 2012, Flanigen was named recipient of the National Medal of Innovation. On November 20, 2014, President Barack Obama presented Flanigen with the National Medal of Technology and Innovation for her contributions to science. 1991 Chemical Pioneer Award from the American Institute of Chemists 1992 Perkin Medal - Edith M. Flanigen was the first female recipient of the prestigious Perkin Medal.

1993 Garvan Medal 2004 National Inventors Hall of Fame 2004 Lemelson–MIT Lifetime Achievement Award 2012 Edith M. Flanigen Honeywell invitational lecture in material science series, inaugurated October 2012 2012 National Medal of Technology and Innovation Timeline of women in science Jackson, David. "Obama honors nation's top scientists". USA Today. Orna, Mary. ""Women Chemists in the National Inventors' Hall of Fame: Their remarkable lives and their award-winning research"". Bulletin for the History of Chemistry. 34. Moriarty, Barbara. "Dr. Edith Marie Flanigen"; the American Chemical Society, Chicago Section, Women Chemists Committee. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2014. "Edith Flanigen". Retrieved 5 January 2014. InventorOfTheWeek. "Inventor of the Week: Edith Flanigen". MIT School of Engineering. Retrieved 10 January 2014. Lemelson-MIT. "Edith Flanigen: 2004 Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award Winner". MIT School of Engineering. Retrieved 5 January 2014.

Marsh, Andrea C.. ""Short List, In the Chemistry"". Syracuse University Magazine. 9: 7. Miller, Susan. "Syracuse University to present honorary degrees to nine individuals of exceptional achievement at Commencement May 11". SU News. Retrieved 5 January 2014. NIHF. "Inventor Profile: Edith Flanigen". National Inventors Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 14, 2014. UOP. "Honeywell's UOP honors Avelino Corma at Edith M. Flanigen Honeywell invitational lecture in material science series". Honeywell UOP. Retrieved 6 January 2014. US 3306922, Edith M..

Tecumseh Furnace, Alabama

Tecumseh Furnace is an unincorporated community in Cherokee County, United States. The community was centered on a blast furnace, named for William Tecumseh Sherman; the Tecumseh Iron Company was organized in 1873 by Willard Warner, a brevet brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Warner served on General Sherman's staff, so he named the furnace in his honor, it was located on the Selma and Dalton Railroad and first began operations on February 19, 1874. At the time, it was considered one of the architecturally finest iron furnaces in the South; the furnace had a maximum output of 25 tons of iron produced per day at its peak. The company received mail at the nearby community of Tecumseh, which had a post office from 1873 to 1935, it operated until 1886, sporadically from 1886 to October 1890. In 1909, the Birmingham Coal & Iron Company purchased the entire property; the Woodward Iron Company bought the Birmingham Coal & Iron Company on August 4, 1912 and had the furnace dismantled for scrap