Tama Art University
Tama Art University or Tamabi is a private art university located in Tokyo, Japan. It is known as one of the top art schools in Japan; the forerunner of Tamabi was Tama Imperial Art School founded in 1935. It was chartered as a junior college in 1950 and became a four-year college in 1953. Hachioji Campus Faculty of Art and Design and Graduate School of Art and Design Kaminoge Campus Headquarters office, Faculty of Art and Design, Graduate School of Art and Design Seminar House Mt. Fuji Foothills Seminar House Nara Antiquities Seminar House Department of Painting Japanese Painting Course Oil Painting Course Printmaking Course Department of Sculpture Department of Ceramic and Metal Works Ceramic Program Glass Program Metal Program Department of Graphic Design Department of Product and Textile Design Product Design Course Textile Design Course Department of Environmental Design Interior Design Architecture Design Landscape Design Department of Information Design Art and Media Course Interaction Design Course Department of Art Science Department of Integrated Design Department of Scenography Design and Dance Scenography Design Course Drama and Dance Course Master's Degree Course Doctoral Degree Course Tama Art University Library FabLab Since 2006, students from both Tama Art University and Art Center College of Design who study in the field of design have collaborated on the Pacific Rim Project.
The Pacific Rim Project focuses on global issues such as environmental protection, natural disasters and related topics over the course of a 14-week program. The Project is based on collaborative research, the results of which are summarized and shared via public exhibits. Reikichi Kita Hisui Sugiura, 1935-1947 Kinji Inoue, 1947-1968 Ishida Eiichirō, April to November 1968 Ichiro Fukuzawa, 1968-1970 Shinichi Mashita, 1970-1975 Yorihiro Naito, 1979-1987 Kenshi Goto, 1987-1999 Nobuo Tsuji, 1999-2003 Shiro Takahashi, 2003-2007 Yoshihide Seita, 2007-2011 Takenobu Igarashi, 2011-2015 Akira Tatehata, 2015- Musashino Art University Nihon University College of Art Tama Art University Tokyo Zokei University Musashino Art University Nihon University College of Art Tama Art University Tokyo University of the Arts Tokyo Zokei University Tokyo City University Sagamachi Consortium Hachioji Academic City University "Icho-juku" University/High School Collaboration Lectures Community gallery "Tamabiba" Art Laboratory Hashimoto TAMAVIVANT CPUE: Curatorial Practice in the Urban Environment Tokyo Art Flow tonATELIER tamabi.tv OpenCourseWare R Mono-ha 2020 Summer Olympics Suzuki and Chihiro Minato Tsukuru toshokan wo tsukuru, Tokyo: Kashima Shuppankai, 2007.
ISBN 978-4-306-04484-5 Tama Art University on Twitter Tama Art University on Facebook Works by notable alumni tamabi.tv - OpenCourseWare Tama Art University Faculty Database
Hōjō Ujiteru was a Japanese samurai, the son of Hōjō Ujiyasu and lord of Hachiōji Castle in what is now Tokyo. Ujiteru and his brother Hojo Ujikuni commanded a major force at the Battle of Mimasetoge, where they unsuccessfully attempted to prevent Takeda Shingen from withdrawing to his home province of Kai after besieging the Hōjō's core castle at Odawara. After the Hōjō were defeated in the 1590 Siege of Odawara, Ujiteru was forced to commit seppuku along with his brother Ujimasa; the grave of Hojo Ujiteru exists in two places: one located in Odawara city and another located at the site of Hachioji castle. Turnbull, Stephen; the Samurai Sourcebook. London: Cassell & Co
Hachiōji Castle is a yamashiro, or mountain-castle, located in Hachiōji, Japan. Hachiōji Castle was built in the 1570s by Hōjō Ujiteru, it was constructed on a mountain, with many features located in strategic positions to deter an enemy force. Ujiteru left only 1,300 men behind at Hachiōji Castle when he went to help lift the Siege of Odawara, surrounded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Shortly thereafter, on June 23, 1590, more of Hideyoshi's forces, numbering 50,000 and led by Maeda Toshiie and Uesugi Kagekatsu, arrived to take the castle, which fell in just one day. Hideyoshi commanded that the castle be destroyed, as he worried that it could be used against him. For years afterwards, the site remained; the castle now lies in ruins, although in 1990 some stone walls, a bridge across a moat, the entrance to the lord's palace were rebuilt. The national government has constructed a tunnel for the Ken-Ō Expressway through the mountain on which the castle is located. Motoo, Hinago. Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha.
Pp. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity. The main forms of precipitation include drizzle, sleet, snow and hail. Precipitation occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates", thus and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud. Short, intense periods of rain in scattered locations are called "showers."Moisture, lifted or otherwise forced to rise over a layer of sub-freezing air at the surface may be condensed into clouds and rain. This process is active when freezing rain occurs. A stationary front is present near the area of freezing rain and serves as the foci for forcing and rising air.
Provided necessary and sufficient atmospheric moisture content, the moisture within the rising air will condense into clouds, namely stratus and cumulonimbus. The cloud droplets will grow large enough to form raindrops and descend toward the Earth where they will freeze on contact with exposed objects. Where warm water bodies are present, for example due to water evaporation from lakes, lake-effect snowfall becomes a concern downwind of the warm lakes within the cold cyclonic flow around the backside of extratropical cyclones. Lake-effect snowfall can be locally heavy. Thundersnow is possible within lake effect precipitation bands. In mountainous areas, heavy precipitation is possible where upslope flow is maximized within windward sides of the terrain at elevation. On the leeward side of mountains, desert climates can exist due to the dry air caused by compressional heating. Most precipitation is caused by convection; the movement of the monsoon trough, or intertropical convergence zone, brings rainy seasons to savannah climes.
Precipitation is a major component of the water cycle, is responsible for depositing the fresh water on the planet. 505,000 cubic kilometres of water falls as precipitation each year. Given the Earth's surface area, that means the globally averaged annual precipitation is 990 millimetres, but over land it is only 715 millimetres. Climate classification systems such as the Köppen climate classification system use average annual rainfall to help differentiate between differing climate regimes. Precipitation may occur on other celestial bodies, e.g. when it gets cold, Mars has precipitation which most takes the form of frost, rather than rain or snow. Precipitation is a major component of the water cycle, is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the planet. 505,000 km3 of water falls as precipitation each year, 398,000 km3 of it over the oceans. Given the Earth's surface area, that means the globally averaged annual precipitation is 990 millimetres. Mechanisms of producing precipitation include convective and orographic rainfall.
Convective processes involve strong vertical motions that can cause the overturning of the atmosphere in that location within an hour and cause heavy precipitation, while stratiform processes involve weaker upward motions and less intense precipitation. Precipitation can be divided into three categories, based on whether it falls as liquid water, liquid water that freezes on contact with the surface, or ice. Mixtures of different types of precipitation, including types in different categories, can fall simultaneously. Liquid forms of precipitation include drizzle. Rain or drizzle that freezes on contact within a subfreezing air mass is called "freezing rain" or "freezing drizzle". Frozen forms of precipitation include snow, ice needles, ice pellets and graupel; the dew point is the temperature to which a parcel must be cooled in order to become saturated, condenses to water. Water vapor begins to condense on condensation nuclei such as dust and salt in order to form clouds. An elevated portion of a frontal zone forces broad areas of lift, which form clouds decks such as altostratus or cirrostratus.
Stratus is a stable cloud deck which tends to form when a cool, stable air mass is trapped underneath a warm air mass. It can form due to the lifting of advection fog during breezy conditions. There are four main mechanisms for cooling the air to its dew point: adiabatic cooling, conductive cooling, radiational cooling, evaporative cooling. Adiabatic cooling occurs when air expands; the air can rise due to convection, large-scale atmospheric motions, or a physical barrier such as a mountain. Conductive cooling occurs when the air comes into contact with a colder surface by being blown from one surface to another, for example from a liquid water surface to colder land. Radiational cooling occurs due to the emission of infrared radiation, either by the air or by the surface underneath. Evaporative cooling occurs when moisture is added to the air through evaporation, which forces the air temperature to cool to its wet-bulb temperature, or until it reaches saturation; the main ways water vapor is added to the air are: wind convergence into areas of upward motion, precipitation or virga falling from above, daytime heating evaporating water from the surface of oceans, water bodies or wet lan
The blue-and-white flycatcher is a migratory songbird in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae. The species is known as the Japanese flycatcher, it breeds in Japan, in parts of north eastern China and far eastern Russia. It winters in South East Asia in Vietnam, Thailand and Borneo; this species has been recorded as a vagrant from the Sinharaja Rainforest in Sri Lanka in 2014. Del Hoyo, J.. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 11: Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 84-96553-06-X. Cyanoptila cyanomelana in the Flickr: Field Guide Birds of the World