Hades, in the ancient Greek religion and myth, is the god of the dead and the king of the underworld, with which his name became synonymous. Hades was the eldest son of Rhea, although the last son regurgitated by his father, he and his brothers and Poseidon, defeated their father's generation of gods, the Titans, claimed rulership over the cosmos. Hades received the underworld, Zeus the sky, Poseidon the sea, with the solid earth, long the province of Gaia, available to all three concurrently. Hades was portrayed with his three-headed guard dog Cerberus; the Etruscan god Aita and the Roman gods Dis Pater and Orcus were taken as equivalent to Hades and merged into Pluto, a Latinization of Plouton, itself a euphemistic title given to Hades. The origin of Hades' name is uncertain, but has been seen as meaning "the unseen one" since antiquity. An extensive section of Plato's dialogue Cratylus is devoted to the etymology of the god's name, in which Socrates is arguing for a folk etymology not from "unseen" but from "his knowledge of all noble things".
Modern linguists have proposed the Proto-Greek form *Awides. The earliest attested form is Aḯdēs. Martin Litchfield West argues instead for an original meaning of "the one who presides over meeting up" from the universality of death. In Homeric and Ionic Greek, he was known as Áïdēs. Other poetic variations of the name include Aïdōneús and the inflected forms Áïdos, Áïdi, Áïda, whose reconstructed nominative case *Áïs is, not attested; the name as it came to be known in classical times was Háidēs. The iota became silent a subscript marking, omitted entirely. From fear of pronouncing his name, around the 5th century BC, the Greeks started referring to Hades as Plouton, with a root meaning "wealthy", considering that from the abode below come riches. Plouton became the Roman god who both distributed riches from below; this deity was a mixture of the Greek god Hades and the Eleusinian icon Ploutos, from this he received a priestess, not practiced in Greece. More elaborate names of the same genre were Ploutodótēs or Ploutodotḗr, meaning "giver of wealth".
Epithets of Hades include Agesander and Agesilaos, both from ágō and anḗr or laos, describing Hades as the god who carries away all. Nicander uses the form Hegesilaus, he was referred to as Zeus katachthonios, meaning "the Zeus of the Underworld", by those avoiding his actual name, as he had complete control over the Underworld. In Greek mythology, the god of the underworld, was the first-born son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, he had three older sisters, Hestia and Hera, as well as a younger brother, all of whom had been swallowed whole by their father as soon as they were born. Zeus was the youngest child and through the machinations of their mother, Rhea, he was the only one that had escaped this fate. Upon reaching adulthood, Zeus managed to force his father to disgorge his siblings. After their release, the six younger gods, along with allies they managed to gather, challenged the elder gods for power in the Titanomachy, a divine war; the war ended with the victory of the younger gods. Following their victory, according to a single famous passage in the Iliad and his two brothers and Zeus, drew lots for realms to rule.
Zeus received the sky, Poseidon received the seas, Hades received the underworld, the unseen realm to which the souls of the dead go upon leaving the world as well as any and all things beneath the earth. Some myths suggest that Hades was dissatisfied with his turnout, but had no choice and moved to his new realm. Hades obtained his wife and queen, through abduction at the behest of Zeus; this myth is the most important one. Helios told the grieving Demeter that Hades was not unworthy as a consort for Persephone: Aidoneus, the Ruler of Many, is no unfitting husband among the deathless gods for your child, being your own brother and born of the same stock: for honor, he has that third share which he received when division was made at the first, is appointed lord of those among whom he dwells. Despite modern connotations of death as evil, Hades was more altruistically inclined in mythology. Hades was portrayed as passive rather than evil; that said, he was depicted as cold and stern, he held all of his subjects accountable to his laws.
Any other individual aspects of his personality are not given, as Greeks refrained from giving him much thought to avoid attracting his attention. Hades ruled the dead, assisted by others over; the House of Hades was described as full of "guests," though he left the Underworld. He cared little about what happened in the world above, as his primary attention was ensuring none of his subjects left, he forbade his subjects to leave his domain and would become quite enraged when anyone tried to leave, or if someone tried to steal the souls from his realm. His wrath w
Fasano is a railway station near the Italian town of Fasano, in the Province of Brindisi, Apulia. The station lies on the Adriatic Railway and was opened in 1866; the train services are operated by Trenitalia. The station is served by the following service: Intercity services Bologna - Rimini - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce Night train Rome - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce Night train Milan - Parma - Bologna - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce Night train Turin - Alessandria - Bologna - Ancona - Pescara - Foggia - Bari - Brindisi - Lecce Regional services Bari - Monopoli - Brindisi - Lecce Railway stations in Italy List of railway stations in Apulia Rail transport in Italy History of rail transport in Italy This article is based upon a translation of the Italian language version as at May 2014
Smoke's Poutinerie is a Canadian nationwide poutine franchise founded by entrepreneur Ryan Smolkin. According to the company's website, its goal is to "bring the authentic Quebec classic to the rest of the World." Ryan Smolkin, the founder of Smoke’s Poutinerie, worked alongside Toronto restaurant consultants The Fifteen Group when starting out, in order to gain experience in the restaurant industry. Alongside the help of The Fifteen Group’s chef, the original gravy recipe was developed. In Toronto in 2008, its premiere location was the first poutine-exclusive restaurant in that city. Smolkin was inspired by Montreal restaurant La Banquise, which serves many different kinds of poutine. Smolkin frequents La Banquise. By 2017, the restaurant had some 150 locations across Canada in Toronto, Hamilton, St. Catharines, London, Winnipeg, Ottawa, Windsor, Mont-Tremblant, Regina, Halifax, Moose Jaw, Vancouver and St. John’s and with new franchises in the works in Kingston, Barrie and Whistler. In December 2014, Smoke's opened a location in Berkeley, its first in the United States.
In 2015, the franchise's owners stated that they planned to expand the company internationally and would "open 1,300 restaurants around the world by 2020 devoted to fans of poutine."In 2016, Smoke's Poutinerie owned 76 restaurants in Canada and 5 in the United States. The Annual Smoke’s Poutinerie World Poutine Eating Championship crowns a new champion each year, in 2016 a world record was broken for poutine eating; the event includes 3 levels of poutine eating including amateur and Destroyer. Throughout the day Smoke’s Poutinerie provides free poutine all day from 10am-4pm, musical entertainment, games and giveaways. In 2016, the event focused on raising money for the Friends of We Care charity and raised over $50,000 to send disabled children to camp. Smoke’s Poutinerie has experienced increasing competition from other Canadian poutinerie chains over the years including Poutini’s House of Poutine which opened its second location in Toronto, ON in 2015, Poutineville which as of May 2019, has 6 restaurants in Quebec.
Further competition has come from corporate businesses. In 2013, McDonald's expanded its poutine product from being only in Quebec, Canada, to the entire country of Canada. In 2012, Wendy’s added poutine to their menu as Canada’s national dish. Since McDonald's and Wendy’s, more companies have added poutine to their menus including Burger King, A&W, KFC, Popeyes and New York Fries to name a few. Smolkin's marketing campaign focuses on "word of mouth and publicity stunts instead of traditional advertising. Having some 200 locations in North America by 2020 Smoke’s Poutinerie plans to open 1300 restaurants, 800 in the US, hundreds more across Western Europe, the Middle East, in the Asia-Pacific region. Using master franchise or license agreements, the plan is to expand over 150 stores internationally starting with the Middle East and the U. K. In the US, they will offer multi-unit agreements. Smoke’s Poutinerie has started on this development by having sold locations to American franchisees; the company is focusing on opening 725 poutineries internationally at venues such as college and university campuses, sports stadiums and casinos.