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Hadleigh, Suffolk

Hadleigh is an ancient market town and civil parish in South Suffolk, East Anglia, next to the River Brett, between the larger towns of Sudbury and Ipswich. It had a population of 8,253 at the 2011 census; the headquarters of Babergh District Council were located in the town until 2017. Skeat, in his 1913 The Place-Names of Suffolk, says this: Spelt Hadlega, R. B.. S. Chronicle, ii. 102. B. p.184. In D. B. the t stands for th. S. form appears in a Worcs. Charter, dated 849, as hæðleage with reference to Headley Heath in Birch, C. S. ii. 40. The sense is'heath-lea.' In a similar way the A. S. Ð has become t in Hatfield which means'heath-field'. Guthrum, King of the Danes, is said to be buried in the grounds of St Mary's Church in the town, he was defeated by King Alfred at the battle of Edington in 878. The first documented lord of the manor was ealdorman Byrhtnoth, killed at the Battle of Maldon in 991, when Anglo-Saxon forces tried to repel Viking invaders. Ealdorman was the highest rank of noble and just before his death he was the most senior ealdorman in the country to King Æthelred I.

Byrhtnoth and his wife had no children, "so he bequeathed his many lands to churches or religious institutions around the country". Hadleigh received its market charter in 1252 and had a grammar school by 1275; the manor of Hadleigh, along with those of Lawling in Essex and Monks Eleigh in Suffolk, were among those given to the Priory Church of Canterbury Cathedral. It made Hadleigh an "archiepiscopal peculiar" – under the direct control of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Hadleigh was a moderately-sized town, with a reckoned population of about 1,100 or 1,200 in 1306. At that time there were 118 "unfree tenants", who had to pay rent and provide labour services, 75 "free tenants" who had had fewer obligations and dues; the manor had 2,000 acres. The manor was a working farm, with crops and some animals, had quite an important dairy. Hadleigh Hall was the site of the medieval manor house, in 4 acres, it has been suggested by Woods that Walter "Wat" Tyler and his wife were Hadleigh tenants about 20 years before he was one of the leaders of the 1381 Peasants' Revolt.

Records show a Wat Tyler taking over a freeholding in Coram Street in 1358/59 and it is possible he worked as a tiler. In 1438 administration was passed from manorial control to trustees; the market was sold to Babergh District Council in the late 20th century. Hadleigh was one of the East Anglian towns that derived its prosperity from its wool and cloth industries, it has a 15th-century timber-framed Guildhall and many fine examples of timber and brick listed buildings, some with detailed 17th century plasterwork or "pargeting". Most of these buildings can be found in the High Street, Angel Street, Benton Street and the surrounding area; the Guildhall buildings are, in fact, formed of three separate structures, all of which lie to the south of the churchyard: the Market House, the Guilds Halls and the New Town Hall. They are located on land that belonged to the manor of Toppesfield Hall. In 1252 king Henry III of England granted a weekly market and an annual fair to Gilbert de Kirkeby, his wife Lauretta and their heirs.

By 1438 the Lord of the Manor was William de Clopton, who granted these rights, to fifteen trustees, with an initial annual payment of 6s 8d. In 1438 the Hadleigh Market Feoffment was formed, to manage buildings; the oldest part of the complex, the Market House, fronts the churchyard. The Guilds Halls were built and the final addition was the New Town Hall. Abutting the Market House to the west was the'Long Hall newly built', which appears to have been the home of the Grammar School, the earliest record of, dated 7 May 1382, its last use was as an accommodation for the Dean's servants. The town has a total of 246 listed buildings. Of these, four are Grade I listed: the grouping of St Mary’s Church, the Deanery Tower and the Guildhall. Twenty-seven are II*. One hall house has been dated to 1380-1420; the Georgian East House, on George Street, is designated a Grade II* listed building. In March 2013 plans by Babergh District Council to redevelop the site and build houses on the land behind were withdrawn after strong local protest.

The property was once used for a range of community activities. Opponents of the plan had argued that the adjacent land had been used as a village green for the previous 20 years; the building was renovated as a private home in 2018. Originating in the 14th century, the Grade II* listed Toppesfield Bridge, over the River Brett, is the oldest in the county still carrying vehicles, it was widened in 1812. Hadleigh was the home of Babergh District Council. In November 2017 the council vacated its offices on Cork Lane; the Anglican church of St Mary the Virgin is an active parish church in the archdeaconry of Ipswich in the Diocese of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich. Its earliest parts date from medieval times. On 26 April 1950 the church was designated a Grade I listed building by English Heritage; the Grade I designation is the highest of the three grades and is for buildings that are "of exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important."According to the Annals of St Neots, a chronicle compiled in Bury St Edmunds, king Guthrum was buried at Headleage, identified as Hadleigh.

He may have built the original Saxon church at this s

Saenuri Party (2017)

Saenuri Party is a conservative political party in South Korea, founded by supporters of Park Geun-hye. It opposed her impeachment; the foundation of the new Saenuri party began in February 2017 with the establishment of a committee and submission of party formation documents to the national voting commission. In early March it was announced the new party would be named'Saenuri'; the Liberty Korea Party had been known under this name until February 2017, during the impeachment process against Park, when it was renamed. Regional branches were established days after the impeachment of Park on 10 March; the first, on 16 March, was with 1500 members. On 17 March, the Seoul regional branch was founded. On 5 April, the registration with the national voting commission was concluded, the party was founded; the first party leaders were Jeong Kwang-taek. The Park loyalist and National Assembly member Kim Jin-tae congratulated the new party with the words: "The Liberty Korea Party and the Saenuri Party will compete for a free democracy as they are from the same roots."On 9 April 2017, Cho Won-jin announced his exit from the Liberty Korea party, the next day his joining of the Saenuri Party, becoming the Saenuri Party's first representative in the National Assembly.

He added that some National Assembly members from the Liberty Korea party were considering a move to the Saenuri Party, that an alliance with the Bareun Party, which had split off from the Liberty Korea Party in January, would provoke yet more members to make the switch. When Cho Won-jin joined the Saenuri Party on 10 April 2017, he hinted at his eventual candidacy for the presidency for the "Prevention of the formation of a shady leftist administration", postponed the final decision to 12 April. Under Cho Won-jin, the Saenuri Party came 6th in the election, with 0.13% of the vote

Porichoi (2013 film)

Porichoi is a 2013 Bengali Language drama film written & directed by Ms. Rupali Guha. It's theatrical release on 21 July 2013; the film is a story of father and daughter, played by Prosenjit Chatterjee and Indrani Chakraborty, highlighting Bengali-speaking Asians living in the UK who find various means to stay connected with their homeland during adversities. Rupali is the daughter of film director Basu Chatterjee, makes her directorial debut in Bengal with this film. Porichoi is Rimi's story as the two get re-introduced to each other after twelve years. Anupam had left for UK leaving her mother behind. Rimi takes off to the UK to reconnect with her estranged father, she comes in terms with her father's lifestyle in UK. Rimi befriends a British-Bangladeshi boy Fahim played by Joey Debroy; the movie focuses on Rimi, Anupam and Laurie's world and as it gets disintegrated, they are all forced to look within themselves. The international cast includes renowned British - Bangladeshi actor Ifte Amed in a dynamic negative role.

Prosenjit Chatterjee as Anupam Mishti as Rimi Joey Debroy as Fahim Heidi Mumford as Laurie Ferdous Ahmed as Salim Ifte Amed as Proshonto Choudhury Indrani Chakraborty The film has been shot in UK and Kolkata

Gabriel Loubier

Gabriel Loubier was a politician in Quebec, Canada. He served as leader of the Union Nationale party from 1971 to 1974, as Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly of Quebec from 1971 to 1973. Born in Black Lake, Loubier studied law at Laval University, was admitted to the bar in 1958, he was first elected to the Quebec legislature representing Bellechasse in 1962 and served as Minister of Tourism and Fishing in the cabinets of Daniel Johnson and Jean-Jacques Bertrand from 1966 to 1970 and as Minister responsible for Youth and Sport from 1968 to 1970. Following the defeat of the Bertrand government in the 1970 provincial election, Loubier was a candidate in the June 1971 Union Nationale leadership convention defeating Marcel Masse on the third ballot to become party leader and leader of the Opposition. From October 25, 1971, to January 14, 1973, the Union Nationale temporarily changed its name to Unité Québec. In the 1973 election, the Union Nationale was wiped off the electoral map, winning no seats, Loubier ceased to be leader of the Opposition.

He resigned as UN party leader in March 1974. He served on the board of directors of Megantic Metal and several firms in the steel industry before inheriting control of the family firm, Loubier Metal, from his father in 1985. "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours. National Assembly of Quebec

Taifa of Toledo

The taifa of Toledo was a Berber Muslim taifa located in what is now central Spain. It existed from the fracturing of the long-eminent Muslim Caliphate of Córdoba in 1035 until the Christian conquest in 1085. Toledo had been the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom shattered by the Islamic conquest of Iberia in the 8th century. Despite the capital of Al Andalus being moved to Córdoba, in succeeding centuries Toledo kept a strategic importance as capital of the "Middle March", maintaining a relative autonomy under the Umayyad caliphate of Córdoba in spite of repeated rebellion; when the caliphate failed, the ensuing civil wars of the early 11th century allowed Toledo increasing autonomy. Power remained in the hands of local leaders, including Abu Bala Ya'is ibn Mubammad, Ibn Masarra, Abd al-Rahman and Abd al-Malik ibn Matiyo; these Toledans offered the city to the lord of Santaver, Abd al-Rahman ibn Dil-Nun, around 1035, sent his son Ismail al-Zahir to Toledo to take control. The Banu Dil-Nun were a family of the Berber tribe Hawwara, that had arrived in the peninsula during the Islamic conquest.

They settled in the area of Santaver in the 8th to the 10th centuries. Throughout that time Banu Dil-Nun kept on rising up against the Emirate, they regained their autonomy with the decline of the Caliphate during the first decade of the eleventh century: possibly, Abd al-Rahman ibn Dil-Nun was made the lord of Santaver, Uclés and Cuenca obtained by Caliph Sulayman al-Hakam, carrying the title of "Nasir al-Dawla". Abd al-Rahman entrusted his son Ismail with government of Uclés in 1018; the territory of the taifa of Toledo became the more durable Kingdom of Toledo. The disintegration of the taifa of Toledo occurred piecemeal over a number of years. Ismail al-Zahir held the throne until 1043, he was succeeded by Al-Mamun, who asked Ferdinand I of León and Castile for assistance against Al-Mustain I of the taifa of Zaragoza. When in 1061 Abd al-Malik ben Abd al-Aziz al-Mansur, ruler of the taifa of Valencia, was attacked by Ferdinand, he sued for support from Al-Mamun, but the latter took advantage of the situation to annex Valencia with the approval of the Christian king.

The taifa of Toledo and the taifa of Seville both aimed to annex the former capital of Córdoba to their lands. The new King of León, Alfonso VI, pursued a policy of playing the Muslim rulers against each other for his benefit. With the help of al-Mu'tamid of Seville he defeated Abdallah ibn Buluggin of Granada, but at the same time helped Al-Mamun of Toledo in conquering the taifa of Córdoba in 1075. At this point Al-Mamun was the most powerful lord of southern Iberia, his lands including Toledo, Córdoba and Valencia, but he was poisoned the same year, being succeeded by his grandchild Al-Qadir of Toledo. Al-Qadir expelled the exponents of the pro-Castilian party from Toledo causing a revolt in Valencia, which proclaimed its independence; the Cordoban lands were lost in 1077, as well as the southernmost provinces of the kingdom, Al-Qadir found himself attacked by Al-Mutawakkil of the taifa of Badajoz. He was therefore forced to ask again for help from Castile, in this way losing the support of many of his subjects.

Al-Mutawakkil occupied Toledo in 1080. He was able to regain the throne the following year, the agreement including the acquisition of Toledo by the Castilian kingdom, while al-Qadir would keep ruling Valencia. Much of the population, tired by the endless series of wars, accepted Alfonso's entrance into Toledo, but a faction solicited an alliance between Al-Muqtadir of Zaragoza, Al-Mu'tamid of Seville and Al-Mutawakkil of Badajoz against Alfonso; the latter responded by attacking his enemies and, after four years of "siege", Toledo and peacefully fell into Christian hands on 6 May 1085. Muhammad ibn Ya'is - c. 1010–? Ibn Masarra Sa'id ibn Qantir Abu'Umar Ahmad ibn Sa'id'Abd ar-Rahman - c. 1020–1028'Abd al-Malik - c. 1028 Abu Bakr Ya'is ibn Muhammad -?–1031 Isma'il al-Zahir - c. 1032–1043/4 Yahya I al-Ma'mun - 1043/4–1075 Yahya II al-Qadir - 1075–1080, d. 1092 To Badajoz - 1080–1081 Yahya II al-Qadir - 1081–1085, d. 1092 List of Sunni Muslim dynasties Ibrahim ibn Said al-Sahli

Afternoon Tease (Reelkandi)

Afternoon Tease is an online television program, launched in 2011 as an episodic series by Reelkandi, the program's creator and online television channel, based in London.... In 2014, Afternoon Tease is still broadcasting online in the United Kingdom, its program format provides for viewers to watch the featured actors in the show, from a Fly on the wall perspective, interacting via Social Media with the presenters during the show. The show centres on a format of four women discussing various entertainment and lifestyle topics, where filming takes place in and around various leisure and lifestyle locations across London. In 2011, Reelkandi launched the production of an online television series entitled Afternoon Tease; the title and format was borrowed from the tradition of women taking afternoon tea, with a play on words forming the title of the format. The format of the program devised by Reelkandi centred on four female friends who meet in popular London dining locations, where the novel series was filmed and made available on the internet, across multiple publisher websites.

The first series produced by Reelkandi was first presented by Zoe Hardman, the television presenter for Take Me Out: The Gossip on ITV2. The show initially featured Sarah-Jane Crawford, who in 2014 is a presenter in the Xtra Factor, the spin-off programme of The X Factor. While the presenters were briefed on topics to be discussed on camera, the show was ad lib in terms of the spoken dialogue during the segments, which gave the show an informal rather than a rehearsed format of other reality television shows of the day, in its genre; the shows format was developed by Reelkandi to incorporate advertiser sponsorship, with consumer products being discussed within the ad lib dialogue framework, though contextually relevant to the overall subject matter. By 2013, this particular form of advertising sponsorship would be identified as Native advertising as defined by online Industry organisations such as the Internet Advertising Bureau referenced by the Internet Advertising Bureau as Native advertising.

One of the first sponsors of the episodic series was the Swisshotel Group part of the FRHI Hotels & Resorts group which includes the Fairmont Hotel Group. The Afternoon Tease show interlaced Social media within Video on demand production, by linking the Reelkandi shows presenters to dedicated Twitter and Facebook accounts, where the viewers could comment and interact with the presenters on these social media platforms as they watched the programs in an online environment, sharing website links to Advertising brands featured within the showFurther franchises of the show were planned by Reelkandi with a focus on entertainment and lifestyle topics, including a Music only version and a Fashion only version, with the show planning to extend its format to other countries including the United States and the Netherlands, though this has yet to be announced by the company