Hagia Sophia, İznik

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View of the church today

The Hagia Sophia (Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, "Holy Wisdom") at Nicaea is a Byzantine-era church in Nicaea (now known as İznik) in Turkey.[1]

The church of Hagia Sophia was built by Justinian I in the middle of the city in the 6th century,[2] it was modelled after the larger Hagia Sophia in Constantinople[citation needed], and it was in this building that the Second Council of Nicaea met in 787 to end the first period of Byzantine Iconoclasm.[citation needed]

Hagia Sophia in 1962. Photo by Paolo Monti.

A timber-roofed basilica with a central nave and side aisles, it was built shortly after 1065, but extensively remodeled after its conversion into a mosque, before the remodeling it had two rows of triple arcades on columns that carried a clearstory wall with five windows.[3]

It was converted to a mosque after the fall of the city to the Ottoman Turks in 1337, and functioned as such until it was converted into a museum in 1935; in November 2011 it was again converted into a mosque.[4]


  1. ^ Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, "Nicaea", London, (1854).
  2. ^ Hazlitt, Classical Gazetteer, "Nicæa"
  3. ^ Richard Krautheimer, Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture, 4th edition, 1986, p365.
  4. ^ "The Church That Politics Turned Into a Mosque". International Herald Tribune. 9 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2017 – via The New York Times. 

Coordinates: 40°25′46″N 29°43′13″E / 40.42944°N 29.72028°E / 40.42944; 29.72028