The Hai River known as the Peiho, Pei Ho, or Hai Ho, is a Chinese river connecting Beijing to Tianjin and the Bohai Sea. The Hai River at Tianjin is formed by the confluence of five rivers, the Southern Canal, Ziya River, Daqing River, Yongding River, the Northern Canal; the southern and northern canals are parts of the Grand Canal. The Southern Canal is joined by the Wei River at Linqing; the Northern Canal joins with the Bai He at Tongzhou. The Northern Canal is the only waterway from the sea to Beijing. Therefore, early Westerners called the Hai He the Bai He. At Tianjin, through the Grand Canal, the Hai connects with the Yangtze rivers; the construction of the Grand Canal altered the rivers of the Hai He basin. The Wei, Ziya Yongding and Bai Rivers flowed separately to the sea; the Grand Canal cut through the lower reaches of these rivers and fused them into one outlet to the sea, in the form of the current Hai He. The Hai River is 1,329 kilometers long measured from the longest tributary. However, the Hai River is only around 70 kilometers from Tianjin to its estuary.
Its basin has an area of 319,000 km2. On 20 May 1858, the Pei-ho, as it was known, was the scene of an invasion by Anglo-French forces during the Second Opium War whereby the Taku Forts were captured. In 1863 seagoing ships could reach the head of navigation at Tongzhou, but the crooked river was difficult for large vessels. During the Boxer Rebellion, Imperial Chinese forces deployed a weapon called "electric mines" on June 15, at the Baihe river before the Battle of Taku Forts, to prevent the western Eight-Nation Alliance from sending ships to attack; this was reported by American military intelligence in the United States. War Dept. by the United States. Adjutant-General's Office. Military Information Division. Like the Yellow River, the Hai is exceedingly muddy because of the powdery soil through which it flows; the silt carried by the water deposits in the lower reaches. The waters from the five major tributaries only have one shallow outlet to the sea, which makes such floods stronger; because China's capital and the third largest city, both lie in the Hai He Basin, Hai He floods cause a significant loss.
To alleviate flooding, reservoirs have been built and artificial channels dug to divert excess water directly into the sea. For example, the Chaobai River is diverted to the Chaobai Xin River and no longer joins with the Northern Canal. Due to industrial and urban development in the Hai He Basin, the volume of water flow has decreased. Many smaller tributaries and some of the major tributaries are dry for most of the year. With reduced water flow, water pollution worsens; the water shortage in the Hai He basin is expected to be alleviated by the South-North Water Transfer Project. Geography of China Taku Forts This article incorporates text from Publication, Issue 33 Document, by United States. Adjutant-General's Office. Military Information Division, a publication from 1901 now in the public domain in the United States; this article incorporates text from Reports on military operations in South China. July, 1901, by United States. Adjutant-General's Office. Military Information Division, Stephen L'H.
Slocum, Carl Reichmann, Adna Romanga Chaffee, a publication from 1901 now in the public domain in the United States. This article incorporates text from Reports on military operations in South Africa and China, by Stephan L'H. Slocum, Carl Reichmann, Adna Romanza Chaffee, United States. Adjutant-General's Office. Military Information Division, a publication from 1901 now in the public domain in the United States. Domagalski, J. L. et al.. Comparative water-quality assessment of the Hai He River basin in the People's Republic of China and three similar basins in the United States. Reston, VA: U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Geological Survey
Červený Kláštor is a small village and municipality in the far north Kežmarok District in the Prešov Region of northern Slovakia, near the Polish border, in the Zamagurie region. A Camaldolese monastery was established on this location part of the Habsburg-ruled Kingdom of Hungary, in 1710. In 1782, it was secularized as part of Emperor Joseph II's campaign against monastic orders that, in his view, didn't pursue useful activities; the monastery building still exists however. The present village was founded in 1828; the municipality lies at an altitude of 465 metres and covers an area of 3.043 km². It has a population of about 222 people, it lies 8 km east of the centre of Spišská Stará Ves. The governing body of the Pieniny national park is located in the village. Dunajec river, which makes border with Poland, flows near the village, it is used for tourist purposes for rafting. Other attractions in or near the village include the Červený kláštor or walking in the surrounding mountains of Pieniny.
Since 2006, there is a new bridge for pedestrians in operation, connecting Červený Kláštor and Sromowce Niżne. The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Levoca, Slovakia" Roman Catholic church records: 1766-1832 Lutheran church records: 1809-1920 List of municipalities and towns in Slovakia http://cervenyklastor.sk Official homepage Surnames of living people in Cerveny Klastor
Leigh James Gunn is an Australian–Filipino footballer who plays as a forward for Fraser Park FC. He has represented the Philippines at international level. Gunn became the top scorer of Canterbury-Marrickville Olympic during the 2002–2003 season with 12 goals. Gunn was called up to the Philippines national U-23 team during the preliminary qualifiers for the 2000 Summer Olympics football tournament from June to July 1999. During the qualifiers he scored a goal in the 2–2 draw with Nepal. Shortly after the Olympic qualifiers, Gunn was called up to the full national team for the 1999 Southeast Asian Games, he played in two of the Philippines' three matches during the tournament. Gunn featured again for the Philippines during the 2000 Tiger Cup, he was only used as a substitute. It would be his last international appearance until 2006. In 2006, he was called up again by the Philippines for the inaugural AFC Challenge Cup. Again only playing in two of the Philippines' three fixtures, they failed to advance from the group stage and the two appearances he made would be his last at international level.
However that year, he would be part of the Philippines squad, to compete in the 2007 ASEAN Football Championship qualification tournament but was sacked by coach Aris Caslib one week before the qualifiers for speaking out on the terrible conditions of the training venue and the coaching methods. On 10 May 2011, it was reported that Gunn would be returning to the national team for the start of their preparations for their 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification first round tie against Sri Lanka. Gunn's mother Viol Noval is from Cebu. Leigh Gunn at National-Football-Teams.com Australian Player Database - GU at OzFootball.net