Panyu romanized as Punyu, is a district of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province in southern China. It is the site of the oldest parts of Guangzhou, dating back to the Qin Empire, although it was a separate county-level city before its incorporation into modern Guangzhou; the present district covers an area of about 661.88 square kilometres. Panyu lies at the heart of the Pearl River Delta, its boundary straddles from latitudes 22.26' to 23.05', sprawls from longitudes 113.14' to 113.42'. Facing the Lion Sea in the east and the estuary of the Pearl River in the south, its eastern border is separated from the Dongguan by a strip of water, the western border of Panyu is adjacent to the cities of Nanhai and Zhongshan, while it abuts the downtown of Guangzhou in the north; the site of the People's government of Panyu is Shiqiao, 17 kilometres from downtown Guangzhou and 38 and 42 nautical miles from the cities of Hong Kong and Macao respectively. The Chinese settlement at Panyu was established by the Qin armies under Zhao Tuo during their first failed invasion of the Baiyue in Guangdong in 214 BC.
There are at least 11 separate theories on the etymology of the name. Upon the fall of the Qin, Zhao Tuo established Panyu as the capital of his kingdom of Nanyue in 204 BC. Archaeological evidence shows that it was a burgeoning commercial center: among the present material object remnants, there are those of Southeast Asian and African origin. Yuexiu District, most of Baiyun and Huangpu Districts, parts of parts of Liwan and Tianhe Districts were part of Panyu County but were ceded to Guangzhou as it expanded. On 20 May 1992, Panyu County was upgraded into a county-level city and, on 21 May 2000, Panyu was converted into a district of Guangzhou. By 28 April 2005, the southern part of Panyu was split off as the new Nansha District. On 30 September 2012, three southern towns of Panyu—Dongchong and Lanhe—were removed to Nansha's jurisdiction. Panyu district administers six towns; the district executive and judiciary are based in the Shiqiao, together with the CPC and PSB branches. On 1 December 2012 three towns were transfer to Nansha District.
The following towns have been abolished, some by absorption into the Development zone of the Nansha District. Lianhuashan Xinken Tanzhouu Yuwotou Huangge Hengli Wanqingsha Dongchong Dagang Lanhe Under its various Subdistricts and Towns, Panyu has 305 administration villages - i.e. 305 village governments. There are other'natural villages' which administratively count as being in one or another of the official villages. Statistics shows that in the year of 1998, the GDP in the district was 33.25 billion yuan, an increase of 13% over the previous year, the GDP per capita was 35.5 thousand Yuan, an increase of 11%, compared with the previous year. Guangzhou Metro Lines 2 and 3 serve parts of Panyu District. Line 2 was extended into the district in Sept. 2010. Guangzhou South Station, the main high-speed railway station serving Guangzhou, is situated within the boundaries of Panyu District. Panyu Public Transport operates buses in the district. Panyu is service by four metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro: Line 2 - Luoxi, Huijiang, Guangzhou South Station Line 3 - Xiajiao, Hanxi Changlong, Panyu Square Line 4 - Higher Education Mega Center North, Higher Education Mega Center South, Guanqiao, Haibang, Qingsheng Line 7 - Guangzhou South Station, Xiecun, Hanxi Changlong, Nancun Wanbo, Banqiao, Higher Education Mega Center South Yuyin Mount Garden：One of the four famous gardens in Guangdong Province in the Qing Dynasty.
Baomo Garden Lotus Hill Changlong Night Zoo Xiangjiang Wildlife World Chime-Long Paradise Guangdong Zhongyuan High School Guangzhou Korea School People born in or with family links to the Panyu District: Panyu has a cooperational agreement with: Aveiro, Portugal Prague 5, Czech Republic Hung Shing Panyu Panyu District official website Photos of Panyu, courtesy of Vince K. Chan Panyu Travel Guide'Red Diamond', on Panyu's diamond processing industry, by Venkatesan Vembu, Daily News & Analysis, 11 March 2007
Guangming District is one of nine districts in the city of Shenzhen. The district, bordering the city of Dongguan in the Northwest of Shenzhen, was created in 2007 as a "functional area" of Bao'an District. In May 2018, it became a formal administrative division. A major landslide occurred in Hengtaiyu Industrial Park, Guangming District, on December 20, 2015; as of 21 December, it results in 76 people missing and 16 hospitalizations. Waste materials generated from nearby construction works piled up into a hill which collapsed and destroyed 33 buildings, the mud and debris covered an area greater than ten hectares. Guangming Government Online Introduction of Guangming District
Shaoguan is a prefecture-level city in northern Guangdong Province, bordering Hunan to the northwest and Jiangxi to the northeast. It is home to the mummified remains of the sixth Zen Buddhist patriarch Huineng, its built-up or metro area made up of Zhenjiang and Wujiang urban districts was home to 688,229 inhabitants at the 2010 census. Shaozhou was a prefecture under the Song. In 1589, Matteo Ricci relocated his mission house – the first Jesuit mission in mainland China – to Shaoguan after a fallout with the authorities in Zhaoqing, he remained in Shaoguan for a few years benefiting from Shaoguan's location on the important north-south travel route to establish connections with traveling dignitaries that allowed him to move north, to Nanchang and Beijing. During World War II the city called Kukong, was the capital of Guangdong Province. In June 2009, Uyghurs and Han workers clashed at a toy factory in Shaoguan, followed by the Ürümqi riots in July. Shaoguan is the northernmost prefecture-level city of Guangdong, bordering Chenzhou to the northwest and north, Ganzhou to the northeast, Heyuan to the east and Huizhou to the south, Qingyuan to the west.
It spans latitude 23° 05'−25° 31' N and longitude 112° 50'−114° 45' E. It is situated at the southern end of the Nan Mountains, which run east-west here, is marked by numerous erosion-created valleys; the city is located on the Jingguang Railway about 221 kilometres north of the provincial capital of Guangzhou. Shaoguan is readily accessible by road as it is adjacent to the G4 Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway as well as numerous other National Highways. At Shaoguan, the Wu River from the northwest and the Zhen River from the northeast join up to create the North River which flows south to Guangzhou; the downtown part of Shaoguan is located on a peninsula between the Zhen Rivers. The rivers are maintained at a constant level by a dam about 12 kilometres downstream from the city; the city has about 20 kilometres of tree-lined riverside esplanades along the banks of the rivers. There are seven bridges crossing the three rivers. Shaoguan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with short, damp winters, rainy springs, long and humid summers, sunny autumns.
Due to the city's location far inland, winters are cooler than in the rest of the province, with freezing rain possible in the nearby mountain passes in some years. Winter begins dry and sunny but becomes progressively cloudier and damper. Spring is the wettest season, with the sun shining less than 30 % of the time; the annual rainfall is around much of it delivered from April thru June. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 10.3 °C in January to 29.0 °C in July. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 16% in March to 54% in July, the city receives 1,617 hours of bright sunshine annually. Shaoguan has direct jurisdiction over 3 districts, 2 county-level cities and 5 counties: The Fengcai Tower in the centre of Shaoguan was built in the Ming Dynasty. To the south of the tower, at the other end of a pedestrian shopping street, the Dajian Monastery was founded in 660. Near Shaoguan is home of relics and museum of the Maba Man, Chinese Neanderthals. Near Maba is Nanhua Temple, founded by Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch of Zen Buddhism.
Shaoguan Iron and Steel is located near Maba. Danxia Mountain is located in Shaoguan. Northwest of Shaoguan, at the town of Pingshi, a stretch of river known as the Nine Torrents and Eighteen Shoals is a popular place for white-water rafting. Shaoguan University is in the city. Shaozhou Tuhua Roman Catholic Diocese of Shaozhou Matteo Ricci http://www.shaoguan.gov.cn/ https://web.archive.org/web/20040924085950/http://shaoguan.com.cn/ Shaoguan, China
Shànwěi, or Swabue is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guangdong province, People's Republic of China. It borders Jieyang to the east and Heyuan to the north, Huizhou to the west, looks out to the South China Sea to the south, it lies 120 kilometres east of Shenzhen and the locals speak the Haifeng dialect. Shanwei City was renamed established in 1988, it was politically administered as part of Huizhoufu by the Ming and Qing empires, Shanwei it gained its prefectural and administartive independence from Huizhou during the Nationalist period. The dominant ethnic population is Hoklo who came as a result of the large decrease in population caused by warfare in the early Qing dynasty in what is now Shanwei; the prefecture-level city of Shanwei administers 4 county-level divisions, including 1 district, 1 county-level city and 2 counties. These are further divided into 53 township-level divisions, including 40 towns, 10 townships and 3 subdistricts. Shanwei has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, with short, mild to warm winters, long, humid summers.
Winter becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is overcast, while summer brings the heaviest rains of the year though is much sunnier. Autumn is dry; the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 15.2 °C in January to 28.3 °C in July, the annual mean is 22.6 °C. The annual rainfall is around 1,891 mm. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 26% in March to 57% in October, the city receives 1,925 hours of bright sunshine annually. Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway. According to a December 2011 report, officials from Shenzhen considered Shanwei as one of the major destinations to which air-polluting industries should be relocated from Shenzhen. According to the mayor of Shenzhen, some 4000 Shenzhen factories should be moved to an industrial park in Shanwei. On the night of December 6, 2005, armed policemen were sent to the village of Dongzhou, located near the coast of Jieshi Bay some 15 km southeast of central Shanwei, to suppress appeals by residents protesting the lack of compensation for having land confiscated by the government.
Several residents were shot dead: the Chinese government claimed that three people were killed, residents claimed that the number was between 20 and 33, with up to 40 more missing. Other media have reported. In 2011, a conflict between the residents of the Wukan village attracted world media's attention. Used is Shanweihua, similar to Chaozhou dialect and Hoklo, belonging to the Min Nan division of Min Chinese. Haifeng and the urban area have the same accent. Most parts of the rural Luhe county part of Lufeng use the peasant Hakka Chinese language belonging to the Xinhui subdialect of the Yuetai dialect; as Shanwei is adjacent to the Pearl River Delta and Hong Kong, together with the impact of television programs from Hong Kong and population movements within Guangdong province, many local residents the younger generation, have communication skills in Cantonese. Official website
Nanshan District, Shenzhen
Nanshan District is one of the nine districts comprising Shenzhen. It encompasses the southwest area of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, with a population of 1.08 million. In 2013, the district of Nanshan's local GDP output exceeded 320 billion RMB; the region is home to several sightseeing locations. It is known for being the home of Shenzhen High-Tech Industrial Park, which comprises some of China's largest technology companies and the establishments of well-known international companies, as well as being one of the nation's richest districts. Nanshan District has a total area of 182 km2; the area continued to increase due to large scale land reclamation in Qianhai and Houhai. The district is located to the northwest of Deep Bay, east of the Pearl River entrance, its northern boundary is Yangtaishan, which divides the district with Baoan, while it is bounded south by Inner Lingding Island and Dachan Island, though the Port of Shekou is the southernmost point on the peninsula. Nanshan is situated about a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer and has a humid subtropical climate.
It sits directly north of Yuen Long district of Hong Kong. More than half of the district consist of urban areas. Mountainous areas like Tanglangshan and Yangtaishan to the north and Nanshan Park to the south are preserved as forests. At 587 metres tall, Yangtaishan has the highest elevation in the district, with Tanglangshan being the second at 430 metres and third being Nanshan of height 336 metres; the district has a total coastline of 55.18 kilometres. Nanshan was a rural area before being developed since the late 1970s, with the exception of a few towns and villages. Nantou, the seat of Bao'an County for 1700 years was located within the district. In September 1983, Nantou district was established. Less than a year in August 1984 Shekou, which came to be known as Shekou subdistrict today, split off as a separate district from Nanshan. In September 1990 the two districts combined to form the present Nanshan District. Nanshan experienced large sums of migrants from other parts of the country.
Much of the original towns in the district had either been demolished to make way for developments or became what are to be known as urban villages. As of the end of 2011, Nanshan district has a total resident population of 1,087,936 and a census-registered population of 0.5492 million. The vast majority of the population are concentrated in the southern half of the district. Nanshan District is organized into the following subdistricts. Nanshan is served by six metro lines operated by Shenzhen Metro: Line 1 - OCT, Window of the World 2, Baishizhou, Hi-Tech Park, Shenzhen University, Daxin, Qianhaiwan 5 11 Line 2 - Chiwan, Shekou Port, Sea World, Dongjiaotou, Haiyue, Houhai 11, Hongshuwan, Window of the World 1, Qiaocheng North Line 5 - Qianhaiwan 1 11, Liuxiandong, Xili 7, University Town, Changlingpi Line 7 - Xili Lake, Xili 5, Zhuguang, Taoyuancun, Shenyun Line 9 - Hongshuwan South 11, Shenzhen Bay Park Line 11 - Qianhaiwan 1 5, Houhai 2, Hongshuwan South 9 Shekou West Mawan Shenzhen West Xili Shekou Dongjiaotou Chiwan Mawan Qianhai The Shekou Passenger Terminal offers ferry service to Hong Kong and Macau.
Cross boundary coaches to and from Hong Kong are available at Shenzhen Bay Port. The port it located geographically at Shekou hence all coach will travel along the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor to get to Hong Kong. Tencent, ZTE, China Resources Beverage, amongst others, have their headquarters in Hi-Tech Park, Nanshan; the South China office of CR Beverage is in on the 10th floor of the Min Tai Building in the district. China Nepstar has its headquarters in the Xinnengyuan Building on Nanshan District; the drink company Hey Tea has its headquarters in the Aerospace Technology Square. The department store chain. Qianhai Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone is a large masterplanned commercial free trade zone comprising 14 km2 of reclaimed land under construction in Qianhai, Nanshan. Upon scheduled completion in 2020, special policies including lower taxation rates would be implemented in the new district. Shekou is another free trade zone. Eight of Shenzhen's eleven full-time universities are located in Nanshan: Shenzhen University Shenzhen Polytechnic Shenzhen University City Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University Graduate School at Shenzhen, Peking University Graduate School at Shenzhen, Harbin Institute of Technology Southern University of Science and Technology Financial College of Nankai University Shenzhen Virtual University Park Nanshan Foreign Languages School 南山外國語學校/南山外国语学校 Nanshan Primary School 南山小學/南山小学 Nanshan Experimental Primary School 南山實驗小學/南山实验小学 Nanyuan Primary School 南園小學/南园小学 OCT Primary School 華僑城小學/华侨城小学 Qianhai Primary School 前海小學/前海小学 Tanglang Primary School 塘朗小學/塘朗小学 Xiangnan Primary School 向南小學/向南小学 Yueliangwan Primary School 月亮灣小學/月亮湾小学 Shenzhen Dalton Xinhua School 深圳道尔顿新华公学 The Chinese word Zhongxue 中学, rendered in English as "middle school," may refer to either schools with grade 7-9 lower secondary levels and/or grade 10-12 upper secondary levelsShenzhen Nanshan Foreign Languages school 深圳南山外國語學校/深圳南山外国语学校 Shenzhen Yucai School
Zengcheng District romanized as Tsengshing, is a district of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province. Zengcheng County was established under the Qin following their conquest of the area held by the Baiyue tribes. Under the Ming, the northern area of the county was separated to form Longmen County, administered from Huizhou; the county was promoted to city status in 1993. In 2006, a western section of Zengcheng was severed to form Guangzhou's Luogang District, renamed Huangpu in 2014. On 12 February of the same year, Zengcheng was annexed to Guangzhou as a district. A riot of migrant workers occurred in Zengcheng in 2011. Zengcheng's mild climate, fertile land, annual average temperature of 22.02 degrees and average yearly rainfall of 1,967 millimetres make it suitable for tropical and subtropical crop growth. The district is noted for production of the lychee. There are 4 subdistricts and 7 towns. On 28 August 2012 one new town were established from carving out of Xintang. Twin Dragon Resort opened to public in December 2014.
The resort has a total area of 163 acres, it consists of two theme parks, East Village and West Village. Located in the heart of Erlongshan subtropical rainforest, Twin Dragon Resort is blessed with exceptional natural resources and marvelous landscapes. To experience traditional Chinese culture, Twin Dragon Resort offers a variety of family activities and events, suitable for visitors of all ages to participate. Owing to the distance from Guangzhou's city center, many locals consider themselves distinct from the other Guangzhounese, they speak separate Yue and Hakka dialects. Guangdong University of Technology Huali College Guangzhou University Songtian College Guangdong University of Finance & Economics Huashang College Guangzhou Kangda Vocational Technical College Utahloy International School Zengcheng Official website of Zengcheng Government Weather-forecast in Zengcheng
Guangzhou known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities. Guangzhou is at the heart of the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in mainland China that extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan and Shenzhen, forming one of the largest urban agglomerations on the planet. Administratively, the city holds sub-provincial status and is one of China's nine National Central Cities. In 2018 year end, the city's expansive administrative area is estimated at 14,904,400 by city authorities, up 3.8% year on year. Guangzhou is ranked as an Alpha global city. There is a increasing number of foreign temporary residents and immigrants from Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Africa.
This has led to it being dubbed the "Capital of the Third World". The domestic migrant population from other provinces of China in Guangzhou was 40% of the city's total population in 2008. Together with Shanghai and Shenzhen, Guangzhou has one of the most expensive real estate markets in China. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, nationals of sub-Saharan Africa who had settled in the Middle East and other parts of Southeast Asia moved in unprecedented numbers to Guangzhou, China in response to the 1997/98 Asian financial crisis. Long the only Chinese port accessible to most foreign traders, Guangzhou fell to the British during the First Opium War. No longer enjoying a monopoly after the war, it lost trade to other ports such as Hong Kong and Shanghai, but continued to serve as a major entrepôt. In modern commerce, Guangzhou is best known for its annual Canton Fair, the oldest and largest trade fair in China. For three consecutive years, Forbes ranked Guangzhou as the best commercial city in mainland China.
Guǎngzhōu is the pinyin romanisation of the Chinese name 廣州, simplified in mainland China to 广州 in the 1950s. The name of the city is taken from the ancient Guang Province, after it had become the prefecture's seat of government, how some other Chinese cities, including Hangzhou and Fuzhou got their names; the character 廣 or 广—which appears in the names of the provinces Guangdong and Guangxi, together called the Liangguang—means "broad" or "expansive" and refers to the intention to dispense imperial grace broadly in the region with the founding of county of Guangxin in Han Dynasty. Before acquiring its current name, the town was known as Panyu, a name still borne by one of Guangzhou's districts not far from the main city; the origin of the name is still uncertain, with 11 various explanations being offered, including that it may have referred to two local mountains. The city has sometimes been known as Guangzhou Fu or Guangfu after its status as the capital of a prefecture. From this latter name, Guangzhou was known to medieval Persians such as Al-Masudi and Ibn Khordadbeh as Khanfu.
Under the Southern Han, the city was renamed Xingwang. The Chinese abbreviation for Guangzhou is "穗", after its nickname "Rice City"; the city has long borne the nickname City of Rams or City of the Five Rams from the five stones at the old Temple of the Five Immortals said to have been the sheep or goats ridden by the Taoist culture heroes credited with introducing rice cultivation to the area around the time of the city's foundation. The former name "City of the Immortals" came from the same story; the more recent City of Flowers is taken as a simple reference to the area's fine greenery. The English name "Canton" derived from Portuguese Cantão or Cidade de Cantão, a muddling of dialectical pronunciations of "Guangdong". Although it and chiefly applied to the walled city, it was conflated with Guangdong by some authors, it was adopted as the Postal Map Romanization of Guangzhou and remained in common use until the gradual adoption of pinyin. As an adjective, it is still used in describing the people, language and culture of Guangzhou and the surrounding Liangguang region.
The 19th-century name "Kwang-chow foo" derived from Nanjing dialect of Mandarin and the town's status as a prefectural capital. A settlement now known as Nanwucheng was present in the area by 1100 BC; some traditional Chinese histories placed Nanwucheng's founding during the reign of Ji Yan, king of Zhou from 314–256 BC. It was said to have consisted of little more than a stockade of mud. Panyu was established on the east bank of the Pearl River in 214 BC to serve as a base for the Qin Empire's first failed invasion of the Baiyue lands in southern China. Legendary accounts claimed the soldiers at Panyu were so vigilant that they did not remove their armor for three years. Upon the fall of the Qin, General Zhao Tuo established his own kingdom of Nanyue and made Panyu its capital in 204 BC, it remained independent through the Chu-Han Contention, although Zhao negotiated recognition of his independence in exchange for his nominal submission to the Han in 196 BC. Archaeological evidence shows that Panyu was an expansive commercial centre: in addition to items from central China, archaeologists have found remains originating from Southeast Asia and Africa.
Zhao Tuo was succeeded by Zhao Mo and Zhao Yingqi. Upon Zhao Yingqi's death in