Binche is a Walloon city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. On January 1, 2006, Binche had a total population of 32,409; the total area is 60.66 km² which gives a population density of 534 inhabitants per km². Since 1977, the municipality of Binche has gathered the town of Binche itself with seven old municipalities: Bray, Epinois, Leval-Trahegnies, Péronnes-lez-Binche and Waudrez; the motto of the city is "Plus Oultre", the motto of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, who in 1545 gave the medieval Castle of Binche to his sister, Queen Mary of Hungary. She lavished attention on Binche, which she had rebuilt under the direction of an architect-sculptor Jacques du Broeucq, remembered today as the first master of Giambologna; the château, intended to rival Fontainebleau, was destroyed by the soldiers of Henry II of France in 1554. In 2003, the Carnival of Binche was proclaimed one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. Binche developed in the Middle Ages close to the Roman Road that connected in Bagacum, the capital of the Nervii, to Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium.
The road long influenced communication through Binche. The city was founded in the 12th century by Yolande of Gelders, widow of Duke Baldwin III from Hainaut, their son Baldwin IV fortified the city. In the 14th century, the city wall was extended to its present size; the city reached its peak in power when Belgium was under Spanish rule. Binche was the residence of Mary of Hungary, governess of the Netherlands for her brother, Emperor Charles V, she had a magnificent palace built, designed by the architect Jacques Du Broeucq and, to compete with that of Fontainebleau. Charles V visited Binche in 1549 on invitation from his sister and for this occasion she organized magnificent celebrations. In 1554 the period of prosperity came to an end as the palace, the city and the surrounding area were plundered by the troops of King Henry II of France; until the beginning of the 18th century, Hainaut was the site of repeated military conflicts between the kingdoms of France and Spain. Only with the industrial revolution did prosperity increase again.
There were coal mines. Added to this were brickyards, glaziers, lime kilns and soap factories. Thousands of people worked at home as top lace makers and tailors; the post office and the train station date back to this time. Gilles Binchois, composer Berthe Dubail painter. Carnival of Binche, a yearly festival La Binchoise, a brewery in Binche Media related to Binche at Wikimedia Commons Official site of the city of Binche Union binchoise des Étudiants de Louvain Patrimoine du musée International Rugbyclub de Binche La Binchoise, Belgian Brewery, Binche
Walloon Brabant is a province of Wallonia and Belgium. It borders on the provinces of Liège, Namur and Hainaut, its capital is Wavre. The provincial population was recorded at 347,423 in January 1999, giving a population density of 318 inhabitants / km2. Walloon in Walloon Brabant is one of the first uses of the word. Louis de Haynin wrote "Belgium is a great country between France and the North Sea; this country is divided in two regions and Wallonia. Wallonia is divided in Brabant Wallon, Namur, Liège, Luxembourg"... The Battle of Waterloo took place in this province in June 1815. Walloon Brabant was created in 1995 when the former Province of Brabant was split into three parts: two new provinces, Walloon Brabant and Flemish Brabant; the split was made to accommodate the federalisation of Belgium in three regions. It has an area of 1,093 square kilometres and contains only one administrative district, the Arrondissement of Nivelles, with 27 municipalities. Nivelles District: The Université catholique de Louvain is located in this province.
The Louvain-la-Neuve Science Park is developing cooperation between industry and the Université catholique de Louvain and is contributing to regional economic development. It covers 231 hectares spread over the area of the town of Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve and the municipality of Mont-Saint-Guibert; the main areas of activity are: Fine chemistry. A part of the Walloon industrial power was based in the Sillon industriel with the steel industry of Clabecq, which has operated to the present; the Ronquières inclined plane is on the Brussels-Charleroi Canal which passes through the province, connecting connects Charleroi, one of the main cities of the Sillon industriel, with the Capital of Belgium and the Port of Antwerp. Piétrain is a breed of domestic pig taking its name from Piétrain, a little village of Jodoigne in Walloon Brabant; the most important town of this province is Nivelles, which has the Collegiate Church of Saint Gertrude and its westwork. In Rixensart, the company Recherche et Industrie Thérapeutiques is one of the world's leading vaccine manufacturers, supplying around 25% of the world's vaccines: GSK Biologicals employs a little over 5,300 persons on the Walloon sites of Rixensart and Gembloux.
The company distributes 36 doses of vaccines every second. The castle of Corroy-le-Château, one of the best conserved castles of this period in Northern Europe was bought by 21st-century Flemish artist Wim Delvoye for EUR 3.3 million. He is planning to convert the Corroy-le-Château into a museum of modern art. Walloon Brabant is twinned with: Shenzhen, since 1993 The province's official site
Provinces of Belgium
The country of Belgium is divided into three regions. Two of these regions, the Flemish Region or Flanders, Walloon Region, or Wallonia, are each subdivided into five provinces; the third region, the Brussels-Capital Region, is not divided into provinces, as it was only a small part of a province itself. Most of the provinces take their name from earlier duchies and counties of similar location, while their territory is based on the departments installed during French annexation. At the time of the creation of Belgium in 1830, only nine provinces existed, including the province of Brabant, which held the city of Brussels. In 1995, Brabant was split into three areas: Flemish Brabant, which became a part of the region of Flanders; these divisions reflected political tensions between the French-speaking Walloons and the Dutch-speaking Flemish. The division into provinces is fixed by Article 5 of the Belgian Constitution; the provinces are subdivided into 43 administrative arrondissements, further into 581 municipalities.
The medieval Low Countries, including present-day Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, as well as parts of modern Germany and France, comprised a number of rival and independent feudal states of varying sizes. These each had their own identities and governments, though in the early modern period all the Belgian states became part of larger entities. Prominent early states in the area of modern Belgium included the Duchy of Brabant, the County of Flanders, the Prince-Bishopric of Liège and the Duchy of Luxembourg; when these territories were annexed by France in 1795, they were reorganised into départments. At the end of French rule and the creation of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815, the departmental territories were retained but were renamed into provinces and the historical names returned. At the time of the independence of Belgium from the Netherlands in 1830, Belgium's territory consisted of the existing nine southern provinces; the first article of the Belgian Constitution said: "Belgium is divided into provinces.
These provinces are Antwerp, West Flanders, East Flanders, Hainaut, Liège, Luxembourg, except for the relations of Luxembourg with the German Confederation." As such, each of the modern provinces of Belgium takes its name from one of the medieval predecessors, whereas the borders correspond to those of the French departments, which in most cases differ from the historical entities. In 1839, as part of the Treaty of London, half of the province of Limburg became part of the Netherlands, which has its own province of Limburg. In 1920, following the First World War, Belgium annexed the Eupen-Malmedy territory, which became part of the province of Liège. During the second half of the 20th century, Belgium transitioned from a unitary state to a federal state with three Communities and three Regions; as part of the state reforms, the province of Brabant was split in 1995 three ways: into two provinces and into the Brussels-Capital Region. The two new Brabant provinces became part of the Walloon Region respectively.
The remaining eight provinces became part of these regions as well, so the Flemish Region and the Walloon Region each contain five provinces. The following table presents a simplified overview of the evolution of the French departments into the present-day Belgian provinces; the provincial government consists of three main branches: the Provincial Council, the elected body, the Deputation or Provincial College, the executive body, the Governor, appointed by the regional government. The Provincial Councils are the representative bodies of the population of the provinces; this is the equivalent of the States-Provincial in the Netherlands. The numbers of seats in the Provincial Councils are proportional to the population of the province, they are directly elected each six years, at the same time of the municipal elections. Before 1994, the provincial elections instead coincided with the national elections; until the provincial councils appointed Provincial Senators to the Belgian Senate. The last elections were held on 14 October 2018.
The executive branch was called the Permanent Deputation. In the Flemish Region it is now called the Deputation and it consists of the Governor and six Deputies elected by the Provincial Council from among its members. Following the next 2018 election, there will be i.e. five Deputies. In the Walloon Region it is called the Provincial College which consists of the Governor and four to five Deputies elected by the Provincial Council from among its members. In Flemish Brabant, there is a Deputy Governor; the Deputy Governor is appo
Prince-Bishopric of Liège
The Prince-Bishopric of Liège or Principality of Liège was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, situated for the most part in present Belgium, ruled by the Bishop of Liège. As a prince, the Bishop had seat and voice at the Imperial Diet; the Prince-Bishopric of Liège should not be confused with the Bishop's diocese of Liège, larger. The bishops of Liège acquired their status as a Prince-bishop between 980 and 985 when Bishop Notger, the bishop of Liege since 972, received secular control of the County of Huy from Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor; the Prince-Bishopric belonged from 1500 on to the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle. Its territory included most of the present Belgian provinces of Liège and Limburg, some exclaves in other parts of Belgium and the Netherlands, it became a republic from 1789 to 1791, before reverting to a Prince-Bishopric in 1791. The role of the Bishop as prince permanently ended when the state was annexed by France in 1795. In 1815 the territories it had held became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in 1830 they were within the part of that kingdom which split off to become Belgium.
The principality ruled by the bishops of Liège was never part of the Seventeen Provinces or the Spanish and Austrian Southern Netherlands, but from the 16th century onwards its politics were influenced by the dukes of Burgundy and the Habsburgs. In 1559 its 1,636 parishes were grouped into eight archdeaconries, twenty-eight councils, chrétientés; the most important cities of the bishopric were: Liège, Bilzen, Bree, Châtelet, Couvin, Fosses-la-Ville, Hasselt, Herk-de-Stad, Maaseik, Sint-Truiden, Thuin, Verviers, Visé and Waremme. The city of Maastricht fell under the joint jurisdiction of the Prince-Bishop of Liège and the Duke of Brabant; the second city of the prince-bishopric thus kept its status aparte throughout the ancien régime. The large diocese of the medieval bishops was, until 1559, much larger than the princedom, in their possession. However, the princely domain was enlarged by donations and by acquisitions. In the 10th century, the bishops received secular power over the county of Huy, which lay within of the diocese.
Bishop Notger thus became a sovereign prince. This status was retained by his successors until the French Revolution, throughout that period of nearly eight centuries the Prince-Bishopric of Liège succeeded in maintaining a level of autonomy, though theoretically it was part of the Holy Roman Empire; this virtual independence was owed to the ability of its bishops, who on several occasions played an important part in international politics, being strategically positioned between France and Germany. Throughout the Middle Ages, the prince-bishopric was further expanded with the lordship of Bouillon in 1096, the acquisition of the county of Loon in 1366 and the county of Horne in 1568. Notger, the founder of the principality rebuilt the cathedral of St Lambert, as well as the episcopal palace, he was involved in other building activities in the city, which flourished under his rule. This bishop strengthened the parochial organization of the city, he was one of the first church leaders to spread the observance of All Souls' Day, which he authorized for his diocese.
Under Notger's administration, following up on the work of Heraclius, educational institutions in Liège flourished. With these two bishops "The schools of Liège were, in fact, at that time one of the brightest literary foci of the period". In the 11th century the city was indeed known as the Athens of the North. "Liège for more than a century occupied among the nations a position in regard to science which it has never recovered". Subsequent bishops, Balderic of Looz, Durandus, Nitard, the learned Wazo, Theoduin, valiantly sustained the heritage of Notger; the schools formed many brilliant scholars, gave the Catholic Church popes Stephen IX and Nicholas II. The diocese supplied the University of Paris with a number of important doctors — William of Saint-Thierry, Gerard of Liège and Godfrey of Fontaines. Alger of Liège was an important intellectual of the period, he was first appointed deacon of church of St Bartholomew and retired at the monastery of Cluny. In the reign of Henry of Verdun a tribunal was instituted to prevent war and enforce the Peace of God.
Otbert increased the territory of the principality by purchasing the Lordship of Bouillon. He remained faithful to emperor Henry IV. Henry of Namur was venerated as a martyr. During the administration of Alexander of Juliers the pope, the emperor and St Bernard visited Liège; the episcopate of Raoul of Zachringen was marked by the preaching of the reformer Lambert le Bègue, credited with founding the béguines. Albert of Louvain was elected Bishop of Liège in 1191, but Emperor Henry VI, on the pretext that the election was doubtful, gave the see to Lothair of Hochstadt. Albero's election was confirmed by the pope but in 1192, shortly after he took office, he was assassinated by three German knights at Reims, it is probable that the emperor was privy to this murder but Albero was canonized. In 1195, Albert de Cuyck formally recognized the political franchise of the people of Liège. During the 12th century, the cathedral chapter, along with the bishop, assum
Braine-le-Comte is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Hainaut. On January 1, 2006, Braine-le-Comte had a total population of 20,305; the total area is 84.68 square kilometres which gives a population density of 240 inhabitants per km². The municipality consists of the following sub-municipalities: Hennuyères, Petit-Rœulx-lez-Braine, Ronquières, Steenkerque; the Ronquières inclined plane at the Canal du Centre is in the municipality of Braine-Le Comte. On August 3, 1692, during the Nine Years War, the French army defeated a joint English-Dutch-German army in the Battle of Steenkerque in the current municipality of Braine-le-Comte; the Braine-le-Comte post-office opened before 1830. It used postal code 22 with 53 with points; the Hennuyères post office opened on 6 November 1865. It used postal code 161 with points; the Ronquières post office opened on 10 January 1895. Postal codes in 1969: 7198 Ronquières 7199 Henripont 7490 Braine-le-Comte 7491 Steenkerque 7492 Petit-Rœulx-lez-Braine 7498 Hennuyères Eden Hazard, Belgian international footballer Thorgan Hazard, Belgian international footballer Father Damien, a Roman Catholic Saint that attended the College of Braine-le-Comte in 1858 Media related to Braine-le-Comte at Wikimedia Commons
Tommy Leclercq is a Belgian politician, governor of the province of Hainaut, since March 2013. Leclercq was born in Charleroi on 19 June 1970, he obtained a master's degree in Labour Studies at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 1997 a European Certificate of University Education in Social Labour from Paris 12 Val de Marne University in 1998. On 28 March 2013 he became governor of the province of Hainaut, at the time the youngest provincial governor in Belgium. La Wallonie vue par les grands écrivains, Editions Luc Pire, 2011 Lobbes ma commune, self-published, 2012 https://www.cumuleo.be/mandataire/4436-tommy-leclercq.php http://www.lanouvellegazette.be/692470/article/regions/centre/actualite/2013-03-28/province-du-hainaut-tommy-leclercq-le-nouveau-gouverneur-a-prete-serment http://www.nordeclair.be/683127/article/regions/mouscron/actualite/2013-03-14/hainaut-tommy-leclercq-est-notre-nouveau-gouverneur http://www.laprovince.be/1546043/article/2016-04-10/le-gouverneur-du-hainaut-ne-mache-pas-ses-mots https://ibz.be/fr/services-federaux-aupres-des-gouverneurs http://www.notele.be/list14-l-info-en-continu-media23917-tommy-leclercq-designe-gouverneur-du-hainaut.html
Nord (French department)
Nord is a department in the far north of France. It was created from the western halves of the historical counties of Flanders and Hainaut, the Bishopric of Cambrai; the modern coat of arms was inherited from the County of Flanders. Nord is the country's most populous department, it contains the metropolitan region of Lille, the fifth-largest urban area in France after Paris, Lyon and Toulouse. Within the department is located the part of France where the French Flemish dialect of Dutch is still spoken as a native language. Like Dutch, the dialect of Ch'ti is still spoken. Tribes of the Belgae, such as the Menapii and Nervii were the first peoples recorded in the area known as Nord. During the 4th and 5th Centuries, Roman rulers of Gallia Belgica secured the route from the major port of Bononia to Colonia, by co-opting Germanic peoples north-east of this corridor, such as the Tungri. In effect, the area known as Nord became an isogloss between the Germanic and Romance languages. Saxon colonisation of the region from the 5th to the 8th centuries shifted the isogloss further south so that, by the 9th century, most people north of Lille spoke a dialect of Old Dutch.
This has remained evident in the place names of the region. After the County of Flanders became part of France in the 9th century, the isogloss moved north and east. During the 14th Century, much of the area came under the control of the Duchy of Burgundy and in subsequent centuries was therefore part of the Habsburg Netherlands and the Spanish Netherlands. Areas that constituted Nord were ceded to France by treaties in 1659, 1668, 1678, becoming the Counties of Flanders and Hainaut, part of the Bishopric of Cambrai. On 4 March 1790, during the French Revolution, Nord became one of the original 83 departments created to replace the counties. Modern government policies making French the only official language have led to a decline in use of the Dutch West Flemish dialect. There are 20,000 speakers of a sub-dialect of West Flemish in the arrondissement of Dunkirk and it appears that this particular sub-dialect will be extinct within decades. There is, however. Nord is part of the current Hauts-de-France region and is surrounded by the French departments of Pas-de-Calais and Aisne, as well as by Belgium and the North Sea.
Situated in the north of the country along the western half of the Belgian frontier, the department is unusually long and narrow. Its principal city is Lille, which with nearby Roubaix and Villeneuve d'Ascq constitutes the center of a cluster of industrial and former mining towns totalling over a million inhabitants. Other important cities are Valenciennes and Dunkirk; the principal rivers are the following: Yser, Escaut, Sambre Nord is the most populated department, with a population of 2,617,939 and an area of 5,743 km². The President of the Departmental Council is the unaffiliated right-winger Jean-René Lecerf; the first President of the Fifth Republic, General Charles de Gaulle, was born in Lille in the department on 22 November 1890. At the forefront of France's 19th century industrialisation, the area suffered during World War I and now faces the economic and environmental problems associated with the decline of coal mining with its neighbours following the earlier decline of the Lille-Roubaix textile industry.
Until the department was dominated economically by coal mining, which extended through the heart of the department from neighbouring Artois into central Belgium. Cantons of the Nord department Communes of the Nord department Arrondissements of the Nord department French Flemish Université Lille Nord de France INSEE Prefecture website General Council website Nord at Curlie