Crazy Horse (album)
Crazy Horse is the debut album by Crazy Horse, released in 1971 by Reprise Records. It is the only album by the band to feature Danny Whitten, it peaked at #84 on the Billboard 200 album chart. Members of this band had released an album in 1968 as The Rockets, had appeared on record twice with Neil Young as Crazy Horse; the core trio from the Rockets, Danny Whitten, Billy Talbot, Ralph Molina, provided instrumental backing for Young's 1969 album Everybody Knows This Is Nowhere, performed on some songs from Young's 1970 album After the Gold Rush. Producer/keyboardist Jack Nitzsche, a member of Phil Spector's Wrecking Crew and played on records by The Rolling Stones, had worked with Young on his debut album and on tracks for Buffalo Springfield, he was drafted into Crazy Horse to back up Young on their short tour in early 1970. During sessions for Gold Rush, they met teenage guitar prodigy Nils Lofgren, who joined the band in time for this album, picking up a contract with Reprise Records after the exposure garnered from their association with Young.
This was Whitten's last album release before his death from a drug overdose in 1972. For the recording of this album in the fall of 1970, they recruited Ry Cooder, who had worked with Nitzsche on sessions for the Stones. Cooder plays on three tracks; the album contains compositions from four principal writers. Whitten's ballad, "I Don't Want to Talk About It", would be covered by a variety of artists, including Rita Coolidge. Neil Young's "Dance Dance Dance," was covered by The New Seekers in 1972, Randy Newman had performed Nitzsche's "Gone Dead Train" on the soundtrack for the 1970 film Performance by Donald Cammell and Nicolas Roeg; the song was covered by the Scottish hard rock band Nazareth on their 1977 album Expect No Mercy, as was "Beggar's Day" for the group's 1975 album Hair of the Dog. A live version of "Downtown" by Whitten and Young would appear on Young's 1975 album Tonight's the Night, entitled " Downtown." On Neil Young's 2007 vault release Live at the Fillmore East 1970, the song is credited to Whitten alone.
This song is not to be confused with "Downtown" from Young's 1995 album Mirror Ball. Crazy Horse was released on compact disc on March 22, 1994, as part of the Warner Brothers archive series, produced for compact disc by Lee Herschberg, it appeared in its entirety as part of Rhino Handmade's Scratchy compilation from 2005, which included outtakes from the sessions for this album. That compilation is no longer in print. Danny Whitten – guitars, backing vocals.
An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century as individual 78-rpm records collected in a bound book resembling a photograph album. Vinyl LPs are still issued, though album sales in the 21st-century have focused on CD and MP3 formats; the audio cassette was a format used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s. An album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places; the time frame for recording an album varies between a few hours to several years. This process requires several takes with different parts recorded separately, brought or "mixed" together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed "live" when done in a studio. Studios are built to absorb sound, eliminating reverberation, so as to assist in mixing different takes. Recordings, including live, may contain sound effects, voice adjustments, etc..
With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at separate times while listening to the other parts using headphones. Album covers and liner notes are used, sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, lyrics or librettos; the term "album" was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format. In musical usage the word was used for collections of short pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century. Collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums; when long-playing records were introduced, a collection of pieces on a single record was called an album. An album, in ancient Rome, was a board chalked or painted white, on which decrees and other public notices were inscribed in black, it was from this that in medieval and modern times album came to denote a book of blank pages in which verses, sketches and the like are collected. Which in turn led to the modern meaning of an album as a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item.
In the early nineteenth century "album" was used in the titles of some classical music sets, such as Schumann's Album for the Young Opus 68, a set of 43 short pieces. When 78rpm records came out, the popular 10-inch disc could only hold about three minutes of sound per side, so all popular recordings were limited to around three minutes in length. Classical-music and spoken-word items were released on the longer 12-inch 78s, about 4–5 minutes per side. For example, in 1924, George Gershwin recorded a drastically shortened version of the seventeen-minute Rhapsody in Blue with Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra, it ran for 8m 59s. Deutsche Grammophon had produced an album for its complete recording of the opera Carmen in 1908. German record company Odeon released the Nutcracker Suite by Tchaikovsky in 1909 on 4 double-sided discs in a specially designed package; this practice of issuing albums does not seem to have been taken up by other record companies for many years. By about 1910, bound collections of empty sleeves with a paperboard or leather cover, similar to a photograph album, were sold as record albums that customers could use to store their records.
These albums came in both 12-inch sizes. The covers of these bound books were wider and taller than the records inside, allowing the record album to be placed on a shelf upright, like a book, suspending the fragile records above the shelf and protecting them. In the 1930s, record companies began issuing collections of 78 rpm records by one performer or of one type of music in specially assembled albums with artwork on the front cover and liner notes on the back or inside cover. Most albums included three or four records, with two sides each, making six or eight compositions per album; the 12-inch LP record, or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. A single LP record had the same or similar number of tunes as a typical album of 78s, it was adopted by the record industry as a standard format for the "album". Apart from minor refinements and the important addition of stereophonic sound capability, it has remained the standard format for vinyl albums.
The term "album" was extended to other recording media such as Compact audio cassette, compact disc, MiniDisc, digital albums, as they were introduced. As part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some observers feel that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album. While an album may contain as many or as few tracks as required, in the United States, The Recording Academy's rules for Grammy Awards state that an album must comprise a minimum total playing time of 15 minutes with at least five distinct tracks or a minimum total playing time of 30 minutes with no minimum track requirement. In the United Kingdom, the criteria for the UK Albums Chart is that a recording counts as an "album" i
Rampant is the fifth studio album by the Scottish hard rock band Nazareth, released in 1974. It was the third of their LP albums to be produced by Roger Glover, proved to be the last time they would work with him. All lyrics written by Pete Agnew, Manny Charlton, Dan McCafferty, Darrell Sweet unless otherwise noted. Salvo Records released a version in 2010 with the following bonus tracks: Dan McCafferty - vocals, photography Pete Agnew - bass guitar, background vocals, liner notes Manny Charlton - guitars, photography Darrell Sweet - drums, background vocals, liner notes, photography Vicki Brown, Barry St. John, Liza Strike - background vocals Jon Lord - synthesizer, piano on "Glad When You're Gone" and "Shanghai'd In Shanghai" Roger Glover - producer Richard Roy - assistant mastering engineer Red Steel - revised notes Louie Austin - engineer Mike Brown - remastering Mick Carpenter - project coordinator Lyrics to songs from Rampant
Guns N' Roses
Guns N' Roses abbreviated as GNR, is an American hard rock band from Los Angeles, formed in 1985. When they signed to Geffen Records in 1986, the band comprised vocalist Axl Rose, lead guitarist Slash, rhythm guitarist Izzy Stradlin, bassist Duff McKagan, drummer Steven Adler; the current lineup consists of Rose, Slash, McKagan, keyboardist Dizzy Reed, guitarist Richard Fortus, drummer Frank Ferrer and keyboardist Melissa Reese. Guns N' Roses' debut album, Appetite for Destruction, reached number one on the Billboard 200 a year after its release, on the strength of the Top 10 singles "Welcome to the Jungle", "Paradise City", "Sweet Child o' Mine", the band's only single to reach number one on the Billboard Hot 100; the album has sold 30 million copies worldwide, including 18 million units in the United States, making it the country's bestselling debut album and eleventh-bestselling album. Their next studio album, G N' R Lies, reached number two on the Billboard 200, sold ten million copies worldwide, included the Top 5 hit "Patience".
Use Your Illusion I and Use Your Illusion II, recorded and released in 1991, debuted at number two and number one on the Billboard 200 and have sold a combined 35 million copies worldwide, including 14 million units in the United States. The Illusion albums included the lead single "You Could Be Mine", covers of "Live and Let Die" and "Knockin’ on Heaven’s Door", a trilogy of ballads, which featured notably high-budget music videos; the Illusion records were supported by the extensive Use Your Illusion Tour, a world tour that lasted from 1991-1993. "The Spaghetti Incident?", an album of covers, was the band's last studio album to feature Slash and McKagan. Work on a follow up album stalled due to creative differences between band members. After a more than a decade of work and several lineup changes, Guns N' Roses's long-awaited sixth studio album Chinese Democracy, was released. At an estimated $14 million in production costs, it is the most expensive rock album in history, it debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, but undersold industry expectations despite positive critical reception.
Slash and McKagan rejoined the band in 2016 for the Not in This Lifetime... Tour, which became the second-highest-grossing concert tour on record, grossing over $562 million by December 2018. In their early years, the band's hedonism and rebelliousness drew comparisons to the early Rolling Stones and earned them the nickname "the most dangerous band in the world." The band's classic lineup, along with members Reed and drummer Matt Sorum, was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012, its first year of eligibility. Guns N' Roses have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, including 45 million in the United States, making them the 41st-bestselling artist in history. In 1984, Hollywood Rose member Izzy Stradlin was living with L. A. Guns member Tracii Guns; when L. A. Guns needed a new vocalist, Stradlin suggested Hollywood Rose singer Axl Rose. Months Guns N' Roses was formed in March 1985 by Rose, rhythm guitarist Stradlin, along with L. A. Guns founders lead drummer Rob Gardner and bassist Ole Beich.
The band coined its name by combining the names of both previous groups. Rejected names for the band included "Heads of Amazon" and "AIDS", their first show, promoted as "L. A. Guns and Hollywood Rose presents Guns N Roses", was on March 26, 1985. After this show, Beich was replaced by Duff McKagan. Around this time, the band planned to release an EP with "Don't Cry", a cover of "Heartbreak Hotel", "Think About You" and "Anything Goes". However, plans for the release fell through, as Guns left the band after an argument with Rose leading to his replacement by Rose and Stradlin's one-time Hollywood Rose bandmate, Slash. Gardner was replaced by another former Hollywood Rose member, Steven Adler. Slash had previously played with McKagan and Adler in Road Crew; the band's "classic" lineup was finalized on June 4, 1985 when Adler and Slash joined. After two days of rehearsals, the band played their first show with the lineup on June 6, 1985. Two days the band embarked on a short, disorganized tour of the West Coast, from Sacramento, California, to McKagan's hometown of Seattle, Washington.
The band drove in a separate van and had to abandon their gear when both vans broke down on the way to Seattle, forcing them to hitch-hike up the coast and back home to LA with only their guitars. The so-called "Hell Tour" settled the band's first stable lineup, with McKagan commenting, "This trip had set a new benchmark for what we were capable of, what we could and would put ourselves through to achieve our goals as a band."Through the band's increasing presence on the Hollywood club scene – playing famed bars such as The Troubadour and The Roxy – Guns N' Roses drew the attention of major record labels. The group signed with Geffen Records in March 1986, they had turned down an offer from Chrysalis Records, nearly double Geffen's, due to Chrysalis wanting to change the band's image and sound and Geffen offering full artistic freedom. In December of that year, the group released the four-song EP Live?!*@ Like a Suicide, designed to keep interest in the band alive while the group withdrew from the club scene to work in the studio.
The EP release was designed to sooth over the label, who felt the band didn't have enough songs to record an album. The EP contained covers of Ro
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Nazareth are a Scottish hard rock band formed in 1968, that had several hits in the United Kingdom, as well as in several other West European countries in the early 1970s, established an international audience with their 1975 album Hair of the Dog, which featured their hits "Hair of the Dog" and a cover of the ballad "Love Hurts". The band continues to tour. Nazareth formed in December 1968 in Dunfermline, from the remaining members of semi-professional local group The Shadettes by vocalist Dan McCafferty, guitarist Manny Charlton, bassist Pete Agnew, drummer Darrell Sweet, they were inspired by The Rolling Stones. Nazareth took their name from Nazareth, cited in the first line of The Band's classic song "The Weight"; the band moved to London, England in 1970 and released their eponymous debut album in 1971. After getting some attention with their second album Exercises, released in 1972, Nazareth supported Deep Purple on tour, issued the Roger Glover-produced Razamanaz, in early 1973; this collection spawned two UK Top Ten hits, "Broken Down Angel" and "Bad Bad Boy".
This was followed by Loud'N' Proud in late 1973, which contained another hit single with a cover of Joni Mitchell's song "This Flight Tonight". Came another album Rampant, in 1974, successful although its only single, "Shanghai'd in Shanghai", narrowly missed the British Top 40. A non-album song, again a cover version, this time of Tomorrow's "My White Bicycle", was a UK Top 20 entry in 1975. Hair of the Dog was released in April 1975 and was produced by Manny Charlton, ending Roger Glover's association with the band; the title track of that album became a staple of 1970s rock radio. The American version of the album included a song recorded by The Everly Brothers, the melodic Boudleaux Bryant-penned ballad "Love Hurts", released as a hit single in the UK and in the US, where it went platinum; the track became. And was a top 10 hit in nine other countries, reaching number 1 in six of them; the song was on the Norwegian chart for 60 weeks. In 1979, second guitarist Zal Cleminson was added to the line-up, remaining for two albums, No Mean City and Malice in Wonderland, contributing numerous compositions.
Malice in Wonderland contained the single "Holiday". In 1981, they contributed the song "Crazy" to the soundtrack to Heavy Metal. Various Nazareth line-ups continued to make studio albums and tour throughout the 1980s and 1990s, although their popularity had declined such that some albums no longer received either a UK or a US release, they remained popular in Europe Germany, where "Dream On" became a hit single. In 1991, Billy Rankin returned to replace Manny Charlton on the No Jive album, remaining with the band until 1994. A tribute came in 1993 when Guns N' Roses covered Nazareth's "Hair of the Dog" on "The Spaghetti Incident?", consolation after they turned down Axl Rose's request for the group to play at his wedding. Rankin departed again in 1994, but with Jimmy Murrison and keyboard player Ronnie Leahy, Nazareth maintained a live following in Europe and the US. Nazareth continued touring after Rankin's departure, with Jimmy Murrison and keyboard player Ronnie Leahy. While on tour in 1999, original drummer Darrell Sweet died at age 51 of a heart attack.
He was replaced by bassist Pete Agnew's son Lee for editions of the band. On 4 August 2006, John Locke, the former keyboardist of the band, died from cancer at the age of 62. In February 2008, The Newz was released on Edel Entertainment; the release of the album coincided with Nazareth's fortieth anniversary tour, which started on 25 January in Sweden and visited most of Europe, finished on 4 November 2008 in Norway. A follow up album, Big Dogz, was released on 15 April 2011. Nazareth announced McCafferty's retirement from the band due to ill health on 28 August 2013, leaving Pete Agnew as the sole remaining original member of the band. On 22 February 2014, it was announced that Scottish singer Linton Osborne was chosen as McCafferty's replacement, with the former singer's blessing. In December 2014, Nazareth announced the cancellation of several shows, postponement of their UK tour, due to Osborne contracting a virus that left him unable to perform. In a post on his Facebook page 16 January 2015, Osborne announced his departure from the band.
On 13 February 2015, the band announced that Carl Sentance of Persian Risk, Geezer Butler Band, Krokus, was their new lead vocalist. Music of Scotland List of Scottish musicians List of 1970s one-hit wonders in the United States List of performers on Top of the Pops Official website Nazareth discography at Discogs
Vertigo Records is a record company, which originated in the United Kingdom. It was a subsidiary of the Philips/Phonogram record label, launched in 1969 to specialise in progressive rock and other non-mainstream musical styles. Today it is operated by Universal Music UK. Vertigo was the brainchild of Olav Wyper, it was launched as a competitor to labels such as Deram. It was the home to bands such as Colosseum, Jade Warrior, Affinity and other bands from'the "cutting edge" of the early-'70s British prog-folk-post-psych circuit'; the first Vertigo releases came with a distinctive black and white spiral label, replaced with Roger Dean's spaceship design in 1973. Vertigo became the European home to various hard rock bands signed to Mercury in North America, such as Bon Jovi and Kiss. Vertigo is a division of Island Records in the United States and operates as Virgin EMI Records in the UK, which in turn is a frontline music group operation of Universal Music UK. In Germany, Vertigo has merged with Capitol Records and is used for German rock artists.
The label's legacy artists include Metallica, Razorlight and Dire Straits. More recent signings include The Rapture, The Killers, One Night Only, Amy Macdonald and Thee Unstrung 2004-2005 and Kassidy in 2009. Black Sabbath returned to the label in 2013 until their dissolution in 2017 although former sister label Sanctuary Records Group acquired international rights to their back catalogue in the interim. Worldwide Vertigo Swirl Guide