SC Hakoah Vienna is a Jewish sports club in Vienna, Austria. Prior to World War II, it produced several Olympic athletes and was notable for fielding an Jewish association football team with players drawn from across Europe. Closed down by the Nazis in 1938 following the Anschluss, it re-formed in 1945, though its football team was disbanded in 1949. A pair of Austrian Zionists, cabaret librettist Fritz "Beda" Löhner and dentist Ignaz Herman Körner, founded the club in 1909. Influenced by Max Nordau's doctrine of "Muscular Judaism", they named the club "Hakoah", meaning "the strength" or "the power" in Hebrew. In its first year, the club's athletes competed in fencing, field hockey, track & field and swimming. Hakoah Vienna was one of the first football teams to market themselves globally by travelling where they would attract thousands of Jewish fans to their matches against local teams in cities such as London and New York. Support for Hakoah spread around Europe as Jews as far as Russia and the United States avidly supported Hakoah Vienna who took advantage of such support by setting up successful tours and friendlies.
As the first "Jewish" team, Hakoah attracted the attention of prominent Jewish figures including author Franz Kafka. In the offseason, Hakoah traveled around the world marketing their success. However, instead of selling jerseys and other merchandise, Hakoah sold Zionism. In preparation for their visits, they sent promoters ahead of the team in order to generate buzz and attract Jewish fans. Hakoah was not new to the notion of global tours. However, the team did face anti-Semitism during its world travels; the club created an unconventional form of security, having the Hakoah wrestling team accompany them and act as their personal bodyguards. From 1922 Hakoah leased a sports ground in the Vienna Prater park; the facilities included an athletics track, a sports stadium and handball pitches with seating for 25,000 spectators, tennis courts, a jumping pit, hockey field and showers, a dining area, groundkeeper’s accommodation. Hakoah finished second in the Austrian league in 1922. On the team's trip to London in 1923, they managed to defeat West Ham United by a score of 5–1, admittedly against a reserve team.
Hakoah became the first continental club to defeat an English team in England. In a dramatic game of the 1924–25 season, Hakoah's Hungarian-born goalkeeper Alexander Fabian broke his arm; the rules at the time did not allow substitutions so Fabian put his arm in a sling and switched positions with a forward. Seven minutes Fabian scored the winning goal, clinching Hakoah's league championship. In 1926, the team conducted a successful tour of the United States, their game at New York City's Polo Grounds attracted a record at the time. Many of the team's players, impressed by the relative lack of anti-Semitism they found, decided to stay in the United States, accepting offers to play for American clubs. Several of these players formed a club called New York Hakoah which won the National Challenge Cup in 1929. A few players founded Hakoah Tel Aviv football club there; the loss of so many talented players put an end to the Austrian football team's competitiveness. The athletic club's success extended beyond the football pitch.
Hakoah had successful sections in wrestling, water polo and swimming with the club producing several Olympic athletes in women’s swimming. As the top Jewish team, Hakoah attracted the attention of prominent Jews including Franz Kafka; the club had organised balls and other social events. At its pre-war peak, the club had over 8000 members. Watermarks, a 2004 documentary film, tells the story of the Hakoah women's swim team with historical footage from the 1930s and contemporary interviews with surviving team members. President of the club from 1928 to 1938 was David Herbst, the husband of Austria's tennis champion Liesl Herbst, he wrote in the celebratory Festschrift on the 25th anniversary of the club in 1934: "In the days of our forefathers, we Jews have forgotten the old and true words in the education of our children: Mens sana in corpore sano! We only thought that the new generation should be educated, we neglected what today the whole world recognises as the only proper educational principle: to make our bodies strong."
By the 1930s Hakoah Vienna was on the receiving end of hatred stirred up by Hitler, had to travel to matches with their wrestlers as bodyguards. Three days after the Anschluss, the shared club base of Hakoah Sports Club, Hakoah Tourism and Ski Club and the Hakoah Swimming Club at the Viennese Cafe Atlashof, was shut down, with the club assets and stadium seized; the official dissolution of the sports club was administered in the political department IV Ac by the Liquidation Commissioner of the Nazi party. Dezsö Herbst did most of the official work with the Liquidation Commissioner. On 31st March 1938 the liquidator ordered the club to transfer its assets. After the transfer, the final phase of the ‘development’ of Hakoah began. On 16th November 1938, the Liquidation Commissioner sent an application to the Board of the Vienna Police Directorate for a raid on Hakoah Sports Club. After the Anschluss of 1938, the German Football Association banned the club and nullified their games, their stadium was given to the Nazi party.
In 1945 the club was founded again a
Great Blakenham is a small village near Ipswich, in Suffolk UK. An energy from waste Centre built by SITA UK was opened in December 2014 on the former site of the Highway Agency's Depot. All refuse from residential properties in Mid Suffolk and Babergh is sent here, No refuse goes to Landfill.. A ski centre, SnOasis, was planned to be built near Great Blakenham, along with a railway station following planning application approval in 2004. Despite this, as of 2019, construction of the ski centre has not begun. Media related to Great Blakenham at Wikimedia Commons Suffolk energy-from-waste facility website. Great Blakenham Parish Council website
Raonaid Murray was an Irish murder victim, stabbed to death at the age of 17 in the early hours of Saturday morning, 4 September 1999. As of February 2018, this case remains unsolved; the murder weapon has not been located either. Each year her family and the Garda Síochána issue new appeals for fresh information. In 2009, a tribute website was set up but was targeted by vandals and naysayers who posted upsetting messages. By 2008, Raonaid was said to have "achieved iconic status", according to Kim Bielenberg of the Irish Independent, who remarked in one article that her image was still to be seen on the front pages of Ireland's newspapers on a regular basis; the case has been compared in the media to other unsolved incidents such as the disappearance of schoolboy Philip Cairns in 1986. Raonaid Murray was born on 1 January 1982 to parents Jim and Deirdre Murray and lived in Glenageary, South Dublin. Raonaid is the Irish name for Rachel, she had an older brother and an older sister. She attended St Joseph of Cluny secondary school in Killiney where she achieved in her Junior Certificate before completing her Leaving Certificate examinations in June 1999.
On finishing school she worked part-time in a fashion boutique in Dún Laoghaire but intended to re-sit her Leaving Cert at the Institute of Education in Leeson Street and hoped to attend the arts faculty in University College Dublin upon completion. She liked reading and poetry, with her favourite play being "Under Milk Wood" by Dylan Thomas, hoped to one day be a success as a professional writer, she wore a blue stud in her nose, was known for dressing in bright colours and pursued an active social life. Raonaid spent the evening of 3 September 1999 socialising in Scotts pub on Georges Street, Dún Laoghaire, a place she knew well, she had just finished her shift in the boutique at 9:00pm. It was to be the place, she left at 11.20pm, planning to meet friends again and started the 15-minute walk home. It is believed that she argued with a man described as being in his mid 20s an estimated 25 minutes after leaving the pub in the laneway between Silchester Road and her home in Silchester Park. Witnesses heard a female voice expressing a cry of "leave me alone", "go away" or something similar.
"Fuck off" was heard. This was followed by a scream. Raonaid was stabbed four times in the side and shoulder with a one-and-a-half-inch sharp knife while in Silchester Crescent, her murderer escaped and Raonaid staggered 200 feet before she collapsed and died from her injuries. Her body was found by her sister Sarah 50 yards from her home, at 12:20am on the morning of Saturday 4 September. Raonaid were her possessions stolen. An investigation was launched. More than 100 Gardaí were assigned to the case at its peak. By 2008, more than 8,000 people were interviewed and 3,000 statements taken. There were 12 arrests; the knife used to murder Raonaid has never been found. In the build-up to the first anniversary of Raonaid's murder in 2000, there were fresh appeals for information by Gardaí and Detective Inspector Eamon O'Reilly appealed to listeners of Morning Ireland for assistance; each year, Raonaid's family issue an appeal for more information. They have offered a reward of €190,000; these appeals for information have been renewed with authorities suspecting that any young people who may have witnessed the crime may now have reached the correct level of maturity to discuss what they saw.
On the tenth anniversary of Raonaid's murder in 2009, gardaí issued descriptions of a male and female who they wanted to interview on the matter. A forensic profile of the killer suggested that it would be a young man, in his mid- to late twenties, living either alone or with his mother, he would have been a loner with a drug problem, may have been in psychiatric care at some point. He would have had a history of anti-social behaviour and would be unlikely to have had any intimate relationships; the profile indicated a likelihood. There have been suspects for the murder since it took place: The earliest suspect was a man in his mid-twenties, five foot ten in height, with sandy-coloured Oasis-style hair like that of Noel Gallagher, wearing light coloured combat trousers and a beige top seen arguing with her less than an hour before she was killed. A taxi-driver reported picking up a young man with blood on his trousers in the early hours of that Saturday morning and taking him to Granville Road at the top of Newtownpark Avenue, Blackrock.
He felt he did not see him go inside. House-to-house inquiries carried out at the time did not find anyone fitting the description living on the road. In the investigation, a suspect was found to have been living at the time on the other side of Newtownpark Avenue, he was arrested and questioned. A cook was arrested and questioned but released without charge. A young man seen dancing with Raonaid at a nightclub and "hassling" her in an Abrakebabra fast food restaurant on 29 July 1999. Farah Swaleh Noor, a Kenyan immigrant, killed and dismembered in March 2005 by Linda and Charlotte Mulhall, two sisters from Dublin, he threatened their mother, Kathleen Mulhall saying "I'm going to fucking kill you, just like I did with Raonaid Murray", although he was drunk at the time. Noor, questioned during the initial investigation, has since been ruled out. A unit of experienced Gardaí called The Garda Serious Crime Review Team under detective superintendent Christy Mangan began a review of the case in July 2008