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Hakuhō Shō

Hakuhō Shō is a professional sumo wrestler born in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia with Japanese citizenship. Making his debut in March 2001, he reached the top makuuchi division in May 2004. In May 2007 at the age of 22 he became the second native of Mongolia, the fourth non-Japanese overall, to be promoted to the highest rank in sumo, yokozuna. In 2009, he broke the record for the most wins in a calendar year, winning 86 out of 90 bouts, repeated this feat with the same record again in 2010 when he established the second longest winning streak in sumo history, he holds the record for the most undefeated tournament championships at fifteen, seven more than any other sumo wrestler in history. He was the only active yokozuna from 2010, following the retirement of his rival and fellow Mongolian Asashōryū, until 2012 with the promotion of fellow Mongolian Harumafuji. In January 2015, he broke Taihō's long-standing record by winning his 33rd top division championship, the most in the history of sumo, he holds the records for most wins in the top division, achieved in May 2016, most career wins, achieved in July 2017.

He is the longest-serving yokozuna of all-time, having surpassed Haguroyama's record in 2019. In the same year, he acquired Japanese citizenship. Like many of his countrymen in professional sumo, Hakuhō belongs to a family in the Mongolian wrestling tradition, his father Jigjidiin Mönkhbat won a silver medal in freestyle wrestling at the 1968 Summer Olympics, his country's first Olympic medal, held the highest ranking in Mongolian wrestling, "Darkhan Avarga", the Mongolian equivalent of yokozuna. Davaajargal did not however have any formal training in Mongolian wrestling himself, as his father wished him to try other sports, he concentrated on basketball as a child instead. However, at an early age he would be seen reading sumo magazines, when his father asked him why he liked sumo so much, he responded by saying he wanted to be as big as a sumo wrestler one day. At that time he was considered below average in size, he came to Japan in October 2000 when he was fifteen years old, invited by pioneering Mongolian wrestler Kyokushūzan.

Because he weighed only 62 kg, no sumo training stable was prepared to accept him. Hearing this, Kyokushūzan asked heya master Miyagino-oyakata to intercede, Davaajargal was accepted to Miyagino stable on the last day of his two-month stay in Japan, 24 December 2000, he was given the ring name Hakuhō, with haku meaning "white" and hō, meaning the Chinese mythological bird Peng. His shikona emulates that of former yokozuna Taihō. Hakuhō made his professional debut at the March tournament in Osaka in 2001. Despite having no previous wrestling experience, as his weight increased he rose in the ranks, reaching the second highest jūryō division in January 2004, the top makuuchi division in May of the same year. In his first top-division tournament, he scored twelve wins against three losses and was awarded a special prize for Fighting Spirit, he enjoyed great success in subsequent tournaments, winning a gold star for defeating yokozuna Asashōryū in November 2004 while still at the lowest makuuchi rank of maegashira.

This tournament saw him finish as runner-up for the first time. He achieved a rapid promotion to the rank of komusubi in January 2005 and sekiwake only one tournament later, his progress was delayed by an injury which forced him to take leave from the Nagoya tournament in 2005. His ōzeki promotion came in March 2006 after a 13–2 record, which included a playoff for the championship and earned him two special prizes for Outstanding Performance and Technique; this gave him a three tournament record of 35 wins against ten losses. His promotion was confirmed just a few weeks after his twenty-first birthday, making him the fourth youngest wrestler to reach ōzeki in modern sumo history. At his first tournament as ōzeki in May 2006, with Asashōryū absent, Hakuhō won his first championship with a 14–1 record, defeating Miyabiyama in another playoff. After another strong performance in July, in which he finished as runner-up to Asashōryū and defeated him on the final day, Hakuhō flirted with promotion to yokozuna, but an uncharacteristically poor 8–7 showing in September shelved such early hopes.

An injury sustained in training prevented him from participating in the November tournament, putting him at risk for demotion in January 2007, when he scored a respectable ten wins on his return to the ring. In March 2007 Hakuhō won his second championship in Osaka and a third championship in the next tournament in May, with a perfect 15–0 record. Winning two consecutive championships satisfies the de facto minimum requirements for promotion to the top rank in sumo. On the day following the tournament, the Yokozuna Deliberation Council unanimously recommended his promotion to yokozuna, formally announced by the Japan Sumo Association on 30 May 2007, he performed his inaugural ring-entering ceremony at the Meiji Shrine on 1 June. He performed the ceremony at the Kokugikan during Kyokushūzan's retirement ceremony on 2 June. Hakuhō's first tournament as a yokozuna was in July 2007, his 25 match winning streak was brought to an end by Kotomitsuki on the 10th day, further losses to Kotoōshū and Chiyotaikai put him out of contention for the title.

He finished the tournament with an 11–4 record. Hakuhō's first tournament championship as a yokozuna came in September 2007 with a 13–2 record, triumphing over Chiyotaikai on the last day, his second title as

Siebe plc

Siebe plc became the name of the new conglomerate formed when Siebe Gorman began taking over other firms in the early 1970s, to distinguish it from Siebe Gorman's original breathing apparatus and diving gear core business. Siebe plc was once one of the United Kingdom's largest engineering businesses and was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. In 1999 it merged with BTR plc to form Invensys. About 1972: Siebe plc became the name of the new conglomerate formed when Siebe Gorman began taking over other firms, to distinguish it from Siebe Gorman's original breathing apparatus and diving gear core business. 1972: Siebe plc acquired James North & Sons, a large safety products business, continued to brand it as North Safety Products. 1985: Siebe plc acquires CompAir, a business making compressed air equipment for the mining and construction industries and firefighters. 1987: Siebe plc acquires the Barber-Colman Company, an industrial automation and controls business. 1990: Siebe plc acquires the Foxboro Company, another industrial automation business.

1994: Siebe plc bought Triconex, a safety control business. 1997: Siebe plc acquired APV plc. 1998: Siebe plc acquired Eurotherm and Simulation Sciences. 1998: Siebe plc sold North Safety Products to Norcross. 1999: Siebe plc acquired Esscor. 1999: Siebe plc merged with BTR plc to form Invensys

Johann Friedrich August Tischbein

Johann Friedrich August Tischbein, known as the Leipziger Tischbein was a German portrait painter from the Tischbein family of artists. He received his first lessons from the set painter Johann Valentin Tischbein. In 1768, he went to Kassel to work in the studios of Johann Heinrich Tischbein. Four years he took a long trip through France, ending in Paris, where he studied with Johann Georg Wille. In 1777, he took a trip to Rome, where he met and worked with Jacques-Louis David, he returned to Germany in 1780. That same year, he was appointed court painter to Friedrich Karl August, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont in Bad Arolsen and was named "Council and Cabinet Painter". During the 1780s he made three trips to the Netherlands, on behalf of his patron, where he improved his skills in portrait painting. In 1795, he was hired by Leopold III, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau but, by this time, noble patronage was no longer the necessity it once was so, only one year Tischbein went to Berlin and became a successful independent portrait painter.

In 1799, he had greater success in Dresden. The following year, he received an appointment to replace Adam Friedrich Oeser as Director of the Academy of Visual Arts in Leipzig. In 1806, he went to Saint Petersburg to settle the estate of his brother, the architect and set designer, Ludwig Philipp Tischbein, he remained there for three years to finish several lucrative commissions from the Russian aristocracy. His daughter and son Carl Wilhelm became artists. Adolf Stoll: Der Maler Johann Friedrich August Tischbein und seine Familie. Ein Lebensbild nach den Aufzeichnungen seiner Tochter Caroline. Strecker & Schröder, Stuttgart 1923. Literature by and about Johann Friedrich August Tischbein in the German National Library catalogue

Battle of Lira

The Battle of Lira was one of the last battles in the Uganda–Tanzania War, fought between Tanzania and its Uganda National Liberation Front allies, Uganda Army troops loyal to Idi Amin on 15 May 1979. The Tanzanian-led forces routed Lira's garrison of Amin loyalists, intercepted and destroyed one retreating column of Uganda Army soldiers near the town. Idi Amin had established a brutal dictatorship. Seven years he attempted to invade neighbouring Tanzania to the south; the attack was repulsed, the Tanzanians launched a counter-attack into Ugandan territory. After a number of battles, Amin's regime and military collapsed, whereupon Tanzania and its Ugandan allies of the UNLF began to mop up the last pro-Amin holdouts in Uganda's east and north. One of these was the town of Lira, whose capture was entrusted to a force consisting of the Tanzanian 201st Brigade and the UNLF's Kikosi Maalum force. While approaching Lira, the Tanzanian-UNLF force divided into two groups, with the main force attacking the town from the south.

The other force was ordered to set up an ambush along the western approach in order to destroy Uganda Army troops who attempted to flee the town. The Tanzanian-led troops began their assault on Lira on 15 May 1979, the garrison began to retreat. One column of retreating soldiers ran into the advancing Tanzanian-UNLF troops west of the town, was completely destroyed. Lira was occupied by the Tanzanians and UNLF fighters without further resistance. In 1971 Idi Amin launched a military coup that overthrew the President of Uganda, Milton Obote, precipitating a deterioration of relations with the neighbouring state of Tanzania. Amin ruled the country under a repressive dictatorship. In October 1978 Amin launched an invasion of Tanzania. Tanzania halted the assault, mobilised anti-Amin opposition groups, launched a counter-offensive. In a matter of months, the Tanzania People's Defence Force and its Ugandan rebel allies defeated the Uganda Army in a number of battles, occupied Kampala, Uganda's capital, on 11 April 1979.

With his military disintegrating or in open revolt, Amin's rule was finished. Having escaped from Kampala, he traveled to a succession of cities in eastern and northern Uganda, urging his remaining forces "to go back and fight the enemy who had invaded our country" as he prepared to flee into exile. Most Uganda Army units opted to surrender, desert or defect to the Tanzanian-led forces, but some decided to continue to fight for Amin's collapsing regime. Thus, the Tanzanians and the UNLF allies continued their advance to secure eastern and northern Uganda; the Tanzanian 201st Brigade under Brigadier Imran Kombe and a smaller number of UNLF fighters were ordered to capture the important town of Lira in the north. The UNLF fighters consisted of Kikosi Maalum members loyal to ex-President Obote, were led by Lieutenant Colonel David Oyite-Ojok; the entire force consisted of about 5,000 troops. Lira was home to one of the largest Uganda Army barracks in the country. Throughout the spring of 1979, Amin loyalists harassed and murdered residents in the surrounding area because many had tribal links to Obote and were thus considered suspect.

They maintained a roadblock in the town and harassed passing civilians. After the fall of Kampala, Uganda Army troops from the south moved into Lira, the local population fled; the soldiers looted all of the town's shops and banks. Kombe realised that the most obvious way to approach Lira was from the west, along the main road, located at Lake Kyoga's western side; the Uganda Army garrison was expecting that the Tanzanians would take this route. To surprise the Amin loyalists, Kombe decided to instead cross Lake Kyoga by boat take the small roads through the nearby swamps, attack Lira from the south; this plan had the additional benefit of preventing the 201st Brigade from running into other Tanzanian units, reducing the risk of possible intermingling and confusion. One major drawback to Kombe's idea was, that Lake Kyoga lacked ships large enough to transport all his men across, let alone tanks and artillery. With some help from locals, the 201st Brigade's scouts managed to find at least one small and old, but functional ferry at Namasale on Lake Kyoga's eastern side.

The pilot refused to let the soldiers use his ship, owned by a Uganda Army officer. Kombe gave him food and cooking oil and assured him that he could keep the ferry once the war was over, he agreed to help the Tanzanians and started to transport the 201st Brigade from Lwampanga across the lake in twenty-hour shifts, though he and the Tanzanian soldiers had to deal with constant engine breakdowns. At one point, the wooden paddles on one of the wheels broke loose, Tanzanian soldiers had to retrieve them from the lake and lash them back to the wheel. After a week, the entire brigade was moved, but its tanks, too heavy for transport, were left behind. After crossing Lake Kyoga, the Tanzanian-UNLF force advanced toward Lira. At the same time, Kombe refined his plans, he wanted to secure a tangible victory at Lira, but knew that the Uganda Army had put up only a token resistance at several locations, retreated. In order to prevent the Amin loyalists in the town from escaping, Kombe subsequently decided to split his force, have one small unit set up an ambush west of Lira while the main force would frontally attack the town.

He selected

4th Centre for Combat Employment and Retraining of Personnel

The 4th Centre for Combat Employment and Retraining of Personnel VVS of the Russian Air Force is a research and instructional centre. It was formed in Tambov on 19 April 1953. In 1954 have been transferred to Voronezh Malshevo and 1960 to the Lipetsk air base, was transformed into the 4th center deployment and retraining flight personnel of the Air Force, it was part of the Air Forces of the Moscow Military District for decades. During the Soviet era the training department of the center taught over 45,000 officers of various specialties. Eleven Soviet cosmonauts retrained on new types of aircraft at the base; as a symbol of the history of aviation in Lipetsk, in August 1969 an Aviators' Square was erected with a monument of an upward-pointed MiG-19. From 1960 to 1990 the centre directed three research-instructor aviation regiments, the 91st, 455th, 760th; the 91st and 760th were at Lipetsk. The 91st and 760th were disbanded in 1992 and the 455th Research-Instructor Mixed Aviation Regiment was renamed the 455th Bomber Aviation Regiment and resubordinated to the 105th Mixed Aviation Division.

In their place the 968th Fighter Aviation Regiment returned from Falkenberg in East Germany in 1992 and was converted in 1993 into a Research-Instructor Fighter Aviation Regiment a Research-Instructor Mixed Aviation Regiment. After the collapse of the USSR the military-industrial complex deteriorated, the budget of the armed forces was reduced, it was a difficult time for the Lipetsk Air Base. The 54th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment was assigned to the centre from 2001-02. A change for the better only began in 2003: the available fuel increased, the material base began to be strengthened. In July 2003, on the 300th anniversary of Lipetsk, a ninety-minute airshow was held; this event began with a visiting delegation of French military pilots, headed by General Jean Romuald Robert. The group arrived on three "Mirage" fighter/attack aircraft. On 22 April 2004 the Russian president Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Italian Silvio Berlusconi visited the centre, arriving in Lipetsk on opening the Italian company Ariston.

There was a demonstration of aviation technology in action, including complex aerobatics, with the personal participation of the chief of the center Alexander Kharchevsky. On 5 September 2006 a delegation from 32 OSCE member states visited the air base for the first time. On 3 August 2007 the newest Russian fighter-bomber, the Su-34 from Novosibirsk Aviation Industrial Association flew at the test airfield. Under the control of pilots Sergei Shcherbina and Alexander Aschenkova the plane arrived in Lipetsk Air Base, where it was solemnly adopted and made atonement for the Air Force. Su-24 and Su-34 bombers from Lipetsk PPI and PLC participated in the 2008 Moscow Victory Day Parade; the Su-34 was managed by the chief of the aviation center, Major General Alexander Kharchevsky. 19 June 2008 marked the 55th anniversary of the founding of Lipetsk Air Base. In 2011, the military prosecutor's office of the Western Military District opened a criminal investigation into the extortion of money from Lipetsk Air Base airmen.

According to "Interfax", the reason for this was the information contained in the Internet address of lieutenant Igor Sulim, which found its confirmation in the audit. Defendants in the case, initiated on the 286th article Criminal Code of Russia began with the commander of the military unit, Colonel Edward Kowalski, his deputy for educational work, Colonel Sergei Sidorenko. After a three-year trial, they were convicted and sentenced to deprivation of liberty for a term of four and five years probation and ordered to pay compensation to the victims. In 2013 lёtnym aviation center staff began development of Su-30 super-maneuverable multi-role fighters. In 2014, the aviation center airfield was used as the base airfield at the time of the flight crews of the Air Force and Navy aviation competition "Aviadarts". In August 2015 the chief aviation center, Major-General Alexander Kharchevsky resigned.

Rafael Costa

Rafael Costa dos Santos known as Rafael Costa, is a Brazilian footballer. He plays for Brazilian club Guarani as a striker. Rafael is a striker, an athlete of the Avaí Futebol Clube, but before he defended the Força Sports Club, football club in São Paulo. Marked the history of the team from Santa Catarina, for her series on a campaign of conquest access to Series 2009. In 2009 it was agreed his loan until the end of the year for the Itumbiara of Goiás, but returned to Avaí soon after fighting where the Championship Goiano Itumbiara was third. On August 14, 2009, was borrowed directly by the club on loan at William and Mogi Mirim. In late April 2010, Rafael returned to perform at Avaí. In its game reestréia the B team for the Copa Avaí of Santa Catarina, one of the goals he scored the team's away win. In June 2011, Rafael left Avaí for Brasileiro Série D team Metropolitano and had good performances in his three-year stint at the club. In May 2013, he moved to Série B team Figueirense and continued successful playing career.

On 19 January 2014, it was announced. He scored two goals in AFC Champions League On 15 July 2014, it was announced that Rafael joined Brazilian side Ponte Preta by loan from FC Seoul. On 7 January 2015, it was announced that Rafael joined Brazilian side Joinville EC by loan from FC Seoul. On 3 July 2015, it was announced that Rafael joined Brazilian side Ceará Sporting Club by loan from FC Seoul Goal "Sambafoot". Archived from the original on 2011-05-08. Retrieved 2010-11-22. Rafael Costa – K League stats at Rafael Costa at Soccerway