Halifax Transit

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Halifax Transit
Halifax Transit logo
Halifax Transit montage.jpg
From top-left: Halifax Transit bus in new livery, Lacewood Terminal at night, view of Halifax from the deck of the Stannix, warning on Halifax III railing, new entrance to Dartmouth Alderney terminal.
Overview
Area served HRM Urban Transit Service Area [1]
Locale Halifax, Nova Scotia
Transit type Bus, Ferry
Number of lines 57 bus routes
2 ferry routes
5 express bus lines
Number of stations
  • Bayers Road
  • Bridge
  • Cobequid
  • Dalhousie
  • Dartmouth Ferry
  • Downsview
  • Halifax Ferry
  • Highfield
  • Hubley Centre
  • Lacewood
  • Lower Water Street
  • Mic Mac
  • Mumford
  • Penhorn
  • Portland Hills
  • Sackville
  • Scotia Square
  • Tacoma Centre
  • Woodside Ferry
Daily ridership 96,961[2]
Key people Dave Reage, Director
Headquarters 200 Ilsley Avenue, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia
Website http://halifax.ca/transit
Operation
Began operation 1982
Operator(s) Halifax Regional Municipality
Number of vehicles 312 buses
5 ferries

Halifax Transit is a Canadian public transport service operating buses and ferries in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Founded as Metro Transit in March 1982, Halifax Transit provides service in the urban service and adjacent area of the regional municipality utilizing 2 ferry routes, 57 conventional bus routes, two limited stop express routes, and three limited stop rural express routes. Halifax Transit also operates Accessabus, a door-to-door paratransit service for seniors and the disabled; in 2nd quarter 2016 bus ridership was 3.96 million, ferry ridership 641,000, and Accessabus ridership was 37,300.[3] According to the 2011 census, Halifax has the 7th highest proportion of workers taking transit to work in a city in Canada.[4]

History[edit]

Two open (summer) horse cars of the Halifax Street Railway Co, 1894

Halifax was among first cities in Canada to be served by an integrated public transportation system, pre-dated only by Toronto, Montreal and Quebec City.[5]

The municipality's first transit service came with establishment of the Dartmouth ferry service, first chartered in 1752; in 1816 the sail powered ferry was replaced by a horse powered boat, and in 1830 with a steam ferry. While private omnibus services are known to have begun in the city at least as early as 1854, the roots of Halifax Transit date back to June 11, 1866.

The Halifax City Railroad Company (HCR) began operations with five horse-drawn trams on rails that stretched from the corner of Barrington Street and Inglis Street in the south end to the city’s first railway station near the corner of Duffus Street and Campbell Road (now Barrington Street) in the north end.[6]

Tram with plow attachment, 1930s

Notwithstanding a ten-year hiatus, horse-drawn street railway services continued in Halifax until April 1896 when the system, now operated by the Halifax Electric Tramway Company, completed the conversion to electric-powered operation. The street railway served Halifax until March 1949, when the war-worn trams were replaced by "trackless" electric trolley coaches.[7]

The bright yellow trolleys, operated by utility Nova Scotia Light and Power, plied city streets exclusively until 1963, when they were supplemented by diesel buses for the first time, the system became all-diesel on January 1, 1970, the same day the City of Halifax took over the operation.[8]

Metro Transit bus with original green and blue livery with a stylized "M"

Metro Transit, a single transit agency serving all of the greater metropolitan area of Halifax-Dartmouth, began operations in March 1981, the system was created by the Metropolitan Authority, a common-services agency representing the former cities of Halifax and Dartmouth as well as suburban Halifax County,[9] to consolidate the transit operations of the Halifax Transit Corporation in Halifax and Dartmouth Transit.

Metro Transit expanded in 1994 with the absorption of the Dartmouth ferry services formerly operated by the city of Dartmouth. Ownership of the transit service was transferred to the newly created Halifax Regional Municipality at amalgamation in 1996, since that time the service has been operated directly by the municipal government and since October 2010 Transit has reported though the Transportation Standing Committee of Halifax Regional Council. The municipality announced on July 15, 2014 that it was changing the services name to Halifax Transit in reflection of the city's new brand.[10][11]

In January 2014, Halifax regional council approved a study to look at a major re-design of the city's transit system,[12] the "Moving Forward Together Plan" was adopted in principal by Halifax Regional Council in April 2016. Proposed amendments to the plan were defeated in November 2016, with the exception of a change to the route of the Porters Lake Metro X (soon to be Rural Express) and a short reprieve to attempt to increase ridership to save the #15 bus to York Redoubt. A review will be undertaken involving an outside consultant in 12–18 months to evaluate the results and suggest possible route optimization.[13]

Operations[edit]

Buses[edit]

Bridge Terminal, which opened in 2012

There are 312 buses in the fleet, all of which will be low floor and wheelchair accessible by the end of 2017/18.

Conventional bus service[edit]

Halifax Transit operates 57 conventional transit routes within the Urban Transit Service Area, broadly similar to the metropolitan region of Halifax Regional Municipality (Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford and Sackville), including the areas of Eastern Passage, North Preston/Cherry Brook, Tantallon and Herring Cove. Routes are numbered according to the region or type of service provided.

Express services[edit]

Express routes, originally established as Metro Link express bus service operates Monday to Friday. The two express routes began service in August 2005, the system consists of two limited-stop fully accessible express routes, connecting downtown Halifax's Scotia Square bus terminal, with the Portland Hills terminal in Cole Harbour on the Dartmouth side, and the Sackville Terminal in Lower Sackville.

Regional Express Routes, formerly MetroX, is Halifax Transit's rural express bus service. There are three routes which started operating in August 2009 running between Halifax and Tantallon, the Airport, and Porters Lake, respectively. All routes terminate at Scotia Square in downtown Halifax, are handicap accessible and have facilities to carry bicycles.[14]

Rural routes provide some suburban and rural communities access to the regular and express bus system operated by Halifax Transit. There are three rural routes provide service between the Sackville Terminal and Beaverbank; Portland Hills to East Preston, Lake Echo, Grand Desert, and; South Centre Mall and Ketch Harbour via the Old Sambro Road and Highway 349.

Ferry Service[edit]

The launch of the Viola Desmond in 2016

Halifax Transit also provides two passenger ferry routes, one connecting downtown Halifax with Alderney Landing in Dartmouth, and the other connecting with Woodside, each route is serviced by a pair of vessels. The ferry services are integrated with the bus services; the fares are identical, and transfers are accepted between the two systems. The harbour ferries board 1.4 million passengers each year[15] Each ferry carries up to 398 passengers. All routes are handicap accessible and have provision to carry bicycles.

Access-A-Bus[edit]

Halifax Access-a-bus

Halifax Transit also provides Access-A-Bus service which is a dial-a-ride service for elderly and handicapped residents in the region, this service was created in 1981, the same year Halifax Transit was formed.[16] There are approximately 20 Access-A-Bus vehicles[citation needed].

Services[edit]

Fares[edit]

Halifax Transit offers four main fare categories: Adult (16 years & up), Senior (65+ years), Child (5 – 15 years), and Student (Full Time Student with valid photo student ID).

Halifax Transit support truck on Sackville eastbound at Barrington.
Category Cash Fare MetroPass 10 tickets
Adult $2.50 $78 $20
Senior/Child $1.75 $58 $14.50
Student $2.50 $70 $20
Adult MetroLink $3.00 $94.00 n/a
Senior/Child MetroLink $2.25 n/a n/a
Student MetroLink $3.00 n/a n/a
Adult MetroX $3.50 $111.00 n/a
Senior/Child MetroX $2.75 n/a n/a
Student MetroX $3.50 n/a n/a

Anyone with a ticket, pass or transfer for the regular or Metrolink service can pay the difference in cash fare to use a more expensive Metrolink or MetroX service.

A Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB) Identification card can be used to obtain free travel on Halifax Transit's conventional buses, MetroX buses, MetroLink buses and harbour ferry service. A university student bus pass (U-pass)[17] is available for Saint Mary's, Mount Saint Vincent, King's College, Dalhousie, Nova Scotia Community College (Halifax Campuses only) and Nova Scotia College of Art and Design students, and the cost is included in tuition fees. Halifax Transit is also piloting a low income bus pass at 50% off regular price.[18]

Transfers are issued upon request on all Halifax Transit buses and ferries. A transfer allows the user to transfer between multiple conventional route buses and ferries traveling in any direction without having to pay an additional fare. A transfer also allows users to transfer to MetroLink and MetroExpress buses at a reduced fare. Transfers are valid for 90 minutes after the last scheduled stop on the current run of the route where it was issued. Holders of a valid MetroPass or MetroLink Pass do not require transfers.[19]

Schedules and route information[edit]

A Halifax Transit bus stop sign with new Departures Line info, high contrast route numbers, and Halifax Transit branding. Sign shows west bound routes from stop in front of Lord Nelson arcade on Spring Garden Road east of South Park Street.

Route information can be accessed through the Halifax Transit Departures number 902 480 8000. Individual route schedules are available online at halifax.ca/transit. Most terminals have TV screens that display anticipated arrival times of buses that service the terminal.

Departures[edit]

In early 2016, Halifax Transit publicly released their next-generation AVL-based system called Departures, the system was first launched on May 15, 2016, with the introduction of the Departures Line, and as of July 2016 the rollout of the updated Departures Board that replaces the older GoTime departure displays found at terminals across the system. The Departures Board works similar to the previous GoTime-based departures display, with the exception that instead of showing the next two bus arrival times, will display the bay number and the next bus departure time, either showing the next hour and minute or the number of minutes before the bus departs, or "delayed" if the bus is behind by a certain number of minutes, it will also only show buses set to arrive in the next while, versus the older display which would show "(not scheduled)" for any route not running at that point in time.

The Departures Line works similarly to the previous GoTime IVR (Interactive Voice Response) system. Instead of dialling (902) 480- plus the 4-digit number found on bus stop signage, one dials (902)-480-8000 and following the voice responses, one would input the bus stop number to access route departure times, the system gives the estimated departure time if available, scheduled times if the bus is not reporting real-time data or is delayed by a number of minutes, adjusted time to depart when schedule adjustments are made, and will announce when a bus is arriving within the minute.

Accessibility[edit]

On December 16, 2016 Halifax Transit began piloting an automated stop announcement system on several bus routes and equipping all conventional buses with the new service by end of March 2017, the stop-by-stop announcements offer Transit riders a more accessible and user-friendly experience.[20]

Transit routes[edit]

Route number structure[edit]

Routes in the 00s, the 10s and the 20s are primarily Halifax-based routes. Routes in the 30s are rush-hour only routes serving Halifax. Routes in the 40s are university routes serving the Dalhousie University Studley campus which normally operate only during the academic calendar (September to April). Routes in the 50s, 60s and 70s are primarily Dartmouth-based routes. Routes in the 80s and 90s are Sackville and Bedford routes. Routes in the 100s are the MetroLink routes, routes in the 300s are the MetroX routes, and routes in the 400s are the Community Transit routes.

Current Routes[edit]

No. Name Features Inner Terminal Outer Terminal Notes/History
1 Spring Garden Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Mumford Terminal
2 Wedgewood Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Water Street Terminal Kearney Lake & Wedgewood Used to provide service to Exhibition Park.
4 Rosedale Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Water Street Terminal Ross & Dunbrack
5 Chebucto Clock simple.svg Water Street Terminal Downs & Milsom Weekday service only.
6 Quinpool Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Water Street Terminal Stonehaven & Glenmore
7 Robie Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Merv Sullivan Park Northridge Loop
9 Barrington Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Point Pleasant Park Mumford Terminal
10 Dalhousie Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Dalhousie University Terminal Invenary & Strath
11 Dockyard Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Bridge Terminal Halifax Dockyard Partially a re-reinstatement of a former route with the same number.
14 Leiblin Park Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke Leiblin & Juniper
15 Purcell's Cove Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bayers Road Terminal York Loop
16 Parkland Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Lacewood Terminal No Sunday service.
17 Saint Mary's Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Saint Mary's University Lacewood Terminal Weekday service only. No evening service.
18 Universities Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Saint Mary's University Lacewood Terminal
19 Greystone Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Mumford Terminal Greystone Loop Weekday service only.
20 Herring Cove St Paul's & School Barrington & Duke
21 Lakeside / Timberlea Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Charles & Richard Summer & Trollope
22 Armdale Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Mumford Terminal Exhibition Park
23 Timberlea / Mumford Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Upper Water & Cornwallis Glengarry Gardens Weekday service only.
31 Main Express Clock simple.svg Summer & Trollope Lacewood Terminal Weekday service only.
32 Cowie Hill Express Clock simple.svg Barrington & Duke South Centre Mall Weekday service only.
33 Tantallon Express Clock simple.svg Summer & Trollope Hubley Centre Mall Weekday service only.
34 Glenbourne Express Clock simple.svg Summer & Trollope Kearney Lake & Parkland Weekday service only. Used to be the Rockingham Express.
35 Parkland Express Clock simple.svg Via Rail Station Lacewood Terminal Weekday service only. Used to service Rosedale.
41 Dartmouth – Dalhousie Mortarboard.svg Dalhousie University Terminal Bridge Terminal Weekday service only.
42 Lacewood – Dalhousie Mortarboard.svg Dalhousie University Terminal Lacewood Terminal Weekday service only.
51 Windmill Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Princess Margaret & Killkee Weekday rush service extends from Bridge Terminal to Princess Margaret & Killkee to Joseph Zatzman Dr.
52 Crosstown Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Colfold & Akerley Chain Lake & Lakelands
53 Notting Park Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Highfield Terminal Bridge Terminal Weekday rush service extends from Bridge Terminal to Summer & Trollope.
54 Montebello Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Dartmouth Ferry Terminal Caledonia & Du Portage
55 Port Wallace Dartmouth Sportsplex Portobello Loop
56 Dartmouth Crossing Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Portland Hills Terminal Wright & Countryview Used to service Westphal
57 Russell Lake Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Woodside Ferry Terminal Portland Hills Terminal Used to service Mic Mac
58 Woodlawn Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Dorthea & Lucien
59 Colby Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Ashgrove & Cole Harbour Weekday rush service extends from Bridge Terminal to Summer & Trollope.
60 Eastern Passage / Heritage Hills Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Caldwell & Shore
61 Auburn / North Preston Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke North Preston Recreation Centre Used to service Bisett.
62 Wildwood Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Cole Harbour Place Used to be the 62 Cherrybrook.
63 Woodside Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Irving & Franklyn Weekday service only.
64 Akerley Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Bridge Terminal Akerley & McClusky Weekday rush hour service only.
65 Caldwell Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Portland Hills Terminal Caldwell & Cole Harbour
66 Penhorn Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Cobequid Terminal Gaston Loop Used to provide service to the Woodside Ferry, and Forest Hills.
68 Cherrybrook Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Cherrybrook & Hwy 7 Weekday peak service extends from Bridge Terminal to Summer & Trollope. Used to provide service to Ross Road and Auburn.
72 Portland Hills Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Portland Hills Terminal Finlay & Shuble
78 Mount Edward Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Woodside Ferry Terminal Cole Harbour Place Weekday rush hour service only.
79 Cole Harbour Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Woodside Ferry Terminal Colby Village Weekday rush hour service only. Replaces former MetroLink route 165.
80 Sackville Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Upper Water & Cornwallis Sackville Terminal
81 Hemlock Ravine Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Upper Water & Cornwallis Bedford & Uteck Weekday service only. Used to service Bedford
82 Millwood Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Cobequid Terminal Sackville Terminal Weekday peak service extends from Cobequid Terminal to Barrington & George
83 Springfield Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Sackville Terminal Springfield Estates
84 Glendale Express Clock simple.svg Summer & Trollope Sackville Terminal Weekday service only.
85 Downsview Express Clock simple.svg Summer & Trollope Sackville Terminal Weekday service only. Used to be the Bedford Express.
86 Basinview Express Clock simple.svg Summer & Trollope Hwy 1 & Rockmanor Weekday service only. Used to connect Bedford and Dartmouth.
87 Glendale Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Sackville Terminal Used to service Halifax and Connolly.
88 Bedford Commons Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Cobequid Terminal Bedford Commons Used to service Atlantic Acres.
89 Bedford Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Lacewood Terminal Cobequid Terminal Weekday service only.
90 Larry Uteck Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Lower Water Street Terminal Larry Uteck Roundabout
159 Portland Hills Link MetroLink-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke Portland Hills Terminal Weekday service only.
185 Sackville Link MetroLink-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke Sackville Terminal Weekday service only.
194 West Bedford Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Summer & Trollope Innovation Dr. & Gary Martin Dr. Weekday service only.
320 Airport/Fall River MetroExpress-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Albemarle & Duke Halifax Stanfield International Airport
330 Tantallon MetroExpress-Halifax.svgBicycle facilitiesHandicapped/disabled access Albemarle & Duke Tantallon Rink Park & Ride Weekday service only.
370 Porters Lake MetroExpress-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled accessClock simple.svgBicycle facilities Albemarle & Duke Porters Lake Rink Park & Ride Weekday service only.
400 Beaver Bank Sackville Terminal Beaver Bank Villa, highway 354
401 Porters Lake Portland Hills Terminal Grand Desert, highway 207 Weekday service only.

Handicapped/disabled access Wheelchair – Uses Accessible Low Floor (ALF) buses only.
Clock simple.svg Rush Hour Service Only.
Bicycle facilities Designated Bike Route.
MetroLink-Halifax.svg MetroLink Service (see MetroLink section below)
MetroExpress-Halifax.svg MetroX Service (see MetroX section below)
Mortarboard.svg University routes that only operate during the university academic calendar year (September – April).

Withdrawn[edit]

No. Name Started Ended Notes
3 Mumford 1993 2012
3 Gottingen 1927 1989 Merged with route 7.
8 Windsor 1963 1999 Discontinued due to overlapping service from other routes.
8 Waterfront 2010 2013 Discontinued due to inadequate ridership.
11 Macdonald Bridge 1955 1988 Merged with route 1, later partially reinstated.
12 Flamingo 1970 2003
16 Stanley Park 1995 1998
19 Fotherby 1990 2000
22 Exhibition Park 1993 2004 Reinstated.
26 Shuttle 1993 2008
30 Glenforest 1975 1999
34 Rockingham Express 1982 1990
35 Rosedale 1995 2000
40 Mumford–Dalhousie 2006 2006 Mortarboard.svg
48 Highfield 1990 1999
50 Portland Estates 1980 1996
50 BIO 2001 2004
56 Westphal 1980 1989
57 Mic Mac 1980 1989
61 Bisett 1980 1996
66 Forest Hills–Woodside Ferry 1987 1989
68 Auburn 1980 1995
68 Ross Road 1995 2000
71 Forest Hills Express 1982 1989
81 Bedford 1980 1985
85 Bedford Express 1980 1991
86 Bedford–Dartmouth 1987 1988
87 Connolly 1990 1997
88 Atlantic Acres 1993 1994
165 Woodside Link 2005 2014 MetroLink-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Replaced by new conventional route 79
402 Sambro 2009 2017

Mortarboard.svg University routes that only operated during the university[21] academic calendar year (September – April).

Criticism and Controversy[edit]

Halifax Transit is criticised as inefficient and unreliable.[22][23] Transit advocates have called Halifax Transit's "Moving Forward Together Plan" inadequate, identifying four major concerns:

  1. The lack of a connective network which will result in dramatically less travel choice for transit users
  2. Inefficient and redundant route design that will cause ridership to remain low
  3. Missing data and analysis making it difficult to have good, evidence-based discussion
  4. A five-year implementation, which will cause unpredictability for riders as routes continuously change

In addition, the "Moving Forward Together Plan" is characterised as a plan that disregards the key principles that Halifax Transit identified through years of public engagement and consultation.[24] Business groups have also noted both the current lack of service, and lack of proposed future service, along key corridors of the region.[25]

In 2014, a massive fuel leak spilling close to 200,000 litres of fuel at Halifax Transit's Burnside bus depot went undetected for almost four months;[26] in addition to the cost of lost fuel, cleanup from local environmental damage and groundwater contamination as far as 1 km away cost Halifax Regional Municipality approximately $2.5 million.[27] Before the discovery of the leak, Halifax Transit initially claimed that the excess fuel consumption was caused by higher usage during winter.[28]

In popular culture[edit]

  • The characters of Phillip and Phillmore the ferry twins from the children's TV show Theodore Tugboat are modelled after the Halifax-Dartmouth ferries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Regional Plan 2014 Urban Transit Service Boundary Map (PDF) (Map). 
  2. ^ Halifax Transit 2016/17 Annual Service Plan (PDF) (Report). 
  3. ^ "2016/17 Q2 Halifax Transit KPI Report" (PDF). 
  4. ^ "Commuting to Work". Statistics Canada. 
  5. ^ Wyatt, D.A. (2015). All-time list of Canadian transit systems: http://home.cc.umanitoba.ca/~wyatt/alltime/
  6. ^ Canadian Railroad Historical Association Bulletin 17 (1954) http://www.exporail.org/can_rail/Canadian%20Rail_CRHA_Bulletin_no17_April_1954.pdf
  7. ^ Cunningham, D. and Artz, D. (2009). The Halifax Street Railway: 1866–1949. Halifax: Nimbus
  8. ^ Leger, P.A. and Lawrence, L.M. (1994), Halifax – City of Trolleycoaches. Windsor ON: Bus History Association
  9. ^ An Act Respecting the Metropolitan Authority of Halifax, Dartmouth and the Municipality of the County of Halifax. Statutes of Nova Scotia. 1978. c. 9.
  10. ^ Halifax Transit brand unveiled The Chronicle Herald
  11. ^ "Halifax Transit's Multi-Year Transformation Underway". Halifax Regional Municipality. Retrieved 10 July 2016. As part of the evolution of our transit system, and in keeping with the brand strategy, the name Metro Transit was changed to Halifax Transit 
  12. ^ Gillis, Sean (6 January 2014). "Transit First – Big changes for Metro Transit". Spacing Atlantic. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  13. ^ Halifax Transit plan 'Moving Forward' at full speed after council amendments [1] Metro News
  14. ^ Halifax Transit, Metro Express page (with planning documents)
  15. ^ Metro Transit, Dartmouth-Halifax Harbour Ferries
  16. ^ Halifax Transit, Access-a-bus
  17. ^ Halifax Transit, U-Pass
  18. ^ Halifax Transit, [2] Low Income Pass
  19. ^ Halifax Transit, 2008 News Archive
  20. ^ Halifax Transit [3] Stop Announcements
  21. ^ "Metro Transit diesel leak hits Burnside groundwater". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  22. ^ Burke, David (August 1, 2016). "Halifax Transit's poor reliability costs people work, says Cole Harbour man". CBC. 
  23. ^ Ryan, Haley (December 1, 2016). "The long, long bus ride: Dartmouth man takes councillor on his hour-and-a-half commute". Metro Halifax. 
  24. ^ "Open Letter to Council – Halt Moving Forward, Bring in an Expert (updated)". It's More than Buses. November 18, 2016. 
  25. ^ Berman, Pam (November 22, 2016). "Bus routes needed to link Dartmouth communities: business groups". CBC. 
  26. ^ "Metro Transit diesel leak hits Burnside groundwater". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  27. ^ "Transit garage fuel leak cleanup costs spike to $2.5 million". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 
  28. ^ "AG slams city over fuel spill issue". The Chronicle Herald. 2015-05-20. Retrieved 2017-04-18. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°41′34″N 63°35′4.4″W / 44.69278°N 63.584556°W / 44.69278; -63.584556