Halle is the largest city of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt, the fifth largest city in the area of former East Germany after Berlin, Leipzig and Chemnitz, as well as the 31st largest city of Germany, with around 239,000 inhabitants, it is more populous than the state capital of Magdeburg. Together with Leipzig, the largest city of Saxony, Halle forms the polycentric Leipzig-Halle conurbation. Between the two cities, in Schkeuditz, lies Leipzig/Halle International Airport; the Leipzig-Halle conurbation is at the heart of the larger Central German Metropolitan Region. Halle lies in the south of Saxony-Anhalt, in the Leipzig Bay, the southernmost part of the North German Plain, on the River Saale, the third longest river flowing in Germany after the Weser and the Main; the White Elster flows into the Saale in the southern borough of Silberhöhe. Halle is the fourth largest city in the Thuringian-Upper Saxon dialect area after Leipzig and Chemnitz. Halle is an educational center in central-eastern Germany.
The Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg with campuses in Halle and Wittenberg is the largest university in Saxony-Anhalt, one of the oldest universities in Germany, a nurturing ground for the local startup ecosystem. The university hospital of Halle is the largest hospital in the state. Halle is in the southern part of Saxony-Anhalt, along the river Saale which drains the surrounding plains and the greater part of the neighbouring Free State of Thuringia just to its south, the Thuringian basin, northwards from the Thuringian Forest. Leipzig, one of Germany's major cities, is only 35 kilometres away. Halle's early history is connected with the harvesting of salt; the name Halle reflects early Celtic settlement given. The name of the river Saale contains the Germanic root for salt, salt-harvesting has taken place in Halle since at least the Bronze Age; the Latin name Hala Saxonum was used. From 1965 to 1995, the official name was Halle/Saale; the earliest documented mention of Halle dates from AD 806.
It became a part of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg in the 10th century and remained so until 1680, when Brandenburg-Prussia annexed it together with Magdeburg as the Duchy of Magdeburg, while it was an important location for Martin Luther's Reformation in the 16th century. Cardinal Albert of Mainz impacted on the town in this period. According to historic documents, the city of Halle became a member of the Hanseatic League at least as early as 1281. Halle became a center for Pietism, a movement encouraged by King Frederick William I of Prussia because it caused the area's large Lutheran population to be more inclined to Fredrick William I's religion, as well as more loyal to the Prussian king instead of to the decentralized feudal system. By the 1740s Halle had established many orphanages as well as schools for the wealthy in the sober style Pietism encouraged; this Halle education was the first time. The Halle Pietists combatted poverty. During the War of the Fourth Coalition and Prussian forces clashed in the Battle of Halle on 17 October 1806.
The fighting moved from the covered bridges on the city's west side, through the streets and market place, to the eastern suburbs. In 1815 Halle became part of the Prussian Province of Saxony. During World War II, KZ-Außenlager Birkhahn, a subcamp of Buchenwald was in Halle, where prisoners from Poland, the Soviet Union, France and other nations were forced to work in the Siebel aircraft plants, making combat aircraft; the plant was dismantled. In Ammendorf, a large factory owned by Orgacid produced mustard gas. Near the end of World War II, there were two bombing raids carried out against the town: the first on 31 March 1945, the second a few days later; the first attack took place between the railway station and the city's centre, the second bombing was in the southern district. It killed over 1,000 destroyed 3,600 buildings. Among them, the Market Church, St. George Church, the Old Town Hall, the municipal theatre, historic buildings on Bruederstrasse and on Grosse Steinstrasse, the city cemetery.
On 17 April 1945, American soldiers occupied Halle, the Red Tower was set on fire by artillery and destroyed. The Market Church and the Church of St. George received more hits. However, the city was spared further damage because an aerial bombardment was canceled, after former naval officer Felix von Luckner negotiated the city's surrender to the American army. In July, the Americans withdrew and the city was occupied by the Red Army. After World War II, Halle served as the capital of the short-lived administrative region of Saxony-Anhalt until 1952, when the East German government abolished its "Länder"; as a part of East Germany, it functioned as the capital of the administrative district of Halle. When Saxony-Anhalt was re-established as a Bundesland in 1990, not Halle, became the capital. On 9 October 2019, two people were killed in a terrorist attack; the suspect failed to enter a synagogue in which a service was being held for Yom Kippur. He killed a pedestrian in the street outside the synagogue and killed a man in a nearby Turkish kebab shop.
There have been reports of hand grenades being used. The office of the m
Richard Cameron Wattis was an English actor. Wattis was born in Wednesbury, the elder of two sons born to Cameron Tom Wattis and Margaret Janet, née Preston, he attended King Edward's School and Bromsgrove School, after which he worked for the electrical engineering firm William Sanders & Co Ltd. His uncle, William Preston, was the managing director and was the Conservative MP for Walsall from 1924 to 1929. After leaving the family business, Wattis became an actor, his debut was with Croydon Repertory Theatre, he made many stage appearances in the West End in London. His first appearance in a film was A Yank at Oxford, but war service interrupted his career as an actor, he served as a second lieutenant in the Small Arms Section of Special Operations Executive at Station VI during the Second World War. He is best known for his appearances, wearing his thick-rimmed round spectacles, in British comedies of the 1950s and 1960s as a "Man from the Ministry" or similar character; such appearances included the St Trinian's films as Manton Bassett, a civil servant, the Deputy Director of Schools in the Ministry of Education, where he was seen frowning and expressing indignation at the outrageous behaviour of other characters.
To American audiences, Wattis is best known for his performance as the British civil servant Northbrook in The Prince and the Showgirl. He broke from this typecasting in his films, such as his starring role in Games That Lovers Play. Wattis's other films included Hobson's Choice, The Inn of the Sixth Happiness, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, Carry On Spying, The Colditz Story, Dentist on the Job, Very Important Person, The Happiest Days of Your Life, The Longest Day, he appeared on television, including a long-running role in Sykes and as a storyteller on the BBC children's programme Jackanory, narrating in fourteen episodes between 1971 and 1972. Other television credits include appearances in Danger Man, The Prisoner, The Goodies, Hancock's Half Hour, Father, Dear Father. From 1957 to 1958, he appeared as Peter Jamison in three episodes of the American sitcom Dick and the Duchess. Wattis was homosexual in an era when this was a taboo subject, a criminal offence in the UK. On 1 February 1975, Wattis died of a heart attack in a restaurant in London.
Moringa Community is a charity based in Ghana, dedicated to improving quality of life through sustainable and locally appropriate technologies. Current work is centered on the village of Baako, where skills in woodworking and food preservation are taught in a purpose-built schoolroom. In March 2007, Abubakar "Abu" Abdulai contacted Jeffry Lohr from an Internet Cafe in Cape Coast, a city in Ghana, West Africa, hoping to study at Jeffry's Lohr woodworking school in Pennsylvania so that he could gain skills that would help him develop his country. After a long struggle to gain a visa, Abu arrived in the US in April 2008, with the help of generous donors who contributed to Jeffry's fund to finance Abu's travel. After learning about the realities of Ghana from Abu and his wife Linda realized that in order to help his country, Abu did not need Western technology, but rather needed equipment, affordable and practical in his country; as a result, Linda developed Moringa's Food Preservation Project, which will train Ghanaians in practical, affordable food preservation canning techniques so that they could have stores of food for the harsh rainy season.
Jeffry conceived the idea to engineer woodworking equipment that will innovatively transform obtainable hand held power tools into efficient, Western production equipment. Abu left the United States in July 2008, upon his return to Ghana, he elicited the support of the visionary Chief of the village Baako, named Nana Kweku Adu-Twum. Nana Kweku generously granted Abu nine acres of land, near public electricity, where Abu is now constructing the Moringa Community Center, where a fledged trade school will be started that will benefit the entire community. Over time, the aim is to expand the operation by incorporating other life and occupational skills, by broadening the geographical impact to other regions in Ghana and West Africa. Current projects include: Canning & Food Preservation Project Third World Woodworking Project Moringa Oliefera Grass Cutter Farming Moringa Kente & Fabric Arts Moringa's Artesian Water System Cybercafe The charity is run on an voluntary basis with small investments from private sources.
Their pledge to supporters is that 94% of every Dollar of funds donated goes in full to the project in Ghana. Homepage MorginaCommunity.org