Hamilton, Illinois

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Hamilton, Illinois
Broadway Street in Hamilton
Broadway Street in Hamilton
Location of Hamilton in Hancock County, Illinois.
Location of Hamilton in Hancock County, Illinois.
Hamilton is located in Illinois
Location of Hamilton in Hancock County, Illinois.
Hamilton is located in the United States
Hamilton (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°23′47.42″N 91°20′15.32″W / 40.3965056°N 91.3375889°W / 40.3965056; -91.3375889Coordinates: 40°23′47.42″N 91°20′15.32″W / 40.3965056°N 91.3375889°W / 40.3965056; -91.3375889
CountryUnited States
 • MayorWalter Sellens
 • City clerkMichelle Dorthey
 • Police chiefRob Bell
 • Fire chiefSteve Helenthal
 • Total5.36 sq mi (13.87 km2)
 • Land3.56 sq mi (9.22 km2)
 • Water1.79 sq mi (4.65 km2)  33.46%
645 ft (197 m)
 • Total2,951
 • Estimate 
 • Density777.31/sq mi (300.10/km2)
Time zoneCentral Standard
ZIP code
Area code(s)217
FIPS code17-32434

Hamilton is a city in Hancock County, Illinois, United States. The population was 2,951 at the 2010 census,[3] a decline from 3,029 in 2000; the city is located directly across the Mississippi River from Keokuk, Iowa. Hamilton is the largest city in Hancock County.


Hamilton was laid out in 1852 by several men in the area, including Samuel Gordon and Bryant Bartlett. Hamilton was officially incorporated as a town in 1854, and then re-incorporated as a city in 1859. Artois Hamilton, for whom the town was named,[4] was also active in the early history of the town.


According to the 2010 census, Hamilton has a total area of 5.354 square miles (13.87 km2), of which 3.56 square miles (9.22 km2) (or 66.49%) is land and 1.794 square miles (4.65 km2) (or 33.51%) is water.[5] Hamilton and Keokuk share Lock & Dam 19 on the Mississippi River; the dam has the largest fall of any on the Mississippi and the power house supplies a majority of the electricity for St. Louis, MO. Lake Cooper, formed above the dam, represents the widest span of the Mississippi between Montrose, IA and Nauvoo, IL.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20172,768[2]−6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 3,029 people, 1,223 households, and 805 families residing in the city; the population density was 808.3 people per square mile (311.9/km²). There were 1,325 housing units at an average density of 353.6 per square mile (136.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.18% White, 0.56% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.43% Asian, and 0.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 1,223 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,179, and the median income for a family was $48,935. Males had a median income of $32,149 versus $21,587 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,775. About 4.6% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.


Hamilton Community Unit School District #328 consists of Hamilton Elementary, Hamilton Junior High School, and Hamilton High School; the school's nickname is the Cardinals, but is switching over to Titans with the sports co-op with Warsaw and Nauvoo schools. The only sports that will still be "Cardinals" are Scholastic Bowl and Junior High and Elementary sports. In 2008, the newly co-oped West Hancock (Hamilton, Warsaw, Nauvoo-Colusa) Girls basketball team took first place in the IHSA Class 2A Championship, it is the first year of the co-op basketball team, and their first championship.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Dec 29, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hamilton city, Illinois". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 148.
  5. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]