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Hancock County, Illinois

Hancock County is a county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 19,104, its county seat is Carthage, its largest city is Hamilton. The county is made up of rural towns with many farmers. Hancock County is part of IA-IL-MO Micropolitan Statistical Area. Hancock County was part of the "Military Tract" set aside by Congress to reward veterans of the War of 1812. Actual settlement of the interior of the county was delayed by concerns about hostile American Indians. After their defeat in the Blackhawk War in 1832, settlement proceeded quickly. Hancock County was formed, on January 1825, out of Pike County, it was named in honor of John Hancock. For a brief period in the 1840s Hancock had one of Illinois' most populous cities: Nauvoo, headquarters for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; the movement's founder Joseph Smith was killed in the county seat of Carthage in 1844. Most Mormons left Hancock County in the 1840s. Today, Latter Day Saints come in increasing numbers to important Latter Day Saint sites in Hancock County for vacation and for religious pilgrimage.

The original courthouse was at Montebello. Montebello no longer was between Nauvoo and Hamilton. In 1833 the state commissioned the formation of the county seat at Carthage, centrally located but not well developed. A log cabin was built to serve as the courthouse and served that purpose until 1839 when the second Carthage Courthouse was built; the original log cabin continued to serve as a school and other purposes until 1945 when it was removed. The second courthouse cost $3,700 to build and served from 1839 until 1906, it served as a location for Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln to speak to residents as they were running against each other for the US Senate. In 1906 it was removed to make room for the current courthouse; the current courthouse was dedicated October 21, 1908. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 814 square miles, of which 794 square miles is land and 21 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Carthage have ranged from a low of 13 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −30 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in August 1934.

Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.47 inches in January to 4.58 inches in May. U. S. Highway 136 Illinois Route 9 Illinois Route 61 Illinois Route 94 Illinois Route 96 Illinois Route 336 Lee County, Iowa - northwest Henderson County - northeast McDonough County - east Schuyler County - southeast Adams County - south Lewis County, Missouri - southwest Clark County, Missouri - west As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,104 people, 8,040 households, 5,427 families residing in the county; the population density was 24.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 9,274 housing units at an average density of 11.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.3% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 34.7% were German, 13.8% were English, 13.2% were American, 12.1% were Irish.

Of the 8,040 households, 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 44.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,857 and the median income for a family was $55,162. Males had a median income of $41,609 versus $27,648 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,885. About 8.9% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over. Hancock County is in Illinois's 18th Congressional District and is represented by Republican Davin LaHood. For the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is in the 94th district and is represented by Republican Randy Frese; the county is in the 47th district of the Illinois Senate, is represented by Republican Jil Tracy.

In presidential elections, Hancock County favors Republican candidates, having voted for Democratic presidential candidates only four times during the period of 1940 to 2016. Carthage Dallas City Hamilton La Harpe Nauvoo Warsaw Bentley Hancock County is divided into twenty-four townships: National Register of Historic Places listings in Hancock County, Illinois Center for Hancock County History Hancock County, Illinois, USA

U.S. Repeating Arms Company

The U. S. Repeating Arms Company. Inc. is the current business name of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, famous for making Winchester rifles. USRAC's predecessor company adopted the Winchester name in 1866 when Oliver Winchester reorganized the New Haven Arms Company and changed its name to the Winchester Repeating Arms Company. In 1931, Western Cartridge Company purchased Winchester Repeating Arms and combined with it to form Winchester-Western. In 1981, The U. S. Repeating Arms Company was formed by Winchester employees to purchase the rights to manufacture Winchester-brand rifles and shotguns in New Haven, under license from Olin Corporation. In 1989, after bankruptcy of the employee-organized corporation, USRAC was taken over by Fabrique Nationale de Herstal, a Belgium-based international group producing firearms. In early 2006, it was announced that the plant in New Haven would close and production of several Winchester rifles would cease worldwide; this has changed, as according to Winchester Repeating Arms' website, Winchester guns are still being produced by FN in both the US and Belgium.

Production of ammunition and cartridge components under the Winchester Ammunition Inc. name was retained by Olin, not licensed to USRAC. Industrial activity in Newhallville was reduced drastically after 1965, when Winchester, at that time the largest employer in New Haven, decided to move its main production line to East Alton, Illinois. After a machinists' strike in the late 1970s, the plant was sold to U. S. Repeating Arms; the neighborhood's long history of arms production ended in 2006, when the U. S. Repeating Arms factory closed, laying off 186 workers. Winchester Repeating Arms Company Historic District Winchester Ammunition Official Site Winchester firearms Official Site

Umbrella Magazine

Umbrella Magazine is a quarterly men's online magazine focusing on fashion, travel, sport and culture for men. The editor is the journalist and musician Anthony Teasdale who has written for Arena, Esquire and FHM and who wrote the tracks; the art director is Matthew Reynolds. Other Freelancer contributors include Kevin Sampson, author of Awaydays and Powder, John Makin, writer of the book, Redman, A Season On the Drink, Brett Foraker, an advertising film director who works for Ridley Scott's advertising company RSA and Architecture correspondent Justin Clack, director of property consultants Frost Meadowcroft. Issue 1 of Umbrella Magazine was launched in 2010 and included articles on a look back at 1990 The Stone Roses, Poll Tax Riots, Italia'90 and subject matter such as classic Indian match boxes and evolution to the Aphex Twin to how to cook a perfect steak. In Issue 2, Anthony Teasdale writes on how technology killed rock ’n’ roll… and gave birth to the ‘experience society’ and Justin Clack writes on five new buildings that will change London’s skyline for good, including the Shard London Bridge, Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands's Charlotte Building in Gresse Street and One Hyde Park, Knightsbridge.

In issue 4 Justin Clack writes an essay on the history of the Westway and Frestonia and in issue 6 he writes on Dagenham Ford whilst Jason Burke British author and journalist writes about his book 9/11 wars. The Style Raconteur blog http://www.discogs.com/artist/Anthony+Teasdale/ Discogs Music database The Liverpool Echo regional newspaper Company website Fusshop, an online magazine shop Wigan fanzine an online magazine shop an online magazine shop

Borel distribution

The Borel distribution is a discrete probability distribution, arising in contexts including branching processes and queueing theory. It is named after the French mathematician Émile Borel. If the number of offspring that an organism has is Poisson-distributed, if the average number of offspring of each organism is no bigger than 1 the descendants of each individual will become extinct; the number of descendants that an individual has in that situation is a random variable distributed according to a Borel distribution. A discrete random variable X is said to have a Borel distribution with parameter μ ∈ if the probability mass function of X is given by P μ = Pr = e − μ n n − 1 n! for n = 1, 2, 3.... If a Galton–Watson branching process has common offspring distribution Poisson with mean μ the total number of individuals in the branching process has Borel distribution with parameter μ. Let X be the total number of individuals in a Galton–Watson branching process. A correspondence between the total size of the branching process and a hitting time for an associated random walk gives Pr = 1 n Pr where Sn = Y1 + … + Yn, Y1 … Yn are independent identically distributed random variables whose common distribution is the offspring distribution of the branching process.

In the case where this common distribution is Poisson with mean μ, the random variable Sn has Poisson distribution with mean μn, leading to the mass function of the Borel distribution given above. Since the mth generation of the branching process has mean size μm − 1, the mean of X is 1 + μ + μ 2 + ⋯ = 1 1 − μ. In an M/D/1 queue with arrival rate μ and common service time 1, the distribution of a typical busy period of the queue is Borel with parameter μ. If Pμ is the probability mass function of a Borel random variable the mass function P∗μ of a sized-biased sample from the distribution is given by P μ ∗ = e − μ n n − 1!. Aldous and Pitman show that P μ = 1 μ ∫ 0 μ P λ ∗ d λ. In words, this says that a Borel random variable has the same distribution as a size-biased Borel random variable, where U has the uniform distribution on; this relation leads to various useful formulas, including E ⁡ = 1 − μ 2. The Borel–Tanner distribution generalizes the Borel distribution. Let k be a positive integer.

If X1, X2, … Xk are independent and each has Borel distribution with parameter μ their sum W = X1 + X2 + … + Xk is said to have Borel–Tanner distribution with parameters μ and k. This gives the distribution of the total number of individuals in a Poisson–Galton–Watson process starting with k individuals in the first generation, or of the time taken for an M/D/1 queue to empty starting with k jobs in the queue; the case k = 1 is the Borel distribution above. Generalizing the random walk correspondence given above for k = 1, Pr = k n Pr where Sn has Poisson distribution with mean nμ; as a result, the probability mass function is given by Pr = k n e − μ n n − k! for n = k, k + 1.... Borel-Tanner distribution in Mathematica

Patricia Crocker

Patricia Anne Crocker professionally known as Patti Crocker, was an Australian actress associated with the “golden days of radio in Australia”, who appeared in theatre and on television in soap opera and commercial advertisement's. She was the author of a memoir detailing her life and career on both radio and subsequently on television. Crocker was born in Bankstown, the daughter of Edna May Crocker and upholsterer Roy Samuel Crocker, she was educated at Bankstown North Public School and Meriden Church of England Girls Grammar School, Strathfield. At her parents' insistence, she entered the stream for the academically inclined and passed her Leaving Certificate exams in 1948, though without distinction, her mother was anxious that she not inherit her own shyness, accordingly received elocution training from Grace Buist and Harry Thomas and studied piano under Eileen Hanley. She entered, or was entered for, eisteddfods from the age of eight for "humorous recitation", or piano solo, culminating in that of 1941, when she won "Best Entertainer" at an eisteddfod in Sydney against adult performers, received high praise from the judge.

In 1941 she was a guest on the Youth Show, sponsored by Colgate-Palmolive, which first went to air on radio 2GB on 27 July 1940, became a regular shortly after, with Peggy Hamilton as a comedy duo "Null and Void". Her first radio acting job was as "Dolly" in the serial Budge for the Australian Broadcasting Commission's Children's Session from around June 1942, followed by juvenile roles in The Poltergeist and Christa Winsloe's Children in Uniform, which won the Macquarie Award for Catherine Duncan, she played stage parts: as "Agnes" in William Saroyan's The Beautiful People at Bryant's Playhouse in 1946 and "Adela", the headstrong youngest daughter in Lorca's The House of Bernarda Alba, at the Metropolitan Theatre in 1951. Her most enduring role was as "Mandy Gordon", the cheeky youngest daughter of "Dr Neil Gordon" in Gwen Meredith's Blue Hills, the long-running serial on ABC radio, her part ran from to 1949 to 1952, when her character married "Dr Frobisher", played by Max Osbiston, never reappeared.

In real life she was about to sail with Ruth Cracknell to London, but from her return to Australia in 1953 she made frequent guest appearances in a variety of minor roles, was one of the few who played in both the first and last episodes. Another radio play of note in which she appeared was White Coolies, by Betty Jeffrey, adapted in 52 episodes by Gwen Friend, sister of Donald Friend, starring Ruth Cracknell and June Salter. With the advent of television in Australia in the mid-1950s, sponsorship for quality radio drama dried up, radio stations moved to quiz shows and popular music programming. Local TV production at first centred on advertising, of which lucrative market Crocker had her share, but success in drama eluded her on account of her diminutive 150 cm stature, until she was cast as "Eileen Chester", a woman with two errant daughters and Jane Chester in serial Number 96, her character's life ended with a shark attack in Queensland. Other TV credits included the serials The Outsiders, Luke's Kingdom, Matlock Police and Riptide, as well as the TV movie White Man's Legend In the early 1980s Crocker was involved as a producer on Jess a movie, to star expatriate Australians Diane Cilento and Ed Devereaux.

It was to be set in the drought years of 1930s Australia. Financed by the Film Finance Corporation Australia and with European funding, the movie was never made. Crocker married David Davies in 1958 and the couple had a son Michael in 1960. Patricia Davies died in Leura, New South Wales, in 1992. Crocker, Patti. Radio Days. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0731800982; this important collection of anecdotes makes no claim to being a definitive history of the Australian entertainment industry but provides background on those involved. It throws light on the work of actors such as Peter Finch, Bill Kerr, Michael Pate, Leonard Teale, Rod Taylor, John Meillon, June Salter and Ruth Cracknell, comedians George Wallace, Roy Rene and Jack Davey and variety hosts Bob and Dolly Dyer; the book has a foreword by Queenie Ashton AM with. This book has been used as a source for much of this article

Jean Fran├žois Leval

Jean François Leval was promoted to general officer during the French Revolutionary Wars and led a division in a number of battles during the Napoleonic Wars. He rose in rank during the French Revolution. Appointed to command a demi-brigade beginning early in 1793, by the end of the year he was a general of brigade, he led a brigade at Fleurus in 1794 and in the campaign of 1795. In 1799 he became a general of division, he commanded a division in Napoleon Bonaparte's Grand Army at the battles of Eylau. He transferred to Spain where he fought in numerous actions including Talavera, Ocaña, Barossa and the Nive; the only action in which he commanded an army was the Siege of Tarifa, a failure. In 1814, he led his division in eastern France, his surname is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, on Column 7. Broughton, Tony. "Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1792-1814: Lemaire to Lynch". The Napoleon Series. Retrieved 8 May 2012. Chandler, David G.. The Campaigns of Napoleon.

New York, NY: Macmillan. Gates, David; the Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. London: Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-9730-6. Smith, Digby; the Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9