Moraingy or Moringue is a weaponless, bare-fisted striking style of traditional martial art that originated during the Maroseranana dynasty of the Sakalava Kingdom of western coastal Madagascar. It has since become popularized throughout Madagascar, but in coastal regions, has spread to neighboring Indian Ocean islands including Réunion, Comoros and Mauritius. Participation in this form of combat was limited to young men, allowing elders to judge their physical fitness and strength while providing an opportunity for the youth to gain prestige and test their abilities. Today, while the average age of participants is still between 10 and 35, young people of both genders may practice the sport. Participants are called kidabolahy or kidabo mpanao moraingy and are respected and feared by fellow villagers. In the North, they are called Fagnorolahy, the assistants, magnafo. Moraingy matches must by tradition be accompanied by music to induce a trance-like state in the fighters and participants, contributing to the spiritual and communal experience of the fight.
As part of this experience, participants engage in dances during and between the matches that are meant to provoke the supporters of the opposing party, while the crowd cheers and jeers loudly. A typical moraingy competition consists of a series of matches pitting two fighters from different villages, against one another. Prior to the fight, all the fighters parade around in the outdoor arena to size up and select their potential adversaries, while the spectators who ring the field cheer and attempt to provoke the fighters; the matches are announced and each clan sings its own chant in support of the fighter from its village. Each match lasts only one round and ends when one of the fighters exits the arena, faints, is no longer able to defend himself, is unequal to the other, or is determined to be injured; the judges of the match declare no contesting of the determination is permitted. Moraingy is considered a half-distance or long-range fighting sport with punches predominating but with some kicks permitted.
Types of punches include straight punches, downward slanting punches and a punch similar to an uppercut. Defenses include guarding and sidesteps, but neither the attacks nor defenses are standardized, creating higher variability among individual fighters and between regions than in international boxing. Although moraingy is concentrated in the coastal regions of Madagascar where it was popularized, Malagasy migrants took the sport with them when traveling overseas. In Reunion Island, a French territory 500 kilometers east of Madagascar, where a large number of Malagasy people were brought by the French to work as slave laborers on sugar plantations, the sport took root under the name moringue, or batay kreol. Limited to the laborer's quarters of the sugar plantations, in 2005 it was recognized by the Reunion government as an official sport of the island; the popularization of the sport is in part due to a growing acknowledgement of the Malagasy and African origins of the island's Creole community.
The Reunionais form of moraingy is less violent and more inspired by the choreography and acrobatics of Brazilian capoeira than the original Malagasy form. The use of jumps and stomping makes it spectacular; as in Madagascar, music is played throughout moringue matches consisting of percussion or Reunionais maloya music. The government recognition of the sport was intended to foster a sense of pride and identity for the large Creole youth population of Reunion island. Moringue is now organized like other mainstream sports, with about 1000 licencees, receives local media attention; the most celebrated Reunionais moringue athlete is Jean-Rene Dreinaza. Ratsimbazafy, Ernest. "Moraingy". In Green, Thomas. Martial Arts of the World: An Encyclopedia of History and Innovation, Volume 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC CLIO. ISBN 978-1-59884-243-2
Berlin-Staaken is a railway station located in Staaken, a locality in the Spandau district of Berlin. It is one of only two Deutsche Bahn stations in Berlin not served by the S-Bahn; the station is situated on the "Lehrter Bahn" Berlin-Wolfsburg-Hannover, between the stations of Berlin Spandau and Dallgow-Döberitz. The station has two platforms; the first station in Staaken was opened in 1900. That should change drastically after the Second World War. Staaken was divided by the Allies; the continuous train traffic was interrupted. On West Berlin side 1951 the rapid-transit railway of Spandau west was extended by a station to Staaken. In the 1930s an extension of the rapid-transit railway to the Brandenburg Wustermark had been aimed at; the S-Bahn station Berlin-Staaken was in West Berlin. On the other side of the Nennhauser dam was the station Staaken Kr. Nauen in the GDR area, from where suburban trains in the direction of Wustermark and Nauen reversed. To change trains between S-Bahn and suburban trains, passengers had to change stations and pass a checkpoint.
With the building of the Wall, another Staaken station was added far before the border: Staaken. He served the control of freight trains between West Berlin and the Federal territory or the GDR; when Staaken was to be passed by transit trains of travel traffic between Berlin and Hamburg in 1976, a new control station Staaken was built further west. Before, since 1961, the Hamburg long-distance trains had to take the detour via the Berlin outer ring and Griebnitzsee; the transit tracks were sealed off between border and control station on both sides by a high protective wall. The station Staaken Kr. Nauen for domestic traffic within the GDR was moved west to the Feldstraße. There the passenger trains from direction Wustermark ended at a separate head track south of the protective wall to the transit tracks. At the new station Staaken Kr. Nauen was for the transition of the field road on the transit tracks the safest railroad crossing in the world: Because here the protective wall had to be interrupted, instead of barriers massive roller shutters secured the sealed transit corridor in train traffic through Staaken.
On West Berlin side of the S-Bahn operation ended after Staaken after not 30 years as a result of the Berlin S-Bahn strike in 1980. After the takeover of the Berlin S-Bahn by the Berlin transport operations in 1984 was again a S-Bahn-development Staakens considered. With the reunification all Staaken became part of Berlin-Spandau again. In regional traffic drove from 1990 again through trains from Nauen on the Lehrter Bahn to Berlin-Spandau, from 1991 replaced the previous train offer; the trains could no longer approach the head track on Feldstraße, the stop in Staaken was dropped. On pressure of the population drove first weekdays still commuter trains between Dallgow and Staaken, before a makeshift stop on the main tracks was built, so again a connection from Staaken towards Spandau was created; as of 1996, the Lehrter Bahn was expanded as one of the transport projects German unit for a top speed of 250 km / h. The rail traffic was replaced by buses for two years; the old Staakener stations were demolished during the construction.
In 1998, the newly built platform was inaugurated on the side of the ICE route in the amount of existing from 1951 to 1976 station. In the area of Staaken is the Berlin-Albrechtshof station; the station is serves by the following service: Regional services RE 4 Rathenow - Wustermark - Berlin - Ludwigsfelde - Jüterbog Peak hour services RB 13 Wustermark - Berlin-Spandau List of railway stations in the Berlin area Media related to Berlin-Staaken railway station at Wikimedia Commons "Map of Staaken border station in 1976". Retrieved 23 January 2014
FloSports is an over-the-top subscription sports broadcaster and streaming service. The company is based in Austin, United States, was founded in 2006, it holds streaming rights to various sporting events in the United States. FloSports was founded in 2006 by Martin Floreani and Mark Floreani, collegiate athletes based in Austin, Texas; the website launched with free video content, but transitioned to a subscription model beginning in 2012. The company raised $21.2 million in Series B financing in 2016. By 2019, the company had grown to 250 employees and earned $47 million in venture capital and other financing. FloSports announced a partnership with WWNLive in 2016 to run a streaming service dedicated to wrestling. A year WNNLive filed a lawsuit against FloSports for breach of contract and pulled its events and content from the website. FloSports became the local broadcaster for two Major League Soccer teams for the 2019 season: D. C. United and FC Cincinnati, an expansion team; the company was criticized by D.
C. fans for technical issues during early broadcasts, pledging a full refund, for the pricing of monthly subscriptions that were discounted by the club. D. C. United canceled the four-year contract in October 2019, opting to stream its final regular season match on its website for free. BasketballEuroLeague and EuroCup National Basketball LeagueCyclingTour de France International soccerCONCACAF Nations League Club soccerSupercoppa Italiana and Coppa Italia D. C. United FC CincinnatiRugbyAmericas Rugby Championship Premiership Rugby Sevens Series Rugby Europe ChampionshipSoftballNational Pro FastpitchVolleyballCEV Champions League CEV Women's Champions League FIVB Volleyball Men's World Cup FIVB Volleyball Men's Nations League FIVB Volleyball Women's World Championship Men's NORCECA Volleyball Championship Women's NORCECA Volleyball ChampionshipCollege sportsColonial Athletic Association Atlantic Hockey BTN+ simulcasts UMass Minutemen football New Mexico State Aggies AggieVision simulcasts MEAC athletics Western Collegiate Hockey Association Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Game of the Week Official website
Norethisterone enanthate known as norethindrone enanthate, is a form of progestogen-only injectable birth control, used to prevent pregnancy in women. It may be used following miscarriage, or abortion; the failure rate per year in preventing pregnancy is 2 per 100 women. Each dose lasts two months with only up to two doses recommended. Side effects include breast pain, depression, irregular menstrual periods, pain at the site of injection. Use in those with liver disease is not recommended as is use during pregnancy due to risk of birth defects. Use appears to be okay during breastfeeding, it does not protect against sexually transmitted infections. NETE is an prodrug of norethisterone, through which it works, it works as a method of birth control by stopping ovulation. Norethisterone was patented in 1951 and came into medical use in 1957, it is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$1.04–7.99 per 200 mg vial.
It has been approved by itself in more than 60 countries including the United Kingdom and some in Europe, Central America, Africa, in combination with estradiol valerate in at least 36 countries in Latin America. It is not available in the United States. NETE is used on its own as a long-lasting progestogen-only injectable contraceptive in women, it is administered via intramuscular injection once every two months. Side effects of NETE may include breast pain, depression, irregular menstrual periods, pain at the site of injection, it can cause birth defects in the fetus. NETE is a prodrug of norethisterone in the body. Upon reaching circulation, it is converted into norethisterone by esterases. Hence, as a prodrug of norethisterone, NETE has the same effects as norethisterone, acting as a potent progestogen with additional weak androgenic and estrogenic activity. NETA has some progestogenic activity of its own. NETE is of about 38% higher molecular weight than norethisterone due to the presence of its C17β enanthate ester.
A single intramuscular injection of 50 to 200 mg NETE in oil solution has been found to have a duration of action of 11 to 52 days in terms of clinical biological effect in the uterus and on body temperature in women. To oral norethisterone and norethisterone acetate, intramuscular NETE has been found to form ethinylestradiol as an active metabolite. With a single intramuscular injection of 200 mg NETE in premenopausal women, the mean maximum concentration of ethinylestradiol was 32% of that of a combined oral contraceptive containing 30 μg ethinylestradiol, the maximum equivalent oral dose of ethinylestradiol observed in the first few days of exposure was 20.3 μg/day, the mean equivalent oral dose of ethinylestradiol over 8 weeks was 4.41 μg/day. As such, the exposure to ethinylestradiol was described as markedly lower than that of an oral contraceptive containing 30 μg ethinylestradiol; the estimated conversion rate of NETE into ethinylestradiol was 0.1%, much lower than that observed for oral norethisterone and norethisterone enanthate due to the lack of the first pass through the liver with parenteral administration.
In accordance with the low levels of ethinylestradiol produced, no increase rates of thromboembolism or hepatic adenoma have been observed in post-authorization data of intramuscular NETE, the medication does not resemble combined oral contraceptives containing ethinylestradiol in its safety profile. NETE known as norethinyltestosterone enanthate, as well as 17α-ethynyl-19-nortestosterone 17β-enanthate or 17α-ethynylestr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-enanthate, is a progestin, or synthetic progestogen, of the 19-nortestosterone group, a synthetic estrane steroid, it is the C17β enanthate ester of norethisterone. NETE is a derivative of testosterone with an ethynyl group at the C17α position, the methyl group at the C19 position removed, an enanthate ester attached at the C17β position. In addition to testosterone, it is a combined derivative of ethisterone. Esters related to NETE include norethisterone levonorgestrel butanoate. NETE was introduced by Schering as Noristerat in 1957, it was the second long-acting progestogen to be used clinically, after hydroxyprogesterone caproate.
The medication was the first progestogen-only injectable contraceptive, preceding medroxyprogesterone acetate. Norethisterone enantate is the generic name of the drug and its INNM and BANM, it is spelled as norethisterone enanthate and is known as norethindrone enanthate. NETE is known by its former developmental code name SH-393 as well. NETE has been marketed alone as a progestogen-only injectable contraceptive under the brand names Depocon, Doryxas, NET-EN, Noristerat and Nur-Isterate, in combination with estradiol valerate as a combined injectable contraceptive under the brand names Chinese Injectable No. 3, Ginediol, Mesilar, Mesocept, Nofertyl, Nofertyl Lafrancol, Norestrin, Norigynon, Nostidyn and Solouna. NETE has been approved for use alone as a progestogen-only injectable contraceptive in more than 60 countries throughout the world including in Europe, Latin America and Africa. Specific countries in which NETE as a standalone medication is or has been available include Bangladesh, Germany, Italy, Mexico, the Philippines, South Africa and the United
The President of the States of Alderney known as the President of Alderney, is the elected head of Alderney's legislature, the States of Alderney and the Leader of Alderney. The Presidency is the latest of a variety of political positions to govern the island; the office was established in 1949 after a new constitution establishing Alderney as a subordinate part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. Before the office of President was established, the leaders of Alderney were the Judges of Alderney, who were appointed as representatives of the Crown in Alderney. During the Second World War, the majority of the population of Alderney was evacuated. In the Occupation of the Channel Islands by Nazi Germany, Alderney was used by the Nazis as a location for two concentration camps. After the Liberation, less than 50% of Alderney's population returned, leading to an urgent discussion taking part in the Parliament of the United Kingdom because land boundaries and property documents had been destroyed. In 1947, His Majesty's Privy Council decided that Guernsey would take over administration of Alderney.
In 1948 the Alderney Law was passed by both the States of Guernsey and the States of Alderney, which removed Alderney's sovereignty. The law provided for the establishment of the office of President of Alderney to be the elected leader of Alderney in civil life under the Lieutenant-Governor of Guernsey; the President is elected for a four-year term and is the chairman of the States of Alderney. The President holds the right to vote in the States of Alderney; the next election for President will be in 2020. The President's Office is responsible for the following:- Production and issue of the Billet D'Etat and Hansard Reports Dealing with Members of the Public and other Government offices Official Flag Flying Organising civic and social events including Vin d'Honneurs and visits by dignitaries Honours and Awards Leader of Alderney