Hampshire College

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Hampshire College
Motto Non satis scire
Motto in English
To Know is Not Enough
Type Private
Established 1965
Endowment $40 million[1]
President Jonathan Lash
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Undergraduates 1,321 (Fall 2016)[2]
Location Amherst, Massachusetts, U.S.
Campus Rural, 800 acres (3.2 km²)
Avg. Class Size 15[1]
Colors Purple, blue, red, maroon, white                         
Website hampshire.edu

Hampshire College is a private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts, United States. It was opened in 1970 as an experiment in alternative education, in association with four other colleges in the Pioneer Valley: Amherst College, Smith College, Mount Holyoke College, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Together they are now known as the Five Colleges, or the Five College Consortium.

The college is widely known for its alternative curriculum, socially liberal politics, focus on portfolios rather than distribution requirements, and reliance on narrative evaluations instead of grades and GPAs. In some fields, it is among the top undergraduate institutions in percentage of graduates who enroll in graduate school. Fifty-six percent of its alumni have at least one graduate degree and it is ranked 30th among all U.S. colleges in the percentage of its graduates who go on to attain a doctorate degree (notably first among history doctorates).[3]


Hampshire College viewed from Bare Mountain October 2017. Amherst College (top right) and The University of Massachusetts Amherst (top left) are both visible.
Dakin House dormitory
The main campus in the snow with the new R.W. Kern Center visible (top left). [4]

The idea for Hampshire College originated in 1958 when the presidents of Amherst, Mount Holyoke, and Smith Colleges, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst, appointed a committee to examine the assumptions and practices of liberal arts education, their report, "The New College Plan", advocated many of the features that have since been realized in the Hampshire curriculum: emphasis on each student's curiosity and motivation; broad, multidisciplinary learning; and close mentoring relationships with teachers.

In 1965, Amherst College alumnus Harold F. Johnson donated $6 million toward the founding of Hampshire College, with a matching grant from the Ford Foundation, Hampshire's first trustees purchased 800 acres (3.2 km2) of orchard and farmland in South Amherst, Massachusetts, and construction began. Hampshire admitted its first students in 1970.[5]

For several years immediately after its founding in the early 1970s, the large number of applications for matriculation caused Hampshire College to be among the most selective undergraduate programs in the United States,[6] its admissions selectivity declined thereafter because of declining application popularity. The school's number of applications increased again in the late 1990s, causing increased admissions selectivity since then, the college's rate of admissions is now comparable to that of many other small liberal arts colleges.

Around 1761, an idea for a new college with a different system was debated among settlers and the Massachusetts government, they proposed calling the new institution Hampshire college which, if successful, would have been completely different from Hampshire College today. A group of 74 people in Hampshire County wanted to establish a new college to train their ministers and civil leaders since the other colleges were expensive and far away. Furthermore, they wanted to establish a system that followed their moral standards and was free of religion, their proposal was denied by the Massachusetts government in attempt to avoid a competition with Harvard College. Harvard College, at the time, was recognized by the state as the most suitable college for training ministers; it was feared a new college would weaken Harvard. The group then sought assistance from Lord Jeffry Amherst who also declined support as to not question the Massachusetts government.[7]

The school has been financially challenged since its founding, in large part because the college lacked a founding endowment to rely upon for stability of income, and it relied almost entirely upon tuition income for operations, as of 2012, the endowment was a very modest $35,739,555.[8] In recent years, the school has been on more solid financial footing, though lacking a sizable endowment, its financial stability relies on fundraising efforts of its most recent past presidents, Adele S. Simmons and Gregory S. Prince, Jr.. The college has issued a draft for a "sustainable campus plan" and a "cultural village" making possible the residence of non-profit organizations not affiliated with the school on its campus, the cultural village includes the National Yiddish Book Center and the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art.

The 'H' logo of Hampshire College, used separately from the seal. The four colored bars represent the other four colleges that formed Hampshire.

On April 1, 2004, president Gregory Prince announced his retirement, effective at the end of the 2004–2005 academic year. On April 5, 2005, the Board of Trustees named Ralph Hexter, formerly a dean at University of California, Berkeley's College of Letters and Science, as the college's next president, effective August 1, 2005. Hexter was inaugurated on October 15, 2005, the appointment made Hampshire one of a small number of colleges and universities in the United States with an openly gay president.[9]

Some of the most significant founding documents of Hampshire College are collected in the book The Making of a College (MIT Press, 1967; ISBN 0-262-66005-9). The Making of a College is (as of 2003) out of print but available in electronic form from the Hampshire College Archives.[10]

On August 23, 2012, the school announced the establishment of a scholarship fund dedicated to helping undocumented students get degrees, it would give more than $25,000 each year to help an undocumented student pay for the $43,000-plus tuition.[11]

Academics and resources[edit]


Hampshire College describes itself as "experimenting" rather than "experimental", to emphasize the changing nature of its curriculum, from its inception, the curriculum has generally had certain non-traditional features:

  • An emphasis on project work as well as, or instead of, courses
  • Detailed written evaluations (as well as portfolio evaluations) for completed courses and projects, rather than letter or number grades
  • A curriculum centered on student interests, with students taking an active role in designing their own concentrations and projects
  • An emphasis on independent motivation and student organization, both within and without the college's formal curriculum
Emily Dickinson Hall, designed by the architecture firm of former faculty member Norton Juster, houses much of the humanities, creative writing, and theatre

The curriculum is divided into three "divisions" rather than four grades, each division serves as a building block towards the student's Division III - the final academic year when all students are required to produce an original work in their academic or artistic field in a fashion comparable, but usually more substantial, than a senior thesis. In division I, which accounts for the first academic year, students are required to take at least one course in all of Hampshire College's five schools. Students' remaining three or four first-year courses may be taken at any school within Hampshire College or within any of the colleges of the Five-College Consortium, the second and third year constitute Division II. Courses in these two years are selected, like all Hampshire students' course selection, in close consultation with their academic adviser. Division II courses are comparable to the major requirements at a more traditional liberal arts college. Hampshire students may take as many courses in the Five-Colleges as they wish during their Division II, with the exception of Amherst College that limits all Five-College students from taking no more than two courses at Amherst College per semester. Additionally, during these two middle years, Hampshire students often choose to study-abroad or intern for a semester; in Division III, the fourth and final academic year, students work with two or three academic advisers from Hampshire College and/or from the Five-Colleges in crafting an original piece of academic or artistic work.

  • Division I, the distribution stage, has students complete one course in each of five distribution areas, plus three other courses, either on or off campus. In addition, there is a required Campus Engaged Learning (CEL-1) project involving some type of activity in campus life, the five distribution areas are:
    1. Arts, Design, and Media (ADM)
    2. Culture, Humanities, and Languages (CHL)
    3. Mind, Brain, and Information (MBI)
    4. Physical and Biological Sciences (PBS)
    5. Power, Community, and Social Justice (PCSJ)
  • Division II, the concentration, has students complete two years of course work in their selected area(s) of study (which may or may not be traditional academic fields.) Most students combine related subject matter to form an interdisciplinary concentration such as "The chemistry of oil painting." Still, some choose to concentrate in multiple areas without drawing such connections, instead simply concentrating in "Both Chemistry and Oil Painting." Some students complete an in-depth concentration in one field only. Students design their own Division II, in cooperation with a committee of at least two faculty members (subject to their approval). Many students choose a faculty committee whose members represent their own interdisciplinary interests, the Division II requirements also include a community service – CEL-2, Community Engaged Learning, as opposed to Campus Engaged Learning in Division 1 – project and a multicultural perspectives requirement.
  • Division III, the advanced project, has students complete an in-depth project in their field (which is generally related to the Division II field). Division III usually lasts one year and is completed while taking few or no courses, but two "advanced learning activities", which might be courses, internships or specific independent studies, and may or may not be related to the Division III, are required. A Division III topic can be a long written academic paper (in which case it is best considered as something between a traditional college's "bachelor's" or "honors" thesis and a Master's or other graduate thesis), but it can also be a collection of creative work (writing, painting, photography, and film are popular choices) or a hands-on engineering, invention, or social organizing project; in addition to their Division III project, students must also complete two advanced learning activities which can be a wide range of things, spanning taking advanced coursework, to being teaching assistant, to internships.[12]

Schools and programs[edit]

Cole Science Center contains the School of Natural Science and administrative offices

The Hampshire College faculty are organized broadly in defined Schools of thought:

  • Cognitive Science (CS): includes linguistics, most psychology, some philosophy, neuroscience, and computer science.
  • Humanities, Arts, and Cultural Studies (HACU): includes film, some studio arts, literature, media studies, and most philosophy.
  • Critical Social Inquiry (CSI): includes most sociology and anthropology, economics, history, politics, and some psychology.
  • Natural Science (NS): includes most traditional sciences, mathematics, and biological anthropology.
  • Interdisciplinary Arts (IA): includes performing arts, some studio arts, and creative writing.
The Merrill Student Life Center as well as Dean of Students Office, and Housing Operations Offices (HOO)

The Five College Program in Peace and World Security Studies (PAWSS) is based at Hampshire; its director is Michael Klare.[13] The national reproductive rights organization Civil Liberties and Public Policy (CLPP) operates on Hampshire's campus, where they host an annual conference;[14] in 2014 Hampshire announced the formation of a new concentration, in Psychoanalytic Studies.[15]

Five College Consortium[edit]

Hampshire College is the youngest of the schools in the Five-College Consortium, the other schools are Amherst College, Mt. Holyoke College, Smith College and the University of Massachusetts Amherst.[16]

Students at each of the schools may take classes and borrow books at the other schools, generally without paying additional fees, they may use resources at the other schools, including internet access, dining halls, and so forth. The five colleges collectively offer over 5,300 courses, and the five libraries have over eight million books,[17] the Pioneer Valley Transit Authority (PVTA) operates bus services between the schools and the greater Pioneer Valley area.[18]

There are two joint departments in the five-college consortium: Dance and Astronomy.[19]


The R.W. Kern Center[edit]

The R.W. Kern Center at night

On April 26, 2017, the R.W. Kern Center is opened as the ninth building certified under the green building standard, the Living Building Challenge, the building costed $10.4 made possible by private donations. It currently operates net-zero energy, water, and waste, the building is powered by solar panels on its roof, produces, its own water supply, manages its wastewater, contains composting toilets, and has a water supply that collects rainwater stored in underground cisterns. Furthermore, the Kern Center was built using materials from local sources without any toxic "red list" materials. Materials such as duct tape were chosen carefully to comply with their strict environmental standards to achieve their ultimate goal. Currently, the Kern Center houses Admissions and financial aid offices as well as classrooms, student lounges, and a coffee shop. President Jonathan Lash stated that "[w]ith this building we have sought to reflect our values, in the inclusive design process, the design and materials, our construction practices, and our reporting about the building... [w]hy are buildings constructed any other way? In every way, the Kern Center was built to learn and teach.”[20] [21]

Climate Action Plan[edit]

The solar panel field at Hampshire College

Hampshire College will soon become the first college in the United States to be 100% solar powered, a milestone for the college, they wait for permission to switch to full operation of its solar energy. The solar panel array is apart of the college's main goal - to be climate-neutral by 2020 according to their extensive Climate Action Plan developed in April 2012, they begain construction in February 2015. Two witness tests were conducted in June 2017 and its final one conducted November 2017, since June 2017, a part of the solar array has been powering the college. The solar panels cover 19 acres consisting of 15,000 panels which will eventually produce 4.7 megawatts of power each year. Hampshire College contracted with SolarCity to install the panels.[22]

The college will save up to $8 million in electricity cost in 20 years and $400,000 yearly. 4.7 megawatts of solar power eliminates 3,000 metric tons of greenhouse-gas emissions per year which is equivalent to 650 less cars on the road. Other solar sources on campus contribute to the main solar array: the Kern Center rooftop solar arrays, the CSA Barn, the president's house, and the Longworth Arts Center canopy atop solar panels, the president stated that "[t]his is the challenge that our students and every other student is going to face in the next 20 years, how to turn the US economy into a low-carbon economy ... and they're going to get the real firsthand experience of doing it. So that was reason number one.” The president has declared that switching to renewable energy is "just the right thing to do in an era of accelerating climate change." He also noted this project will keep jobs local and prevent "pipelines being built through people's communities to get power to our college."[23]

In the next 20 years, the college plans to reduce 50% of current consumption of energy, another major goal stated in their Climate Action Plan, they plan to renovate the Robert Crown Center, Library, Cole Science Center, Franklin Patterson Hall, Merrill House, and Greenwich House. Their plan is possible by a $1 million gift.[24]

Timeline of Sustainability Initiative[edit]

The Maple Sugar Shack

Since 2011, Hampshire College has been involved in various projects to "transform its food systems, campus operations, curriculum and campus culture to embrace sustainability." The college's advances in sustainability include various projects. In 2011, the college was the first in the world to divest from fossil-fuels; in 2012, they developed the Climate Action Plan for climate neutrality by 2022.[25] Hampshire College Farm expanded their education and operation, establishing the Center for New England and Agriculture; in 2014 the main traffic circle and parking lot was eliminated and turned into a meadow. They also stopped mowing dozen acres of lawns in hopes of reducing greenhouse-gas emissions, saving landscaping expenses and creating wildlife and plant habitats; in the same year, they installed an electric car-charging station behind the library. [26] In 2015 they permanently protected 46 acres of their property through a conservation restriction, the Kern Center became their first 100% emission-free building in 2016. Hampshire College became the headquarters for the Hitchcock Center for the Environment in 2016; in 2017, Hampshire College pledged to continue to support climate action and reduce carbon emissions in accordance with the Paris Climate Agreement. They signed the We Are Still In campaign along with 2,600 total signers. [27]

Prominent campus issues[edit]


In the spring of 2004, a student group calling itself Re-Radicalization of Hampshire College (Re-Rad) emerged with a manifesto called The Re-Making of a College, which critiques what they see as a betrayal of Hampshire's founding ideas in alternative education and student-centered learning. On May 3, 2004, the group staged a demonstration that packed the hall outside the President's office during an administrative meeting. Response from the community has generally been amicable and Re-Rad has made some progress.

The Yurt is home to Hampshire's student radio station

The Re-Radicalization movement is responding in part to a new "First-Year Plan" that changes the structure of the first year of study. Beginning in the Fall of 2002, the requirements for passing Division I were changed so that first-year students no longer had to complete independent projects (see Curriculum above). Though still a major source of contention, this change is rapidly fading from memory as most students who entered under the old plan have graduated or are in their final year. Re-Rad submitted its own counter-proposal in both 2006 and 2007, but these proposals were not acted on, and no follow-up was attempted.

The Re-Radicalization of Hampshire College assisted the administration in launching a pilot program known as mentored independent study, this program paired ten third semester students with Division III students with similar academic interests to complete a small study—observed by, and subject to the approval of, a faculty member.[28]

While some students worry about what they see as Hampshire's headlong plunge into normality, the circumstances of Hampshire's founding tends to perennially attract students who revive the questions about education the institution was founded on, and who challenge the administration to honor the founding mission. Unsurprisingly, then, Re-Rad was not the first student push of its type. Similar efforts have sprung up at Hampshire with some regularity, with varying impacts; in 1996, student Chris Kawecki spearheaded a similar push called the Radical Departure, calling for a more holistic, organic integration of education into students' lives.[29] The most durable legacy of the Radical Departure was EPEC, a series of student-led non-credit courses.[30] A more detailed account of movements such as these can be found in a history of Hampshire student activities, an account written by alumnus Timothy Shary (F86) that was commissioned by Community Council in 1990; he has subsequently been a faculty member at Clark University of Worcester, Massachusetts, and the University of Oklahoma.[31]

In the media[edit]

The Harold F. Johnson Library

In May 1977, Hampshire was the first college in the nation to divest from apartheid South Africa,[32] the college removed $39,000 in stocks in four companies. Legal and financial research undertaken by student Michael Current and faculty member Kurtis Gordon was promoted nationally by business activists Douglas Tooley and Debbie Knight;[33] in February 2009 it was reported that Hampshire College had divested from Israel because of its violation of human rights.[34] However, under pressure from pro-Israel groups and high-profile individuals, most notably attorney Alan Dershowitz, the father of a Hampshire alumnus, Hampshire's president stated that the changes in investments were not politically motivated. Hampshire continues to display a statement from Dershowitz on its website, in which the lawyer withdraws his criticism and pledges his support, stating, "Hampshire has now done the right thing, it has made it unequivocally clear that it did not and will not divest from Israel. Indeed, it will continue to hold stock in companies that do business with Israel as well as with Israeli companies...."[35]

In November 2001, a controversial All-Community Vote at Hampshire declared the school opposed to the recently launched War on Terrorism, another national first that drew national media attention, including scathing reports from Fox News Channel and the New York Post ("Kooky College Condemns War"). Saturday Night Live had a regular sketch, "Jarret's Room", starring Jimmy Fallon, which purports to take place at Hampshire College but is inaccurate. It refers to non-existent buildings ("McGuinn Hall", which is actually the Sociology and Social Work building at fellow cast member Amy Poehler's alma mater, Boston College) and features yearbooks, tests, seniors, fraternities, three-person dorm rooms, and a football team—none of which the school has ever had (though in the Fall 2005, 2006, and 2007 semesters the college experienced a higher than expected number of freshmen and temporarily had to convert some common spaces into three-person dorms). The sketch also claims that the college is actually in New Hampshire (a common mistake).

Alumnus Ken Burns wrote of the college: "Hampshire College is a perfect American place. If we look back at the history of our country, the things we celebrate were outside of the mainstream. Much of the world operated under a tyrannical model, but Americans said, 'We will govern ourselves.' So, too, Hampshire asked, at its founding, the difficult questions of how we might educate ourselves... When I entered Hampshire, I found it to be the most exciting place on earth." Loren Pope wrote of Hampshire in the college guide Colleges That Change Lives: "Today no college has students whose intellectual thyroids are more active or whose minds are more compassionately engaged."

Flag removal[edit]

Following the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States, on November 9, 2016, Hampshire students lowered the American flag at the center of campus to half-staff as "a protest against acts of hate and harassment."[36] The next day, school officials announced they would allow the flag to remain at half-staff temporarily. College president Jonathan Lash said in a statement that some of the people on campus felt that the flag was "a powerful symbol of fear they've felt all their lives because they grew up in marginalized communities, never feeling safe." In an incident under investigation by campus police, the flag was burned at some time in the evening of November 10 or the morning of November 11. It was replaced the following day and the school indicated it would continue to fly the flag at half-mast "to mourn deaths from violence in the U.S. and around the world."[37] Following a backlash, the college announced on November 21 that it would temporarily cease flying the flag on campus.[38][39] This, in turn, led to protests of over one thousand people, including veterans, for restoration of the flag.[40] Local state representative John Velis (D) called for the school to return the flag and expel the students who burned the flag: they should "pack up their bags and leave."[41] On November 29, shortly after Fox News aired a news segment on the incident, Trump tweeted "Nobody should be allowed to burn the American flag—if they do, there must be consequences—perhaps loss of citizenship or year in jail!"[42] On December 2, the school decided to raise the flag to full staff.[43]

2017 commencement address[edit]

In May 2017, Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor, assistant professor at Princeton University, gave a commencement speech at Hampshire in which she referred to President Trump as a "racist, sexist, megalomaniac." Fox News aired a clip from the speech, after which she received numerous intimidating e-mails, including death threats. Taylor canceled scheduled talks in Seattle and San Diego as a result.[44][45][46]

Alumni and faculty[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

Fictional alumni[edit]

  • Alice Kinnon and Charlotte Pingress, characters in the film The Last Days of Disco
  • Jarret and Gobi, characters in the Saturday Night Live skit "Jarret's Room." In the same recurring sketch Al Gore once appeared as a professor
  • In the webcomic Questionable Content, occasional run-ins with Hampshire students and faculty occur
  • In Party of Five, Bailey is accepted to Hampshire College
  • Erlich Bachmann from Silicon Valley claims to have received a "B.A. in Ultimate Frisbee" from Hampshire College[51]

Notable past and present faculty[edit]

Presidents of the college[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Common Data Set" (PDF). Hampshire College. Retrieved September 19, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Common Data Set 2016–2017" (PDF). Hampshire College. 
  3. ^ "Success after Hampshire". Hampshire College. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  4. ^ Hampshire Announces Ribbon-Cutting Opening Ceremony for Kern Center, retrieved December 17, 2017 
  5. ^ "Acquiring Land for the New College | www.hampshire.edu". www.hampshire.edu. Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  6. ^ Making of a College pp. 307–310.
  7. ^ The Proposed College in Hampshire County in 1762 (PDF), retrieved December 17, 2017 
  8. ^ "Hampshire College". U.S. News and World Report. n.d. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ The exact number was unclear, but there may have been as few as eight openly gay college and university presidents as of 2007, and at the time Hexter was named president of Hampshire there were fewer still. "Openly Gay Presidents Say Chronicle Article Left Them Out." Chronicle of Higher Education News Blog, August 7, 2007. See also Hexter, Ralph J. "Being an 'Out' President." Inside Higher Ed January 25, 2007.
  10. ^ Making of a College (1975 ed.), retrieved January 1, 2013  A new edition is rumored to be in progress.
  11. ^ Young, Shannon. "MASS. COLLEGE OFFERS ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT SCHOLARSHIP". Associated Press. Retrieved August 24, 2012. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "The Academic Program | www.hampshire.edu". www.hampshire.edu. Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  13. ^ "Peace and World Security Studies". hampshire.edu. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  14. ^ "CLPP". Retrieved May 19, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Announcement of the new concentration". Retrieved May 19, 2015. 
  16. ^ "www.fivecolleges.edu". fivecolleges.edu. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Libraries - www.fivecolleges.edu". fivecolleges.edu. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Pioneer Valley Transit Authority of Western Massachusetts". pvta.com. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Five College Academic Opportunities". https://www.fivecolleges.edu/.  External link in |website= (help)
  20. ^ "Hampshire Announces Ribbon-Cutting Opening Ceremony for Kern Center". hampshirecollege.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2017. 
  21. ^ "At Hampshire College, sustainability efforts reach new level". bostonglobe.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Hampshire Conducts Final Test for 100% Solar Campus". hampshirecollege.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2017. 
  23. ^ "Hampshire College goes 100% solar". msn.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Hampshire College Climate Action Plan" (PDF). hampshirecollege.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2017. 
  25. ^ "Climate Action Plan". hampshirecollege.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2017. 
  26. ^ "Charging Station for Electric Vehicles at Hampshire College". hampshirecollege.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2017. 
  27. ^ "Hampshire College Supports Paris Climate Agreement as Signatory to 'We Are Still In' Campaign". hampshirecollege.edu. Retrieved December 17, 2017. 
  28. ^ "Re-Rad - Hampedia". hampedia.org. Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  29. ^ The Experimental Program In Education and Community Peter Christopher Document Archive Archived July 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ "Experimental Program in Education and Community (EPEC)". hampshire.edu. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  31. ^ Timothy Shary Archived February 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., University of Oklahoma, Faculty of Film & Video Studies Faculty.
    Timothy Shary, Curriculum Vitae Archived February 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (MS Word)
    Note in the CV: Keynote Speech: Activating the History in Student Activities, delivered at Hampshire College History Day, Amherst, MA, April 29, 2000.
  32. ^ Volume 2, 1975–1985, Chapter 6: Divestment Hampshire College Archives
  33. ^ "Hampshire College students win divestment from apartheid South Africa, U.S., 1977 | Global Nonviolent Action Database". nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu. Retrieved 2016-03-26. 
  34. ^ "Hampshire College Divests From Israel". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2016-03-26. 
  35. ^ College, Hampshire. "Public Statement by Alan Dershowitz". hampshire.edu. Retrieved 2016-12-20. 
  36. ^ Hoover, Amanda (November 28, 2016). "Why Hampshire College pulled down the American Flag". Christian Science Monitor. 
  37. ^ Bromwich, Jonah Engel (November 28, 2016). "Hampshire College Draws Protests Over Removal of U.S. Flag". The New York Times. 
  38. ^ Svrluga, Susan (November 21, 2016). "Massachusetts college stops flying American flag after it becomes focus of dispute over Trump". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  39. ^ "A Statement from President Lash: "Some... - Hampshire College | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  40. ^ Afonso, Ashley (November 27, 2016). "Veterans protest flag removal at Hampshire College". Retrieved November 28, 2016. 
  41. ^ Chan, Tiffany; Correspondent, 22News State House (November 14, 2016). "Rep. John Velis says flag burners should "pack up their bags and leave"". Retrieved November 28, 2016. 
  42. ^ Savage, Charlie (November 29, 2016). "Trump Calls for Revoking Flag Burners' Citizenship. Court Rulings Forbid It". The New York Times. 
  43. ^ "US flag, lowered after election, flies again at Hampshire College". www.cnn.com. December 2, 2016. 
  44. ^ Smith, Rich (May 31, 2017). "Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor Cancels West Coast Tour After a Fox News Report Spurs Death Threats". The Stranger. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  45. ^ Flaherty, Colleen (June 1, 2017). "'Concession to Violent Intimidation'". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  46. ^ Chasmar, Jessica (June 1, 2017). "Princeton professor who criticized Trump cancels lectures, citing threats". The Washington Times. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  47. ^ "Eula Biss". northwestern.edu. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  48. ^ "Hasok Chang CV" (PDF). ucl.ac.uk. University College London. December 21, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2016. 
  49. ^ "Hill, Benjamin Mako". University of Washington. Retrieved 2015-09-03. 
  50. ^ Templeton, David (23 February 2017). "Sonoma's Max Simonet making big splash on Adult Swim". Sonoma Index-Tribune. Sonoma Media Investments, LLC. Retrieved 29 November 2017. 
  51. ^ "Pied Piper website". HBO. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 


  • Alpert, Richard M. "Professionalism and Educational Reform: The Case of Hampshire College." Journal of Higher Education 51:5 (Sept.-Oct. 1980), pp. 497–518.
  • Dressel, Paul L. Review of The Making of a College: Plans for a New Departure in Higher Education. Journal of Higher Education 38:7 (Oct. 1967), pp. 413–416.
  • Kegan, Daniel L. "Contradictions in the Design and Practice of an Alternative Organization: The Case of Hampshire College." Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 17:1 (1987), pp. 79–97.
  • Pope, Loren. "Hampshire College." In Colleges That Change Lives. New York: Penguin, 2006.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°19′30″N 72°31′51″W / 42.3249°N 72.5308°W / 42.3249; -72.5308