Han Chinese

The Han Chinese, Han people, are an East Asian ethnic group and nation native to China. They constitute the world's largest ethnic group; the estimated 1.3 billion Han Chinese people are concentrated in mainland China, where they make up about 92 percent of the total population. In Taiwan they make about 95% of the population. People of Han Chinese descent make up around 75% of the total population of Singapore; the Han Chinese trace a common ancestry to the Huaxia, a name for the initial confederation of agricultural tribes living along the Yellow River. The term Huaxia represents the collective Neolithic confederation of agricultural tribes Hua and Xia who settled along the Central Plains around the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River in northern China; the two tribes were the ancestors of the modern Han Chinese people that gave birth to Chinese civilization. In addition, the term Huaxia was distinctively used to represent a civilized ethnic group in contrast to what was perceived as barbaric peoples around them.

In many overseas Chinese communities, the term Hua Ren, Hua Qiao or Hua Zu may be used for people of Han Chinese ethnicity as distinct from Zhongguo Ren which refers to citizens of China, including people of non-Han ethnicity. Han people may be used for people of ethnic Chinese descent around the world; the Han Chinese are bound together with a shared history inhabiting an ancient ancestral territory for over four thousand years rooted with many different cultural traditions and customs. The Huaxia tribes in northern China experienced a continuous expansion into southern China over the past two millennia. Huaxia culture spread southward from its heartland in the Yellow River Basin, absorbing various non-Chinese ethnic groups that became sinicised over the centuries at various points in China's history; the Han dynasty is considered to be one of the first great eras in Chinese history, as it made China the major regional power in East Asia and projected much of its influence on its neighbours while rivalling the Roman Empire in population size and geographical reach.

The Han dynasty's prestige and prominence influenced many of the ancient Huaxia to begin identifying themselves as "The People of Han". To this day, the Han Chinese have since taken their ethnic name from this dynasty, the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". Listed below are Han Chinese subgroups by regional dialects spoken; the number of speakers is derived from statistics or estimates and is rounded: The name Han was derived from the name of the eponymous dynasty, which succeeded the short-lived Qin dynasty, is considered to be the first golden age of China's Imperial era due to the power and influence it projected over much of East Asia. As a result of the dynasty's prominence in inter-ethnic and pre-modern international influence, Chinese people began identifying themselves as the "people of Han", a name, carried down to this day; the Chinese language came to be named the "Han language" since. In the Oxford Dictionary, the Han are defined as "The dominant ethnic group in China".

In the Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, the Han are called the dominant population in "China, as well as in Taiwan and Singapore." According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the Han are "the Chinese peoples as distinguished from non-Chinese elements in the population."The Han dynasty's founding emperor, Liu Bang, was made king of the Hanzhong region after the fall of the Qin dynasty, a title, shortened to "the King of Han" during the Chu-Han contention. The name "Hanzhong", in turn, was derived from the Han River, which flows through the region's plains; the river, in turn, derives its name from expressions such as Tianhan, Xinghan or Yunhan, all ancient Chinese poetic nicknames for the Milky Way and first mentioned in the Classic of Poetry. Prior to the Han dynasty, ancient Chinese scholars used the term Huaxia in texts to describe China proper, while the Chinese populus were referred to as either the "various Hua" or the "various Xia"; this gave rise to a term used nowadays by overseas Chinese as an ethnic identity for the Chinese diaspora – Huaren, Huaqiao as well as a literary name for China – Zhonghua.

Zhonghua refers more to the culture of Chinese people, although it may be seen as equivalent to Zhonghua minzu. The overseas Chinese use Huaren or Huaqiao instead of Zhongguoren, which refers to citizens of the People's Republic of China. Among some southern Han Chinese varieties such as Cantonese and Minnan, a different term exists – Tang Chinese, derived from the Tang dynasty, regarded as another zenith of Chinese civilization; the term is used in everyday conversation and is an element in the Cantonese word for Chinatown: "street of the Tang people". The vast majority of Han Chinese –


Ceramaster is a genus of cushion stars in the family Goniasteridae. The species in this genus have no arms, they live in deeper waters than most sea stars. Species in this genus include: Ceramaster arcticus - Arctic cookie star Ceramaster australis H. E. S. Clark, 2001 Ceramaster bowersi Ceramaster clarki Fisher, 1910 Ceramaster cuenoti Ceramaster glasbyi McKnight, 1993 Ceramaster granularis Ceramaster grenadensis Ceramaster japonicus Ceramaster lennoxkingi McKnight, 1973 Ceramaster leptoceramus Ceramaster misakiensis Ceramaster mortenseni Ceramaster patagonicus - Cookie star Ceramaster smithi Fisher, 1913 Ceramaster stellatus Djakonov, 1950 Ceramaster trispinosus H. L. Clark, 1923Note: Ceramaster placenta Fisher, 1911 is now accepted as Peltaster placenta Genus Ceramaster Ceramaster info

Royal Bengal Tigers (sports team)

The Royal Bengal Tigers (Bengali: রয়্যাল বেঙ্গল টাইগার্স the Kolkata Tigers until the 2008 Edelweiss 20s Challenge, was one of the nine teams that played in the defunct Indian Cricket League. The Royal Bengal Tigers were based in Kolkata and their captain was former New Zealand all rounder Craig McMillan; the squad announced for the inaugural tournament included five international cricketers, including stars such as Darren Maddy, Craig McMillan, Lance Klusener. Coach - Daryll Cullinan Craig McMillan Andre Adams Parvez Aziz Darren Maddy Abhishek Jhunjhunwala Lance Klusener Rohan Gavaskar Upul Chandana Deep Dasgupta Abu Nechim Shibsagar Singh Boyd Rankin Mihir Diwakar Rajiv Kumar Sayed Akhlakh Ahmed Subhomoy Das Sujay Tarafdar Pritam Das Anshu Jain Ali H. Zaidi The coach for the Royal Bengal Tigers was former South African batsman Daryll Cullinan