Jaffa, in Hebrew Yafo, or in Arabic Yaffa, the southern and oldest part of Tel Aviv-Yafo, is an ancient port city in Israel. Jaffa is famous for its association with the biblical stories of Jonah and Saint Peter as well as the mythological story of Andromeda and Perseus, for its oranges; the town was mentioned in the Amarna letters as Yapu. Mythology says that it is named for Yafet, one of the sons of Noah, the one who built it after the Flood; the Hellenist tradition links Cassiopeia, mother of Andromeda. An outcropping of rocks near the harbor is reputed to have been the place where Andromeda was rescued by Perseus. Pliny the Elder associated the name with Iopa, daughter of Aeolus, god of the wind; the medieval Arab geographer al-Muqaddasi referred to it as Yaffa. Ancient Jaffa was built on a 40 metres high ridge, with a broad view of the coastline, giving it a strategic importance in military history; the tell of Jaffa, created through the accumulation of debris and landfill over the centuries, made the hill higher.
Archaeological evidence shows that the site of Jaffa was inhabited around 7500 BCE. The natural harbour of Jaffa has been in use since the Bronze Age; the city as such was established at the latest around 1800 BCE. Jaffa is mentioned in an Ancient Egyptian letter from 1440 BCE; the so-called story of the Taking of Joppa glorifies its conquest by Pharaoh Thutmose III, whose general, Djehuty hid Egyptian soldiers in sacks carried by pack animals and sent them camouflaged as tribute into the Canaanite city, where the soldiers emerged and conquered it. The story predates the Homeric story of the Trojan horse by two centuries; the city is mentioned in the Amarna letters under its Egyptian name Ya-Pho. The city was under Egyptian rule until around 800 BCE. Jaffa is mentioned four times in the Hebrew Bible, as a city opposite the territory given to the Hebrew Tribe of Dan, as port-of-entry for the cedars of Lebanon for Solomon's Temple, as the place whence the prophet Jonah embarked for Tarshish and again as port-of-entry for the cedars of Lebanon for the Second Temple of Jerusalem.
Jaffa is mentioned in the Book of Joshua as the territorial border of the Tribe of Dan, hence the modern term "Gush Dan" for the center of the coastal plain. The tribe of Dan did not manage to dislocate the Philistines from Jaffa, but many descendants of Dan lived along the coast and earned their living from shipmaking and sailing. In the "Song of Deborah" the prophetess asks: "דן למה יגור אוניות": "Why doth Dan dwell in ships?"After Canaanite and Philistine dominion, King David and his son King Solomon conquered Jaffa and used its port to bring the cedars used in the construction of the First Temple from Tyre. The city remained in Israelite hands after the split of the united Kingdom of Israel. In 701 BCE, in the days of King Hezekiah, king of Assyria, invaded the region from Jaffa. After a period of Babylonian occupation, under Persian rule, Jaffa was governed by Phoenicians from Tyre. Alexander the Great's troops were stationed in Jaffa, it became a port of the Seleucid Empire until it was taken over by the Maccabees and ruled by the Hasmonean dynasty.
During the First Jewish -- Roman War, Jaffa was burned by Cestius Gallus. The Roman Jewish historian Josephus writes. Pirates operating from the rebuilt port incurred the wrath of Vespasian, who razed the city and erected a citadel in its place, installing a Roman garrison there; the New Testament account of Saint Peter bringing back to life the widow Dorcas (recorded in Acts of the Apostles, 9:36–42, takes place in Jaffa called in Greek Ἰόππη. Acts 10:10–23 relates that, while Peter was in Jaffa, he had a vision of a large sheet filled with "clean" and "unclean" animals being lowered from heaven, together with a message from the Holy Spirit telling him to accompany several messengers to Cornelius in Caesarea Maritima. Peter retells the story of his vision in Acts 11:4–17, explaining how he had come to preach Christianity to the gentiles. In Midrash Tanna'im in its chapter Deuteronomy 33:19, reference is made to Jose ben Halafta traveling through Jaffa. Jaffa seems to have attracted serious Jewish scholars in the 5th century.
The Jerusalem Talmud in Moed Ketan references Rabi Akha bar Khanina of Jaffa. The Babylonian Talmud in Megillah 16b mentions Rav Adda Demin of Jaffa. Leviticus Rabbah mentions Rav Nachman of Jaffa; the Pesikta Rabbati in chapter 17 mentions R. Tanchum of Jaffa. Several streets and alleys of the Jaffa Flea Market area are named after these scholars. During the first centuries of Christianity, Jaffa was a unimportant Roman and Byzantine locality, which only in the 5th century became a bishopric. A small number of its Greek or Latin bishops are known. In 636 Jaffa was conquered by Arabs. Under Islamic rule, it served as a port of Ramla the provincial capital. Al-Muqaddasi described Yafah as "lying on the sea, is but a small town, although the emporium of Palestine and the port of Ar Ramlah, it is protected by a strong wall with iron gates, the sea-gates are of iron. The mosque is pleasant to the eye, overlooks the sea; the harbour is excellent". Jaffa was captured in June 1099 during the First Crusade, was the centre of the County of Jaffa and Ascalon, one of the vassals of the Kingdo
Sir Leonard "Len" Blavatnik is a Soviet-born British-American businessman and philanthropist. He made his fortune through business via diversified investments in myriad companies through his conglomerate company, Access Industries; as of January 2018, Blavatnik was the wealthiest man in the United Kingdom, the 50th wealthiest in the world, with a net worth of US$21.2 billion. In 2017, Blavatnik received a knighthood for services to philanthropy. Blavatnik was born in Soviet Ukraine, to a Jewish family, he attended Moscow State University of Railway Engineering, but did not complete his coursework due to the family's request for emigration visas. His family emigrated from the Soviet Union to the United States in 1978, he received a masters in computer science from Columbia University and an MBA from Harvard Business School in 1989. In 1986, Blavatnik founded Access Industries, an international conglomerate company located in New York, of which he is chairman and president. Access has long-term holdings in South America.
He moved into Russian investments, just after the fall of communism. He and a friend from university, Viktor Vekselberg, formed the Renova investment vehicle, the two joined with Mikhail Fridman's Alfa Group to form the AAR venture. Access has since diversified its portfolio to include investments in industries such as oil, coal, aluminum and plastics, telecommunications and real estate. In August 2005, Access Industries bought petrochemicals and plastics manufacturer Basell Polyolefins from Royal Dutch Shell and BASF for $5.7 billion. On December 20, 2007, Basell completed its acquisition of the Lyondell Chemical Company for an enterprise value of $19 billion; the resulting company, LyondellBasell Industries became the world's eighth largest chemical company based on net sales. On January 6, 2009, the U. S. operations of LyondellBasell Industries filed for bankruptcy. On April 30, 2010, LyondellBasell emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in a improved financial position; as part of its exit financing, LyondellBasell raised $3.25 billion of first priority debt as well as $2.8 billion through the rights offering jointly underwritten by Access Industries, Apollo Management, Ares Management.
LyondellBasell stock has increased 103% in value since April 2010. Access owns 14% of LyondellBasell. AAR gained a controlling stake in Russian oil company TNK through privatization auctions in 2003 sold a 50% stake to British Petroleum to form TNK-BP, one of Russia's largest oil companies, where Blavatnik served on the board of directors. On March 21, 2013, Rosneft completed its $55 billion acquisition of TNK-BP. Blavatnik has interests in UC Rusal, the world's largest aluminum producer, where he sits on the board. On May 6, 2011, Warner Music Group announced its sale to Access for US$3.3 billion. In 2010, Blavatnik sued JPMorgan Chase after losing $100 million by following Morgan's advice three years earlier to buy mortgage securities with AAA credit ratings. JPMorgan Chase was ordered to pay $50 million to Blavatnik on August 27, 2013. In early 2010, Access Industries was reported as one of the handful of bidders for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. On July 20, 2011, an Access affiliate acquired Warner Music Group for $3.3 billion.
In 2016, Blavatnik launched Access Entertainment, which bought James Packer's stake in RatPac Entertainment and a 24.9% stake in Bad Wolf in 2017. In April 2018, it was reported that Blavatnik was a front runner in the bidding to purchase Britain’s third oldest theatre, the Theatre Royal Haymarket. Sources report that the bid is around £40 millionBlavatnik owns AI Film, the independent film and production company which backed Lee Daniels’ film The Butler and the summer 2015 release Mr. Holmes, he was an early investor in Rocket Internet and Beats Music, helped finance fashion designer Tory Burch, in 2013 paid $115 million for wireless spectrum in Norway. Blavatnik is a member of the Global Advisory Board of the Centre for International Business and Management at Cambridge University, a member of the board of Dean's Advisors at the Harvard Business School and a member of the academic board at Tel Aviv University. Blavatnik, the Blavatnik Family Foundation and Access companies have supported many cultural and philanthropic institutions over the past 15 years, including serving as the primary benefactors for numerous major art and cultural exhibitions, including the British Museum, Tate Modern, Royal Opera House, National Portrait Gallery and Museum of Modern Art.
Since 2007, the Blavatnik Family Foundation together with the New York Academy of Sciences has supported the Blavatnik Awards for Young Scientists. The annual award recognizes the accomplishments of outstanding young scientists in life sciences, physical sciences and engineering and provides all finalists with a significant cash prize. Blavatnik sponsors a Colel Chabad 20,000-square-foot food bank and warehouse in Kiryat Malakhi, which sends monthly food shipments to 5,000 poor families in 25 Israeli cities, before Jewish holidays to 30,000 families in 73 Israeli cities and villages. In 2010, it was announced that Blavatnik and the Blavatnik Family Foundation would donate £75 million to the University of Oxford to establish a new school of government; the gift is one of the largest philanthropic gifts in the university's 900-year history. Blavatnik indicated the possibility of increasing his benefaction up to £100 million over time; the Blavatnik School of Government began accepting stude
Asaf "Assi" Dayan was an Israeli film director, actor and producer. Assaf Dayan was the youngest son of Israeli general and defense minister Moshe Dayan and peace activist Ruth Dayan, he had two siblings: politician and author Yael Dayan, born 1939, sculptor Ehud Dayan, born 1942. After military service and studying philosophy and English literature at Hebrew University, Dayan embarked on a career as film actor, which also led to directing, he was married three times and had four children: New York gallery owner Amalia Dayan and Avner Dayan with first wife Aharona Melkind. In 1999, his third wife, ceramic artist Vered Tandler Dayan, made a documentary film about him, Period. In March 2009, Dayan was beating his girlfriend. In the wake of an earlier conviction for possession of drugs, he received a suspended sentence and 200 hours of community work as part of a plea bargain. Dayan admitted at the time. In November 2009, Dayan suffered a massive heart attack and underwent angioplasty at Tel Aviv's Ichilov hospital.
In 1967, Dayan established himself as a film actor and Israeli icon in He Walked Through the Fields, Yossi Milo's adaptation of Moshe Shamir's novel and play by that name. That year, he appeared in Micha Shagrir's Scouting Patrol, about elite fighters on a mission to capture the commander of a fedayeen squad. In 1969 Dayan co-starred in the American movie A Walk with Love and Death, set in medieval France and directed by John Huston, in which he plays alongside Huston's daughter, Angelica, he portrayed Giora Geter, owner of a Tel Aviv pub whose life falls apart, in Eitan Green's Into the Night. In 1984, Dayan had a supporting role as a prisoner in Uri Barbash's Beyond the Walls, described as an important milestone in Israeli political cinema. Other acting credits include Operation Thunderbolt, about the Israeli raid in Entebbe, nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Dayan is the deputy of Yoni Netanyahu, played by Yehoram Gaon. Dayan played the leading role of psychologist Reuven Dagan in the TV drama series BeTipul, which ran for two seasons on Israeli TV.
The series was adapted for the US market by HBO under the name In Treatment with Gabriel Byrne in the lead role. By 2008 Dayan had acted in TV series episodes. Dayan directed 16 films. In 1976 he directed Giv'at Halfon Eina Ona, a comedy about a group of military reservists in the Sinai. In 1992, he directed Life According to Agfa, portraying life in a Tel Aviv pub; the film was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival and won an Honorable Mention. In 1999, he was a member of the jury at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival. Dayan won the Israeli Academy Award as Best Actor for Mr. Baum. In 1998, he received a lifetime achievement award at the Jerusalem International Film Festival, his role in Time of Favor was acclaimed by Israeli critics as his best screen role of his career. Israeli cinema Israeli television Culture of Israel Assi Dayan on IMDb Assi Dayan at Find a Grave Assi Dayan bio
Bar-Ilan University is a public research university in the city of Ramat Gan in the Tel Aviv District, Israel. Established in 1955, Bar Ilan is Israel's second-largest academic institution, it has 1,350 faculty members. The university aims to "blend tradition with modern technologies and scholarship, teach the compelling ethics of Jewish heritage to all … to synthesize the ancient and modern, the sacred and the material, the spiritual and the scientific". Bar-Ilan University has Jewish-American roots: It was conceived in Atlanta in a meeting of the American Mizrahi organization in 1950, was founded by Professor Pinkhos Churgin, an American Orthodox rabbi and educator; when it was opened in 1955, it was described by The New York Times "as Cultural Link Between the Republic and America". The university was named for Rabbi Meir Bar-Ilan, a Religious Zionist leader who served as the inspiration for its establishment. Although he was trained in Orthodox seminaries in Berlin, he believed there was a need for an institution providing a dual curriculum of secular academic studies and religious Torah studies.
The founders of the university hoped to produce alumni committed to Jewish religious tradition, Zionist ideology, science. In 1965, the professors and lecturers were all religious Jews. Yosef Burg, one of the prominent leaders of the religious Zionist movement, warned that admission of too many non-religious into the university could undermine its character: "If you spill too much water into a wine bottle, you will have no wine." Today, the student population includes secular and non-Jewish students, including Arabs. Seven courses in Jewish studies are required for graduation. In hiring senior academic staff, the university gives preference to religious Jews, although the faculty includes many secular members. Bar-Ilan operates a midrasha for women; the kollel offers traditional yeshiva studies with an emphasis on Talmud, while the midrasha offers courses in Torah and Jewish philosophy. These programs are open to all students free of charge. Yitzhak Rabin's convicted assassin, Yigal Amir, was a student of law and computer science at Bar-Ilan, prompting charges that the university had become a hotbed of political extremism.
One of the steps taken by the university following the assassination was to encourage dialogue between left-wing and right-wing students. Under previous university president Moshe Kaveh, Bar-Ilan underwent a major expansion, with new buildings added on the northern side of the campus. New science programs have been introduced, including an multidisciplinary brain research center and a center for nanotechnology; the university has placed archaeology as one of its priorities, this includes excavations such as the Tell es-Safi/Gath archaeological excavations and the opened Bar-Ilan University/Weizmann Institute of Science joint program in Archaeological Sciences. Bar-Ilan's Faculty of Law made headlines in 2008 by achieving the highest average Israeli Bar Exam grade of 81.9 by its graduates. In 2016, the university became the center of controversy over women's rights; the university announced it would allow women to read passages of text and play musical instruments at its Holocaust Remembrance Day, but would bar women from singing in order not to offend Orthodox Jewish males.
Other organizations, such as Ne'emanei Torah V'Avodah, protested that it is an Israeli custom to sing at national ceremonies, that "extreme" Jewish religious law should not be imposed on the general public. Bar-Ilan University has eight faculties: Exact Sciences, Life Sciences, Social Sciences, Jewish Studies, Medicine and Law. There are interdisciplinary studies; the center's mission is to cultivate a new generation of interdisciplinary scientists who integrate knowledge from different fields. The center offers several graduate level tracks, including a direct Ph. D. program, an M. Sc. program and a combined program. Candidates are accepted from a variety of backgrounds, including biology, mathematics and computer science. Accepted students are exempt from tuition and receive a full scholarship during the course of their studies, allowing to concentrate on the research; the Ph. D. training program builds on six single-semester required core courses, a set of preparatory courses, a variety of elective courses.
Students have to complete 8 credits in advanced courses. Additionally, students participate in a number of multidisciplinary activities including a weekly research seminar and two hands-on short-term research projects. Several advanced optional courses are available, allowing students to specialize in one of the three sub-fields: 1. Computational Neuroscience 2. Neurobiology and Behavior 3. Language and Cognition The center offers an undergraduate interdisciplinary program in neuroscience, providing a solid knowledge base in wide range of neuroscience related disciplines, such as life sciences, linguistics and computer sciences, physics, with a specialization in the field of choice; the center takes part in the summer science research internship program, where undergraduate science majors from American universities perform research internships in Bar-Ilan labs under the mentorship of faculty members. Bar-Ilan offers an International B. A. Program, taught in English, is the first university in Israel to offer a full undergraduate program taught in English.
Students can choose between a B. A. degree in interdisciplinary social sciences, where students can choose between a macro track in economics, political sciences, sociolo
The Golden Girls
The Golden Girls is an American sitcom created by Susan Harris that aired on NBC from September 14, 1985, to May 9, 1992, with a total of 180 half-hour episodes spanning seven seasons. The show stars Beatrice Arthur, Betty White, Rue McClanahan, Estelle Getty as four older women who share a home in Miami, Florida, it was produced by Witt/Thomas/Harris Productions, in association with Touchstone Television, Paul Junger Witt. Tony Thomas and Harris served as the original executive producers; the Golden Girls received critical acclaim throughout most of its run and won several awards including the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series twice. It won three Golden Globe Awards for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy; each of the four stars received an Emmy Award, making it one of only three sitcoms in the award's history to achieve this. The series ranked among the top-10 highest-rated programs for six of its seven seasons. In 2013, TV Guide ranked The Golden Girls number 54 on its list of the 60 Best Series of All Time.
In 2014, the Writers Guild of America placed the sitcom at number 69 in their list of the "101 Best Written TV Series of All Time". The show revolves around four older single women sharing a house in Miami; the owner of the house is a widow named Blanche Devereaux, joined by fellow widow Rose Nylund and divorcée Dorothy Zbornak, after they both responded to an ad on the bulletin board of a local grocery store a year before the start of the series. In the pilot episode, the three were joined by Dorothy's 80-year-old mother, Sophia Petrillo, after the retirement home where she had been living burned down; the first episode featured a gay houseboy named Coco, but the role was dropped before the second episode. The writers observed that in many of the proposed scripts, the main interaction between the women occurred in the kitchen while preparing and eating food, they decided. In addition, the character of Sophia had been planned as an occasional guest star, but Getty had tested so positively with preview audiences that the producers decided to make her a regular character.
After six consecutive seasons in the top 10, the seventh season at number 30, The Golden Girls came to an end when Bea Arthur chose to leave the series. In the hour-long series finale, which aired in May 1992, Dorothy meets and marries Blanche's uncle Lucas and moves to Hollingsworth Manor in Atlanta, Georgia. Sophia was to join her; this led into The Golden Palace. The series finale of The Golden Girls was watched by 27.2 million viewers. As of 2016, it was the 17th-most watched television finale. Beatrice Arthur as Dorothy Zbornak, a substitute teacher. Born in Brooklyn, New York City, to Sicilian immigrants Sophia and Salvatore Petrillo, Dorothy became pregnant while still in high school, resulting in a marriage to Stanley Zbornak to legitimize the baby. Stan and Dorothy moved to Miami, but divorced after 38 years when Stan left her for a young flight attendant; the marriage produced two children, Kate, in her early 20s, Michael, inconsistently aged between his mid-20s and late 30s. In the series' final episode, Dorothy marries Blanche's uncle, Lucas Hollingsworth, relocates to Atlanta.
Arthur played Dorothy's grandmother, Sophia's mother, in a flashback episode to when they lived in Brooklyn in the 1950s when Dorothy was a young adult. In season one episode seven, Dorothy is stated to be 55. Betty White as Rose Nylund, a Norwegian American from the small farming town of St. Olaf, Minnesota. Naive and known for her humorously peculiar stories of life growing up in her hometown, Rose was married to Charlie Nylund, with whom she had five children. Upon Charlie's death, she moved to Miami, she finds work at a grief counselling center, but switches careers and becomes assistant to consumer reporter Enrique Mas at a local TV station. In seasons, Rose became romantically involved with college professor Miles Webber. During season six, Webber was placed into the Witness Protection Program, but returned in the season, their relationship continued throughout the series and shortly into the sequel series, The Golden Palace. Rue McClanahan as Blanche Elizabeth Devereaux, a Southern belle employed at an art museum.
Born into a wealthy family, Blanche grew up as the apple of her father's eye on a plantation outside of Atlanta, prior to her relocation to Miami, where she lived with her husband, until his death. Their marriage produced six children. A widow, Blanche was portrayed as man-hungry and had the most male admirers and stories detailing various sexual encounters over the course of the series. Estelle Getty as Sophia Petrillo, Dorothy's mother. Born in Sicily, Sophia moved to New York after fleeing an arranged marriage to Guido Spirelli, she married Salvatore "Sal" Petrillo, with whom she had three children: Dorothy and Phil, a cross-dresser who dies of a heart attack. A resident of the Shady Pines retirement home after having
The Palme d'Or is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the festival's organizing committee. From 1939 to 1954, the highest prize at the festival was the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film. In 1964, The Palme d'Or was replaced again by the Grand Prix, before being reintroduced in 1975; the Palme d'Or is considered to be one of the most prestigious awards in the film industry. In 1954, the festival decided to present an award annually, titled the Grand Prix of the International Film Festival, with a new design each year from a contemporary artist; the festival's board of directors invited several jewellers to submit designs for a palm, in tribute to the coat of arms of the city of Cannes. The original design by the jeweller Lucienne Lazon had the bevelled lower extremity of the stalk forming a heart, the pedestal a sculpture in terracotta by the artist Sébastien. In 1955, the first Palme d'Or was awarded to Delbert Mann for Marty. From 1964 to 1974, the Festival temporarily resumed a Grand Prix.
In 1975, the Palme d'Or was reintroduced and has since remained the symbol of the Cannes Film Festival, awarded every year to the director of the winning film, presented in a case of pure red Morocco leather lined with white suede. As of 2018, Jane Campion is the only female director to have won the Palme d'Or, for her work on The Piano. However, in 2013, when Blue Is the Warmest Color won the Palme d'Or, the Steven Spielberg-headed jury awarded it to the film's director Abdellatif Kechiche, as well as the film's actresses Adèle Exarchopoulos and Léa Seydoux; this marks the first time. The jury decided to award the actresses alongside the director due to a Cannes policy that forbids the Palme d'Or-winning film from receiving any additional awards, thereby preventing the jury from rewarding both the film and the film's actresses separately. Of the unorthodox decision, Spielberg said that "had the casting been 3% wrong, it wouldn't have worked like it did for us". Kechiche auctioned off his Palme d'Or trophy to fund his new feature film, expressed mixed feelings about the festival having given out multiple trophies in an interview with The Hollywood Reporter.
Since its reintroduction, the prize has been redesigned several times. At the beginning of the 1980s, the rounded shape of the pedestal, bearing the palm transformed to become pyramidal in 1984. In 1992, Thierry de Bourqueney redesigned its pedestal in hand-cut crystal. In 1997, a new design, created by Caroline Scheufele from Chopard, was created; the winner of the 2014 Palme d'Or, Winter Sleep—a Turkish film by Nuri Bilge Ceylan—occurred during the same year as the 100th anniversary of Turkish cinema. Upon receiving the award, Ceylan dedicated the prize to both the "young people" involved in the ongoing political unrest in Turkey and the workers who were killed in the Soma mine disaster, which occurred on the day prior to the commencement of the awards event. In 2017, the award was re-designed to celebrate the festival's 70th anniversary; the diamonds were provided by an ethical supplier certified by the Responsible Jewellery Council. * Director's nationality given at time of film's release.
§ Denotes unanimous win ‡ The Palme d'Or for Union Pacific was awarded in retrospect at the 2002 festival. The festival's debut was to take place in 1939, but it was cancelled due to World War II; the organisers of the 2002 festival presented part of the original 1939 selection to a professional jury of six members. The films were: Goodbye Mr. Chips, La Piste du Nord, Lenin in 1918, The Four Feathers, The Wizard of Oz, Union Pacific, Boefje. Eight directors or co-directors have won the award twice: 1946 & 1951 Alf Sjöberg 1974 & 1979 Francis Ford Coppola 1988 & 1992 Bille August 1985 & 1995 Emir Kusturica 1983 & 1997 Shohei Imamura 1999 & 2005 Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne 2009 & 2012 Michael Haneke 2006 & 2016 Ken Loach In 2002 the festival began to sporadically award a non-competitive Honorary Palme d'Or to directors who had achieved a notable body of work but who had never won a competitive Palme d'Or. In 2011 the festival announced that the award would be given out annually, however plans for this fell through and it was not awarded again until four years in 2015.
American director Woody Allen was the inaugural recipient while pioneering French filmmaker Agnès Varda was the first woman to receive the award in 2015. In 2016, Jean-Pierre Léaud became the first person to be awarded for acting. In 2018, the Cannes jury awarded a "Special Palme d'Or" for the first time. Golden Bear, the highest prize awarded at the Berlin Film Festival Golden Lion, the highest prize awarded at the Venice Film Festival Palme d'Or Winners, 1976 to present, by gross box-office Festival-cannes.com Cannes Film Festival IMDB
HaShir Shelanu was an Israeli daily comical musical telenovela that ran for four seasons on the yes-5 Israeli Movie Channel and repeating on Channel 2. The last episode was broadcast in April 2007. 118 episodes Ninet is a young, unknown girl from the country who comes to Tel-Aviv and works with her cousin Ronnie at his cafeteria in Yardena Tamir's Academy of Music. After school hours are over Ninet goes to the classroom and sings, her talent is revealed accidentally by the music teacher, Doron Sadeh who has her enrolled in the school. Ninet falls in love with Zohar Lahat and the couple go on a rocky road towards happiness disturbed by Noa Shahar who wants Zohar for herself, her best friend Dana Snir and her mother Naomi help her by driving Ninet apart. 100 episodes Three years after graduating from the academy and Zohar became the country's most well-known couple and they plan to get married. They have moved into the luxury "Sun and Beach" apartment complex in Tel-Aviv and enough, their friends from the academy have moved into the complex.
Due to the ending of the first season in which Givon was killed while trying to murder Ninet and frame Naomi, his brother Ariel and sister are in town and plan their revenge on Ninet and Noa. While conspiring to assassinate them, Ariel falls in love with Ninet. 73 episodes At the beginning of the third season viewers find out that the first two seasons of the show were a TV show called Her Song. The two leading actors of Her Song, Rani Aviv who played Zohar Lahat and Yonatan Barak who played Ariel Silver, prepare to go to the army the day after they finish shooting the final episode of the second season. Rani goes to the paratroopers unit and Yonatan goes to an army band. All the other characters from the first two seasons appear under their real names. New characters join the show. 75 episodes Almost the plot of the third season. The plot concerns the investigation of who tried to murder Tamara and Karin Koren. Karin Koren knows who tied to murder her by shooting her twice in the stomach when she was pregnant and shooting Tamara three times in the chest.
Karin Promises Yotam that she will not tell anyone he shot her. After Yotam shot both Karin and Tamara they stayed in the hospital asleep for six months. Tamara wakes up and does not remember anything and does not remember that ten minutes before Yotam shot her she asked Rani Aviv to marry him and he accepted, so she does not love him any more. Rani still fights over her to get her back with him. In the season, some people discover that the inspector for the case of the shooting of Tamara and Karin Nora Spector is Karin's mother. HaShir Shelanu on IMDb