United States Marshals Service
The United States Marshals Service is a federal law enforcement agency within the U. S. Department of Justice, it is the oldest American federal law enforcement agency and was created by the Judiciary Act of 1789 during the presidency of George Washington as the Office of the United States Marshal. The USMS as it stands today was established in 1969 to provide guidance and assistance to Marshals throughout the federal judicial districts. USMS is an agency of the United States executive branch reporting to the United States Attorney General, but serves as the enforcement arm of the United States federal courts to ensure the effective operation of the judiciary and integrity of the Constitution; the Marshals Service is the primary agency for fugitive operations, the protection of officers of the Federal Judiciary, the management of criminal assets, the operation of the United States Federal Witness Protection Program and the Justice Prisoner and Alien Transportation System, as well as the execution of federal arrest warrants.
Throughout its history the Marshals have provided unique security and enforcement services including protecting African-American students enrolling in the South during the civil rights movement, escort security for United States Air Force LGM-30 Minuteman missile convoys, law enforcement for the United States Antarctic Program, protection of the Strategic National Stockpile. The office of United States Marshal was created by the First Congress. President George Washington signed the Judiciary Act into law on September 24, 1789; the Act provided that a United States Marshal's primary function was to execute all lawful warrants issued to him under the authority of the United States. The law defined marshals as officers of the courts charged with assisting Federal courts in their law-enforcement functions: And be it further enacted, That a marshal shall be appointed in and for each district for a term of four years, but shall be removable from office at pleasure, whose duty it shall be to attend the district and circuit courts when sitting therein, the Supreme Court in the district in which that court shall sit.
And to execute throughout the district, all lawful precepts directed to him, issued under the authority of the United States, he shall have the power to command all necessary assistance in the execution of his duty, to appoint as shall be occasion, one or more deputies. The critical Supreme Court decision affirming the legal authority of the federal marshals was made in In re Neagle, 135 U. S. 1. For over 100 years marshals were patronage jobs controlled by the district judge, they were paid by fees until a salary system was set up in 1896. Many of the first US Marshals had proven themselves in military service during the American Revolution. Among the first marshals were John Adams's son-in-law Congressman William Stephens Smith for the District of New York, another New York district marshal, Congressman Thomas Morris, Henry Dearborn for the district of Maine. From the nation's earliest days, marshals were permitted to recruit special deputies as local hires, or as temporary transfers to the Marshals Service from other federal law-enforcement agencies.
Marshals were authorized to swear in a posse to assist with manhunts, other duties, ad hoc. Marshals were given extensive authority to support the federal courts within their judicial districts, to carry out all lawful orders issued by federal judges, Congress, or the President. Federal marshals were by far the most important government officials in territorial jurisdictions. Local law enforcement officials were called "marshals" so there is an ambiguity whether someone was a federal or a local official. Federal marshals are most famous for their law enforcement work, but, only a minor part of their workload; the largest part of the business was paper work—serving writs, other processes issued by the courts, making arrests and handling all federal prisoners. They disbursed funds as ordered by the courts. Marshals paid the fees and expenses of the court clerks, U. S. Attorneys and witnesses, they rented the courtrooms and jail space, hired the bailiffs and janitors. They made sure the prisoners were present, the jurors were available, that the witnesses were on time.
The marshals thus provided local representation for the federal government within their districts. They took the national census every decade through 1870, they distributed presidential proclamations, collected a variety of statistical information on commerce and manufacturing, supplied the names of government employees for the national register, performed other routine tasks needed for the central government to function effectively. During the settlement of the American Frontier, marshals served as the main source of day-to-day law enforcement in areas that had no local government of their own. U. S. Marshals were instrumental in keeping order in the "Old West" era, they were involved in apprehending desperadoes such as Bill Doolin, Ned Christie, and, in 1893, the infamous Dalton Gang after a shoot-out that left Deputy Marshals Ham Hueston, Lafe Shadley, posse member Dick Speed, dead. Individual deputy marshals have been seen as legendary heroes in the face of rampant lawlessness with Wyatt Earp, Bat Masterson, Dallas Stoudenmire, Bass Reeves as examples of well-known marshals.
Bill Tilghman, Heck Thomas, Chris Madsen formed a legendary law enforcement trio known as "The Three Guardsmen" when they worked together policing the vast, lawless Oklahoma and Indian Territories. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 tasked marshals to enforce the law and arrest fugitive slaves. Any negligence in doing so expo
The Territory of Oklahoma was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 2, 1890, until November 16, 1907, when it was joined with the Indian Territory under a new constitution and admitted to the Union as the State of Oklahoma. The 1890 Oklahoma Organic Act organized the western half of Indian Territory and a strip of country known as No Man's Land into Oklahoma Territory. Reservations in the new territory were opened to settlement in land runs that year and in 1891 and 1893. Seven counties were defined upon the creation of the territory. Although they were designated by number, they would become Logan, Oklahoma, Kingfisher and Beaver counties; the Land Run of 1893 led to the addition of Kay, Woods, Garfield and Pawnee counties. The territory acquired an additional county through the resolution of a boundary dispute with the U. S. state of Texas, which today is split into Greer, Jackson and part of Beckham counties. Oklahoma Territory's history began with the Indian Intercourse Act of 1834 when the United States Congress set aside land for Native Americans.
At the time, the land was unorganized territory that consisted of the federal land "west of the Mississippi and not within the states of Missouri and Louisiana, or the territory of Arkansas..." By 1856, the territory had been reduced to the modern-day borders of the State of Oklahoma, except for the Oklahoma Panhandle and Old Greer County. These lands became known as Indian Territory, as they had been granted to certain Indian nations under the Indian Removal Act, in exchange for their historic territories east of the Mississippi River; until this point, Native Americans had used the land. In 1866, after the American Civil War, the federal government required new treaties with the tribes that had supported the Confederacy, forced them into land and other concessions; as a result of the Reconstruction Treaties, The Five Civilized Tribes were required to emancipate their slaves and offer them full citizenship in the tribes if they wanted to stay in the Nations. This forced many of the tribes in Indian Territory into making concessions.
U. S. officials forced the cession of some 2,000,000 acres of land in the center of the Indian Nation Territory. Elias C. Boudinot a railroad lobbyist, wrote an article, published in the Chicago Times on February 17, 1879, that popularized the term Unassigned Lands to refer to this tract. Soon the popular press began referring to the people agitating for its settlement as Boomers. To prevent settlement of the land by European-Americans, President Rutherford B. Hayes, issued a proclamation forbidding unlawful entry into Indian Territory in April 1879. Despite federal obstruction, popular demands for the land did not end. Captain David L. Payne was one of the main supporters of the opening of Oklahoma to white settlement. Payne traveled to Kansas, where he founded the Boomer "Colonial Association." Payne's organization of 10,000 members hoped to establish a white colony in the Unassigned Lands. The formation of the group prompted President Hayes to issue a proclamation ordering Payne not to enter Indian Territory on February 12, 1880.
In response and his group traveled to Camp Alice in the Unassigned Lands, east of Oklahoma City. There, they made plans for a city, which they named "Ewing." The Fourth Cavalry arrested them, escorted them back to Kansas. Payne was furious, as public law prohibited the military from interfering in civil matters; the federal government freed Payne and his party denying them access to the courts. Anxious to prove his case in court, Payne and a larger group returned to Ewing in July; the Army again escorted them back to Kansas. Again they were freed but this time the federal government charged Payne with trespassing under the Indian Intercourse Act. Judge Isaac Parker fined him the maximum amount of one thousand dollars. Since Payne had no money and no property, the government could not collect the fine; the ruling settled nothing on the question of the public domain lands, Payne continued his activities. Payne tried a third time to enter the Unassigned Lands. In December and his group moved along the northern border of Indian Territory.
They were followed by a unit of cavalry under the command of Colonel J. J. Copinger. Colonel Copinger warned Payne that if he crossed the border that they would be "forcibly resisted." As the number of Boomers grew as people joined Payne, they sent a messenger to President Hayes asking permission to enter Indian Territory. After weeks of no response, Payne led his followers to the Unassigned Lands. Once again, they were arrested and Payne was sent back to Fort Smith, he was sentenced to pay a $1,000 fine. Upon his release, he returned to Kansas. During Payne's last venture, this time into the Cherokee Outlet in 1884, the Army again arrested him, they took him several hundred miles under severe physical circumstances over a tortuous route to Ft. Smith; the public was outraged about his treatment by the military, the US government decided to try his case. Payne was turned over to the United States District Court at Kansas, he was indicted for the crime of bringing whiskey into a Federal offense. In the fall term, Judge Cassius G. Foster quashed the indictments and ruled that settling on the Unassigned Lands was not a criminal offense.
The Boomers celebrated. Payne planned another expedition, but he would not lead it. On November 28, 1884, i
Bob Steele (actor)
Bob Steele was an American actor. He was billed as Bob Bradbury Jr.. Steele was born in Portland, into a vaudeville family, his parents were the former Nieta Quinn. After years of touring, the family settled in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, in the late 1910s, where his father soon found work in the movies, first as an actor as a director. By 1920, Robert Bradbury hired his son Bob and Bob's twin brother, Bill, as juvenile leads for a series of adventure movies titled The Adventures of Bob and Bill. Steele left before graduating. Steele's career began to take off for good in 1927, when he was hired by production company Film Booking Offices of America to star in a series of Westerns. Renamed Bob Steele at FBO, he soon made a name for himself, in the late 1920s, 1930s and 1940s starred in B-Westerns for every minor film studio, including Monogram, Tiffany, Syndicate and Producers Releasing Corporation, plus he had the occasional role in an A-movie, as in the adaptation of John Steinbeck's novel, Of Mice and Men in 1939.
In cowboy movies shown on TV in the 1940's he played a dashing, but short cowboy replete with eye-make-up and lipstick. In the 1940s, Steele's career as a cowboy hero was on the decline, but he kept himself working by accepting supporting roles in big movies like Howard Hawks' The Big Sleep, or the John Wayne vehicles Island in the Sky, Rio Bravo, Rio Lobo, The Comancheros, The Longest Day. Besides these he made occasional appearances in science fiction films like Atomic Submarine and Giant from the Unknown. Steele performed on television, including the role of Sergeant Granger in the premiere episode, "The Peacemaker", in 1957 of the ABC/Warner Brothers western series, Colt.45. In 1957, he was cast as Sam Shoulders in "Bunch Quitter" in another ABC/WB western series, with Will Hutchins, he appeared in 1958 and 1959 in two episodes of the NBC western, The Californians, as well as three episodes of Maverick with James Garner, including "The War of the Silver Kings," "The Seventh Hand," and "Holiday at Hollow Rock."
Steele appeared as "Kirby" with Agnes Moorehead and Madlyn Rhue in the 1959 episode "In Memoriam" of another ABC western series, The Rebel, starring Nick Adams. He appeared as Deputy Sam in four episodes of Hugh O'Brian's The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp. In 1959, he appeared with Mason Alan Dinehart, another Wyatt Earp alumnus, in the episode "Half a Loaf" of the syndicated series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Stanley Andrews. Steele appeared in six different episodes of the Walt Disney's Western television series Texas John Slaughter with Tom Tryon. On January 25, 1960, Steele was cast as the frontier gunfighter Luke Short in an episode of the CBS western series, The Texan, starring Rory Calhoun. Barbara Stuart played the gambler Poker Alice in the same episode, which features Reed Hadley and Richard Devon. In the middle 1960s, Steele was cast in a regular supporting role as Trooper Duffy in ABC's F Troop, which allowed him to show his comic talent. Trooper Duffy in the F Troop story line claimed to have been "shoulder to shoulder with Davy Crockett at the Alamo" and to have been the only survivor of the battle 40 years before.
In real life, forty years before F Troop, Steele played a supporting role in his father's 1926 film Davy Crockett at the Fall of the Alamo. Bob Steele died on December 1988, from emphysema after a long illness. Steele is interred in the columbarium at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in the Hollywood Hills. Steele is said to have been the inspiration for the character "Cowboy Bob" in the Dennis The Menace comic strip. Bob Steele – A Biography on Search my Trash Bob Steele on IMDb Bob Steele at AllMovie
The Dollars Trilogy known as the Man with No Name Trilogy, is an Italian film series consisting of three Spaghetti Western films directed by Sergio Leone. The films are titled A Fistful of Dollars, For a Few Dollars More and The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, they were distributed by United Artists. The series has become known for establishing the Spaghetti Western genre, inspiring the creation of many more Spaghetti Western films; the three films are listed among the best rated Western films in history. Although it was not Leone's intention, the three movies came to be considered a trilogy following the exploits of the same so-called "Man with No Name"; the "Man with No Name" concept was invented by the American distributor United Artists, looking for a strong angle to sell the movies as a trilogy. Eastwood's character does indeed have a name and a different one in each film: "Joe", "Manco" and "Blondie", respectively. A Fistful of Dollars is an unofficial remake of Akira Kurosawa's 1961 film Yojimbo starring Toshiro Mifune, which resulted in a successful lawsuit by Toho.
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly is considered a prequel, since it depicts Eastwood's character acquiring the clothing he wears throughout the first two films and because it takes place during the American Civil War, whereas the other two films feature comparatively more modern firearms and other props. For example, Lee Van Cleef's character in For a Few Dollars More appears to be a Confederate veteran who has come down in the world, a graveyard scene in A Fistful of Dollars features a gravestone dated 1873; the only actors to appear in all three movies besides Eastwood are Mario Brega, Aldo Sambrell, Benito Stefanelli and Lorenzo Robledo. Four other actors each appear twice in the trilogy, playing different characters: Lee Van Cleef, Gian Maria Volontè, Luigi Pistilli, Joseph Egger. "I think changed the style, the approach to Westerns.... They made the violence and the shooting aspect a little more larger than life, they had great music and new types of scores.... They were stories, they just had a look and a style, a little different at the time: I don't think any of them was a classic story—like The Searchers or something like that—they were more fragmented, following the central character through various little episodes."
Composer Ennio Morricone provided original music score for all three films, although in A Fistful of Dollars he was credited as "Dan Savio." The 1999 DVD, plus the 2010 and 2014 Blu-ray box set releases by MGM, make specific reference to the set of films as "The Man With No Name Trilogy." Eliot, Marc. American Rebel: The Life of Clint Eastwood. Harmony Books. ISBN 978-0-307-33688-0
A film poster is a poster used to promote and advertise a film. Studios print several posters that vary in size and content for various domestic and international markets, they contain an image with text. Today's posters feature photographs of the main actors. Prior to the 1980s, illustrations instead of photos were far more common; the text on film posters contains the film title in large lettering and the names of the main actors. It may include a tagline, the name of the director, names of characters, the release date, etc. Film posters are displayed inside and on the outside of movie theaters, elsewhere on the street or in shops; the same images appear in the film exhibitor's pressbook and may be used on websites, DVD packaging, advertisements in newspapers and magazines, etc. Film posters have been used since the earliest public exhibitions of film, they began as outside placards listing the programme of films to be shown inside the hall or movie theater. By the early 1900s, they began to feature illustrations of a film scene or an array of overlaid images from several scenes.
Other posters have used artistic interpretations of a scene or the theme of the film, represented in a wide variety of artistic styles. The first film poster was based on an illustration by Marcellin Auzolle to promote the showing of the Lumiere Brothers film L'Arroseur arrosé at the Grand Café in Paris on December 26, 1895. Film posters were produced for the exclusive use by the theaters exhibiting the film the poster was created for, were required to be returned to the distributor after the film left the theater. In the United States, film posters were returned to a nationwide operation called the National Screen Service which printed and distributed most of the film posters for the studios between 1940 and 1984; as an economy measure, the NSS recycled posters that were returned, sending them back out to be used again at another theater. During this time, a film could stay in circulation for several years, so many old film posters were badly worn before being retired into storage at an NSS warehouse.
Those posters which were not returned were thrown away by the theater owner or damaged by being outside. Beginning in the 1980s, the American film studios began taking over direct production and distribution of their posters from the National Screen Service and the process of making and distributing film posters became decentralized in that country. After the National Screen Service ceased most of its printing and distribution operations in 1985, some of the posters which they had stored in warehouses around the United States ended up in the hands of private collectors and dealers. Today there is a thriving collectibles market in film posters; the first auction by a major auction house of film posters occurred on December 11, 1990, when proceeds of a sale of 271 vintage posters run by Bruce Hershenson at Christie's totaled US$935,000. The record price for a single poster was set on November 15, 2005 when $690,000 was paid for a poster of Fritz Lang's 1927 film Metropolis from the Reel Poster Gallery in London.
Other early horror and science fiction posters are known to bring high prices as well, with an example from The Mummy realizing $452,000 in a 1997 Sotheby's auction, posters from both Bride of Frankenstein and The Black Cat selling for $334,600 in Heritage auctions, in 2007 and 2009, respectively. Rare film posters have been found being used as insulation in attics and walls. In 2011, 33 film posters, including a Dracula Style F one-sheet, from 1930-1931 were discovered in an attic in Berwick and auctioned for $502,000 in March 2012 by Heritage Auctions. Over the years, old Bollywood posters with hand-painted art, have become collectors items; as a result of market demand, some of the more popular older film posters have been reproduced either under license or illegally. Although the artwork on reproductions is the same as originals, reproductions can be distinguished by size, printing quality, paper type. Several websites on the Internet offer "authentication" tests to distinguish originals from reproductions.
Original film posters distributed to theaters and other poster venues by the movie studios are never sold directly to the public. However, most modern posters are produced in large quantities and become available for purchase by collectors indirectly through various secondary markets such as eBay. Accordingly, most modern posters are not as valuable; however some recent posters, such as the Pulp Fiction "Lucky Strike" U. S. one sheet poster, are quite rare. Lobby cards are similar to posters but smaller 11 in × 14 in 8 in × 10 in before 1930. Lobby cards are collectible and values depend on their age and popularity. Issued in sets of eight, each featuring a different scene from the film. In unusual circumstances, some releases were promoted with smaller sets; the set for The Running Man, for example, had only six cards, whereas the set for The Italian Job had twelve. Films released by major production companies experiencing financial difficulties lacked lobby sets, such as Manhunter. A Jumbo Lobby Card is larger, 14 in x 17 in and issued in sets.
Prior to 1940 studios promoted major releases with the larger card sets. In addition to the larger size, the paper quality was better; the title card disp
A vigilante is a civilian or organization acting in a law enforcement capacity without legal authority. "Vigilante justice" is rationalized by the belief that proper legal forms of criminal punishment are either nonexistent, insufficient, or inefficient. Vigilantes see the government as ineffective in enforcing the law. Persons alleged to be escaping the law or above the law are sometimes the victims of vigilantism. Vigilante conduct involves varied degrees of violence. Vigilantes could assault targets verbally and/or physically, damage and/or vandalize property, or murder individuals. In a number of cases, vigilantism has involved targets with mistaken identities. In Britain in the early 2000s, there were reports of vandalism and verbal abuse towards people wrongly accused of being pedophiles, following the murder of Sarah Payne. In Guyana in 2008, Hardel Haynes was beaten to death by a mob. In South Africa, since the year 2002, there has been an increase in vigilantism against the mining sector in response to perceived failures in the mitigation of acid mine drainage in the Witwatersrand Goldfields and Mpumalanga Coalfields.
Vigilantism and the vigilante ethos existed long before the word vigilante was introduced into the English language. There are conceptual and psychological parallels between the Dark Age and medieval aristocratic custom of private war or vendetta and the modern vigilante philosophy. Elements of the concept of vigilantism can be found in the Biblical account in Genesis 34 of the abduction and rape of Dinah, the daughter of Jacob, in the Canaanite city of Shechem by the eponymous son of the ruler, the violent reaction of her brothers Simeon and Levi, who slew all of the males of the city in revenge, rescued their sister and plundered Shechem; when Jacob protested that their actions might bring trouble upon him and his family, the brothers replied "Should he treat our sister as a harlot?" In 2 Samuel 13, Absalom kills Amnon after King David, their father, fails to punish Amnon for raping Tamar, their sister. Recourse to personal vengeance and dueling was considered a class privilege of the sword-bearing aristocracy before the formation of the modern centralized liberal-bureaucratic nation-state.
In addition, sociologists have posited a complex legal and ethical interrelationship between vigilante acts and rebellion and tyrannicide. In the Western literary and cultural tradition, characteristics of vigilantism have been vested in folkloric heroes and legendary outlaws. Vigilantism in literature and legend is connected to the fundamental issues of dissatisfied morality, the failures of authority and the ethical adequacy of legitimate governance. During medieval times, punishment of felons was sometimes exercised by such secret societies as the courts of the Vehm, a type of early vigilante organization, which became powerful in Westphalian Germany during the 15th century. Formally-defined vigilantism arose in the early American colonies. Established the mid-18th century, for instance, the Regulator movement of American colonial times was composed of citizen volunteers of the frontier who opposed official misconduct and extrajudicially punished banditry as well as protected colonists from indigenous Americans' enforcement of border control.
After the founding of the United States, a citizens arrest became known as a procedure, based in common law and protected by the United States Constitution, where an amateur authority figure or normal citizen arrests a fugitive. The exact circumstances under which this type of arrest, sometimes referred to as a detention, can be made varies from state to state. In India, vigilante refers to. Vigilantism is referred to as "mob justice", it is caused by perception of corruption and delays in the judicial system. As boom-towns, or mining towns in California because of the Gold Rush, started appearing towards the 1850s, vigilantes started taking justice into their own hands because these towns did not have any established forms of government; these people would assault accused thieves and murderers. When they assaulted these thieves, they would give it to the accuser. Other than reports and newspapers, there are not many records of vigilantes. Few names or groups are known. In the United States, vigilante groups arose in poorly governed frontier areas where criminals preyed upon the citizenry with impunity.
The death of Joseph Smith, Jr. on June 27, 1844, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. In 1851, the San Francisco Vigilance Movement sought to eliminate crime perpetrated by the "Hounds", many who were members of gangs in New York that had come as soldiers during the Mexican–American War, an element of this movement focused on immigrants like the Sydney Ducks former convicts from Australia. Los Angeles and the bordering counties experienced outbursts of vigilantism from the early 1850s as many of the criminals driven out of San Francisco and the Gold Country expanded into the less-populated "Cow Counties" of Southern California, making the city and nearby countryside a dangerous place for many years. In Bleeding Kansas during the run-up to the American Civil War, the Sacking of Lawre
Ben Johnson (actor)
Ben "Son" Johnson Jr. was an American stuntman, world champion rodeo cowboy, Academy Award-winning actor. The son of a rancher, Johnson arrived in Hollywood to deliver a consignment of horses for a film, he did stunt-double work for several years before breaking into acting through the good offices of John Ford. Tall and laconic, Johnson brought further authenticity to many roles in Westerns with his extraordinary horsemanship. An elegiac portrayal of a former cowboy theatre owner in the 1950s coming-of-age drama, The Last Picture Show, won Johnson the 1971 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and the BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor, he operated a horse-breeding farm throughout his career. Although he said he had succeeded by sticking to what he knew, shrewd real estate investments made Johnson worth an estimated $100 million by his latter years. Johnson was born in Foraker, Oklahoma, on the Osage Indian Reservation, of Irish and Cherokee ancestry, the son of Ollie Susan Johnson and Ben Johnson, Sr..
His father was a rodeo champion in Osage County. Johnson was drawn to the rodeos and horse breeding of his early years. In 1953, he took a break from well-paid film work to compete in the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association becoming Team Roping World Champion, although he only broke financially that year. Johnson was inducted into the ProRodeo Hall of Fame in 1973. According to his ProRodeo Hall of Fame entry, he said, "I've won a rodeo world championship, I'm prouder of that than anything else I've done." In 2003, he was inducted into the Texas Trail of Fame. Johnson's mother Ollie died a few years after her son, on October 16, 2000, aged 101. Johnson's 1941 marriage to Carol Elaine Jones lasted until her death on March 27, 1994, they had no children. She was the daughter of noted Hollywood horse wrangler Clarence "Fat" Jones. Johnson's film career began with the Howard Hughes film The Outlaw. Before filming began, Hughes bought some horses at the Oklahoma ranch that Johnson's father managed, hired Johnson to get the horses to northern Arizona, to take them on to Hollywood.
Johnson liked to say that he got to Hollywood in a carload of horses. With his experience wrangling for Hughes during The Outlaw's location shooting, once in Hollywood, he did stunt work for the 1939 movie The Fighting Gringo, throughout the 1940s, he found work wrangling horses and doing stunt work involving horses, his work as a stuntman caught the eye of director John Ford. Ford hired Johnson for stunt work in the 1948 film Fort Apache, as the riding double for Henry Fonda. During shooting, the horses pulling a wagon with three men in it stampeded. Johnson, who "happened to be settin' on a horse", saved the men; when Ford promised that he would be rewarded, Johnson hoped it would be with another doubling job, or maybe a small speaking role. Instead he received a seven-year acting contract from Ford. Ford called Johnson into his office, handed him an envelope with a contract in it. Johnson started reading it and when he got to the fifth line and it said "$5,000 a week," he stopped reading, grabbed a pen, signed it, gave it back to Ford.
His first credited role was in Ford's 3 Godfathers. He said the film was the most physically challenging of his career. Ford suggested him for a starring role in the 1949 film Mighty Joe Young. Ford cast him in two of the three films that have come to be known as Ford's cavalry trilogy, all starring John Wayne: She Wore a Yellow Ribbon, Rio Grande. Ford cast Johnson as the lead in Wagon Master, one of Ford's favorites. In real life, Johnson did not show any bad temper. However, although known for avoiding dramas, he had definite boundaries. Johnson thought the incident had been forgotten, but Ford did not use him in a film for over a decade. Johnson appeared in four films of Sam Peckinpah and had a good relationship with the wayward director. Peckinpah appreciated Johnson's lack of acting airs. Johnson played in supporting roles in Shane, where he appeared as Chris Calloway, a "bad guy who makes good" after being beaten senseless by Alan Ladd, One-Eyed Jacks starring Marlon Brando. In 1964, he worked with Ford again in Cheyenne Autumn.
He appeared in four Peckinpah-directed films: Major Dundee, The Wild Bunch, two back-to-back Steve McQueen films, The Getaway and the rodeo film Junior Bonner. In 1973, he co-starred as Melvin Purvis in John Milius' Dillinger with Warren Oates. In 1975, he played the character Mister in Bite the Bullet, starring James Coburn, he appeared with Charles Bronson in 1975's Breakheart Pass. In 1980, he was cast as Sheriff Isum Gorch in Soggy Bottom U. S. A. Johnson played Bartlett in the 1962-63 season of Have Gun Will Travel, which featured a short scene of his riding skills. In the 1966-67 television season, Johnson appeared as the character Sleeve in all 26 episodes of the ABC family Western The Monroes with co-stars Michael Anderson, Jr. and Barbara Hershey. He teamed up with John Wayne again, director Andrew V. McLaglen, in two films, appearing with Rock Hudson in The Undefeated and in a prominent role in Chisum; the ape