Dato' Jamal Ubaidillah bin Haji Mohd Ali, known by his stage name Jamal Abdillah, is a Malaysian pop singer and actor with a "bad boy" image. Jamal began his singing career in 1973, he won Radio Televisyen Malaysia's Bintang RTM competition in 1979. Following his victory, he continued to sing but appeared in films such as'Azura'. Jamal is the eldest of seven siblings. Having married three times, Jamal has Osama Yamani and Ahmad Zaki Yamani, he is of Banjar descent. Perpisahan Tanpa Relamu Derita Cinta Hatiku Luka Kembali Layang-Layang Sendiri Mati Hidup Semula Untukmu Sepi Seorang Perindu Seniman Menangis Jamal Penghujung Rindu Suratan Kasih / Penawar Kasih Samrah Segala Cinta Aku Penghibur Tak Hilang Cinta Raja Pop 2 Jamal Abdillah on IMDb
Ipoh is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Perak. Located by the Kinta River, it is nearly 180 km north of Kuala Lumpur and 123 km southeast of George Town in neighbouring Penang; as of 2010, Ipoh contained a population of 657,892, making it the third largest city in Malaysia by population. A village, Ipoh began to grow in the 1880s after huge deposits of tin were discovered within its vicinity. By 1895, it was the second largest town within the Federated Malay States, which consisted of Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang. Ipoh was declared a city in 1988. However, following the depletion of its tin deposits and the collapse of tin prices in the 1970s, the city suffered decades of decline and neglect. In recent years, Ipoh's popularity as a tourist destination has been boosted by efforts to conserve its British colonial-era architecture; the city is well known for its cuisine and natural attractions, such as its limestone hills and caves within which Buddhist temples were built. In addition, Ipoh has managed to maintain its reputation as one of the cleanest cities in Malaysia.
Ipoh's location between Kuala Lumpur and George Town has made it a major land transportation hub within West Malaysia, with both the Malayan Railway's West Coast Line and the North-South Expressway cutting through the city. Aside from the land transportation links, Ipoh is served by the Sultan Azlan Shah Airport. Ipoh is known as the Hipster Capital of Malaysia by various tourism official agencies. Ipoh grew out from the Malay village of Palau along the banks of the Kinta River in the 1880s, its geographic location in the rich tin-bearing valley of the Kinta River made it a natural centre of growth. The Great Fire of Ipoh in 1892 destroyed over half the town, but presented an opportunity to rebuild the town in a more orderly grid pattern. Ipoh was subsequently rebuilt in time for the second tin rush and grew as a result of the booming tin mining industry in the 1920s and 1930s. A local Hakka miner, millionaire Yau Tet Shin, started developing a large tract of the town in the early 1930s, today known as the'New Town', from the eastern bank of the Kinta River to Greentown.
In 1937, Ipoh was made the capital of Perak. Ipoh was invaded by the Japanese on 15 December 1941. In March 1942, the Japanese Civil Administration or Perak Shu Seicho was set up at the St. Michael's Institution. After the liberation of Malaya by British forces, Ipoh remained the capital of Perak to this day; the decline of the tin mining industry during the latter half of the 20th century caused the growth of Ipoh to stagnate. With the closure of the tin mines, its urban population was forced to seek employment in other cities within Malaysia. In spite of this, Ipoh remains one of the largest cities in Malaysia in terms of population, with tourism now a main driver of the city's economy. Ipoh gained Municipal status in 1962, in 1988, was declared a city by the Sultan of Perak, Sultan Azlan Shah. Ipoh is in the state of Perak, in the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia; the city is in the middle of the Kinta Valley, on the bank of the Kinta River and the confluence of smaller rivers, Sungai Pinji and Sungai Pari.
The city is surrounded by limestone hills, which can be found around suburban areas to the northeast and southeast. The Kledang mountain range stretches from the north to the west of the city; this range runs parallel to the Bintang mountain range with the Perak River flowing on its left bank and the Kinta River to its right. This range is interrupted to the north of Ipoh by a tributary of the Perak River called the Pelus River, sourced from the Titiwangsa mountain range, which runs to the east of Ipoh. Ipoh features a tropical rainforest climate more subject to the Intertropical Convergence Zone than the trade winds and with rare cyclones so an equatorial climate. Temperatures are about the same throughout the year, showing little variation; the city's average temperature is 28 °C. Ipoh sees high precipitation throughout the year with an average of 200 mm of rain each month and averaging 2,427.9 mm of rain per year. The wettest month is October. Ipoh's driest month is January. Limestone outcrops rise on the outskirts of Ipoh.
There are many caves in these outcrops. Sam Poh Tong is a notable one along with Kek Lok Tong, which lies on the other side of the same outcrop, it is accessible through the Gunung Rapat housing area. It has a clean and cool environment. Other cave temples in Ipoh include Nan Tian Tong, Kwan Yin Tong and Perak Tong. Gua Tempurung, near Gopeng south of Ipoh, is a show cave open to the public and popular among spelunkers. More than 3 km long, it is one of the longest caves in Peninsular Malaysia. Part of it has been developed with electric lighting and walkways, there are tours of different lengths and difficulty. A river passage runs about 1.6 km through the hill. There are five large chambers and some stalactites and stalagmites. Ipoh has a vibrant food scene with a vast proliferation of hawker restaurants, it is well known for dishes such as "Sar Hor Fun" a complete one-dish rice noodle meal with prawn, fish, vegetables and a savoury sauce. Other well known dishes from Ipoh include "Hor Hee", flat white rice noodles served with fish cakes and/or fish balls, "Nga Choi Kai", chicken with soy sauce and beansprouts topped with pepper,"Kai Shi Hor Fun" rice noodles with Chicken, "Hakka Mee", yellow rice noodles served with
A convenience store, convenience shop, or corner store is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries and magazines. In some jurisdictions, convenience stores are licensed to sell alcohol beer and wine; such stores may offer money order and wire transfer services, along with the use of a fax machine or photocopier for a small per-copy cost. They differ from general stores and village shops in that they are not in a rural location and are used as a convenient supplement to larger stores. A convenience store may be part of a gas/petrol station, so customers can purchase goods conveniently while filling their vehicle with fuel, it may be located alongside a busy road, in an urban area, near a railway or railroad station, or at another transport hub. In some countries, convenience stores have long shopping hours, some remain open 24 hours. Convenience stores charge higher prices than conventional grocery stores or supermarkets, as these stores order smaller quantities of inventory at higher per-unit prices from wholesalers.
However, convenience stores make up for this loss by having longer open hours, serving more locations, having shorter cashier lines. A convenience store may be called a c-store, cold store, party store, carry out, mini-market, mini-mart, corner shop, deli or milk bar, superette, depanneur or dep. Various types exist, for liquor stores, mini-markets, general stores or party stores. Confectionery, lottery tickets and magazines are sold although merchandise varies from store to store. Unless the outlet is a liquor store, the range of alcohol beverages is to be limited or non-existent. Most stores sell other tobacco products. Varying degrees of food and grocery supplies are available, from household products to prepackaged foods like sandwiches and frozen burritos. Automobile-related items—such as motor oil and car kits—may be sold. Toiletries and other hygiene products are stocked, as well as sanitary products and contraception. Stores may carry home furnishings, CDs and DVDs; some of these stores offer money orders and wire transfer services.
Convenience stores may carry small appliances as well as other household items such as coolers and backpacks. Convenience stores have been known to carry candles, stationery and crockery. Many convenience shops offer food ready-to-eat, such as breakfast fry-ups. Throughout Europe, it is now common for convenience stores to sell fresh French bread. A process of freezing parbaked bread allows baking in-store; some shops have a delicatessen counter, offering custom-made baguettes. Others have racks offering fresh baked doughnuts from local doughnut shops; some shops have a self-service microwave oven for heating purchased food. In the United States, some fast-food chains offer a counter in convenience stores. Instead of cooking food in the store, these counters offer a limited menu of items delivered several times a day from a local branch of the restaurant. Convenience stores may be combined with other services, such as general stores and pawn shops, a ticket counter for purchasing railway tickets, a post office counter, or gasoline pumps.
In Asian countries, like Japan or Taiwan, convenience stores are more common because of the higher population density. They are found with gasoline and train stations, but can be stand-alone stores. Here, items like soft drinks or snacks are sold. Hot dogs, hard boiled tea eggs, fish cakes can be found in stores. Delicatessens are absent, pre-made sandwiches can be bought. Non-food products like magazines are sold but to a lower degree. Many convenience stores have a fountain that offers a variety of beverages such as coffee, soft drinks and frozen beverages; the smaller convenience stores have few perishable items because it is not economically viable to rotate perishable items with such a low number of staff. Smaller convenience stores do not generate the business needed to sustain food spoilage rates typical of grocery stores or supermarkets; as such, products with a long shelf life are the rule unless a product is aimed at attracting customers on the chance they may buy something profitable too.
Although larger, newer convenience stores may have quite a broad range of items, the selection is still limited compared to supermarkets, in many stores only one or two choices are available. Prices in a convenience store are higher than those at a supermarket, mass merchandise store, or auto supply store, as convenience stores order smaller quantities of inventory at higher per-unit prices from wholesalers. However, there are some exceptions like milk and fuel which are priced similar to larger stores, as convenience stores traditionally do high volume in these goods and sometimes use them as loss leaders. Product containers in a convenience store are smaller with reduced product quantity, to allow more products on the store shelves; this reduces the apparent cost differences between full-size packaging in supermarkets. Smaller packaging reduces waste when a traveller such as a hotel guest does not want or is unable to carry the leftover product with
Sunway Putra Mall
Sunway Putra Mall known as The Mall or Putra Place, is a shopping mall located along Jalan Putra in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is situated across the street from the Seri Pacific Hotel; the complex, known as "The Mall" at that time, was built by Metroplex Holdings Sdn. Bhd. and opened on 12 June 1987 by Mahathir bin Mohamad, the fourth prime minister at the time, who buried a time capsule that will be unearthed after a century, in 2087. The capsule is addressed to the citizens of the future. At the time, The Mall was the largest shopping centre in Malaysia and was built to attract more shoppers from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur, it was built at cost of RM289 million and it was launched by a light show. The complex once had Malaysia's first Yaohan store which operated from the mall's opening in 1987 until 1997 before its bankruptcy in Japan. In March 2011, Putra Place, which consists of The Mall, Legend Hotel and an office block, was acquired by Sunway REIT under Sunway Group for RM513.94 million in a public auction and they spent RM307 million in refurbishment costs.
The refurbishment started in May 2013 and reopened as "Sunway Putra Mall" on 28 May 2015. Sunway Putra Mall houses 300 outlets. A pedestrian bridge that connects PWTC LRT station, Putra Komuter station, Putra World Trade Centre, Seri Pacific Hotel, Putra Bus Terminal and Sunway Putra Mall is made available to allow commuters and pedestrians to move with ease. Official website
Bendahara Paduka Raja Tun Perak was the fifth and most famous bendahara, a Malay rank similar to a prime minister, of the Sultanate of Malacca. He served under four sultans from 1456 to 1498. Early in his life, Perak was a soldier-statesman for Malaccan rulers. In 1445, he led the Malaccan army to victory by defeating Siamese invaders; as a result, he was made bendahara in 1456. Tun Perak was the son of Sri Wak Raja Tun Perpatih Besar. In 1445, he was appointed as Malacca's representative in Klang. Tun Perak was appointed as bendahara in 1456 after he upset the Siamese attack against Malacca, he stopped another Siamese invasion in 1456 as well. Tun Perak was instrumental in colonising Pahang, Johor, Lingga, Karimon, Siak, Jambi and Aru; the rulers of these governments converted to Islam due to Malaccan influence. Tun Perak was loyal towards the Malaccan Sultanate; when his son, Tun Besar was killed by Sultan Mahmud Shah's son Raja Muhammad due to a misunderstanding, he did not seek revenge against the sultan.
Instead, he requested Raja Muhammad to be crowned elsewhere. The sultan honored Tun Perak's request, therefore Raja Muhammad was made a sultan in Pahang, he was replaced by his younger brother Tun Perpatih Putih. His death signified what is held to be the beginning of the Malaccan Empire's decline. Several places were named after him, including: Kolej Tun Perak, a residential college at Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor Kolej Tun Perak, a residential college at Universiti Teknologi MARA, Alor Gajah, Malacca SMK Tun Perak, a secondary school in Jasin, Malacca SMK Tun Perak, a secondary school in Padang Rengas, Perak SMK Tun Perak, a secondary school at Jalan Salleh in Muar, Johor Darul Takzim SMK Agama Tun Perak, a secondary school in Jasin, Malacca SRA Taman Tun Perak, a primary school in Kajang, Selangor Taman Tun Perak, a residential area in Cheras, Selangor Jalan Tun Perak in Kuala Lumpur Jalan Tun Perak in Malacca Jalan Tun Perak in Ipoh, Perak Ahmad Fauzi bin Mohd Basri, Mohd Fo'ad bin Sakdan and Azami bin Man, 2004.
Sejarah Tingkatan 1, Kuala Lumpur, DBP. https://web.archive.org/web/20060413202402/http://sejarahmalaysia.pnm.my/ Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tun Perak, Melaka
Royal Malaysian Navy
The Royal Malaysian Navy is the naval arm of the Malaysian Armed Forces. The Royal Malaysian Navy can trace its roots to the formation of the Straits Settlement Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in Singapore on 27 April 1934 by the British colonial government in Singapore; the SSRNVR was formed to assist the Royal Navy in the defence of Singapore, upon which the defence of the Malay Peninsula was based. Behind its formation were political developments in Asia the rise of a Japan, assertive in Asia. In 1938, the SSRNVR was expanded with a branch in Penang. On 18 January 1935, the British Admiralty presented Singapore with an Acacia-class sloop, HMS Laburnum, to serve as the Reserve's Headquarters and drill ship, it was berthed at the Telok Ayer Basin. HMS Laburnum was sunk in February 1942, prior to the capitulation of Singapore at the beginning of Second World War activities in the Pacific. With the outbreak of the Second World War in Europe, the SSRNVR increased the recruitment of indigenous personnel into the force, to beef up local defences as Royal Navy resources were required in Europe.
Members of the SSRNVR were called up to active duty, the force was augmented by members of the Royal Navy Malay Section. This formed the basis of the navy in Malaya, called the Malay Navy, manned by indigenous Malay personnel.. The Malay Navy had a strength of 400 men who received their training at HMS Pelandok, the Royal Navy training establishment in Malaya. Recruitment was increased and in 1941 at the outbreak of the war in Asia, the Malay Navy had a strength of 1,450 men. Throughout the Second World War, the Malay Navy served with the Allied Forces in the Indian and Pacific theatre of operations; when the war ended with the Japanese Surrender in 1945, only 600 personnel of the Malay Navy reported for muster. Post war economic constraints saw the disbandment of the Malay Navy in 1947; the Malay Navy was reactivated on 24 December 1948 at the outbreak of the Malayan Emergency, the communist-inspired insurgent war against the British colonial government. The Malayan Naval Force regulation was gazetted on 4 March 1949 by the colonial authorities, was based at an ex-Royal Air Force radio base station in Woodlands, Singapore.
The base was called the'MNF Barracks' but was renamed HMS Malaya. The Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve was reconstituted as a joint force comprising the Singapore Division and the Federation Division, by an Ordinance passed in Singapore in 1952; the main mission of the Malayan Naval Force was coastal patrols to stop the communists receiving supplies from the sea. In addition, the Force was tasked with guarding the approaches to other ports; the MNF was equipped with a River-class frigate, HMS Test, used as a training ship. By 1950, the MNF fleet had expanded to include the ex-Japanese minelayer HMS Laburnum, Landing Craft Tank HMS Pelandok, motor fishing vessel HMS Panglima, torpedo recovery vessel HMS Simbang and several seaward defence motor launches. In August 1952, Queen Elizabeth II bestowed the title "Royal Malayan Navy" on the Malayan Naval Force in recognition of its sterling service in action during the Malayan Emergency. On 12 July 1958, soon after attaining its independence on 31 August 1957, the Federation of Malaya negotiated with the British government to transfer the British Navy assets to the newly formed Royal Malayan Navy.
With the hoisting of the Federation naval ensign – the White Ensign modified by the substituting the Union Flag with the Federation flag in the canton – the Royal Malayan Navy became responsible for Malaya's maritime self-defence. The "Royal" in Royal Malayan Navy was now in reference to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, who became the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces. All ships and personnel serving in the Royal Malayan Navy were inherited by the Malayan government; the new force had an operational and training base at HMMS Malaya, a small coastal fleet of one LCT, two Ham-class minesweepers, one coastal minelayer, seven MLs on transfer from the Royal Navy. On 16 September 1963, the naval force was renamed the Royal Malaysian Navy, following the formation of Malaysia. Fourteen Keris class were ordered from Vosper, formed the mainstay of the navy for years to come; these 103 ft boats were driven by Maybach capable of 27 knots. The Keris patrol boats had short endurance. An offensive capability was acquired with the purchase of four Vosper Brave-class patrol boats.
The Perkasa-class patrol boats were built for the RMN by Vosper Thorneycroft in 1967, powered by three Rolls Royce Marine Proteus gas turbines as the main power plant with two diesel auxiliary engines for cruising and manoeuvring. These were armed with four 21-inch torpedoes, one Bofors 40 mm gun forward, one 20 mm cannon aft, they was driven by triple propellers. The Royal Navy transferred the Loch-class frigate HMS Loch Insh to the RMN in 1964 and renamed KD Hang Tuah. In 1965, during the Indonesian confrontation, Hang Tuah took over guardship duties off Tawau from HMAS Yarra; the ship served as the flagship of the RMN until it was scrapped. The RMN used some of the decommissioned ship as a part of navy monument; this shop can be toured at the Lumut Navy base. Following the end of Indonesian confrontation in 1966, Tunku Abdul Rahman and his colleagues decided to Malaysianis
Pendekar, pandikar or pandeka in silek is a Malay word used to refer to or address a warrior who masters the martial arts silat. Not all masters carry the honorary title; the latter is most common today outside Southeast Asia. In modern usage, the title is adopted by the founder of a new style and is used much like the term grandmaster. A theory says that it is a compound of the Malay words pandai, meaning clever or skilled, akar meaning root, it may be related to the Kawi terms upakara which means teacher, kekarepan which means ethos or ambition. A variant of pendekar is the word pakar. A genuine silat guru must have mastered every aspect of the art; these are the forms and techniques, their combat application, internal methods and traditional medicine. Therefore, a pendekar must be more than an instructor or expert, she/he must be a fighter, a traditional doctor, a receptacle of their discipline's culture and wisdom; the emphasis given to each of these varies from one style to another. Some systems are more sport-oriented.
Traditional masters, only consider a style to be "true silat" if it can be used in battle. Every movement has its function in a fight. Meditation and internal training serves as a counterbalance for a warrior's martial skills. In northern Malaysia and southern Thailand, this balance is symbolised by the concept of jantan betina, equivalent to the Chinese yin and yang. In Indo-Malay folklore, esoteric knowledge is only gained by fasting and meditating under a tree. Silat practitioners of the past would meditate and fast at length in such locations as caves and graveyards so they would not fear death. With this mentality, a pendekar is always prepared for combat, whether they are unarmed or outnumbered; this is encapsulated in the Malay saying "From the tips of the hair to the tips of the toes" meaning that all are potential weapons to be used at the right moment. Purportedly, a pendekar of the highest skill needs no weapon aside from their mind to subdue the opponent. By focusing their energy, masters were said to be able to attack an opponent without physically touching them, strike a vital point from afar, or stop someone's heart without them noticing they've been hurt.
Silat folklore is replete with tales of fighters possessing such skills as the ability to run rapidly, vanish in a puff of smoke and reappear, change form, dash across the surface of water, turn invisible, or leap to the roof of a house. A pendekar must be familiar with traditional healing methods. Massage is taught alongside silat because of its relation to sentuhan or the art of striking pressure points. Sentuhan could be applied to other aspects of healing such as stopping a wound from bleeding or stimulating energy flow; some masters might have knowledge of herbalism or bone-setting. It was once considered necessary for anyone teaching silat to be able to nurse injured students back to health. Silat Guru Warrior https://www.kunosilat.com/terminology