Charles Hardin Holley, known as Buddy Holly, was an American musician, singer-songwriter and record producer, a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll. He was born in Lubbock, Texas, to a musical family during the Great Depression, learned to play guitar and sing alongside his siblings, his style was influenced by gospel music, country music, rhythm and blues acts, he performed in Lubbock with his friends from high school. He made his first appearance on local television in 1952, the following year he formed the group "Buddy and Bob" with his friend Bob Montgomery. In 1955, after opening for Elvis Presley, he decided to pursue a career in music, he opened for Presley three times that year. In October that year, when he opened for Bill Haley & His Comets, he was spotted by Nashville scout Eddie Crandall, who helped him get a contract with Decca Records. Holly's recording sessions at Decca were produced by Owen Bradley, who had become famous for producing orchestrated country hits for stars like Patsy Cline.
Unhappy with Bradley's musical style and control in the studio, Holly went to producer Norman Petty in Clovis, New Mexico, recorded a demo of "That'll Be the Day", among other songs. Petty became the band's manager and sent the demo to Brunswick Records, which released it as a single credited to "The Crickets", which became the name of Holly's band. In September 1957, as the band toured, "That'll Be the Day" topped the UK singles charts, its success was followed in October by another major hit, "Peggy Sue". The album Chirping Crickets, released in November 1957, reached number five on the UK Albums Chart. Holly made his second appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show in January 1958 and soon after, toured Australia and the UK. In early 1959, he assembled a new band, consisting of future country music star Waylon Jennings, famed session musician Tommy Allsup, Carl Bunch, embarked on a tour of the midwestern U. S. After a show in Clear Lake, Iowa, he chartered an airplane to travel to his next show, in Moorhead, Minnesota.
Soon after takeoff, the plane crashed, killing Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, pilot Roger Peterson in a tragedy referred to by Don McLean as "The Day the Music Died". During his short career, Holly wrote and produced his own material, he is regarded as the artist who defined the traditional rock-and-roll lineup of two guitars and drums. He was a major influence on popular music artists, including Bob Dylan, The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, Elton John, he was among the first artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in 1986. Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 13 in its list of "100 Greatest Artists". Holly was born Charles Hardin Holley on September 7, 1936, in Texas. O." Holley and Ella Pauline Drake. His elder siblings were Larry and Patricia Lou. Buddy Holly was of English and Welsh descent but had small amounts of Native American ancestry as well. From early childhood, he was nicknamed "Buddy". During the Great Depression, the Holleys moved residence within Lubbock.
O. changed jobs several times. Buddy Holly was baptized a Baptist, the family were members of the Tabernacle Baptist Church; the Holleys had an interest in music. O. were able to sing. The elder Holley brothers performed in local talent shows. Since he could not play it, his brother Larry greased the strings; the brothers won the contest. During World War II, Larry and Travis were called to military service. Upon his return, Larry brought with him a guitar he had bought from a shipmate while serving in the Pacific. At age 11, Buddy abandoned them after nine months, he switched to the guitar after he saw a classmate singing on the school bus. Buddy's parents bought him a steel guitar, but he insisted that he wanted a guitar like his brother's, his parents bought the guitar from a pawnshop, Travis taught him to play it. During his early childhood, Holley was influenced by the music of Hank Williams, Jimmie Rodgers, Hank Snow, Bob Wills, the Carter Family. At Roscoe Wilson Elementary, he became friends with Bob Montgomery, the two played together, practicing with songs by the Louvin Brothers and Johnnie & Jack.
They both listened to the radio programs Grand Ole Opry on WSM, Louisiana Hayride on KWKH, Big D Jamboree. At the same time, Holley played with other musicians he met in high school, including Sonny Curtis and Jerry Allison. In 1952, Holley and Jack Neal participated as a duo billed as "Buddy and Jack" in a talent contest on a local television show. After Neal left, he was replaced by Montgomery and they were billed as "Buddy and Bob"; the two soon started performing on the Sunday Party show on KDAV in 1953 and performed live gigs in Lubbock. At that time, Holley was influenced by late-night radio stations that played blues and rhythm and blues. Holley would sit in his car with Curtis and tune to distant radio stations that could only be received at night, when local transmissions ceased. Holley modified his music by blending his earlier country and western influence with R & B. By 1955, after graduating from high school, Holley decided to pursue a full-time career in music, he was further encouraged after seeing Elvis Presley performing live in Lubbock, whose act was booked by Pappy Dave Stone of KDAV.
In February, Holley opened for Presley at the Fair Park Coliseum
Leslie William Nielsen was a Canadian actor and producer. He appeared in 150 television programs, portraying more than 220 characters. Nielsen was born in Saskatchewan, he enlisted in the Royal Canadian Air Force and worked as a disc jockey before receiving a scholarship to study theatre at the Neighborhood Playhouse. Making his acting debut in 1950, appearing in 46 live television programs a year. Nielsen made his film debut in 1956, with supporting roles in several drama and romance films produced between the 1950s and the 1970s. Although his notable performances in the films Forbidden Planet and The Poseidon Adventure gave him standing as a serious actor, Nielsen gained enduring recognition for his deadpan comedy roles during the 1980s, after being cast against type for the Zucker and Zucker comedy film Airplane!. In his comedy roles, Nielsen specialized in portraying characters oblivious to and complicit in their absurd surroundings. Nielsen's performance in Airplane! Marked his turning point, which made him "the Olivier of spoofs" according to film critic Roger Ebert, leading to further success in the genre with The Naked Gun film series, based on the earlier short-lived television series Police Squad!, in which Nielsen starred.
Nielsen received a variety of awards and was inducted into the Canada's Walk of Fame and Hollywood Walk of Fame. Nielsen was born on 11 February 1926 in Saskatchewan, his mother, Mabel Elizabeth, was an immigrant from Wales, his father, Ingvard Eversen Nielsen, was a Danish-born constable in the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Nielsen had two brothers. Nielsen's half-uncle Jean Hersholt was an actor known for his portrayal of Dr. Christian in a radio series of that name, the subsequent television series and films. In a 1994 Boston Globe article, Nielsen explained, "I did learn early that when I would mention my uncle, people would look at me as if I were the biggest liar in the world. I would take them home and show them 8-by-10 glossies, things changed quite drastically. So I began to think that maybe this acting business was not a bad idea, much as I was shy about it and without courage regarding it. My uncle died not too long. I regret that I had not a chance to know him better."Nielsen lived for several years in Fort Norman in the Northwest Territories, where his father was with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
His father was an abusive man who beat his wife and sons, Leslie longed to escape. When he graduated from high school at 17, he joined the Royal Canadian Air Force, though he was deaf. Following graduation from Victoria School of the Arts in Edmonton, Nielsen enlisted in the Royal Canadian Air Force and trained as an aerial gunner during World War II, he was too young to be trained or sent overseas. He worked as a disc jockey at a Calgary, radio station, before enrolling at the Lorne Greene Academy of Radio Arts in Toronto. While studying in Toronto, Nielsen received a scholarship to the Neighborhood Playhouse, he noted, "I couldn't refuse, but I must say when you come from the land of the snow goose, the moose, wool to New York, you're bringing every ton of hayseed and country bumpkin that you packed. As long as I didn't open my mouth, I felt a certain security, but I always thought I was going to be unmasked:'OK, pack your stuff."Well, what's the matter?"We've discovered you have no talent. He moved to New York City for his scholarship, studying theatre and music at the Neighborhood Playhouse, while performing in summer stock theatre.
Afterward, he attended the Actors Studio, until his first television appearance in 1950 on an episode of Studio One, alongside Charlton Heston, for which he was paid $75. Nielsen's career began in dramatic roles on television during "Television's Golden Age", appearing in 46 live programs in 1950 alone, he said there "was little gold, we only got $75 or $100 per show." He narrated documentaries and commercials and most of his early work as a dramatic actor was uneventful. Hal Erickson of Allmovie noted. In 1956, he made his feature-film debut in the Michael Curtiz-directed musical film The Vagabond King. In the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Nielsen remembered Curtiz as "a sadist, a charming sadist, but a sadist". Nielsen called this film "The Vagabond Turkey". Though the film was not a success, producer Nicholas Nayfack offered him an audition for the science-fiction film Forbidden Planet, resulting in Nielsen's taking a long contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Forbidden Planet became an instant success, roles in other MGM films such as Ransom!, The Opposite Sex and Hot Summer Night followed.
In 1957 he won the lead role opposite Debbie Reynolds in the romantic comedy Tammy and the Bachelor, which, as a Chicago Tribune critic wrote in 1998, made people consider Nielsen a dramatic actor and handsome romantic lead. However, dissatisfied with the films he was offered, calling the studios "a Tiffany, which had forgotten how to make silver", Nielsen left MGM after auditioning for Messala in the 1959 Ben-Hur. Stephen Boyd got the role. After leaving the studios, Nielsen landed the lead role in the Disney miniseries The Swamp Fox, as American Revolutionary War hero Francis Marion. In a 1988 interview, he reflected on the series, saying, "That wa
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is named after the city of Perth, Scotland and is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.04 million living in Greater Perth. Perth is part of the South West Land Division of Western Australia, with the majority of the metropolitan area located on the Swan Coastal Plain, a narrow strip between the Indian Ocean and the Darling Scarp; the first areas settled were on the Swan River at Guildford, with the city's central business district and port both founded downriver. Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony, it gained city status in 1856 and was promoted to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929. The city inherited its name due to the influence of Sir George Murray Member of Parliament for Perthshire and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies; the city's population increased as a result of the Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century.
During Australia's involvement in World War II, Fremantle served as a base for submarines operating in the Pacific Theatre, a US Navy Catalina flying boat fleet was based at Matilda Bay. An influx of immigrants after the war, predominantly from Britain, Greece and Yugoslavia, led to rapid population growth; this was followed by a surge in economic activity flowing from several mining booms in the late 20th and early 21st centuries that saw Perth become the regional headquarters for several large mining operations located around the state. As part of Perth's role as the capital of Western Australia, the state's Parliament and Supreme Court are located within the city, as is Government House, the residence of the Governor of Western Australia. Perth came seventh in the Economist Intelligence Unit's August 2016 list of the world's most liveable cities and was classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2010 as a Beta world city; the city hosted the 1962 Commonwealth Games.
Perth is divided into 30 local government areas and 250 suburbs, stretching from Two Rocks in the north to Singleton in the south, east inland to The Lakes. Outside of the main CBD, important urban centres within Perth include Joondalup. Most of those were established as separate settlements and retained a distinct identity after being subsumed into the wider metropolitan area. Mandurah, Western Australia's second-largest city, has in recent years formed a conurbation with Perth along the coast, though for most purposes it is still considered a separate city. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Perth area for at least 38,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological remains at Upper Swan; the Noongar people lived as hunter-gatherers. The wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain were important to them, both spiritually and as a source of food; the Noongar people know the area. Boorloo formed part of the territory of the Mooro, a Noongar clan, which at the time of British settlement had Yellagonga as their leader.
The Mooro was one of several Noongar Indigenous clans based around the Swan River known collectively as the Whadjuk. The Whadjuk themselves were one of a larger group of fourteen tribes that formed the south-west socio-linguistic block known as the Noongar sometimes called the Bibbulmun. On 19 September 2006, the Federal Court of Australia brought down a judgment recognising Noongar native title over the Perth metropolitan area in the case of Bennell v State of Western Australia FCA 1243; the judgment was overturned on appeal. The first documented sighting of the region was made by the Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew on 10 January 1697. Subsequent sightings between this date and 1829 were made by other Europeans, but as in the case of the sighting and observations made by Vlamingh, the area was considered to be inhospitable and unsuitable for the agriculture that would be needed to sustain a settlement. Although the Colony of New South Wales had established a convict-supported settlement at King George's Sound on the south coast of Western Australia in 1826 in response to rumours that the area would be annexed by France, Perth was the first full-scale settlement by Europeans in the western third of the continent.
The British colony would be designated Western Australia in 1832 but was known informally for many years as the Swan River Colony after the area's major watercourse. On 4 June 1829, newly arriving British colonists had their first view of the mainland, Western Australia's founding has since been recognised by a public holiday on the first Monday in June each year. Captain James Stirling, aboard Parmelia, said that Perth was "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had witnessed". On 12 August that year, Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the second ship, cut down a tree to mark the founding of the town, it is clear that Stirling had selected the name Perth for the capital well before the town was proclaimed, as his proclamation of the colony, read in Fremantle on 18 June 1829, ended "given under my hand and Seal at Perth this 18th Day of June 1829. James Stirling Lieutenant Governor"; the only contemporary information on the source of the name comes from Fremantle's diary entry for 12 August, which records that they "named the town Perth according to the wishes of Sir George Murray".
Murray was born in Perth and was in 1829 Secretary of State for the Colonies and Member for Perthshire in the British House of Commons. The town was named after the Scottish Pert
Hertfordshire is one of the home counties in the south east of England. It is bordered by Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire to the north, Essex to the east, Greater London to the south, Buckinghamshire to the west. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region. In 2013, the county had a population of 1,140,700 in an area of 634 square miles; the four towns that have between 50,000 and 100,000 residents are Hemel Hempstead, Watford and St Albans. Hertford, once the main market town for the medieval agricultural county, derives its name from a hart and a ford, used as the components of the county's coat of arms and flag. Elevations are high for the region in the west; these reach over 800 feet in the western projection around Tring, in the Chilterns. The county's borders are the watersheds of the Colne and Lea. Hertfordshire's undeveloped land is agricultural and much is protected by green belt; the county's landmarks span many centuries, ranging from the Six Hills in the new town of Stevenage built by local inhabitants during the Roman period, to Leavesden Film Studios.
The volume of intact medieval and Tudor buildings surpasses London, in places in well-preserved conservation areas in St Albans which includes some remains of Verulamium, the town where in the 3rd century an early recorded British martyrdom took place. Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill, his martyr's cross of a yellow saltire on a blue field is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire. Hertfordshire is well-served with railways, providing good access to London; the largest sector of the economy of the county is in services. Hertfordshire was the area assigned to a fortress constructed at Hertford under the rule of Edward the Elder in 913. Hertford is derived from meaning deer crossing; the name Hertfordshire is first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1011. Deer feature in many county emblems. There is evidence of humans living in Hertfordshire from the Mesolithic period, it was first farmed during the Neolithic period and permanent habitation appeared at the beginning of the Bronze Age.
This was followed by tribes settling in the area during the Iron Age. Following the Roman conquest of Britain in AD 43, the aboriginal Catuvellauni submitted and adapted to the Roman life. Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill, his martyr's cross of a yellow saltire on a blue field is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire as the yellow field to the stag or Hart representing the county. He is the Patron Saint of Hertfordshire. With the departure of the Roman Legions in the early 5th century, the now unprotected territory was invaded and colonised by the Anglo-Saxons. By the 6th century the majority of the modern county was part of the East Saxon kingdom; this short lived kingdom collapsed in the 9th century, ceding the territory of Hertfordshire to the control of the West Anglians of Mercia. The region became an English shire in the 10th century, on the merger of the West Saxon and Mercian kingdoms. A century William of Normandy received the surrender of the surviving senior English Lords and Clergy at Berkhamsted, resulting in a new Anglicised title of William the Conqueror before embarking on an uncontested entry into London and his coronation at Westminster.
Hertfordshire was used for some of the new Norman castles at Bishop's Stortford, at King's Langley, a staging post between London and the royal residence of Berkhamsted. The Domesday Book recorded the county as having nine hundreds. Tring and Danais became one—Dacorum—from Danis Corum or Danish rule harking back to a Viking not Saxon past; the other seven were Braughing, Cashio, Hertford and Odsey. The first shooting-down of a zeppelin over Great Britain during WW1 happened in Cuffley; as London grew, Hertfordshire became conveniently close to the English capital. However, the greatest boost to Hertfordshire came during the Industrial Revolution, after which the population rose dramatically. In 1903, Letchworth became the world's first garden city and Stevenage became the first town to redevelop under the New Towns Act 1946. From the 1920s until the late 1980s, the town of Borehamwood was home to one of the major British film studio complexes, including the MGM-British Studios. Many well-known films were made here including the first three Star Wars movies.
The studios used the name of Elstree. American director Stanley Kubrick not only used to shoot in those studios but lived in the area until his death. Big Brother UK and Who Wants To Be A Millionaire? have been filmed there. EastEnders is filmed at Elstree. Hertfordshire has seen development at Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden. On 17 October 2000, the Hatfield rail crash killed four people with over 70 injured; the crash exposed the shortcomings of Railtrack, which saw speed restrictions and major track replacement. On 10 May 2002, the second of the Potters Bar rail accidents occurred killing seven people.
Destination Docklands was an event consisting of two concerts by musician Jean-Michel Jarre on the Royal Victoria Docks, London on Saturday 8th and Sunday 9 October 1988, to coincide with the release of Jarre's new album Revolutions. The concerts were attended by 100,000 people on each night. Accompanied by fireworks and a light show, the concert featured The Shadows guitarist Hank Marvin who joined Jarre on the tracks "London Kid" and "Fourth Rendez-Vous"; the Saturday performance was broadcast on Radio 1. The Sunday show, during which it rained was recorded for a live album and VHS released in 1989; the Sunday show was recorded for TV and shown on Channel 4 at 10.40pm on Christmas Day 1988, subsequently being released as a VHS video in 1989. It has yet to be released on DVD; the show was intended to show a history of the area, with tracks dedicated to the industrial revolution, swinging sixties, future regeneration of the area. The concert's scale was larger than any seen in the UK before or since, used vast numbers of fireworks, World War II searchlights, used entire buildings as giant projection screens throughout the show.
The majority of the audience watched from disused land on what is now the site of the ExCeL Exhibition Centre. Planned as a one-off event, it was scheduled for 24 September 1988, but Jarre and his crew had to battle with Newham Council and London Fire Brigade over logistical and safety concerns. Although the organisers publicly sought other venues in the meantime, a compromise was reached in which the event was split into two concerts to spread the crowds over two nights; these concerts went ahead on 8 and 9 October 1988. Weather throughout the buildup to the event was rainy, while the first concert narrowly avoided the downpours, much of the second took place in heavy rain – prompting Jarre to quip in his address thanking the crowd for coming, "Frogs like rain!" The floating stage was specially built, made up of several barges brought in from the north of England and welded together to create what Jarre termed his "battleship". Jarre's original intention was for the stage to traverse the Royal Victoria Docks, but this was not possible due to the poor weather and health and safety concerns.
The show attracted an estimated live audience of 200,000, not including those in parks surrounding the venue listening to the concert on a simultaneous broadcast on Radio 1. The concert programme featured drawings of the redevelopment works due to take place in the years after the concerts, as did some of the projections on the building facades. Part 1: Industrial Revolution - Industrial Revolution: Overture* - Industrial Revolution: Part 1* - Industrial Revolution: Part 2* - Industrial Revolution: Part 3* - Équinoxe 5^ - Ethnicolor^ Part 2: Swinging Sixties - Computer Weekend^ - Les Chants Magnétiques II / Magnetic Fields II* - Oxygène 4* - Équinoxe 7^ - London Kid Part 3: The Nineties - Third Rendez-Vous / Laser Harp^ - Tokyo Kid^ - Revolutions* - Souvenir de Chine / Souvenir of China^ - Second Rendez-Vous* - Fourth Rendez-Vous* Part 4: The Finale - September - The Emigrant Jean-Michel Jarre: Synthesizers Michel Geiss: Synthesizers Dominique Perrier: Synthesizers Francis Rimbert: Synthesizers Guy Delacroix: Bass Jo Hammer: Drums Dino Lumbroso: Percussions Sylvain Durand: Synthesizers Christine Durand: Soprano Hank Marvin: Guitar on London Kid and Fourth Rendez-Vous Mireille Pombo: Vocals on September Sori Bamba: Conductor of Mali Choir on September Kudsi Erguner: Turkish Flute on Revolutions Bruno Rossignol: Choir Conductor Xavier Bellenger: Ethnical Music Advisor Setsuko Yamada: Solo Dance Performance
Jean-Pierre Danel is a French guitarist, record producer, music writer and songwriter. Danel has recorded a large number of guitar albums, as well as guitar teaching materials. In 2006, his album Guitar Connection was certified Gold in France. Born in La Varenne, Danel, the son of the French pop singer Pascal Danel and the nephew of opera director Jean-Pierre Ponnelle, started his career as a professional guitarist in July 1982, at the age of 14. After many tours and studio recordings with French session musicians, he released various guitar albums. In 2001, he was invited to play on the album Les Masters de la Guitare, to which Eric Clapton, BB King, Carlos Santana or Al Di Meola contributed. Danel's album Guitar Connection was released by Sony/BMG in July 2006, it was certified Gold and soon became a series of albums, with Guitar Connection 2 released in March 2007. It contains a duet with British guitar legend Hank Marvin. In June 2007, Danel received the Grand Prix Français de la Guitare award.
One of Danel's songs from Guitar Connection 3, "The Pink Side of Miss Daisy", reached number 8 on the Billboard French Digital Songs chart in 2008. In November 2010, Danel's Out of the Blues guitar album was released by Universal, with sales going towards AIDS research. Danel recorded duets with a number of guitarists such as Hank Marvin again, Albert Lee, Scott Henderson, Andy Powell of Wishbone Ash, Jake Shimabukuro and various popular French artists; the album was supported by Carla Bruni First Lady of France, Brian May of Queen, who wrote a note in the booklet. The pair was reunited in a charity organized by Danel in 2013. Danel's digital compilation album The Hit List debuted on the French compilation albums chart at number 18. On 25 March 2016, Danel released Guitar Tribute, a box set containing 2 CDs and the DVD of a private live show, All You Need Is Live, given for his daughter. Half of the concert consisted of Danel's hits, with two new songs, while the other half is a collection of covers of classics that influenced the guitar player.
Half of the tunes are vocal. Several duets are included, as well as video tributes to Danel by Brian May of Queen, Hank Marvin of The Shadows, several French artists and Sony Music and Warner Music CEOs Danel embarked on a promotional tour, with a primetime TV show, several other TV appearances and TV advertising; the album entered the compilation albums chart at number 7. In February 2017, "Shazam" from Génération Guitare entered the French singles chart at number 186; as a record producer, Danel started his own company, Puzzle Productions, in 1989. He produced dozens of hit records and bought the rights for many songs from other companies, creating an 18,000-song catalogue. In several TV documentaries, record industry specialists called Danel one of the biggest independent producers in France, his work includes the production, with DJ Da French Guy, of radio remixes for artists such as Madonna, Britney Spears, Daft Punk, Moby. Danel is the author of several books, the best known of which are biographies of French playwright and actor Sacha Guitry.
His second book about Guitry is featured on the book list for French students at Berkeley University, CA. Danel published a book about the Fender Stratocaster. In 2014, he released the video "The Fender Stratocaster Story", based on the book and on his vast collection of guitars, in which can be found "Miss Daisy", a scarce 1954 pre-production Stratocaster, worth US$250,000. Danel produced records to the benefit of various charities. A vegetarian and animal lover, Danel launched "Guitar Players for Animal Rights" to the benefit of PETA, was joined by fellow guitarists Brian May, Steve Lukather, Hank Marvin as well as French stars such as singer and composer/producer for Celine Dion Jean-Jacques Goldman or French movie star Jean-Paul Belmondo. Rarities Vocals Chez Toi Et Moi The Twist Sessions Chorus Remember Shadows Guitar Generation Le meilleur des Shadows Guitar Line Play 18 Hits of the Shadows Tribute to the Shadows 40 Years – 40 tracks Les années Shadows The Best of the Guitar Legends The Best of the Guitar Legends Vol.1 The Best of the Guitar Legends Vol.2 The Best of the Guitar Legends Vol.3 A Tribute to the Shadows – The Gold Series Guitar Greatest La Légende des Shadows A Tribute to the Shadows The Guitar Album Stratospheric Play Hits of the Shadows Tribute to the Shadows The Playback Collection Vol. 1 The Playback Collection Vol. 2 The Playback Collection Vol. 3 The Playback Collection Vol. 4 Guitarmania Nuits Parisiennes A Tribute to the Shadows A Tribute to the Shadows Vol 1 A Tribute to the Shadows Vol 2 A Tribute to the Shadows Vol 3 A Tribute to the Shadows Vol 4 Guitar Classics Guitar Gold Themes The Shadows' Anthology – The Tribute Album by Jean-Pierre Danel Essential Guitar All The Best!
Guitare 5 Cd – 100 Titres Guitar Greatest Hits Guitar Connection Guitar Connection 2 Coffret Guitar Connection 1 & 2 Guitar Connection 3 Guitar Connection – Tribute to The Shadows The Best of Guitar Connection Jean-Pierre Danel plays The Shadows Guitar Connection Anthology Out of the blues Guitar
Vibrato systems for guitar
A vibrato system on a guitar is a mechanical device used to temporarily change the pitch of the strings. Instruments without a vibrato have other tailpiece systems, they add vibrato to the sound by changing the tension of the strings at the bridge or tailpiece of an electric guitar using a controlling lever. The lever enables the player to and temporarily vary the tension and sometimes length of the strings, changing the pitch to create a vibrato, portamento, or pitch bend effect; the pitch-bending effects have become an important part of many styles, allowing creation of sounds that could not be played without the device, such as the 1980s-era shred guitar "dive bombing" effect. The mechanical vibrato systems began as a device for more producing the vibrato effects that blues and jazz guitarists had achieved on arch top guitars by manipulating the tailpiece with their picking hand. Guitar makers developed a variety of vibrato systems since the 1920s. A vibrato-equipped guitar is more difficult to tune than a fixed-tailpiece guitar.
Since the regular appearance of mechanical vibrato systems in the 1950s, many guitarists have used them—from Chet Atkins to Duane Eddy and the surf music of The Ventures, The Shadows, Dick Dale. In the 1960s and 1970s, Jimi Hendrix, Jeff Beck, David Gilmour, Ritchie Blackmore, Jimmy Page, Frank Zappa used vibrato arms for more pronounced effects. In the 1980s, shred guitarists Eddie Van Halen, Eric Johnson, Joe Satriani and Steve Vai, metal guitarists Ritchie Blackmore, Kirk Hammett, Terje Rypdal, David Torn and David Duhig used vibrato in a range of metal-influenced styles; some electric guitarists have reversed the normal meanings of the terms vibrato and tremolo when referring to hardware devices and the effects they produce. This reversal of terminology is attributed to Leo Fender and the naming of his 1954 Stratocaster mechanical vibrato system as a "Tremolo Device for Stringed Instruments". Additionally, the 1956 Fender "Vibrolux" guitar amplifier, used electronically generated tremolo that Fender called “vibrato”.
Other classic guitar amplifiers contain electronic “vibrato units” which produce a tremolo effect via a tremolo circuit. This confusion of terms persists. While the "tremolo arm" can produce variations of pitch, including vibrato, it cannot produce tremolo. Other used names for the device include "vibrato bar" and "whammy bar", the latter attributed to guitarist Lonnie Mack's aggressive, rapid manipulation of the pitch-bending device in his 1963 song "Wham!". It has been called a "whang bar". Most vibrato systems for guitar are based on one of four basic designs: Bigsby Vibrato Tailpiece, introduced in the late 1940s and used in close to original form on many guitars Fender Synchronized Tremolo or strat trem, introduced on the Fender Stratocaster, which inspired many designs, including: Floyd Rose locking tremolo G&L Dual-fulcrum Vibrato, designed by Leo Fender Fender two-point synchronized tremolo Fender Floating Bridge, which has two main variants: Fender Floating Tremolo or jag trem, introduced on the Fender Jazzmaster Fender Dynamic Vibrato or stang trem, introduced on the Fender Mustang Cam-driven designs based on pedal steel guitar concepts, include: Kahler Tremolo System Washburn Wonderbar Stetsbar tremolo Many other designs exist in smaller numbers, notably several original designs marketed by Gibson under the Vibrola name, which they used for some licensed Bigsby units.
A design patented in 2006 from Trem King uses a fixed bridge with a moving tone block. The world's first patented mechanical vibrato unit was designed by Doc Kauffman; the initial patent was filed in August 1929 and was published in 1932. Between 1920 and 1980 Kauffman collaborated with many pioneering guitar manufacturers including Rickenbacker and Fender. In the late 1930s Rickenbacker produced the first commercial batch of electric Spanish guitars, utilizing the Kauffman "Vib-rol-a" as a stock option, thus setting precedence for electric guitars produced by Fender and Gibson; the Epiphone guitar company first offered the Vibrola as an option on some archtop guitars from 1935 to 1937. Epiphone sold the Vibrola as an aftermarket option as well; this Vibrola was used on some Rickenbacker lap steel guitars at around the same time and was introduced on their six string'Electro Spanish' guitars beginning about 1937. Some early Vibrolas on Rickenbacker guitars were not operated by hand, but rather moved with an electrical mechanism developed by Doc Kauffman to simulate the pitch manipulation available with steel guitars.
The Vibrola distributed as an option with Rickenbacker Electro Spanish guitars was hand operated like the earliest Epiphone Vibrolas. A unit was created and used on Rickenbacker's Capri line of guitars in the 1950s, such as John Lennon's 1958 Rickenbacker 325, it was a side-to-side action vibrato unit, notorious for throwing the guitar out of tune, hence Lennon's replacing his with a Bigsby B5 unit.. The first commercially successful vibrato system for guitar was the Bigsby vibrato tailpiece just called a Bigsby, invented by Paul Bigsby; the exact date of its first availability is uncertain, as Bigsby kept few records, but it was on Bigsby-built guitars photographed in 1952, in what became its standard form. In several interviews, the late Merle Travis