Hannes Bok, pseudonym for Wayne Francis Woodard, was an American artist and illustrator, as well as an amateur astrologer and writer of fantasy fiction and poetry. He painted nearly 150 covers for various science fiction and detective fiction magazines, as well as contributing hundreds of black and white interior illustrations. Bok's work graced the pages of calendars and early fanzines, as well as dust jackets from specialty book publishers like Arkham House, Shasta Publishers, Fantasy Press, his paintings achieved a luminous quality through the use of an arduous glazing process, learned from his mentor, Maxfield Parrish. Bok shared one of the inaugural 1953 Hugo Awards for science fiction achievement. Today, Bok is best known for his cover art which appeared on various pulp and science fiction magazines, such as Weird Tales, Famous Fantastic Mysteries, Other Worlds, Super Science Stories, Fantasy Fiction, Planet Stories, If, Castle of Frankenstein and The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction.
Wayne Woodard was born in Missouri. His parents divorced. Once he graduated high school, in Duluth, Bok cut off contact with his father and moved to Seattle to live with his mother. There he became active including the publication and illustration of fanzines, it was in connection with these activities that he originated his pseudonym, first "Hans" "Hannes", Bok. The pseudonym derives from Johann Sebastian Bach. In 1937, Bok moved to Los Angeles. In 1938, he relocated to Seattle – where he worked for the W. P. A. and became acquainted with artists like Morris Graves. Late in 1939, Bok moved to New York City in order to be closer to the editors and magazines which would publish his work, where he became a member of the influential Futurians science fiction fans. Bok had corresponded with and had met Maxfield Parrish, the influence of Parrish's art on Bok's is evident in his choice of subject matter, use of color, application of glazes. Bok was homosexual, according to friends Forrest J Ackerman and Emil Petaja.
Like his contemporary Virgil Finlay, Hannes Bok broke into commercial art and achieved initial career success as a Weird Tales artist – though he did so through one of the stranger events in the history of science fiction and fantasy. In the summer of 1939, Ray Bradbury carried samples of Bok's art eastward to introduce his friend's work to magazine editors at the first World Science Fiction Convention; this was a bold move, since Bradbury was a neophyte with no connections to commercial art or the magazine industry. Bradbury was, at the time, a 19-year-old newspaper seller, he borrowed funds for the trip from fellow science fiction fan Forrest J Ackerman. Bradbury succeeded. More than 50 issues of the magazine featured Bok's pen-and-ink work until March 1954. Bok executed six color covers for Weird Tales between March 1940 and March 1942. Weird Tales published five of Bok's stories and two of his poems between 1942 and 1951. Once he broke through into professional publications, Bok moved to New York City and lived there the rest of his life.
Throughout his life, Bok was interested in astrology, as well as in the music of the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius, with whom Bok had a correspondence. As the years passed, Bok became prone to disagreements with editors over money and artistic issues, he eked out a living in near poverty, until his death in 1964. He died of a heart attack, at the age of 49. ISFDB catalogs only a few 1956 interior illustrations after March 1954, his last for Weird Tales, only two cover illustrations after January 1957; as an author, Bok is best known for his novels The Sorcerer's Ship published in the December 1942 issue of John W. Campell's fantasy magazine Unknown; the Blue Flamingo first appeared in the January 1948 issue of Startling Stories. Bok performed an extensive revision and expansion of this work, published posthumously as Beyond the Golden Stair. Both novels have been re-issued in the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series. Bok was allowed to complete two novellas left unfinished by A. Merritt at the time of his death in 1943.
These were published as The Black Wheel. Published posthumously was a collection of Bok's poetry, Spinner of Silver and Thistle. Bok is better known for his art than for his fiction, his style could alternate between, or combine, lush romanticism and humorous grotesquery. His use of time-consuming glazing techniques for his paintings impeded his productivity and limited his output, therefore his commercial success, he spent time carving figures in wood a
Sir Edward Barrett, 1st Lord Barrett of Newburgh, Bt, was an English politician. Barrett was the son of Charles Barrett of Belhouse and his wife Christian Mildmay, he matriculated at Queen's College, Oxford on 17 March 1597 and entered Lincoln's Inn in 1600. He was knighted on 17 April 1608. In 1614 Barrett was elected Member of Parliament for Whitchurch, he was elected MP for Newport in 1621. In 1625, he was Ambassador to France. Barret was created Lord Barrett of Newburgh in Scotland on 17 October 1627 and was made a baronet a year later. In 1628, he was invested as member of the Privy Council, he was Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1628 to 1629, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1629 to 1644. He was a Lord of the Treasury from 1641 to 1643. Barret died at the age of 63 and was buried at Aveley on 2 January 1645. Barrett was married twice but had no children, so that upon his death in 1645, his titles became extinct
Polk County is a county located in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,510, its county seat is Columbus. The county was formed in 1855 from parts of Rutherford County, it was named for a colonel in the American Revolutionary War. The Tryon International Equestrian Center, close to the community of Mill Spring will be the location of the 2018 FEI World Equestrian Games. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 239 square miles, of which 238 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in North Carolina by total area; the county's largest body of water is Lake Adger, located about 5 miles north of Columbus. Lake Adger is a reservoir formed by the damming of the Green River, which flows from west to east across the county; the northern extent of the river's watershed forms the northern border of the county. The elevation in the county ranges from just under 800 feet near the confluence of the Green River and Broad River to over 3,200 feet on Tryon Peak and Wildcat Spur, the highest peak in the county.
Polk County is divided into two physiographic regions. Since it is in a transition zone between the two regions, Polk County is referred to as being in the foothills. Rutherford County - northeast Spartanburg County, South Carolina - south-southeast Greenville County, South Carolina - south-southwest Henderson County - west As of the census of 2000, there were 18,324 people, 7,908 households, 5,337 families residing in the county; the population density was 77 people per square mile. There were 9,192 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.26% White, 5.89% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.63% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races. 3.01 % of the population were Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000 the largest self-reported ancestry groups were: English - 17% Irish - 13% German - 13% Scotch-Irish - 7% African - 5.89% Scottish - 4% Italian - 3%There were 7,908 households out of which 23.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.50% were non-families.
28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.78. In the county, the population was spread out with 20.10% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, 23.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 90.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,259, the median income for a family was $45,096. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $23,070 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,804. 10.10% of the population and 6.40% of families were below the poverty line. 11.70% of those under the age of 18 and 8.80% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. I-26 US 74 US 176 NC 9 NC 108The interchange for the US 74 freeway is located in Columbus. Interstate 26 provides Polk County with easy access to Spartanburg.
Polk County is served by an additional non-freeway U. S. Highway: US 176; this was the primary highway linking Saluda and Tryon to Hendersonville and Spartanburg, S. C. prior to the delayed completion of I-26 in 1976. Two North Carolina routes, NC 108 and NC 9, traverse the county as well. NC 108 travels west through Columbus and ends at US 176 in Tryon. Oriented north-to-south, NC 9 connects Black Mountain and Lake Lure to Spartanburg and points southeast via Polk County. NC 108 and NC 9 intersect at the unincorporated town of Mill Spring. Polk County and Saluda are infamous among railroad enthusiasts for the Saluda Grade, the steepest standard-gauge mainline railway grade in the United States. Norfolk Southern suspended freight traffic indefinitely along this route in December 2001; the track are cut near Flat Rock, North Carolina and Landrum, South Carolina. Polk County is a member of the Isothermal Planning and Development Commission regional council of governments. Sheila Whitmire is the current Registrar of Deeds and Eric McIntyre serves as the current mayor of Columbus, the county seat.
In the 2016 Republican Primary in Polk County, Donald Trump received 1,624 votes followed by Ted Cruz who came in second with 1,135 votes. In the 2016 Democratic Primary, Bernie Sanders received 1,123 votes whereas Hillary Clinton won 1,099 votes. In the general election Donald Trump received 6,768 votes whereas Hillary Clinton received 3,735 votes and Libertarian Candidate Gary Johnson received 272 votes. Polk County was one of many counties in the state of North Carolina in which Donald Trump won in both the primary election and the general election, which Hillary Clinton lost in both the primary election and the general election. Saluda Columbus Tryon Columbus Cooper's Gap Green Creek Saluda Tryon White Oak National Register of Historic Places listings in Polk County, North Carolina Polk County government official website NCGenWeb Polk County - free genealogy resources for the county Bl