Hanover or Hannover is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony. Its 535,061 inhabitants make it the thirteenth-largest city in Germany as well as the third-largest city in Northern Germany after Hamburg and Bremen; the city lies at the confluence of the River Leine and its tributary Ihme, in the south of the North German Plain, is the largest city in the Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region. It is the fifth-largest city in the Low German dialect area after Hamburg, Dortmund and Bremen. Before it became the capital of Lower Saxony in 1946 Hanover was the capital of the Principality of Calenberg, the Electorate of Hanover, the Kingdom of Hanover, the Province of Hanover of the Kingdom of Prussia, the Province of Hanover of the Free State of Prussia and of the State of Hanover. From 1714 to 1837 Hanover was by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title of the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
The city is a major crossing point of railway lines and motorways, connecting European main lines in both the east-west and north-south directions. Hannover Airport lies north of the city, in Langenhagen, is Germany's ninth-busiest airport; the city's most notable institutes of higher education are the Hannover Medical School with its university hospital and the Leibniz University Hannover. The Hanover fairground, owing to numerous extensions for the Expo 2000, is the largest in the world. Hanover hosts annual commercial trade fairs such as the Hanover Fair and up to 2018 the CeBIT; the IAA Commercial Vehicles show takes place every two years. It is the world's leading trade show for transport and mobility; every year Hanover hosts the Schützenfest Hannover, the world's largest marksmen's festival, the Oktoberfest Hannover.'Hanover' is the traditional English spelling. The German spelling is becoming more popular in English; the English pronunciation, with stress on the first syllable, is applied to both the German and English spellings, different from German pronunciation, with stress on the second syllable and a long second vowel.
The traditional English spelling is still used in historical contexts when referring to the British House of Hanover. Hanover was founded in medieval times on the east bank of the River Leine, its original name Honovere may mean ` high bank'. Hanover was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen that became a comparatively large town in the 13th century, receiving town privileges in 1241, owing to its position at a natural crossroads; as overland travel was difficult its position on the upper navigable reaches of the river helped it to grow by increasing trade. It was connected to the Hanseatic League city of Bremen by the Leine and was situated near the southern edge of the wide North German Plain and north-west of the Harz mountains, so that east-west traffic such as mule trains passed through it. Hanover was thus a gateway to the Rhine and Saar river valleys, their industrial areas which grew up to the southwest and the plains regions to the east and north, for overland traffic skirting the Harz between the Low Countries and Saxony or Thuringia.
In the 14th century the main churches of Hanover were built, as well as a city wall with three city gates. The beginning of industrialization in Germany led to trade in iron and silver from the northern Harz Mountains, which increased the city's importance. In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover; the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-Elector in 1692 and this elevation was confirmed by the Imperial Diet in 1708. Thus the principality was upgraded to the Electorate of Hanover, colloquially known as the Electorate of Hanover after Calenberg's capital, its Electors become monarchs of Great Britain. The first of these was George I Louis, who acceded to the British throne in 1714; the last British monarch who reigned in Hanover was William IV. Semi-Salic law, which required succession by the male line if possible, forbade the accession of Queen Victoria in Hanover.
As a male-line descendant of George I, Queen Victoria was herself a member of the House of Hanover. Her descendants, bore her husband's titular name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Three kings of Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, were concurrently Electoral Princes of Hanover. During the time of the personal union of the crowns of the United Kingdom and Hanover the monarchs visited the city. In fact during the reigns of the final three joint rulers there was only one short visit, by George IV in 1821. From 1816 to 1837 Viceroy Adolphus represented the monarch in Hanover. During the Seven Years' War the Battle of Hastenbeck was fought near the city on 26 July 1757; the French army defeated the Hanoverian Army of Observation, leading to the city's occupation as part of the Invasion of Hanover. It was recaptured by Anglo-German forces led by Ferdinand of Brunswick the following year. After Napoleon imposed the Convention of Artlenburg (Conve
St. Joseph's Academy is a private, all-girls, Roman Catholic, college preparatory high school in Frontenac, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis, it is located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Louis. The school is sponsored by the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet. St. Joseph's Academy was founded as Mother Celestine's in 1840. Mother St. John Fontbonne and the Superior Sisters of St. Joseph were sent from Lyon, France to the territories of Cahokia and Carondelet. Upon their arrival, they opened a convent school. Following this, they founded the St. Joseph Institute for the Deaf in 1937. In 1841, Mother Celestine's moved from the log cabin that it had been founded in to a motherhouse in Carondelet, Missouri. In 1925, the Academy moved into Missouri along with Fontbonne University. In 1946, the campus became too small for both the high school and the college, so the Academy decided to move to Frontenac, its current location. In 1955, the new school opened. Kristin Folkl, professional basketball player Tisha Terrasini Banker, actress Kristen Tomlan, founder of "DŌ", a cookie dough confections store located in New York City, NY School Website
LeRoy Franklin Abernethy was an American college football player from North Carolina. He played for North Carolina A&M from 1902–04 before transferring to the University of North Carolina for 1905. Abernethy played first for North Carolina A&M, selected All-Southern by W. S. Kimberly in 1904. Abernethy was a prominent fullback for the North Carolina Tar Heels football team of the University of North Carolina, he was selected for the position on an all-time Carolina football team of Dr. R. B. Lawson in 1934. On the all time team of Joel Whitaker he was noted as the "probably the best line plunger that has been." He was selected All-Southern by coach R. R. Brown of Lee University. A fullback did not score three touchdowns again for UNC until Mike Faulkerson in 1992. By 1910, Abernethy was engaged in the hardware business in his hometown of Hickory, he moved to Asheville, where he was a PurÖl distributor and owner of the Hall-Sell Petroleum Carrier company. During World War II, he helped organize Petroleum Carriers Associates, an emergency oil transport unit named the War Emergency Cooperative Association.
In 1941, he married Frieda Burnett Russell in 1941. He died in an Asheville hospital in 1959 after suffering a heart attack at home