In Hinduism, Hanuman is an ardent devotee of Rama. Hanuman is one of the central characters of the Indian epic Ramayana, he is one of the chiranjeevi. He is mentioned in several other texts, such as the Mahabharata and the various Puranas. Hanuman is the son of Anjani and Kesari and is son of the wind-god Pawan, who according to several stories, played a role in his Avatar. While Hanuman is one of the central characters in the ancient Sanskrit epic Ramayana, the evidence of devotional worship to him is missing in the texts and archeological sites of ancient and most of the medieval period. According to Philip Lutgendorf, an American Indologist known for his studies on Hanuman, the theological significance and devotional dedication to Hanuman emerged about 1,000 years after the composition of the Ramayana, in the 2nd millennium CE, after the arrival of Islamic rule in the Indian subcontinent. Bhakti movement saints such as Samarth Ramdas expressed Hanuman as a symbol of nationalism and resistance to persecution.
In the modern era, his iconography and temples have been common. He is viewed as the ideal combination of "strength, heroic initiative and assertive excellence" and "loving, emotional devotion to his personal god Rama", as Shakti and Bhakti. In literature, he has been the patron god of martial arts such as wrestling, acrobatics, as well as meditation and diligent scholarship, he symbolizes the human excellences of inner self-control and service to a cause, hidden behind the first impressions of a being who looks like an Ape-Man Vanara. Hanuman is stated by scholars to be the inspiration for the allegory-filled adventures of a monkey hero in the Xiyouji – the great Chinese poetic novel influenced by the travels of Buddhist monk Xuanzang to India; the meaning or the origin of word "Hanuman" is unclear. In the Hindu pantheon, deities have many synonymous names, each based on the noble characteristic or attribute or reminder of that deity's mythical deed. Hanuman has many names like Maruti, Bajrangbali, but these names are used.
Hanuman is the common name of the vaanar god. One interpretation of the term is that it means "one having a disfigured jaw"; this version is supported by a Puranic legend wherein baby Hanuman mistakes the sun for a fruit, attempts to heroically reach it, is wounded and gets a disfigured jaw. He combines two of the most cherished traits in the Hindu bhakti-shakti worship traditions: "heroic, assertive excellence" and "loving, emotional devotion to personal god". Linguistic variations of "Hanuman" include Hanumat, Hanumantha, Hanumanthudu. Other names include: Anjaneya, Anjaneyar, Anjanisuta all meaning "the son of Hanuman's mother Anjana". Kesari Nandan, based on his father, which means "son of Kesari" Maruti, or the son of the wind god. Sankata Mochana, the remover of dangers The earliest mention of a divine monkey, interpreted by some scholars as the proto-Hanuman, is in hymn 10.86 of the Rigveda, dated to between 1500 and 1200 BCE. The twenty-three verses of the hymn are a riddle-filled legend.
It is presented as a dialogue between multiple characters: the god Indra, his wife Indrani and an energetic monkey it refers to as Vrisakapi and his wife Kapi. The hymn opens with Indrani complaining to Indra that some of the soma offerings for Indra have been allocated to the energetic and strong monkey, the people are forgetting Indra; the king of the gods, responds by telling his wife that the living being that bothers her is to be seen as a friend, that they should make an effort to coexist peacefully. The hymn closes with all agreeing that they should come together in Indra's house and share the wealth of the offerings; the orientalist F. E. Pargiter theorized. According to this theory, the name "Hanuman" derives from the Tamil word for male monkey, first transformed to "Anumant" – a name which remains in use. "Anumant", according to this hypothesis, was Sanskritized to "Hanuman" because the ancient Aryans confronted with a popular monkey deity of ancient Dravidians coopted the concept and Sanskritized it.
According to Murray Emeneau, known for his Tamil linguistic studies, this theory does not make sense because the Old Tamil word mandi in Caṅkam literature can only mean "female monkey", Hanuman is male. Further, adds Emeneau, the compound ana-mandi makes no semantic sense in Tamil, which has well developed and sophisticated grammar and semantic rules; the "prominent jaw" etymology, according to Emeneau, is therefore plausible. Hanuman is mentioned in both the Hindu epics and Mahabharata. A twentieth-century Jesuit missionary Camille Bulcke, in his Ramkatha: Utpatti Aur Vikas, proposed that Hanuman worship had its basis in the cults of aboriginal tribes of Central India. Hanuman is mentioned in the Puranas. A medieval legend posited Hanuman as an avatar of the god Shiva by the 10th century CE. Hanuman is mentioned as an avatar of Shiva or Rudra in the medieval era Sanskrit texts like the Mahabhagvata Purana, the Skanda Purana, the Brhaddharma Purana and the Mahanataka among others; this development might have been a result of the Shavite attempts to insert their ishta devata in the Vaishnavite texts.
Other mythologies, such as those found in South India, present
Sylt Air GmbH is an airline based at Sylt-Ost, operating chartered and scheduled flights from Sylt Airport. The company was founded in 1963 by Ulrich Schreiber as Friesenflug. From 1978 until 1998 the Polish pilot Kasimir Samp and his wife Ursula owned the company. In 1998, it was sold to Aeroline.. Celebrities like playboy Günter Sachs, actor Charles Brauer, comedian Karl Dall, box-champion Dariusz Michalczewski or designer Brigitte Stohlmann were on board on the scheduled flights from Hamburg. Sylt Air operates scheduled flights between Sylt Airport and Hamburg Airport during the summer season, it offers scenic flights around Sylt and the frisian Islands and Charter Flights. As of February 2018, the Sylt air fleet includes: Official website
Saki Kumagai is a Japanese footballer who plays for French club Olympique Lyonnais and the Japan national team. Kumagai was born in Sapporo on 17 October 1990. After graduating from high school, she joined for Urawa Reds in 2009; the club won L. League championship in 2009 season. In July 2011, she moved to German Bundesliga club Frankfurt. After she played 2 season, she moved to French Division 1 Feminine club Olympique Lyonnais in June 2013. Kumagai scored the decisive penalty for Lyon in the 2016 UEFA Champions League Final, following a player-of-the-match performance. On 7 March 2008, when Kumagai was 17 years old, she debuted for Japan national team against Canada. In August, Saki Kumagai was selected Japan U-20 national team for 2008 U-20 World Cup. In 2010, she played for U-20 team as captain for 2010 U-20 World Cup. In 2011, she was part of Japan's World Cup-winning team, scoring the winning penalty in the final against the United States, she was a member of 2012 Summer Olympics and 2015 World Cup.
Japan won 2nd position at both competitions. In January 2017, she was named Japan's captain by manager Asako Takakura. In 2018, Japan won 2018 Asian Cup, she has played more than 100 games for Japan. On 10 November 2019, Kumagai scored her first goal in a friendly match for Japan in a 2–0 win against South Africa. Urawa Reds: Nadeshiko League: 2009Lyon: Division 1: 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Coupe de France: 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019 UEFA Women's Champions League: 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 JapanAFC Women's Asian CupChampion: 2018Summer OlympicsSilver Medal: 2012FIFA Women's World CupChampion: 2011 Runner-up: 2015Asian GamesGold Medal: 2010East Asian Football ChampionshipChampion: 2010AFC U-19 Women's ChampionshipChampion: 2009 Asian Women's Footballer of the Year: 2019 List of women's footballers with 100 or more caps Saki Kumagai – FIFA competition record Saki Kumagai at Soccerway Saki Kumagai at WorldFootball.net Saki Kumagai at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com Japan Football Association