Jasper County, Texas
Jasper County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 35,710, its county seat is Jasper. The county was created as a municipality in Mexico in 1834, in 1837 was organized as a county in the Republic of Texas, it is named for an American Revolutionary War hero. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 970 square miles, of which 939 square miles is land and 31 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 69 U. S. Highway 96 U. S. Highway 190 State Highway 62 State Highway 63 Recreational Road 255 San Augustine County Sabine County Newton County Orange County Hardin County Tyler County Angelina County Angelina National Forest Big Thicket National Preserve Sabine National Forest As of the census of 2000, 35,604 people, 13,450 households, 9,966 families resided in the county; the population density was 38 people per square mile. The 16,576 housing units averaged 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 78.24% White, 17.81% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.04% from other races, 1.15% from two or more races.
About 3.89% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 13,450 households, 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 12.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were not families. About 23% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03. In the county, the population was distributed as 26.50% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,902, for a family was $35,709. Males had a median income of $31,739 versus $19,119 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,636. About 15.00% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.40% of those under age 18 and 17.80% of those age 65 or over.
County Judge - Judge Mark W. Allen Commissioner, Pct. #1 - Charles Shofner, Jr. Commissioner, Pct. #2 - Roy Parker Commissioner, Pct. #3 - Willie Stark Commissioner, Pct. #4 - Vance Moss County Sheriff - Mitchel Newman Tax Assessor/Collector - Bobby Biscamp County Clerk - Debbie Newman County Treasurer - René Kelley County Auditor - Renee Weaver Tax Appraiser - David Luther Emergency Management Coordinator - Billy Ted Smith District Judge - Judicial District 1 - Judge Craig M. Mixson District Judge - Judicial District 1A - DeLinda Gibbs-Walker District Clerk - Kathy Kent District Attorney - Steven M. Hollis Justice of the Peace, Pct. #1 - Ronny Billingsley Justice of the Peace, Pct. #2 - Freddie Miller Justice of the Peace, Pct. #3 - Mike Smith Justice of the Peace, Pct. #4 - Daniel Whitton Justice of the Peace, Pct. #5 - Brett Holloway Justice of the Peace, Pct. #6 - Steve Conner Constable, Pct. #1 - Jimmy Hensarling Constable, Pct. #2 - Niles Nichols Constable, Pct. #3 - Ronnie Hutchison Constable, Pct. #4 - Gene Hawthorne Constable, Pct. #5 - Michael Poindexter Constable, Pct. #6 - Joe Sterling Browndell Jasper Kirbyville Buna Evadale Sam Rayburn Zavala Zeirath National Register of Historic Places listings in Jasper County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Jasper County Jasper-Newton-Sabine Counties - Office of Emergency Management & Homeland Security Jasper County Government Website Jasper Newton County Public Health District Public Health Website for Jasper County The Deep East Texas Council of Governments Jasper County from the Handbook of Texas Online Jasper County, TXGenWeb Focuses on genealogical research in Jasper County
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Beaumont is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Texas, in the United States, within the Beaumont–Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located in Southeast Texas on the Neches River about 85 miles east of Houston, Beaumont had a population of 117,267 at the time of the 2010 census, making it the thirtieth-most populous city in the state of Texas. Beaumont was founded as a town in 1835; the early European–American settlement had an economy based on the development of lumber and port industries. In 1892, Joseph Eloi Broussard opened the first commercially successful rice mill in the state, stimulating development of rice farming in the area. Rice became an important commodity crop in Texas, is now cultivated in 23 counties. A big change occurred in 1901 with the Spindletop gusher, which demonstrated the potential of the huge oil field. With Spindletop, several energy companies developed in Beaumont, some continue; the area developed as one of the major petro-chemical refining areas in the country.
Along with Port Arthur and Orange, Beaumont forms the Golden Triangle, a major industrial area on the Texas Gulf Coast. Beaumont is home of Lamar University, a national Carnegie Doctoral Research university with 14,966 students, including undergraduates and post graduates. Over the years, several corporations have been based in this city, including Gulf States Utilities which had its headquarters in Beaumont until its takeover by Entergy Corporation in 1993. GSU's Edison Plaza headquarters remains the tallest building in Beaumont. In 1824 Bobby and Nancy Tevis developed a farm. Soon after that, a small community grew up around the farm, named Tevis Bluff or Neches River Settlement. In 1835 the land of Tevis, together with the nearby community of Santa Anna, was purchased by Henry Millard, Joseph Pulsifer, Thomas Byers Huling, they began planning a town to be laid out on this land. Their partnership, J. P. Pulsifer and Company, controlled the first 50 acres upon; this town was named Beaumont, after Mary Dewburleigh Barlace Warren Beaumont, the wife of Henry Millard.
They added more property for a total of 200 acres. Beaumont became a town on 16 December 1838. Beaumont's first mayor was Alexander Calder. From the town's founding in 1835, business activities included real estate and retail sales. Other businesses were formed in railroad construction and operation, new building construction, lumber sales, communications; the Port of Beaumont became a successful regional shipping center. Beaumont was farmers in its early years. With an active riverport by the 1880s, it became rice-milling town; the city exported rice as a commodity crop. Beaumont's lumber boom, which reached its peak in the late 19th century, was stimulated by the rebuilding and expansion of the railroads in the state and region after the Civil War; the Beaumont Rice Mill, founded in 1892 by Joseph Eloi Broussard, was the first commercially successful rice mill in Texas. In addition, Broussard cofounded the Beaumont Irrigation Company in 1898 to operate an irrigation system to support rice culture.
The company along with four others established around the same time helped stimulate the expansion of rice cultivation from 1500 acres in 1892 to 400,000 acres in 23 counties by his death in 1956. The other companies were The Port Arthur Rice and Irrigation Company, The McFaddin-Wiess-Kyle Canal Company, the Treadaway or Neches Canal Company, the Taylors-Hillebrand complex; the holdings of those companies formed the basis for the Lower Neches Valley Authority established by the state legislature in 1933. The rise of Beaumont's mill economy drew many new residents to many of them immigrants; the first Jewish man in the city was from Louisiana, others migrated from the South, were joined by immigrants. They worked in a variety of jobs in the growing city and ranching area. In 1895 Jews formed their first congregation. By the early 20th century, the city was served by the Southern Pacific. Oil was discovered at nearby Spindletop on 10 January 1901. Spindletop became one of the largest in American history.
With the discovery of oil at Spindletop, Beaumont's population more than tripled in two months from 9,000 in January 1901 to 30,000 in March 1901. Oil is, has always been, a major export of the city, a major contributor to the national GDP. William Casper Tyrrell, nicknamed "Captain W. C.", was a leading businessman and oil tycoon in the city in the early 20th century, developing businesses during the Texas Oil Boom. An entrepreneur from Pennsylvania and Iowa, he arrived after the gusher at Spindletop, invested in development of a commercial port in the city, an irrigation system to support the local rice industry, as well as residential and retail development of suburban property, he was a philanthropist. He purchased and donated First Baptist Church, whose congregation had moved to a new facility, to use as the city's first public library, now known as the Tyrrell Historical Library; when the city became a major center for defense shipbuilding during World War II, tens of thousands of rural Texans migrated there for the new high-paying jobs.
The Roosevelt administration ordered the defense industry to be integrated, many Southern whites were working with blacks for th
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Big Thicket is the name of a forested area in Southeast Texas, United States. Several attempts to provide boundaries have been made ranging from only a 10 to 15 mile section of Hardin County to an area encompassing over 29 counties and over 3,350,000 acres. Scientific studies have been performed but with varying results. In "... 1936... Hal B. Parks and Victor L. Cory of the Texas Agriculture Experiment station conducted a biological survey of the Big Thicket region", their study, based on geology, resulted in over 3,350,000 acres of Southeast Texas and covering 14 counties from Houston in the west to Orange in the east and Huntsville to Wiergate on the north. Claude McLeod, a botany professor at Sam Houston State University, performed a botanical based study, resulting in a region of over 2,000,000 acres. While no exact boundaries exist, the area occupies much of Hardin, Tyler, San Jacinto, Polk Counties and is bounded by the San Jacinto River, Neches River, Pine Island Bayou. To the north, it blends into the larger Piney Woods terrestrial ecoregion.
It has been the most dense forest region in what is now Texas, though logging in the 19th and 20th centuries reduced the forest concentration. The Big Thicket has been described as one of the most biodiverse areas in the world outside the tropics; the Big Thicket National Preserve was established in 1974 in an attempt to protect the many plant and animal species within. BITH, along with Big Cypress National Preserve in Florida, became the first national preserves in the United States National Park System when both were authorized by the United States Congress on October 11, 1974. Senator Ralph Yarborough was its most powerful proponent in Congress and the bill was proposed by Charles Wilson and Bob Eckhardt that established the 84,550-acre Preserve. Big Thicket was designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1981; as of September 30, 2016, the preserve includes 112,501 acres. It consists of nine separate land units as well as six water corridors. Centered about Hardin County, the BITH extends into parts of surrounding Jasper, Liberty, Orange and Tyler counties.
The Preserve's headquarters are located 8 miles north of Kountze, 30 miles north of Beaumont via US 69/287. One's fondness for the area is hard to explain, it has awesome gorge, no topographical feature of distinction. Its appeal is more subtle. – Big Thicket Legacy, University of Texas Press, 1977. The terrain in the Big Thicket is flat or rolling; the area lies on the flat coastal plain of Texas, is crossed by numerous small streams. The extent of the region was once much larger than today covering more than 2 million acres in east Texas; the Spaniards, who once ruled the region, defined its boundaries in the north as El Camino Real de los Tejas, a trail that ran from central Texas to Nacogdoches. Timber harvesting in the 19th and 20th centuries reduced the extent of the dense woodlands. Prior to the acquisition of a reservation in 1854, the Alabama-Coushattas resided in the Big Thicket; the Big Thicket's geographical features are believed to have their origins with the Western Interior Seaway, an inland sea that covered much of North America during the Cretaceous period.
Over time, water smoothed out the land along. Small towns are contained within the Big Thicket. Most of these towns developed in the late 19th century in support of the lumber industry, as evidenced by names like Lumberton; as transportation through the area improved, many of the towns became suburbs of the much larger cities of Beaumont to the south and Houston to the southwest. During the last glacial period and animal species from many different biomes moved into the area. Before their extinction, the Big Thicket was home to most species of North American megafauna. Today the Big Thicket retains numerous species, has been described as the "biological crossroads of North America" or the "American Ark"; the area contains over 100 species of trees and shrubs, with longleaf pine once dominating the region. Big Thicket National Preserve has introduced programs to re-establish this dominance, including one of the US's most active prescribed burn programs. With the National Park Service's centennial occurring in 2016, efforts are in progress to plant between 100,000 and 300,000 Longleaf Pines.
The National Park Service lists more than one thousand species of flowering plants and ferns that can be found in the thicket, including 20 orchids and four types of carnivorous plants. Animal life includes 300 species of migratory and nesting birds, many endangered or threatened including the red-cockaded woodpecker, extinct ivory-billed woodpecker; the thicket is home to numerous reptile species, including all four groups of North American venomous snakes and alligators. A dirt road leading north out of the town of Saratoga is the core of the area's predominant ghost story. Bragg Road, as it is more formally known, was constructed in 1934 on the bed of a former railroad line that had serviced the lumber industry. In the 1940s, stories began to circulate about a mysterious light, sometimes referred to as the Light of Saratoga, that could be seen on and near the road at night. No adequate explanation of the light has been offered; the various ghost stories include reference to the Kaiser Burnout, long-dead conquistadors looking for their buried treasure, a decapitated railroad wor
Texas's 36th congressional district
Texas's 36th Congressional District is a new district, created as a result of the 2010 Census. The first candidates ran in the 2012 House elections for a seat in the 113th United States Congress. Steve Stockman won the general election, represented the new district. On December 9, 2013, Stockman announced that he would not seek reelection in 2014, would instead challenge incumbent John Cornyn in the Republican senatorial primary, was succeeded in the U. S. House by Brian Babin. Texas's 36th Congressional District is located in southeast Texas and includes all of Newton, Tyler, Orange, Hardin and Chambers counties, plus portions of southeastern Harris County; the Johnson Space Center is within the district. The 36th district is one of only two districts in Texas that has never been represented by a member of the Democratic Party; the new 36th District includes portions of four current congressional districts that were represented by: Kevin Brady: Newton, Tyler, Orange, Hardin Counties and a portion of Liberty County Ted Poe: the other portion of Liberty County and a portion of northeast Harris County Ron Paul: Chambers County Gene Green: a portion of east Harris County Pete Olson: a portion of southeast Harris CountyThere were twelve candidates for the Republican nomination, one candidate for the Democratic nomination, one Libertarian candidate and one independent candidate.
Candidates in the 2014 primary include Republicans Phil Fitzgerald, John Amdur, Doug Centilli, Dave Norman, Chuck Meyer and Kim I. Morrell, Democrat Michael K. Cole
Port Arthur, Texas
Port Arthur is a city in Jefferson County within the Beaumont–Port Arthur metropolitan area of the U. S. state of Texas. A small portion extends into Orange County, it is 90 mi east of Houston. It is host to the largest oil refinery in the United States; the population of Port Arthur was 53,818 at the 2010 census, down from 57,755 at the 2000 census. Early attempts at settlements in the area had all failed. However, in 1895, Arthur Stilwell founded Port Arthur, the town grew. Port Arthur was soon developed into a seaport, it became the center of a large oil refinery network. The Rainbow Bridge across the Neches River connects Port Arthur to Bridge City. Aurora was an early settlement attempt near the mouth of Taylor Bayou on Sabine Lake, about 14 miles long and 7 miles wide, it is a saltwater estuary formed by the confluence of the Sabine rivers. Through its tidal outlet, 5-mile-long Sabine Pass, Sabine Lake drains some 50,000 sq mi of Texas and Louisiana into the Gulf of Mexico; the town was conceived in 1837, in 1840 promoters led by Almanzon Huston were offering town lots for sale.
Some were sold. The area next was known as "Sparks", after John Sparks, who moved his family to the shores of Sabine Lake near the site of Aurora; the Eastern Texas Railroad, completed between Sabine Pass and Beaumont, passed 4-mile west of Sparks. However, the American Civil War soon began, rail lines were removed. In 1886, a destructive hurricane hit the coast, causing the remaining residents to dismantle their homes and move to Beaumont. By 1895, Aurora had become a ghost town. Arthur Stilwell led the resettling of the area as part of his planned city of Port Arthur. Pleasure Island now separates the city from the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway; the 18.5-mile man-made island was created between 1899 and 1908 by the Corps of Engineers to support development of the port. Arthur Stilwell founded the Port Arthur Dock Company to manage the port facilities; the port opened with the arrival of the British steamer Saint Oswald in 1899. When oil was discovered in the region, Port Arthur developed for a time as the center of the largest oil refinery network in the world.
Port Arthur is located on the eastern edge of Jefferson County at 29°53′6″N 93°56′24″W, on the west side of Sabine Lake. It is bordered to the northeast by Orange County, to the southeast, across Sabine Lake, by Cameron Parish, Louisiana; the Port Arthur city limits extend south along the west side of Sabine Pass, the outlet of Sabine Lake, as far as the Gulf of Mexico on the city's southern border. To the north the city limits extend across the Neches River into Orange County. Port Arthur is bordered to the northwest by the cities of Nederland and Port Neches, to the northeast by Bridge City in Orange County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 144.1 square miles, of which 76.9 square miles are land and 67.1 square miles, or 46.61%, are covered by water. Communities in Port Arthur include: El Vista Griffing Park Lakeview Pear Ridge Port Acres Sabine Pass Port Arthur is tied with Lake Charles and Astoria, Oregon, as the most humid city in the contiguous United States.
The average relative humidity is 90% in the morning, 72% in the afternoon. As of the 2010 census, 53,818 people, 20,183 households, 13,191 families resided in the city; the population density was 654.6 people per square mile. The 23,577 housing units averaged 284.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 41.7% African American, 37.9% White, 1.2% Native American, 6.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 15.3% from other races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 29.6% of the population. Of the 20,183 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 19.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were not families. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.31. In the city, the population was distributed as 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males. As of the census of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $26,455, for a family was $32,143. Males had a median income of $30,915 versus $21,063 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,183. About 22.9% of families and 25.2% of the population were below the poverty line. Of the total people living in poverty, 35.2% were under age 18 and 14.4% were age 65 or over. Home to a large portion of United States refining capacity, Port Arthur is now seeing renewed investment in several key installations. Motiva Enterprises is undertaking a major addition to its western Port Arthur refinery, expanding capacity to 600,000 barrels per day; this $10.0 billion project is the largest US refinery expansion to occur in 30 years. Premcor Refining completed a $775 million expansion of its petrochemical plant, BASF/Fina commenced operations of a new $1.75 billion gasification and cogeneration unit on premises of its current installation, which had just completed its own $1 billion upgrade.