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Haridwar

Haridwar (. With a population of 228,832 in 2011, it is the second largest city in the state and the largest in the district; the city is situated at the foothills of the Shivalik ranges. Haridwar is regarded as a holy place for Hindus, hosting important religious events and serving as a gateway to several prominent places of worship. Most significant of the events is the Kumbha Mela, celebrated every 12 years in Haridwar. During the Haridwar Kumbh Mela, millions of pilgrims and tourists congregate in Haridwar to perform ritualistic bathing on the banks of the river Ganges to wash away their sins to attain Moksha. According to the Samudra manthan, Haridwar along with Ujjain and Prayagraj is one of four sites where drops of Amrit, the elixir of immortality, accidentally spilled over from the pitcher while being carried by the celestial bird Garuda. Brahma Kund, the spot where the Amrit fell, is located at Har ki Pauri and is considered to be the most sacred ghat of Haridwar, it is the primary center of the Kanwar pilgrimage, in which millions of participants gather sacred water from the Ganga and carry it across hundreds of miles to dispense as offerings in Śiva shrines.

Today, the city is developing beyond its religious importance, with the fast developing industrial estate of State Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand, the close by township of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited as well as its affiliated ancillaries. Haridwar presents a kaleidoscope of Indian development. In the sacred writings it has been differently specified as Kapilsthan and Mayapuri, it is additionally a passage for the Chota Char Dham, subsequently and Vaishnavites call this place Hardwar and Haridwar individually, relating to Har being Shiv and Hari being Vishnu. The modern name of the town has two spellings: Hardwar; each of these names has its own connotation. In Sanskrit, the liturgical language of Hinduism, Hari means "Lord Vishnu", while dwar means "gateway". So, Haridwar translates to "The Gateway to Lord Vishnu", it earns this name because it is the place where pilgrim's start their journey to visit a prominent temple of Lord Vishnu - Badrinath. Hara could mean "Lord Shiva".

Hence, Hardwar could stand for "Gateway to Lord Shiva". Hardwar is a typical place to start a pilgrim's journey in order to reach Mount Kailash, the northernmost Jyotirlinga and one of the sites of the smaller Char Dham pilgrimage circuit - all important places for worship for Hindus. According to legend, it was in Haridwar that Goddess Ganga descended when Lord Shiva released the mighty river from the locks of his hair; the River Ganga, after flowing for 253 kilometres from its source at Gaumukh at the edge of the Gangotri Glacier, enters the Gangetic Plain for the first time at Haridwar, which gave the city its ancient name, Gangadwára. In the annotations to her poem Hurdwar. A Place of Hindoo Pilgrimage', Letitia Elizabeth Landon provides information on this name derivation, the story of the supposed origin of the'River Ganges'. "Ayodhyā Mathurā Māyā Kāśī Kāñcī Avantikā Purī Dvārāvatī caiva saptaitā mokṣadāyikāḥ" – Garuḍa Purāṇa I XVI.14 Ayodhya, Haridwar, Kanchi and Dwaraka are the seven holy places.

Note the use of the puranic name'Maya' for Haridwar. As the inter-change usage of Puri and Dwaraka; the Garuḍa Purāṇa enumerates seven cities as the giver of Moksha. Haridwar is said to be one of the seven most holy Hindu places in India, with Varanasi considered the holiest. A Kṣetra is sacred ground, a field of active power, a place where Moksha, final release can be obtained. In the scriptures, Haridwar has been variously mentioned as Kapilasthana and Mayapuri, it is an entry point to the Char Dham, hence and Vaishnavites call this place Hardwar and Haridwar corresponding to Hara being Shiv and Hari being Vishnu. In the Vanaparva of the Mahabharat, where sage Dhaumya tells Yudhishthira about the tirthas of India, Gangadwar, i.e. Haridwar and Kankhal, have been referred to, the text mentions that Agastya Rishi did penance here, with the help of his wife, Lopamudra. Sage Kapila is said to have an ashram here giving its ancient name, Kapila or Kapilasthana; the legendary King, the great-grandson of the Suryavanshi King Sagar, is said to have brought the river Ganges down from heaven, through years of penance in Satya Yuga, for the salvation of 60,000 of his ancestors from the curse of the saint Kapila, a tradition continued by thousands of devout Hindus, who brings the ashes of their departed family members, in hope of their salvation.

Lord Vishnu is said to have left his footprint on the stone, set in the upper wall of Har Ki Pauri, where the Holy Ganges touches it at all times. Haridwar came under the rule of the Maurya Empire, under the Kushan Empire. Archaeological findings have proved that terra cotta culture dating between 1700 BCE and 1200 BCE existed in this region. First modern era written evidence of Haridwar is found in the accounts of a Chinese traveller, Huan Tsang, who visited India in 629 AD. during the reign of King Harshavardhan

Kalaharituber pfeilii

Kalaharituber pfeilii is a fungus belonging to the order Pezizales. It is present in the Kalahari Desert, as well other arid regions in Southern Africa, including Angola, Botswana and South Africa, it is edible. As mentioned beforehand, K. pfeilii is found the Kalahari Desert, as well as in other arid regions of South Africa, Angola and Namibia. It is found in soils with a pH ranging from 5.5 to 6.5, with a sand content varing from 94%-97%, a clay content varying from 2%-5% and a silt content varying from 1%-4%. Fruiting bodies can be up to 12 cm in diameter; these weigh 200 grams, although larger rains can cause them to weigh twice as much. These fruits grow close to the surface; these fruiting bodies can occur as much as 40 cm away from the main hyphae. K. pfeilii is known to form an ectomycorrhizal relationship with watermelon, is suspected to have a number of other possible relationships with other plant species. These include Eragrostis spp.. Grewia flava, several species of acacia, Cynodon dactylon.

K. pfeilii is eaten by meerkats, hyenas and bat-eared foxes, as well as humans. According to a case study by the Australian National Botanic Gardens, the fruiting body is eaten by the Khoisan of the Kalahari. In the same study, a citation from the study states that: There is considerable commercial harvesting of Kalahari truffles; however there is still much more that needs to be learned to ensure that the Kalahari truffle industry is sustainable and the authors emphasize that important is attention to the interests of the indigenous inhabitants. The current populations of K. pfeilii are thought to be in deterioration, with possible causes advanced being over-harvesting, climate change or the land practices used in K. pfeilii habitats

Shelby Charter Township, Michigan

Shelby Charter Township the Charter Township of Shelby, is a charter township and census-designated place located in Macomb County in the U. S. state of Michigan. The township, an affluent northern suburb of Detroit, is located 15 miles north of the city; as of the 2000 census, the township had a total population of 65,159. The 2010 Census places the population at 73,804. Shelby Charter Township is one of the fastest growing communities in Metro Detroit. There are no incorporated villages and four unincorporated communities: Preston Corners is located at the corner of 25 Mile and Schoenherr roads at 42°41′58″N 82°59′45″W. Ira and Deborah Preston bought 400 acres of land from the United States government in 1826 and settled on it the following year building a sawmill and a picket fence factory. Shelby is located at 25 Mile Roads. Shelby Village is located where Ryan roads intersect. Housing was built in this area in the 1940s. Yates is on the boundary with Oakland County; the U. S. Census Bureau has defined Shelby Charter Township as a census-designated place in the 2000 Census so that the community would appear on the list of places as well on the list of county subdivisions.

The final statistics for the township and the CDP are identical. As of the census of 2010, there were 73,804 people, 28,299 households, 17,923 families living in the township; the racial makeup of the township was 89.4% White, 3.1% African American, 3.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population. As of the census of 2000, there were 65,159 people, 24,486 households, 17,923 families living in the township; the population density was 1,878.7 per square mile. There were 25,265 housing units at an average density of 728.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 94.95% White, 0.85% African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.11% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.71% of the population. There were 24,486 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families.

21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.13. In the township the population dispersal was 24.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males. The median income for a household in the township was $65,291, the median income for a family was $76,312, making Shelby Charter Township one of the most affluent areas in Michigan. Males had a median income of $59,380 versus $33,844 for females; the per capita income for the township was $30,131. About 2.7% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over. The majority of residents are zoned into Utica Community Schools, which serves parts of the communities of Sterling Heights, Macomb Township, Washington Township, Ray Township, as well as most of Shelby Charter Township, all of Utica.

However, a small number of residents are zoned into Romeo Community Schools. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.2 square miles, of which 34.7 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles is water. Neighboring communities: Shelby Charter Township has a Supervisor-Board style township government with elected supervisor, clerk and four trustees; the Township operates the Shelby Township Library as well as Cherry Creek Golf Course. Shelby Township was set off by an act of the Michigan Territorial Legislature on April 12, 1827, a civil government was organized the following May, it included the area, now Sterling Heights, set off March 17, 1835, as the township of Jefferson, renamed to Sterling on March 6, 1838. Utica, located on the southern edge of the township incorporated as a village on March 9, 1838, although that corporation was dissolved soon afterwards; the village incorporated a second time on May 10, 1877. The village of Disco was located at what is now the junction of 24 Mile Road and Van Dyke Road. and was platted in 1849.

The community never incorporated, although the local high school, the "Disco Academy" gained some local recognition and a post office operated named Disco from May 5, 1854, until July 31, 1906. Only a few homes and a namesake on old county road maps remain of this now forgotten historic place. See also: "The Lost Village of Disco" on the Shelby Township Historical Society website. Shelby Charter Township sits on two main thoroughfares: State highways M-53 called Van Dyke Avenue or the Van Dyke Expressway, which leads north into the Thumb and M-59 called Hall Road when the expressway ends -, the east-west connector from just north of Mount Clemens, through Utica as a surface road, becomes a limited access freeway to Pontiac, being the main northern connector between Macomb County and Oakland County. Joe Cada, professional poker player Kyle Connor, hockey player at the University of Michigan, 17th overall pick in the 2015 NHL Draft with the Winnipeg Jets John DiGiorgi