Harlan County is a county located in southeastern Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,278, its county seat is Harlan. With regard to the sale of alcohol, Harlan County became a Wet Town in the fall of 2019. Before this Harlan was considered "moist". Harlan County is well known in country music, having produced many prominent musicians. During the 20th century, it was a center of labor strife between coal mine owners and workers in the Harlan County War of the 1930s; the coal mining industry began to decline in the 1950s and was accompanied by a declining population and depressed economy. Harlan became one of the poorest counties in the United States. Kentucky's highest natural point, Black Mountain, is in Harlan County; the area presently bounded by Kentucky state lines was a part of the U. S. State of Virginia and was established as Kentucky County by the Virginia legislature in 1776, before the British colonies separated themselves in the American Revolutionary War. In 1780, the Virginia legislature divided Kentucky County into three counties: Fayette and Lincoln.
In 1791 the previous Kentucky County was incorporated into the new nation as a separate state, Kentucky. This change became official on June 1, 1792. In 1799, part of Lincoln County was divided off to create Knox County. Harlan County was formed in 1819 from a part of Knox County, it is named after Silas Harlan. A pioneer, he was born on March 17, 1753 in Berkeley County, West Virginia, the son of George and Ann Harlan. Journeying to Kentucky as a young man with James Harrod in 1774, Harlan served as a scout and held the rank of Major in the Continental Army. Harlan assisted Harrod's party in Harrodsburg to deliver gunpowder to settlers in Kentucky, to assist them against the British in the Revolutionary War. With the help of his uncle Jacob and his brother James, Harlan built a log stockade near Danville known as "Harlan's Station", he served under George Rogers Clark in the Illinois campaign of 1778–79 against the British. He commanded a company in John Bowman's raid on Old Chillicothe in 1779, assisted Clark in establishing Fort Jefferson at the mouth of the Ohio River in 1780.
Silas Harlan died leading the advance party at the Battle of Blue Licks on August 19, 1782. At the time of his death, Harlan was engaged to Sarah Caldwell, who married his brother James and was the grandmother of U. S. Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan; the county was reduced in size when Letcher County was formed in 1842 using a part of Harlan's territory. Its present size was attained in 1878 when its northwestern part was partitioned to form Leslie County; the county has been the site of repeated attempts to organize labor and gain better deals from owners, beginning in the early 20th century related to the coal mining industry. What was called the Harlan County War in the 1930s consisted of violent confrontations among strikers, mine company security forces and law enforcement; these events led to the county's being called "Bloody Harlan." After the Battle of Evarts, May 5, 1931, Kentucky governor Flem D. Sampson called in the National Guard to restore order. Ballads sung on the picket line at the Brookside mine in Harlan County were captured on film by documentarian John Gaventa.
The county was the subject of the film Harlan County, USA, which documented strikes and organizing during a second major period of labor unrest in the 1970s. In 1924, Conda Uless "Condy" Dabney was convicted in the county of murdering a person, found alive. From the late eighteenth through the mid-nineteenth century, Harlan County and nearby counties were settled by numerous persons of multiracial descent, with African and Native American ancestors. Descendants, some of whose members have been called Melungeon, have documented the racial heritage of Harlan's early settlers through 19th-century photographs, DNA analysis, historic records. In 2007, the Ridgetop Shawnee Tribe of Indians formed as a non-profit organization to work on improving the lives of multiracial families and preserving Native American heritage, it established the Kentucky Native American Data Bank, which has the names of 1,000 people of documented Native American descent related to this region. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 468 square miles, of which 466 square miles is land and 2.3 square miles is water.
The headwaters of the Cumberland River are located in Harlan County: Poor Fork, Clover Fork extending East from above Evarts, Martins Fork. The confluence is located in Baxter. Black Mountain, located east of Lynch, is Kentucky's highest point, with an elevation of 4,145 feet above sea level. U. S. Highway 421 U. S. Highway 119 Kentucky Route 38 Kentucky Route 160 Perry County Letcher County Wise County, Virginia Lee County, Virginia Bell County Leslie County Cumberland Gap National Historical Park As of the census of 2000, there were 33,202 people, 13,291 households, 9,449 families residing in the county; the population density was 71 per square mile. There were 15,017 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.56% White, 2.62% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, 0.95% from two
Vernon Louis "Lefty" Gomez was an American professional baseball player. A left-handed pitcher, Gomez played in Major League Baseball between 1930 and 1943 for the New York Yankees and the Washington Senators. Gomez was a five-time World Series champion with the Yankees, he was known for his colorful personality and humor throughout his career and life. Gomez played for the San Francisco Seals after high school, he made his MLB debut with the Yankees in April 1930. He was selected as an All-Star every year between 1933 and 1939, he sustained an arm injury in 1940. Though he rebounded well in 1941, he pitched his last full season in 1942 appeared in one game in 1943 before retiring with the Washington Senators. In 1933, Gomez married June O'Dea. After his retirement, he became a popular public speaker. Gomez was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 1972, he made an appearance at Yankee Stadium in 1987, when he and Whitey Ford were honored with plaques at the stadium's Monument Park.
He died in California in 1989. Gomez was born in California, his father, Francisco Gomez, had been born in California to a Spanish father, Juan Gomez, a Portuguese mother, Rita. His mother, Lizzie Herring, was an American of Welsh-Irish descent, he played sandlot baseball in Oakland while attending Richmond High School and was recruited by the San Francisco Seals. The New York Yankees purchased Gomez from the Seals for an estimated $39,000. A memorial plaque dedicated to Lefty Gomez at the Lefty Gomez Field in Rodeo along with a cement impression of his left hand dated 11/22/1932 can be seen at 470 Parker Ave, Rodeo, CA 94572. Gomez made his major league debut on April 29, 1930, he pitched in only 15 games and finished the season with a 2-5 win-loss record, a 5.55 earned run average. Coming into the 1931 season, Gomez had good pitching velocity, but the Yankees were concerned about the pitcher's slender frame of 6 feet 2 inches and 155 pounds. Following a common medical strategy of the time, the team had most of his teeth extracted.
Gomez registered the second-best ERA in the American League in 1931. A 20-game winner four times and an All-Star every year from 1933 to 1939, Gomez led the league twice each in wins, winning percentage and ERA. In the first major league All-Star Game, Gomez was the winning pitcher for the American League and drove in the first run of the game; this was out of character for him. Late in life, Gomez commented, "I never broke a bat until last year when I was backing out of the garage." His career OPS+ of -7 is the fifth-worst in baseball history among players with at least 1,000 plate appearances. Gomez holds the record for the most innings pitched in a single All-Star game. Lefty's best season came in 1934, when he lost just five. In both 1934 and 1937, he won pitching's "Triple Crown" by leading the league in wins, ERA and strikeouts. His.649 career winning percentage ranks 15th in major league history among pitchers with 200 or more decisions. Among pitchers who made their MLB debuts from 1900 to 1950, only Lefty Grove, Christy Mathewson and Whitey Ford have both more victories and a higher winning percentage than Gomez.
Gomez won six World Series games without a career World Series record. He won a World Series game in 1932, two in 1936, two in 1937 and one in 1938, he set a World Series record by receiving two walks in the same inning on October 6, 1937. Nicknamed "El Goofo" and "Goofy Gomez", he was known for his sense of humor on the field. In one game, he came up to bat when it was foggy. Bob Feller was on the mound and Gomez struck a match before stepping into the batter's box. "What's the big idea?" asked the umpire. "Do you think that match will help you see Feller's fast one?" Gomez replied, "No, I'm not concerned about that. I just want to make sure he can see me!" Another time, a reporter asked the noted brushback pitcher, "Is it true that you'd throw at your own mother?" Gomez replied, "You're damn right I would. She's a good hitter." Gomez often remarked, "I'd rather be lucky than good."In 1940, Gomez suffered an arm injury, which left him up for grabs by another team, but in 1941 he played well, winning 15 and losing 5.
During that season, he was said to be a great starting pitcher, but won through the support of Johnny Murphy, who relieved him in innings. After the 1942 season ended, Gomez took a job as a dispatcher with the General Electric River Works, a defense plant in Lynn, which only paid $40 a week. On January 27, 1943, the Yankees sold him to the Boston Braves for $10,000. Gomez never appeared in a game with the Braves, as in the year he was released from his contract and signed with the Washington Senators, he pitched just one game ― on May 30, 1943, allowing four hits, four runs and walking five men ― before pulling a shoulder muscle in the fifth inning and retiring from baseball. He had a 3.34 ERA in 2,503 innings pitched. On February 26, 1933, Gomez married June O’Dea. A Broadway headliner who starred in Of Thee I Sing, she gave up her career in 1936. By 1937 the marriage was on shaky ground. Gomez traveled to Hollywood that June returned to Massachusetts to stay with family. Through the tabloids, she learned in December that Gomez was filing divorce papers in
Berthold I, better known as Berthold of Rheinfelden, was the Duke of Swabia from 1079 until his death. He was the eldest son of Rudolf of Rheinfelden, duke of Swabia, German anti-king in opposition to Henry IV of Germany; the identity of Berthold's mother is disputed. She is sometimes said to be Rudolf's first wife, Matilda of Germany, sometimes said to be Rudolf's second wife, Adelaide of Savoy, sometimes said to be Rudolf's son by another, wife. After the death of his wife, Adelaide of Savoy, in 1079, Rudolf needed a new supervisor of the south German resistance, since he was himself confined to Saxony and cut off from his allies in Swabia. Rudolf therefore made his son, Duke of Swabia. Henry, appointed Frederick of Büren, who had lands strategically located much to his advantage. Throughout the civil war against Henry IV, Swabia was thrown into chaos. In 1084, Berthold was besieged by supporters of Henry IV. Although he had a larger power base, he was of lower rank, he left the fight to his brother-in-law, Berthold of Zähringen, Welf IV.
When Berthold died without descendants in 1090 and was buried in the monastery of Saint Blaise, Berthold II, married to his sister, Agnes of Rheinfelden succeeded him as duke of Swabia. Otto Herding, "Berthold von Rheinfelden", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 2, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 157–158. K. Schmid, ed. Die Zähringer H. Frommer, Die Salier und das Herzogtum Schwaben E. Boshof, Die Salier