Harlem is a neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It is bounded by Frederick Douglass Boulevard, St. Nicholas Avenue, Morningside Park on the west; the greater Harlem area encompasses several other neighborhoods and extends west to the Hudson River, north to 155th Street, east to the East River, south to 96th Street. A Dutch village, formally organized in 1658, it is named after the city of Haarlem in the Netherlands. Harlem's history has been defined by a series of economic boom-and-bust cycles, with significant population shifts accompanying each cycle. Harlem was predominantly occupied by Jewish and Italian Americans in the 19th century, but African-American residents began to arrive in large numbers during the Great Migration in the 20th century. In the 1920s and 1930s, Central and West Harlem were the focus of the "Harlem Renaissance", a major African-American cultural movement. With job losses during the Great Depression of the 1930s and the deindustrialization of New York City after World War II, rates of crime and poverty increased significantly.
In the 21st century, crime rates decreased and Harlem started to gentrify. Harlem is part of Manhattan Community District 10, it is patrolled by the 32nd Precincts of the New York City Police Department. The greater Harlem area includes Manhattan Community Districts 9 and 11, several additional police precincts. Fire services are provided by four New York City Fire Department companies. Politically, Harlem is represented by the New York City Council's 7th, 8th, 9th districts; the area is served by local bus routes. It contains several public elementary and high schools, is close to several colleges including Columbia University and the City College of New York. Harlem is located in Upper Manhattan referred to as Uptown by locals; the three neighborhoods that comprise greater Harlem stretch from the Harlem River and East River in the east, to the Hudson River to the west. These boundaries are cited by Encyclopædia Britannica, though the Encyclopedia of New York City takes a much more conservative view of Harlem's boundaries, only regarding central Harlem as part of Harlem proper.
Central Harlem is the name of Harlem proper. This section is bounded by Fifth Avenue on the east. A chain of three large linear parks—Morningside Park, St. Nicholas Park and Jackie Robinson Park—are situated on steeply rising banks and form most of the district's western boundary. On the east, Fifth Avenue and Marcus Garvey Park known as Mount Morris Park, separate this area from East Harlem; this area falls under Manhattan Community District 10. In the late 2000s, South Harlem, emerged from area redevelopment, running along Frederick Douglass Boulevard from West 110th to West 138th Streets. Central Harlem includes the Mount Morris Park Historic District. West Harlem is composed of Manhattanville and Hamilton Heights, which collectively comprise Manhattan Community District 9 and are not part of Harlem proper; the two neighborhoods' area is bounded by Cathedral Parkway/110th Street on the south. Nicholas/Bradhurst/Edgecombe Avenues on the east. Manhattanville begins at 123rd Street and extends northward to 135th Street.
The northernmost section of West Harlem is Hamilton Heights. East Harlem called Spanish Harlem or El Barrio, within Manhattan Community District 11, is bounded by East 96th Street on the south, East 138th Street on the north, Fifth Avenue on the west, the Harlem River on the east, it is not part of Harlem proper. In the 2010s, some real estate professionals started rebranding south Harlem and Morningside Heights as "SoHa" in an attempt to gentrify the neighborhood. New York City politicians have initiated legislative efforts to curtail this practice of neighborhood rebranding. Politically, central Harlem is in New York's 13th congressional district, it is in the New York State Senate's 30th district, the New York State Assembly's 68th and 70th districts, the New York City Council's 7th, 8th, 9th districts. Before the arrival of European settlers, the area that would become Harlem was inhabited by the Manhattans, a native tribe, who along with other Native Americans, most Lenape, occupied the area on a semi-nomadic basis.
As many as several hundred farmed the Harlem flatlands. Between 1637 and 1639, a few settlements were established; the settlement of Harlem was formally incorporated in 1660 under the leadership of Peter Stuyvesant. During the American Revolution, the British burned Harlem to the ground, it took a long time to rebuild, as Harlem grew more than the rest of Manhattan during the late 18th century. After the American Civil War, Harlem experienced an economic boom starting in 1868; the neighborhood continued to serve as a refuge for New Yorkers, but those coming north were poor and Jewish or Italian. The New York and Harlem Railroad, as well as the Interborough Rapid Transit and elevated railway lines, helped Harlem's economic growth, as they connected Harlem to lower and midtown Manhattan; the Jewish and Italian demographic decrease
Aishvarya, a noun, means lordship or sovereignty, prosperity or royal or exalted rank. Prosperity and recognition by society are the three aspects of man’s life that constitute aishvarya which term refers to the aishvarya or greatness of God and of Brahman; the word Aishvarya is derived from the word ईश meaning supreme, lord or master or God as in the phrase - ईशावास्यमिदं सर्वं – God resides in all this. It is directly connected with one’s ego at the individual level, with the assumed nature of God. Prosperity and recognition by society are the three aspects of man’s life that constitute aishvarya, they are the basic needs and aspirations of man about which he dreams and he plans and for achieving which objectives he performs varying deeds. He eagerly strives to know about the timing and extent of their fulfillment for which he has devised different means and methods. In Hindu astrology, which includes Prabhava and Aishvarya, is represented by the 6th house, the 9th house and the 11th house from the lagna and their respective lords.
Mantreswara in the Chapter XX of his Phaladeepika states that during the dasha of the strong lord of the 6th house one gains aishvarya and crushes foes, during the dasha of the strong lord of the 9th house a person enjoys aishvarya, during the dasha of the strong lord of the 11th house one experiences constant increase of aishvarya. Shakti as Goddess Annapoorna fulfills the most basic physiological need of man that of food items and clothes; the sage of the Shvetashvatara Upanishad describes the all-pervading aishvarya or greatness of the Lord in the following words: तमेकनेमिं त्रिवृतं षोडशान्तं शतार्धारं विंशति प्रत्यराभिः | अष्टकैः षड्भिर्विश्वरूपैकपाशं त्रिमार्गभेदं द्विनिमित्तैकमोहाम् ||“They saw him as the one rim, with three tiers, sixteen ends, fifty spokes, twenty fasteners, having six variations of eight extensions, one bondage of infinite forms, three different paths and the two which cause delusion.”The wheel is the Brahma-chakra, the repeated cycle of origination and destruction of inanimate things, of birth and death of all living beings.
The Karya Jagat is covered by the three Gunasi.e. By, their sixteen transformations or manifestations which give satisfaction and pleasure through contacts with objects and constitute the Prakrti ashtakam, the Dhātu ashtakam and the Aishvarya ashtakam which are the three kinds of bondages; the fifty spokes are the fifty psychological misconceptions due to Maya. The one bondage of infinite forms is the fundamental bondage consisting of Vāsanā i.e. desire or emotion. There are successes. "Righteousness", "Unrighteousness" and "Knowledge" are the three paths, virtue and vice are the two factors that cause delusion. Bhagavad Gita in its own way, presents Krishna as the Supreme Godhead and the supreme object of worship. Krishna tells Arjuna:- न च मत्स्थानि भूतानि पश्य मे योगमैश्वरम् | भूतभृन्न च भूतस्थो ममात्मा भूतभावनः ||"“Nor do beings exist in Me – Behold My Divine Yoga supporting all beings, but not dwelling in them, I am My Self, the efficient cause of all beings.” - Bhagavad Gita IX.5. In this regard, Chinmayananda explains that –“In Pure Awareness, in Its Infinite Nature of sheer Knowledge, there never was, never is and never can be any world of pluralistic embodiment.
Pure Consciousness and Eternal, is the substratum that sustains and illumines the entire panorama of the ever-changing plurality.” and Prabhupada explains that the Lord is everywhere present by His personal representation, the diffusion of His different energies because of which creation takes place and therefore all things rests on Him but He is different from all things, this is the yogam aisvaram, the mystic power of God. Jayadayal Goyandaka explains that when a man realizes God nothing exists in his conception of God; the words Aisvaram yogam denote the wonderful power of God, that of remaining detached from everything, the words MaMa Atma refer to His qualified, formless aspect. The Shaivites know aishvarya or Aishvarya-tattva as the Ishvara-tattva, the tattva of realizing what constitutes the Lordliness and the Glory of the Divine Being, it is the stage which succeeds Sada-Shiva Tattva as the stage of making a full survey of, identification with, what constitutes the state of the Experiencer, of the pure and undivided "this" aspect of his being as a whole, of the Ideal Universe hitherto lurking as an indistinct picture in the background of the Being.
The Sadakhya or the Sada-Shiva Tattva state is Jnana, the power of being conscious or the experience of the "I", Aishvarya or the Ishvara-tattva is true identification or the experience of being identified with and merged into the "this" of the vakya "I am This". It is the fourth step in the evolution of mental
A party is a social gathering. Party may refer to: Political party, an organized group of people with same ideology who field candidates for elections Lists of political parties Party, a person or group of persons composing a single entity for the purposes of the law Party, a Hindi-language film Party, an American short film Party, a Portuguese-French comedy-drama Party, an Iranian film starring Hedieh Tehrani Party, a Telugu-language comedy film Party, an Marathi-language film Party, an Tamil-language comedy film "Party", a 1995 episode of Beavis and Butt-Head "Party", a 2007 episode of The Mighty Boosh "The Party", an episode of The Office "Party!", a 1986 episode of Pee-wee's Playhouse "Party", a 2001 episode of the sitcom Undergrads Party, a stage play by Tom Basden Party, a BBC Radio 4 sitcom adapted from the play Party, 1981 Party, 2007 Party, 2009 Party, 2017 Party, by Bloodstone, 1984 Party, by Yellowman, 1991 Beach Boys' Party!, by The Beach Boys, 1967 "Party", 2011 "Party", 1993 "Party", 2016 "Party", 1995 "Party", 2015 "Party", 2016 Party, a 2007 comedy album "Party", 2017 "Party", 2019 "Party", unreleased "Party", a song by Adore Delano from the 2014 album Till Death Do Us Party "Party", a song by Boston from the 1978 album Don't Look Back "Party", a song by The D4, from the 2001 album 6twenty "Party", a song by Demi Lovato, from the 2008 album Don't Forget "Party", a song by DJ Mustard, from the 2016 albumCold Summer "Party", a song by Elvis Presley, from the 1957 album Loving You "Party", a song by Kris Kross, from the 1992 album Totally Krossed Out "Party", a song by Queen, from the 1989 album The Miracle "Party", a song by Hyuna from the 2017 EP Following Party, a Chinese literary magazine Party, a group of characters adventuring together in a game Party, by the Communist Party of Australia from June 1942 Party, a partition of the field in heraldry PARTY Program, an international health promotion program PARTIES, in computing All pages with titles beginning with Party All pages with titles containing Party Parti Partial First party Third party The Party Pity Party Shower